Lisbon is situated on the banks of the Tagus River, near the Atlantic Ocean and is the capital of Portugal since 1255. The city has a population of 564,477 inhabitants and agglomeration around it is about 2.7 million people. The city was destroyed to the ground by strong earthquakes, twice in its history – in 1356 and 1755 These are turning points that led to the expansion and transformation of Lisboa. The city of Lisboa reached its zenith in the 16th century during the Portuguese empire. He became a European center of trade with Asia, while it poured gold produced in Brazil. This upturn is not interrupted by severe earthquake of January 26, 1531, in which killed thousands of the city. The last upgrade of the city, made possible after his election as European Cultural Capital in 1994. Among the most interesting sights are undoubtedly:
The Park of the Nations – was built in 1998. Located a few kilometers from the city center. In the beautiful, modern and spacious park is located Portuguese, Atlantic pavilion and pavilion of knowledge. The park can be seen from bird’s-eye view of liftche leading to Vasco da Gama tower. Extensive water gardens are ideal for walking and recreation.
The Oceanium – the crown jewel of Park the Nations. In the downtown aquarium building is called the “Global Ocean”, which impresses with its enormous size. Deep is 7 meters. Each of the four windows of the aquarium has an area of 42 square meters. Over 100 different species inhabit its waters, sharks, tunas, coral, sun fish (sunfish) and others. The Oceanium an educational but also research and protected species role. Modern laboratories provide for the inhabitants of the aquarium. Here one can spend hours admiring the wonders of nature.
The town of Sintra – Located a few miles outside Lisboa. It can be reached in about an hour and a half by train. Sintra is a beautiful small town surrounded by forests and castles. In the center of town is the Royal Palace of Sintra. On the hill above the palace is “Yes Pena” – built by Ferdinand of Saxe Coburg Gotta in romantic style. Remarkable for its style of decoration. Too colorful is my humble opinion. The most impressive sight for me here is “The Castle of the Moors. Military fort, which suggests that dates from the 9th century (during the occupation of the Arabs). Served as an excellent observation post to the coast. The fortress is preserved (including premises, not just walls) and restored and is now under UNESCO protection.