Chinese[edit]

 

life; age; generation

life; age; generation; era; world; lifetime

 

boundary; scope; extent

boundary; scope; extent; circles; group; kingdom (taxonomy)

simp. and trad.
(世界)

Etymology[edit]

Coined by Buddhist translator Kumārajīva (c. 5th century), translating Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

世界

  1. world
    世界地圖 / 世界地图  ―  shìjiè dìtú  ―  world map
    世界秩序  ―  shìjiè zhìxù  ―  world order
    世界紀錄 / 世界纪录  ―  shìjiè jìlù  ―  world record
    世界潮流  ―  shìjiè cháoliú  ―  global trend
    環遊世界 / 环游世界  ―  huányóu shìjiè  ―  to travel the world
    世界各地  ―  shìjiè gèdì  ―  all over the world
    穆斯林世界  ―  mùsīlín shìjiè  ―  Muslim world
    列為世界文化遺產 [MSC, trad.]
    列为世界文化遗产 [MSC, simp.]

    lièwéi shìjiè wénhuàyíchǎn [Pinyin]
    to list as a world cultural heritage site
    世界之大,無奇不有。 [MSC, trad.]
    世界之大,无奇不有。 [MSC, simp.]

    Shìjiè zhī dà, wúqíbùyǒu. [Pinyin]
    The world is so big that nothing is too bizarre.
    世界上唯一不變的就是變化。 [MSC, trad.]
    世界上唯一不变的就是变化。 [MSC, simp.]

    Shìjiè shàng wéiyī bùbiàn de jiùshì biànhuà. [Pinyin]
    The only constant in the world is change.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Others:

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

世界

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien) extremely; super
    世界 [Taiwanese Hokkien]  ―  sè-kài tiⁿ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  super sweet

Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 世界 (MC ɕiᴇiH kˠɛiH), originally a translation of Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world).[1][2] Compare modern Hokkien reading sè-kài.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(かい) • (sekai

  1. the world
    • ()にはみえないが、この()(かい)のほかに()(すう)()(かい)()さなりあって(そん)(ざい)しているという…………。

      Me ni wa mienai ga, kono sekai no hoka ni musū no sekai ga kasanari atte sonzai shite iru to iu………….
      That means there are countless worlds that coexist with this one even though we can’t really see them….

      そしてぼくはふたつの()(かい)(きょう)(かい)()ぶってこっちへとびこんできたんだ‼

      soshite boku wa futatsu no sekai no kyōkai o yabutte kotchi e tobikon de kitan da‼
      And I somehow managed to get across the boundary between our two worlds!!
    • はじめて()(ひろ)()(かい)が、(たの)しみだったわ。

      Hajimete miru hiroi sekai ga, tanoshimi datta wa.
      I was so eager to see the vast world for the first time.
    • 1999 September 23, “ダーク・ラビット [Dark Rabbit]”, in Vol.5, Konami:

      アメリカンコミックの()(かい)のウサギ。とても()(ばや)くちょこまかと(うご)く。

      Amerikan komikku no sekai no usagi. Totemo subayaku chokomaka to ugoku.
      A bunny from the world of American comics. He restlessly leaps up and down like crazy fast.
    • 2000 January 27, “トゥーン・アリゲーター [Toon Alligator]”, in Vol.7, Konami:

      アメリカンコミックの()(かい)から(あらわ)れた、ワニのモンスター。

      Amerikan komikku no sekai kara arawareta, wani no monsutā.
      A crocodilian monster from the world of American comics.
    ()(かい)(かっ)(こく)から

    sekai no kakkoku kara
    from each country of the world
  2. a metaphorical world (how one lives one’s life)
    (かれ)はこの()(かい)()んでいないようです。

    Kare wa kono sekai ni sunde inai yō desu.
    It’s like he’s not living in this world.
  3. society, the times
    Synonyms: 世間 (seken), 世の中 (yo no naka)
  4. a realm, a circle, a sphere
    (ぶん)(がく)()(かい)

    bungaku no sekai
    literary circles, the literary world
  5. (Buddhism) the four inner realms of 須弥山 (Shumisen)
  6. (Buddhism) a realm governed by a buddha
  7. (Buddhism) space, universe
  8. (tarot) the world

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()(かい) • (Sekai

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.02.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Noun[edit]

世界 • (segye) (hangeul 세계)

  1. Hanja form? of 세계 (world).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 世界 (せかい, sekai), from Middle Chinese 世界 (MC ɕiᴇiH kˠɛiH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

世界 (hiragana しけー, romaji shikē)

  1. world, society

Vietnamese[edit]

Noun[edit]

世界

  1. Hán tự form of thế giới (world).

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