• eBook available
    The 1926/27 Soviet Polar Census Expeditions
    May 2011

    The 1926/27 Soviet Polar Census Expeditions

    Anderson, D. G. (ed)

    In 1926/27 the Soviet Central Statistical Administration initiated several yearlong expeditions to gather primary data on the whereabouts, economy and living conditions of all rural peoples living in the Arctic and sub-Arctic at the end of the Russian civil war. Due partly to the enthusiasm of local geographers and ethnographers, the Polar Census grew into a massive ethnological exercise, gathering not only basic demographic and economic data on every household but also a rich archive of photographs, maps, kinship charts, narrative transcripts and museum artifacts. To this day, it remains one of the most comprehensive surveys of a rural population anywhere. The contributors to this volume – all noted scholars in their region – have conducted long-term fieldwork with the descendants of the people surveyed in 1926/27. This volume is the culmination of eight years’ work with the primary record cards and was supported by a number of national scholarly funding agencies in the UK, Canada and Norway. It is a unique historical, ethnographical analysis and of immense value to scholars familiar with these communities’ contemporary cultural dynamics and legacy.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General)
  • eBook available
    24 Bars to Kill
    June 2019

    24 Bars to Kill

    Hip Hop, Aspiration, and Japan’s Social Margins

    Armstrong, A. B.

    The most clearly identifiable and popular form of Japanese hip-hop, “ghetto” or “gangsta” music has much in common with its corresponding American subgenres, including its portrayal of life on the margins, confrontational style, and aspirational “rags-to-riches” narratives. Contrary to depictions of an ethnically and economically homogeneous Japan, gangsta J-hop gives voice to the suffering, deprivation, and social exclusion experienced by many modern Japanese. 24 Bars to Kill offers a fascinating ethnographic account of this music as well as the subculture around it, showing how gangsta hip-hop arises from widespread dissatisfaction and malaise.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Abortion in Asia
    July 2010

    Abortion in Asia

    Local Dilemmas, Global Politics

    Whittaker, A. (ed)

    The issue of abortion forces a confrontation with the effects of poverty and economic inequalities, local moral worlds, and the cultural and social perceptions of the female body, gender, and reproduction. Based on extensive original field research, this provocative collection presents case studies from Thailand, Cambodia, Burma, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Indonesia, and India. It includes powerful insight into the conditions and hard choices faced by women and the circumstances surrounding unplanned pregnancies. It explores the connections among poverty, violence, barriers to access, and the politics and strategies involved in abortion law reform. The contributors analyze these issues within the broader conflicts surrounding women’s status, gender roles, religion, nationalism and modernity, as well as the global politics of reproductive health.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • eBook available
    About the Hearth
    August 2013

    About the Hearth

    Perspectives on the Home, Hearth and Household in the Circumpolar North

    Anderson, D. G., Wishart, R. P., & Vaté, V. (eds)

    Due to changing climates and demographics, questions of policy in the circumpolar north have focused attention on the very structures that people call home. Dwellings lie at the heart of many forms of negotiation. Based on years of in-depth research, this book presents and analyzes how the people of the circumpolar regions conceive, build, memorialize, and live in their dwellings. This book seeks to set a new standard for interdisciplinary work within the humanities and social sciences and includes anthropological work on vernacular architecture, environmental anthropology, household archaeology and demographics.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Archaeology Museum Studies Heritage Studies
  • Above the Death Pits, Beneath the Flag
    April 2008

    Above the Death Pits, Beneath the Flag

    Youth Voyages to Poland and the Performance of Israeli National Identity

    Feldman, J.

    Israeli youth voyages to Poland are one of the most popular and influential forms of transmission of Holocaust memory in Israeli society. Through intensive participant observation, group discussions, student diaries, and questionnaires, the author demonstrates how the State shapes Poland into a living deathscape of Diaspora Jewry. In the course of the voyage, students undergo a rite de passage, in which they are transformed into victims, victorious survivors, and finally witnesses of the witnesses. By viewing, touching, and smelling Holocaust-period ruins and remains, by accompanying the survivors on the sites of their suffering and survival, crying together and performing commemorative ceremonies at the death sites, students from a wide variety of family backgrounds become carriers of Shoah memory. They come to see the State and its defense as the romanticized answer to the Shoah. These voyages are a bureaucratic response to uncertainty and fluidity of identity in an increasingly globalized and fragmented society. This study adds a measured and compassionate ethical voice to ideological debates surrounding educational and cultural forms of encountering the past in contemporary Israel, and raises further questions about the representation of the Holocaust after the demise of the last living witnesses.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Jewish Studies Memory Studies Travel and Tourism
  • Academic Anthropology & the Museum
    December 2001

    Academic Anthropology and the Museum

    Back to the Future

    Bouquet, M. (ed)

    The museum boom, with its accompanying objectification and politicization of culture, finds its counterpart in the growing interest by social scientists in material culture, much of which is to be found in museums. Not surprisingly, anthropologists in particular are turning their attention again to museums, after decades of neglect, during which fieldwork became the hallmark of modern anthropology – so much so that the “social” and the “material” parted company so radically as to produce a kind of knowledge gap between historical collections and the intellectuals who might have benefitted from working on these material representations of culture. Moreover it was forgotten that museums do not only present the “pastness” of things. A great deal of what goes on in contemporary museums is literally about planning the shape of the future: making culture materialize involves mixing things from the past, taking into account current visions, and knowing that the scenes constructed will shape the perspectives of future generations. However, the (re-)invention of museum anthropology presents a series of challenges for academic teaching and research, as well as for the work of cultural production in contemporary museums – issues that are explored in this volume.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Academic Skating on Thin Ice, An
    April 2008

    An Academic Skating on Thin Ice

    Worsley†, P.

    Peter Worsley’s studies at Cambridge were interrupted by war service as a communist officer in the colonial forces in Africa and India, and it was here that he developed a keen interest in anthropology. He work in mass education in Tanganyika and then studied with Max Gluckman at Manchester University. Banned from re-entering Africa, Worsley went to Australia where he was banned once more, this time from New Guinea, yet he did succeed in completing field-research for his Ph.D. on an Australian Aboriginal tribe.

    His subsequent book on ‘Cargo’ cults in Melanesia is now regarded as a classic, but his left-wing politics ensured that he could not get a job in anthropology, so he switched to sociology, on his return to Manchester.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Aesthetics in Performance
    June 2005

    Aesthetics in Performance

    Formations of Symbolic Construction and Experience

    Hobart, A. & Kapferer, B. (eds)

    In various ways, the essays presented in this volume explore the structures and aesthetic possibilities of music, dance and dramatic representation in ritual and theatrical situations in a diversity of ethnographic contexts in Europe, the Americas, Africa and Asia. Each essay enters into a discussion of the “logic” of aesthetic processes exploring their social and political and symbolic import. The aim is above all to explore the way artistic and aesthetic practices in performance produce and structure experience.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Affective States
    December 2017

    Affective States

    Entanglements, Suspensions, Suspicions

    Laszczkowski, M. & Reeves, M. (eds)

    In recent years, political and social theory has been transformed by the heterogeneous approaches to feeling and emotion jointly referred to as ‘affect theory’. These range from psychological and social-constructivist approaches to emotion to feminist and post-human perspectives. Covering a wide spectrum of topics and ethnographic contexts—from engineering in the Andes to household rituals in rural China, from South African land restitution to migrant living in Moscow, and from elections in El Salvador to online and offline surveillance among political refugees from Uzbekistan and Eritrea—the chapters in this volume interrogate this ‘affective turn’ through the lens of fine-grained ethnographies of the state. The volume enhances the anthropological understanding of the various ways through which the state comes to be experienced as a visceral presence in social life.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • African Crossroads
    July 1996

    African Crossroads

    Intersections between History and Anthropology in Cameroon

    Fowler, I. & Zeitlyn, D. (eds)

    Cameroon is characterized by an extraordinary geographical, cultural, and linguistic diversity. This collection of essays by eminent historians and anthropologists summarizes three generations of research in Cameroon that began with the collaboration of Phyllis Kaberry and E. M. Chilver soon after the Second World War and continues to this day. The idea for this book arose from a concern to recognize the continuing influence of E. M. Chilver on a wide variety of social, historical, political and economic studies. The result is a volume with a broad historical scope yet one that also focuses on major contemporary theoretical issues such as the meaning and construction of ethnic identities and the anthropological study of historical processes.

    For more information on this title and related publications, go to
    http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/Chilver/index.html

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    After Difference
    February 2018

    After Difference

    Queer Activism in Italy and Anthropological Theory

    Heywood, P.

    Queer activism and anthropology are both fundamentally concerned with the concept of difference. Yet they are so in fundamentally different ways. The Italian queer activists in this book value difference as something that must be produced, in opposition to the identity politics they find around them. Conversely, anthropologists find difference in the world around them, and seek to produce an identity between anthropological theory and the ethnographic material it elucidates. This book describes problems faced by an activist “politics of difference,” and issues concerning the identity of anthropological reflection itself—connecting two conceptions of difference whilst simultaneously holding them apart.

    Subjects: Theory and Methodology Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • eBook available
    After the Cult
    April 2010

    After the Cult

    Perceptions of Other and Self in West New Britain (Papua New Guinea)

    Jebens, H.

    In many parts of the world the “white man” is perceived to be an instigator of globalization and an embodiment of modernity. However, so far anthropologists have paid little attention to the actual heterogeneity and complexity of “whiteness” in specific ethnographic contexts. This study examines cultural perceptions of other and self as expressed in cargo cults and masked dances in Papua New Guinea. Indigenous terms, images, and concepts are being contrasted with their western counterparts, the latter partly deriving from the publications and field notes of Charles Valentine. After having done his first fieldwork more than fifty years ago, this “anthropological ancestor” has now become part of the local tradition and has thus turned into a kind of mythical figure. Based on anthropological fieldwork as well as on archival studies, this book addresses the relation between western and indigenous perceptions of self and other, between “tradition” and “modernity,” and between anthropological “ancestors” and “descendants.” In this way the work contributes to the study of “whiteness,” “cargo cults” and masked dances in Papua New Guinea.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • After the Event
    April 2011

    After the Event

    The Transmission of Grievous Loss in Germany, China and Taiwan

    Feuchtwang, S.

    Two of the most destructive moments of state violence in the twentieth century occurred in Europe between 1933 and 1945 and in China between 1959 and 1961 (the Great Leap famine). This is the first book to bring the two histories together in order to examine their differences and to understand if there are any similar processes of transmission at work. The author expertly ties in the Taiwanese civil war between Nationalists and Communists, which included the White Terror from 1947 to 1987, a less well-known but equally revealing part of twentieth-century history. Personal and family stories are told, often in the individual’s own words, and then compared with the public accounts of the same events as found in official histories, commemorations, school textbooks and other forms of public memory. The author presents innovative and constructive criticisms of social memory theories in order to make sense both of what happened and how what happened is transmitted.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General) History (General)
  • After the Pink Tide
    March 2020

    After the Pink Tide

    Corporate State Formation and New Egalitarianisms in Latin America

    Gold, M. & Zagato, A. (eds)

    The left-wing Pink Tide movement that swept across Latin America seems now to be overturned, as a new wave of free-market thinkers emerge across the continent. This book analyses the emergence of corporate power within Latin America and the response of egalitarian movements across the continent trying to break open the constraints of the state. Through an ethnographically grounded and localized anthropological perspective, this book argues that at a time when the regular structures of political participation have been ruptured, the Latin American context reveals multiple expressions of egalitarian movements that strive (and sometimes momentarily manage) to break through the state’s apparatus.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Against Exoticism
    December 2016

    Against Exoticism

    Toward the Transcendence of Relativism and Universalism in Anthropology

    Kapferer, B. & Theodossopoulos, D. (eds)

    Anthropology begins in the encounter with the ‘exotic’: what stands outside of—and challenges—conventional or established understandings. This volume confronts the distortions of orientalism, ethnocentrism, and romantic nostalgia to expose exoticism, defined as the construction of false and unsubstantiated difference. Its aim is to re-found the importance of the exotic in the development of anthropological knowledge and to overcome methodological dualisms and dualistic approaches.


    Chapters look at the risk of exoticism in the perspectivist approach, the significant exotic corrective of Lévi-Strauss vis-à-vis an imperializing Eurocentrism, our nostalgic relationship with the ethnographic record, and the attempts of local communities to readapt previous exoticized referents, renegotiate their identity, and ‘counter-exoticize.’ This volume demonstrates a range of approaches that will be valuable for researchers and students seeking to effectively establish comparative methodological frameworks that transcend issues of relativism and universalism.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Sociology
  • Against Machismo
    December 2008

    Against Machismo

    Young Adult Voices in Mexico City

    Ramirez, J.

    Based on fieldwork conducted among middle-class university students primarily at the national university (UNAM) in Mexico City, this study explores gender relations as reflected in the words macho and machismo. The author concludes that the students use them to denote aspects of their families of origin that they consider unfavorable and aspects of the cultural past that they wish to leave behind in their own lives. In capturing the lively and revealing conversations of these young voices, the author offers a compelling analysis of how gender concepts and identities are changing in contemporary Mexico City.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Agent of Change
    March 2021

    Agent of Change

    The Deposition and Manipulation of Ash in the Past

    Roth, B. J. & Adams, E. C. (eds)

    Ash is an important and yet understudied aspect of ritual deposition in the archaeological record of North America. Ash has been found in a wide variety of contexts across many regions and often it is associated with rare or unusual objects or in contexts that suggest its use in the transition or transformation of houses and ritual features. Drawn from across the U.S. and Mesoamerica, the chapters in this volume explore the use, meanings, and cross-cultural patterns present in the use of ash. and highlight the importance of ash in ritual closure, social memory, and cultural transformation.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Aging & the Digital Life Course
    June 2015

    Aging and the Digital Life Course

    Prendergast, D. & Garattini, C. (eds)

    Across the life course, new forms of community, ways of keeping in contact, and practices for engaging in work, healthcare, retail, learning and leisure are evolving rapidly. Breaking new ground in the study of technology and aging, this book examines how developments in smart phones, the internet, cloud computing, and online social networking are redefining experiences and expectations around growing older in the twenty-first century. Drawing on contributions from leading commentators and researchers across the world, this book explores key themes such as caregiving, the use of social media, robotics, chronic disease and dementia management, gaming, migration, and data inheritance, to name a few.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Alarming Reports
    May 2009

    Alarming Reports

    Communicating Conflict in the Daily News

    Arno†, A.

    News stories provide an essential confirmation of our ideas about who we are, what we have to fear, and what to do about it: a marketplace of ideas, shopped by rational citizen decision makers but also a shared resource for grounding our contested narratives of identity in objective reality. News as a fundamental social process comes into being not when an event takes place or when a report of the event is created but when that report becomes news to someone. As it moves off the page into the community, news discovers – through its interpretations – its reality in the lives of the consumers. This book explores the path of news as it moves through the tangled labyrinth of social identities and asserted interests that lie beyond the page or screen. The language and communication-oriented study of news promises a salient area of investigation, pointing the way to an expansion, if not a redefinition of basic anthropological ideas and practices of ethnography, participant observation, and “the field” in the future of anthropological research.

    Subjects: Media Studies Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    All or None
    August 2018

    All or None

    Cooperation and Sustainability in Italy’s Red Belt

    Sánchez Hall, A.

    At once a social history and anthropological study of the world’s oldest voluntary collective farms, All or None is a story of how landless laborers joined together in Ravenna, Italy to acquire land, sometimes by occupying private land in what they called a “strike in reverse,” and how they developed sophisticated land use plans, based not only on the goal of profit, but on the human value of providing work where none was available. It addresses the question of the viability of cooperative enterprise as a potential solution for displaced workers, and as a more humane alternative to capitalist agribusiness.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Ambiguous Childhoods
    September 2019

    Ambiguous Childhoods

    Peer Socialisation, Schooling and Agency in a Zambian Village

    Clemensen, N.

    Growing up with social and economic upheaval in the peripheries of global neoliberalism, children in rural Zambia are presented with diverging social and moral protocols across homes, classrooms, church halls, and the streets. Mostly unmonitored by adults, they explore the ambiguities of adult life in playful interactions with their siblings and kin across gender and age. Drawing on rich linguistic-ethnographic details of such interactions combined with observations of school and household procedures, the author provides a rare insight into the lives, voices, and learning paths of children in a rural African setting.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Development Studies Educational Studies
  • eBook available
    Ambiguous Pleasures
    May 2012

    Ambiguous Pleasures

    Sexuality and Middle Class Self-Perceptions in Nairobi

    Spronk, R.

    Among both male and female young urban professionals in Nairobi, sexuality is a key to achieving a ‘modern’ identity. These young men and women see themselves as the avant garde of a new Africa, while they also express the recurring worry of how to combine an ‘African’ identity with the new lifestyles with which they are experimenting. By focusing on public debates and their preoccupations with issues of African heritage, gerontocratic power relations and conventional morality on the one hand, and personal sexual relationships, intimacy and self-perceptions on the other, this study works out the complexities of sexuality and culture in the context of modernity in an African society. It moves beyond an investigation of a health or development perspective of sexuality and instead examines desire, pleasure and eroticism, revealing new insights into the methodology and theory of the study of sexuality within the social sciences. Sexuality serves as a prism for analysing how social developments generate new notions of self in postcolonial Kenya and is a crucial component towards understanding the way people recognize and deal with modern changes in their personal lives.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality Sociology
  • eBook available
    America Observed
    December 2016

    America Observed

    On an International Anthropology of the United States

    Dominguez, V. & Habib, J. (eds)

    There is surprisingly little fieldwork done on the United States by anthropologists from abroad. America Observed fills that gap by bringing into greater focus empirical as well as theoretical implications of this phenomenon. Edited by Virginia Dominguez and Jasmin Habib, the essays collected here offer a critique of such an absence, exploring its likely reasons while also illustrating the advantages of studying fieldwork-based anthropological projects conducted by colleagues from outside the U.S. This volume contains an introduction written by the editors and fieldwork-based essays written by Helena Wulff, Jasmin Habib, Limor Darash, Ulf Hannerz, and Moshe Shokeid, and reflections on the broad issue written by Geoffrey White, Keiko Ikeda, and Jane Desmond.  Suitable for introductory and mid-level anthropology courses, America Observed will also be useful for American Studies courses both in the U.S. and elsewhere.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Americans in Tuscany
    July 2014

    Americans in Tuscany

    Charity, Compassion, and Belonging

    Trundle, C.

    Since the time of the Grand Tour, the Italian region of Tuscany has sustained a highly visible American and Anglo migrant community. Today American women continue to migrate there, many in order to marry Italian men. Confronted with experiences of social exclusion, unfamiliar family relations, and new cultural terrain, many women struggle to build local lives. In the first ethnographic monograph of Americans in Italy, Catherine Trundle argues that charity and philanthropy are the central means by which many American women negotiate a sense of migrant belonging in Italy. This book traces women’s daily acts of charity as they gave food to the poor, fundraised among the wealthy, monitored untrustworthy recipients, assessed the needy, and reflected on the emotional work that charity required. In exploring the often-ignored role of charitable action in migrant community formation, Trundle contributes to anthropological theories of gift giving, compassion, and reflexivity.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Animism beyond the Soul
    April 2018

    Animism beyond the Soul

    Ontology, Reflexivity, and the Making of Anthropological Knowledge

    Swancutt, K. & Mazard, M. (eds)

    How might we envision animism through the lens of the ‘anthropology of anthropology’? The contributors to this volume offer compelling case studies that demonstrate how indigenous animistic practices, concepts, traditions, and ontologies are co-authored in highly reflexive ways by anthropologists and their interlocutors. They explore how native epistemologies, which inform anthropological notions during fieldwork, underpin the dialogues between researchers and their participants. In doing so, the contributors reveal ways in which indigenous thinkers might be influenced by anthropological concepts of the soul and, equally, how they might subtly or dramatically then transform those same concepts within anthropological theory.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Animism in Rainforest & Tundra
    August 2012

    Animism in Rainforest and Tundra

    Personhood, Animals, Plants and Things in Contemporary Amazonia and Siberia

    Brightman, M., Grotti, V. E., & Ulturgasheva, O. (eds)

    Amazonia and Siberia, classic regions of shamanism, have long challenged ‘western’ understandings of man’s place in the world. By exploring the social relations between humans and non-human entities credited with human-like personhood (not only animals and plants, but also ‘things’ such as artifacts, trade items, or mineral resources) from a comparative perspective, this volume offers valuable insights into the constitutions of humanity and personhood characteristic of the two areas. The contributors conducted their ethnographic fieldwork among peoples undergoing transformative processes of their lived environments, such as the depletion of natural resources and migration to urban centers. They describe here fundamental relational modes that are being tested in the face of change, presenting groundbreaking research on personhood and agency in shamanic societies and contributing to our global understanding of social and cultural change and continuity.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Annoying Difference, The
    July 2011

    The Annoying Difference

    The Emergence of Danish Neonationalism, Neoracism, and Populism in the Post-1989 World

    Hervik, P.

    The Muhammad cartoon crisis of 2005−2006 in Denmark caught the world by surprise as the growing hostilities toward Muslims had not been widely noticed. Through the methodologies of media anthropology, cultural studies, and communication studies, this book brings together more than thirteen years of research on three significant historical media events in order to show the drastic changes and emerging fissures in Danish society and to expose the politicization of Danish news journalism, which has consequences for the political representation and everyday lives of ethnic minorities in Denmark.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Anthropologies of Education
    October 2011

    Anthropologies of Education

    A Global Guide to Ethnographic Studies of Learning and Schooling

    Anderson-Levitt, K. M. (ed)

    Despite international congresses and international journals, anthropologies of education differ significantly around the world. Linguistic barriers constrain the flow of ideas, which results in a vast amount of research on educational anthropology that is not published in English or is difficult for international readers to find. This volume responds to the call to attend to educational research outside the United States and to break out of “metropolitan provincialism.” A guide to the anthropologies and ethnographies of learning and schooling published in German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Slavic languages, Japanese, and English as a second language, show how scholars in Latin America, Japan, and elsewhere adapt European, American, and other approaches to create new traditions. As the contributors show, educators draw on different foundational research and different theoretical discussions. Thus, this global survey raises new questions and casts a new light on what has become a too-familiar discipline in the United States.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Anthropology & Philosophy
    January 2015

    Anthropology & Philosophy

    Dialogues on Trust and Hope

    Liisberg, S., Pedersen, E. O., Dalsgård, A. L. (eds)

    The present book is no ordinary anthology, but rather a workroom in which anthropologists and philosophers initiate a dialogue on trust and hope, two important topics for both fields of study. The book combines work between scholars from different universities in the U.S. and Denmark. Thus, besides bringing the two disciplines in dialogue, it also cuts across differences in national contexts and academic style. The interdisciplinary efforts of the contributors demonstrate how such a collaboration can result in new and challenging ways of thinking about trust and hope. Reading the dialogues may, therefore, also inspire others to work in the productive intersection between anthropology and philosophy.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Anthropology & Nostalgia
    October 2014

    Anthropology and Nostalgia

    Angé, O. & Berliner, D. (eds)

    Nostalgia is intimately connected to the history of the social sciences in general and anthropology in particular, though finely grained ethnographies of nostalgia and loss are still scarce. Today, anthropologists have realized that nostalgia constitutes a fascinating object of study for exploring contemporary issues of the formation of identity in politics and history. Contributors to this volume consider the fabric of nostalgia in the fields of heritage and tourism, exile and diasporas, postcolonialism and postsocialism, business and economic exchange, social, ecological and religious movements, and nation building. They contribute to a better understanding of how individuals and groups commemorate their pasts, and how nostalgia plays a role in the process of remembering.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies Theory and Methodology
  • Anthropology Now & Next
    October 2014

    Anthropology Now and Next

    Essays in Honor of Ulf Hannerz

    Eriksen, T. H., Garsten, C. & Randeria, S. (eds)

    The scholarship of Ulf Hannerz is characterized by its extraordinary breadth and visionary nature. He has contributed to the understanding of urban life and transnational networks, and the role of media, paradoxes of identity and new forms of community, suggesting to see culture in terms of flows rather than as bounded entities. Contributions honor Hannerz’ legacy by addressing theoretical, epistemological, ethical and methodological challenges facing anthropological inquiry on topics from cultural diversity policies in Europe to transnational networks in Yemen, and from pottery and literature to multinational corporations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Anthropology of Corporate Social Responsibility, The
    March 2016

    The Anthropology of Corporate Social Responsibility

    Dolan, C. & Rajak, D. (eds)

    The Anthropology of Corporate Social Responsibility explores the meanings, practices, and impact of corporate social and environmental responsibility across a range of transnational corporations and geographical locations (Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chile, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, India, Peru, South Africa, the UK, and the USA). The contributors examine the expectations, frictions and contradictions the CSR movement is generating and addressing key issues such as  the introduction of new forms of management, control, and discipline through ethical and environmental governance or the extent to which corporate responsibility challenges existing patterns of inequality rather than generating new geographies of inclusion and exclusion.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Anthropology of Empathy, The
    August 2011

    The Anthropology of Empathy

    Experiencing the Lives of Others in Pacific Societies

    Hollan, D. W. & Throop, C. J. (eds)

    Exploring the role of empathy in a variety of Pacific societies, this book is at the forefront of the latest anthropological research on empathy. It presents distinct articulations of many assumptions of contemporary philosophical, neurobiological, and social scientific treatments of the topic. The variations described in this book do not necessarily preclude the possibility of shared existential, biological, and social influences that give empathy a distinctly human cast, but they do provide an important ethnographic lens through which to examine the possibilities and limits of empathy in any given community of practice.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Anti-Social Contract, The
    July 2019

    The Anti-Social Contract

    Injurious Talk and Dangerous Exchanges in Northern Mongolia

    Højer, L.

    Set in a remote district of villagers and nomadic pastoralists in the northernmost part of Mongolia, this book introduces a local world where social relationships are cast in witchcraft-like idioms of mistrust and suspicion. While the apparent social breakdown that followed the collapse of state socialism in Mongolia often implied a chaotic lack of social cohesion, this ethnography reveals an everyday universe where uncertain relations are as much internally cultivated in indigenous Mongolian perceptions of social relatedness, as they are externally confronted in postsocialist surroundings of unemployment and diminished social security.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Arab Spring
    March 2014

    Arab Spring

    Uprisings, Powers, Interventions

    Fosshagen, K. (ed)

    The events of the Arab Spring presented a dramatic reconstitution of politics and the public sphere through their aesthetic and performative uses of public space. Mass demonstrations have become a new global political form, grounded in the localization of globalizing processes, institutions, and relationships. This volume delves beneath the seemingly chaotic nature of events to explore the structural dynamics underpinning popular resistance and their support or suppression. It moves beyond what has usually been defined as Arab Spring nations to include critical views on Bahrain, the Palestinian territories, and Turkey. The research and analysis presented explores not just the immediate protests, but also the historical realization, appropriation, and even institutionalization of these critical voices, as well as the role of international criminal law and legal exceptionalism in authorizing humanitarian interventions. Above all, it questions whether the revolutions have since been hijacked and the broad popular uprisings already overrun, suppressed, or usurped by the upper classes.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Archaeogaming
    June 2018

    Archaeogaming

    An Introduction to Archaeology in and of Video Games

    Reinhard, A.

    Video games exemplify contemporary material objects, resources, and spaces that people use to define their culture. Video games also serve as archaeological sites in the traditional sense as a place, in which evidence of past activity is preserved and has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology, and which represents a part of the archaeological record. This book serves as a general introduction to “archaeogaming”; it describes the intersection of archaeology and video games and applies archaeological method and theory into understanding game-spaces as both site and artifact.

    Subjects: Archaeology Media Studies Heritage Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Archaeology of Tribal Societies, The
    March 2002

    The Archaeology of Tribal Societies

    Parkinson, W. A. (ed)

    Anthropological archaeologists have long attempted to develop models that will let them better understand the evolution of human social organization. In our search to understand how chiefdoms and states evolve, and how those societies differ from egalitarian ‘bands’, we have neglected to develop models that will aid the understanding of the wide range of variability that exists between them. This volume attempts to fill this gap by exploring social organization in tribal – or ‘autonomous village’ – societies from several different ethnographic, ethnohistoric, and archaeological contexts – from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic Period in the Near East to the contemporary Jivaro of Amazonia.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Articulate Necrographies
    July 2019

    Articulate Necrographies

    Comparative Perspectives on the Voices and Silences of the Dead

    Panagiotopoulos, A. & Espírito Santo, D. (eds)

    Going beyond the frameworks of the anthropology of death, Articulate Necrographies offers a dramatic new way of studying the dead and their interactions with the living. Traditional anthropology has tended to dichotomize societies where death “speaks” from those where death is “silent” – the latter is deemed “scientific” and the former “religious” or “magical”. The collection introduces the concept of “necrography” to describe the way death and the dead create their own kinds of biographies in and among the living, and asks what kinds of articulations and silences this in turn produces in the lives of those affected.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Heritage Studies Literary Studies
  • eBook available
    Artifak
    November 2018

    Artifak

    Cultural Revival, Tourism, and the Recrafting of History in Vanuatu

    DeBlock, H.

    In Vanuatu, commoditization and revitalization of culture and the arts do not necessarily work against each other; both revolve around value formation and the authentication of things. This book investigates the meaning and value of (art) objects as commodities in differing states of transit and transition: in the local place, on the market, in the museum. It provides an ethnographic account of commoditization in a context of revitalization of culture and the arts in Vanuatu, and the issues this generates, such as authentication of actions and things, indigenized copyright, and kastom disputes over ownership and the nature of kastom itself.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies Museum Studies
  • eBook available
    Aspirations of Young Adults in Urban Asia
    October 2020

    Aspirations of Young Adults in Urban Asia

    Values, Family, and Identity

    Westendorp, M., Remmert, D. & Finis, K. (eds)

    Comparing first-person ethnographic accounts of young people living, working, and creating relationships in cities across Asia, this volume explores their contemporary lives, pressures, ideals, and aspirations. Delving into topical issues such as education, social inequality, family pressures, changing values, precarious employment, and political discontent, the book explores how young people are pushing boundaries and imagining their future. In this way, they explore and create the identities of their local and global surroundings.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Urban Studies
  • Astonishment and Evocation
    June 2013

    Astonishment and Evocation

    The Spell of Culture in Art and Anthropology

    Strecker, I. & Verne, M. (eds)

    All societies are shaped by arts, media, and other persuasive practices that can awe, captivate, enchant or otherwise seem to cast a spell on the audience. Likewise, scholarship itself often is driven by a sense of wonder and a willingness to be open to what lies beyond the obvious. This book broadens and deepens this perspective. Inspired by Stephen Tyler’s view of ethnography as an art of evocation, international scholars from the fields of aesthetics, anthropology, and rhetoric explore the spellbinding power of elusive meanings as people experience them in daily life and while gazing at works of art, watching films or studying other cultures. The book is divided into three parts covering the evocative power of visual art, the immersion in ritual and performance, and the reading, writing, and interpretation of texts. Taken as a whole, the contributions to the book demonstrate how astonishment and evocation deserve an important place in the conceptual repertoire of the human sciences.

    Subjects: Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Media Studies
  • At Home in the Hills
    August 2000

    At Home in the Hills

    Sense of Place in the Scottish Borders

    Gray, J. N.

    To most outsiders, the hills of the Scottish Borders are a bleak and foreboding space – usually made to represent the stigmatized Other, Ad Finis, by the centers of power in Edinburgh, London, and Brussels. At a time when globalization seems to threaten our sense of place, people of the Scottish borderlands provide a vivid case study of how the being-in-place is central to the sense of self and identity. Since the end of the thirteenth century, people living in the Scottish Border hills have engaged in armed raiding on the frontier with England, developed capitalist sheep farming in the newly united kingdom of Great Britain, and are struggling to maintain their family farms in one of the marginal agricultural rural regions of the European Community. Throughout their history, sheep farmers living in these hills have established an abiding sense of place in which family and farm have become refractions of each other. Adopting a phenomenological perspective, this book concentrates on the contemporary farming practices – shepherding, selling lambs and rams at auctions – as well as family and class relations through which hill sheep fuse people, place, and way of life to create this sense of being-at-home in the hills.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    At Home in the Okavango
    August 2015

    At Home in the Okavango

    White Batswana Narratives of Emplacement and Belonging

    Gressier, C.

    An ethnographic portrayal of the lives of white citizens of the Okavango Delta, Botswana, this book examines their relationships with the natural and social environments of the region. In response to the insecurity of their position as a European-descended minority in a postcolonial African state, Gressier argues that white Batswana have developed cultural values and practices that have allowed them to attain high levels of belonging. Adventure is common for this frontier community, and the book follows their safari lifestyles as they construct and perform localized identities in their interactions with dangerous wildlife, the broader African community, and the global elite via their work in the nature-tourism industry.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    At Home on the Waves
    February 2019

    At Home on the Waves

    Human Habitation of the Sea from the Mesolithic to Today

    King, T. J. & Robinson, G. (eds)

    Contemporary public discourses about the ocean are routinely characterized by scientific and environmentalist narratives that imagine and idealize marine spaces in which humans are absent. In contrast, this collection explores the variety of ways in which people have long made themselves at home at sea, and continue to live intimately with it. In doing so, it brings together both ethnographic and archaeological research – much of it with an explicit Ingoldian approach – on a wide range of geographical areas and historical periods.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Archaeology Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Atlantic Perspectives
    November 2019

    Atlantic Perspectives

    Places, Spirits and Heritage

    Balkenhol, M., Blanes, R. L., & Sarró, R. (eds)

    Focusing on mobility, religion, and belonging, the volume contributes to transatlantic anthropology and history by bringing together religion, cultural heritage and placemaking in the Atlantic world. The entanglements of these domains are ethnographically scrutinized to perceive the connections and disconnections of specific places which, despite a common history, are today very different in terms of secular regimes and the presence of religion in the public sphere. Ideally suited to a variety of scholars and students in different fields, Atlantic Perspectives will lead to new debates and conversations throughout the fields of anthropology, religion and history.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Australian Indigenous Diaspora, An
    July 2018

    An Australian Indigenous Diaspora

    Warlpiri Matriarchs and the Refashioning of Tradition

    Burke, P.

    Some indigenous people, while remaining attached to their traditional homelands, leave them to make a new life for themselves in white towns and cities, thus constituting an “indigenous diaspora”. This innovative book is the first ethnographic account of one such indigenous diaspora, the Warlpiri, whose traditional hunter-gatherer life has been transformed through their dispossession and involvement with ranchers, missionaries, and successive government projects of recognition. By following several Warlpiri matriarchs into their new locations, far from their home settlements, this book explores how they sustained their independent lives, and examines their changing relationship with the traditional culture they represent.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • Authenticity and Authorship in Pacific Island Encounters
    April 2021

    Authenticity and Authorship in Pacific Island Encounters

    New Lives of Old Imaginaries

    Mageo, J. & Knauft, B. (eds)

    The insular Pacific is a region saturated with great cultural diversity and poignant memories of colonial and Christian intrusion. Considering authenticity and authorship in the area, this book looks at how these ideas have manifested themselves in Pacific peoples and cultures. Through six rich complementary case studies, a theoretical introduction, and a critical afterword, this volume explores authenticity and authorship as “traveling concepts.” The book reveals diverse and surprising outcomes which shed light on how Pacific identity has changed from the past to the present.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General)
  • Autonomy, Life Cycle & Gender
    June 1998

    Autonomy

    Life Cycle, Gender, and Status among Himalayan Pastoralists

    Rao†, A.

    The question of individuality in non-European, and especially South Asian societies is a controversial one. Studies in anthropology and psychology undertaken in recent years on concepts of person and self approach the problem by concentrating on ideologies; the question of practice remains largely neglected. This is the first study to examine the individual-dividual debate empirically from the – emic – perspective of decision making, observed over a two-year period among the Bakkarwal, Himalayan Muslim pastoralists. Of particular significance is the fact that the author bases her approach on the life cycle and on gender and status differences.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Back to the Postindustrial Future
    March 2018

    Back to the Postindustrial Future

    An Ethnography of Germany’s Fastest-Shrinking City

    Ringel, F.

    How does an urban community come to terms with the loss of its future? The former socialist model city of Hoyerswerda is an extreme case of a declining postindustrial city. Built to serve the GDR coal industry, it lost over half its population to outmigration after German reunification and the coal industry crisis, leading to the large-scale deconstruction of its cityscape. This book tells the story of its inhabitants, now forced to reconsider their futures. Building on recent theoretical work, it advances a new anthropological approach to time, allowing us to investigate the postindustrial era and the futures it has supposedly lost.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Urban Studies
  • Bali and Beyond
    July 2002

    Bali and Beyond

    Case Studies in the Anthropology of Tourism

    Yamashita, S.

    Based on field research carried out over two decades, the author surveys the development of the anthropology of tourism and its significance, using case studies drawn from Indonesia, New Guinea and Japan. He argues that tourism, once seen as rather peripheral by anthropologists, has to be treated as a phenomenon of major importance, both because the size of the flows of people and capital involved, and because it is one of the major sites in which the meeting and hybridization of culture takes place. Tourism, he suggests, leads not to the destruction of local cultures, as many critics have implied, but rather to the emergence of new cultural forms.

    The central part of the book presents a detailed case-study of the island of Bali in Indonesia. It traces the development of tourism there during the colonial period, and the ways in which “Balinese traditional culture” was developed first by western artists and scholars in the colonial period, and more recently by Balinese government officials in the guise of “cultural tourism.” The general theme of the “presentation of tradition” is also discussed in relation to Toraja funerals in the Indonesian province of Sulawesi, western visitors to the Sepik River in Papua-New-Guinea, and the small city of Tono in northern Japan which has become a center for the study of folk-lore.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Barter and Social Regeneration in the Argentinean Andes
    September 2018

    Barter and Social Regeneration in the Argentinean Andes

    Angé, O.

    Despite the pervasiveness of barter across societies, this mode of transaction has largely escaped the anthropologist’s gaze. Drawing on data from fairs in the Argentinean Andes, this book explores fairs’ embeddedness within religious celebration, arguing that barter is addressed as a sacrifice to catholic figures and local ancestors, and thus challenging a widespread view of barter as a non-monetary form of commodity exchange. Issues of value, identity, and exchange are considered, furthering our understanding of how social groups create themselves through material circulation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Becoming Vaishnava in an Ideal Vedic City
    November 2019

    Becoming Vaishnava in an Ideal Vedic City

    Fahy, J.

    Becoming Vaishnava in an Ideal Vedic City centers on a growing multinational community of ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) devotees in Mayapur, West Bengal. While ISKCON’s history is often presented in terms of an Indian guru ‘transplanting’ Indian spirituality to the West, this book focusses on the efforts to bring ISKCON back to India. Paying particular attention to devotees’ failure to consistently live up to ISKCON’s ideals and the ongoing struggle to realize the utopian vision of an ‘ideal Vedic city’, this book argues that the anthropology of ethics must account for how moral systems accommodate the problem of moral failure.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Bedouin Century
    December 2001

    Bedouin Century

    Education and Development among the Negev Tribes in the Twentieth Century

    Abu-Rabia, A.

    The Bedouin in the Negev region have undergone a remarkable change of life style in the course of the 20th century: within a few generations they changed from being nomads to an almost sedentary and highly educated population. The author, who is a Bedouin himself and has worked in the Israeli Ministry of Education and Culture as Superintendent of the Bedouin Educational Schools in the Negev for many years, offers the first in-depth study of the development of Bedouin society, using the educational system as his focus.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Bedouin of Mount Sinai
    June 2013

    Bedouin of Mount Sinai

    An Anthropological Study of their Political Economy

    Marx, E.

    The Sinai Peninsula links Asia and Africa and for millennia has been crossed by imperial armies from both the east and the west. Thus, its Bedouin inhabitants are by necessity involved in world affairs and maintain a complex, almost urban, economy. They make their home in arid mountains that provide limited pastures and lack arable soils and must derive much of their income from migrant labor and trade. Still, every household maintains, at considerable expense, a small orchard and a minute flock of goats and sheep. The orchards and flocks sustain them in times of need and become the core of a mutual assurance system. It is for this social security that Bedouin live in and retire to the mountains. Based on fieldwork over ten years, this book builds on the central theoretical understanding that the complex political economy of the Mount Sinai Bedouin is integrated into urban society and part of the modern global world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Being a State & States of Being in Highland Georgia
    May 2014

    Being a State and States of Being in Highland Georgia

    Mühlfried, F.

    The highland region of the republic of Georgia, one of the former Soviet Socialist Republics, has long been legendary for its beauty. It is often assumed that the state has only made partial inroads into this region, and is mostly perceived as alien. Taking a fresh look at the Georgian highlands allows the author to consider perennial questions of citizenship, belonging, and mobility in a context that has otherwise been known only for its folkloric dimensions. Scrutinizing forms of identification with the state at its margins, as well as local encounters with the erratic Soviet and post-Soviet state, the author argues that citizenship is both a sought-after means of entitlement and a way of guarding against the state. This book not only challenges theories in the study of citizenship but also the axioms of integration in Western social sciences in general.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Being & Becoming
    May 2016

    Being and Becoming

    Embodiment and Experience among the Orang Rimba of Sumatra

    Elkholy, R.

    For the Orang Rimba of Sumatra – and tropical foragers in general – life in the forest engenders a kind of “connectedness” that is contingent not only on harmonious relations between people, but also between people and the non-human environment, including those supernatural agencies of the forest that people depend on for their spiritual and emotional wellbeing. Exploring this world, anthropologist Ramsey Elkholy treats embodied action and perception as the basis of shared experience and shows how various forms of embodied experience constitute the very foundations of human culture. In a unique methodological contribution, Elkholy adopts a set of body-centered approaches that reflect and capture the day-to-day, moment-to-moment ways in which people engage with the world. Being and Becoming is an important contribution to phenomenological anthropology, hunter-gatherer studies, and to Southeast Asian ethnography more generally.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Being Bedouin Around Petra
    January 2019

    Being Bedouin Around Petra

    Life at a World Heritage Site in the Twenty-First Century

    Bille, M.

    Petra, Jordan became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985, and the semi-nomadic Bedouin inhabiting the area were resettled as a consequence. The Bedouin themselves paradoxically became UNESCO Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage in 2005 for the way in which their oral traditions and everyday lives relate to the landscape they no longer live in. Being Bedouin Around Petra asks: How could this happen? And what does it mean to be Bedouin when tourism, heritage protection, national discourse, an Islamic Revival and even New Age spiritualism lay competing claims to the past in the present?

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Being Godless
    May 2017

    Being Godless

    Ethnographies of Atheism and Non-Religion

    Blanes, R. L. & Outsinova-Stjepanovic, G. (eds)

    Drawing on ethnographic inquiry and the anthropological literature on doubt and atheism, this volume explores people’s reluctance to pursue religion. The contributors capture the experiences of godless people and examine their perspectives on the role of religion in their personal and public lives. In doing so, the volume contributes to a critical understanding of the processes of disengagement from religion and reveals the challenges and paradoxes that godless people face.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Being Human, Being Migrant
    October 2013

    Being Human, Being Migrant

    Senses of Self and Well-Being

    Grønseth, A. S. (ed)

    Migrant experiences accentuate general aspects of the human condition. Therefore, this volume explores migrant’s movements not only as geographical movements from here to there but also as movements that constitute an embodied, cognitive, and existential experience of living “in between” or on the “borderlands” between differently figured life-worlds. Focusing on memories, nostalgia, the here-and-now social experiences of daily living, and the hopes and dreams for the future, the volume demonstrates how all interact in migrants’ and refugees’ experience of identity and quest for well-being.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Being-Here
    May 2018

    Being-Here

    Placemaking in a World of Movement

    Lems, A.

    Exploring the lifeworlds of Halima, Omar and Mohamed, three middle-aged Somalis living in Melbourne, Australia, the author discusses the interrelated meanings of emplacement and displacement as experienced in people’s everyday lives. Through their experiences of displacement and placemaking, Being-Here examines the figure of the refugee as a metaphor for societal alienation and estrangement, and moves anthropological theory towards a new understanding of the crucial existential links between Sein (Being) and Da (Here).

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies
  • Benefit of the Gift, The
    April 2012

    The Benefit of the Gift

    Social Organization and Expanding Networks of Interaction in the Western Great Lakes Archaic

    Hill, M. A.

    Archaeological data from the Late Archaic (4000-2000 years ago) in the Western Great Lakes are analyzed to understand the production and movement of copper and lithic exchange materials. Also considered in this volume are access to and benefits from exchange networks, as well as social changes accompanying the development of extensive, continental scale, exchange systems of interaction in this period.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Berlin, Alexanderplatz
    May 2010

    Berlin, Alexanderplatz

    Transforming Place in a Unified Germany

    Weszkalnys, G.

    A benchmark study in the changing field of urban anthropology, Berlin, Alexanderplatz is an ethnographic examination of the rapid transformation of the unified Berlin. Through a captivating account of the controversy around this symbolic public square in East Berlin, the book raises acute questions about expertise, citizenship, government and belonging. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in the city administration bureaus, developers’ offices, citizen groups and in Alexanderplatz itself, the author advances a richly innovative analysis of the multiplicity of place. She reveals how Alexanderplatz is assembled through the encounters between planners, citizen activists, social workers, artists and ordinary Berliners, in processes of popular participation and personal narratives, in plans, timetables, documents and files, and in the distribution of pipes, tram tracks and street lights. Alexanderplatz emerges as a socialist spatial exemplar, a ‘future’ under construction, an object of grievance, and a vision of robust public space. This book is both a critical contribution to the anthropology of contemporary modernity and a radical intervention in current cross-disciplinary debates on the city.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Best We Share, The
    March 2021

    The Best We Share

    Nation, Culture and World-Making in the UNESCO World Heritage Arena

    Brumann, C.

    The UNESCO World Heritage Convention is one of the most widely ratified international treaties, and a place on the World Heritage List is a widely coveted mark of distinction. Building on ethnographic fieldwork at Committee sessions, interviews and documentary study, the book links the change in operations of the World Heritage Committee with structural nation-centeredness, vulnerable procedures for evaluation, monitoring and decision-making, and loose heritage conceptions that have been inconsistently applied. As the most ambitious study of the World Heritage arena so far, this volume dissects the inner workings of a prominent global body, demonstrating the power of ethnography in the highly formalised and diplomatic context of a multilateral organisation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Museum Studies Cultural Studies (General)
  • Beyond Conversion & Syncretism
    October 2011

    Beyond Conversion and Syncretism

    Indigenous Encounters with Missionary Christianity, 1800-2000

    Lindenfeld, D. & Richardson†, M. (eds)

    The globalization of Christianity, its spread and appeal to peoples of non- European origin, is by now a well-known phenomenon. Scholars increasingly realize the importance of natives rather than foreign missionaries in the process of evangelization. This volume contributes to the understanding of this process through case studies of encounters with Christianity from the perspectives of the indigenous peoples who converted. More importantly, by exploring overarching, general terms such as conversion and syncretism and by showing the variety of strategies and processes that actually take place, these studies lead to a more nuanced understanding of cross-cultural religious interactions in general—from acceptance to resistance—thus enriching the vocabulary of religious interaction. The contributors tackle these issues from a variety of disciplinary perspectives—history, anthropology, religious studies—and present a broad geographical spread of cases from China, Vietnam, Australia, India, South and West Africa, North and Central America, and the Caribbean.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Beyond Filial Piety
    July 2020

    Beyond Filial Piety

    Rethinking Aging and Caregiving in Contemporary East Asian Societies

    Shea, J., Moore, K., & Zhang, H. (eds)

    Known for a tradition of Confucian filial piety, East Asian societies have some of the oldest and most rapidly aging populations on earth. Today these societies are experiencing unprecedented social challenges to the filial tradition of adult children caring for aging parents at home. Marshalling mixed methods data, this volume explores the complexities of aging and caregiving in contemporary East Asia. Questioning romantic visions of a senior’s paradise, chapters examine emerging cultural meanings of and social responses to population aging, including caregiving both for and by the elderly. Themes include traditional ideals versus contemporary realities, the role of the state, patterns of familial and non-familial care, social stratification, and intersections of caregiving and death. Drawing on ethnographic, demographic, policy, archival, and media data, the authors trace both common patterns and diverging trends across China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and Korea.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Beyond the Lens of Conservation
    February 2015

    Beyond the Lens of Conservation

    Malagasy and Swiss Imaginations of One Another

    Keller, E.

    The global agenda of Nature conservation has led to the creation of the Masoala National Park in Madagascar and to an exhibit in its support at a Swiss zoo, the centerpiece of which is a mini-rainforest replica. Does such a cooperation also trigger a connection between ordinary people in these two far-flung places? The study investigates how the Malagasy farmers living at the edge of the park perceive the conservation enterprise and what people in Switzerland see when looking towards Madagascar through the lens of the zoo exhibit. It crystallizes that the stories told in either place have almost nothing in common: one focuses on power and history, the other on morality and progress. Thus, instead of building a bridge, Nature conservation widens the gap between people in the North and the South.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Beyond the Veil
    May 2021

    Beyond the Veil

    Reflexive Studies of Death and Dying

    Thamann, A. & Christodoulaki, K. M. (eds)

    Looking at the cultural responses to death and dying, this collection explores the emotional aspects that death provokes in humans, whether it is disgust, fear, awe, sadness, anger, or even joy. Whereas most studies of death and dying treat the subject from an objective viewpoint, the scholars in this collection recognize their inherent connection with death which allows for a new and more personal form of study. More broadly, this collection suggests a new paradigm in the study of death and dying.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Big Capital in an Unequal World
    January 2020

    Big Capital in an Unequal World

    The Micropolitics of Wealth in Pakistan

    Armytage, R.

    Following the hidden lives of the global “1%”, this book examines the networks, social practices, marriages, and machinations of the elite in Pakistan. In doing so, it reveals the daily, even mundane, ways in which elites contribute to and shape the inequality that characterizes the modern world. Operating in a rapidly developing economic environment, the experience of Pakistan’s wealthiest and most powerful members contradicts widely held assumptions that economic growth is leading to increasingly impersonalized and globally standardized economic and political structures.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • Biomedical Entanglements
    October 2016

    Biomedical Entanglements

    Conceptions of Personhood in a Papua New Guinea Society

    Herbst, F. A.

    Biomedical Entanglements is an ethnographic study of the Giri people of Papua New Guinea, focusing on the indigenous population’s interaction with modern medicine. In her fieldwork, Franziska A. Herbst follows the Giri people as they circulate within and around ethnographic sites that include a rural health center and an urban hospital. The study bridges medical anthropology and global health, exploring how the ‘biomedical’ is imbued with social meaning and how biomedicine affects Giri ways of life.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Biopolitics, Militarism, & Development
    March 2009

    Biopolitics, Militarism, and Development

    Eritrea in the Twenty-First Century

    O’Kane, D. & Hepner, T. R. (eds)

    Bringing together original, contemporary ethnographic research on the Northeast African state of Eritrea, this book shows how biopolitics – the state-led deployment of disciplinary technologies on individuals and population groups – is assuming particular forms in the twenty-first century. Once hailed as the “African country that works,” Eritrea’s apparently successful post-independence development has since lapsed into economic crisis and severe human rights violations. This is due not only to the border war with Ethiopia that began in 1998, but is also the result of discernible tendencies in the “high modernist” style of social mobilization for development first adopted by the Eritrean government during the liberation struggle (1961–1991) and later carried into the post-independence era. The contributions to this volume reveal and interpret the links between development and developmentalist ideologies, intensifying militarism, and the controlling and disciplining of human lives and bodies by state institutions, policies, and discourses. Also assessed are the multiple consequences of these policies for the Eritrean people and the ways in which such policies are resisted or subverted. This insightful, comparative volume places the Eritrean case in a broader global and transnational context.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Birds of Passage
    July 2020

    Birds of Passage

    Hunting and Conservation in Malta

    Falzon, M.-A.

    Bird migration between Europe and Africa is a fraught journey, particularly in the Mediterranean, where migratory birds are shot and trapped in large numbers. In Malta, thousands of hunters share a shrinking countryside. They also rub shoulders with a strong bird-protection and conservation lobby. Drawing on years of ethnographic fieldwork, this book traces the complex interactions between hunters, birds and the landscapes they inhabit, as well as the dynamics and politics of bird conservation. Birds of Passage looks at the practice and meaning of hunting in a specific context, and raises broader questions about human-wildlife interactions and the uncertain outcomes of conservation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Blood & Fire
    August 2014

    Blood and Fire

    Toward a Global Anthropology of Labor

    Kasmir, S. & Carbonella, A. (eds)

    Based on long-term fieldwork, six vivid ethnographies from Colombia, India, Poland, Spain and the southern and northern U.S. address the dwindling importance of labor throughout the world. The contributors to this volume highlight the growing disconnect between labor struggles and the advancement of the greater common good, a phenomenon that has grown since the 1980s. The collection illustrates the defeat and unmaking of particular working classes, and it develops a comparative perspective on the uneven consequences of and reactions to this worldwide project. Blood and Fire charts a course within global anthropology to address the widespread precariousness and the prevalence of insecure and informal labor in the twenty-first century.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Blood & Kinship
    January 2013

    Blood and Kinship

    Matter for Metaphor from Ancient Rome to the Present

    Johnson, C. H., Jussen, B., Sabean, D. W., & Teuscher, S. (eds)

    The word “blood” awakens ancient ideas, but we know little about its historical representation in Western cultures. Anthropologists have customarily studied how societies think about the bodily substances that unite them, and the contributors to this volume develop those questions in new directions. Taking a radically historical perspective that complements traditional cultural analyses, they demonstrate how blood and kinship have constantly been reconfigured in European culture. This volume challenges the idea that blood can be understood as a stable entity, and shows how concepts of blood and kinship moved in both parallel and divergent directions over the course of European history.

    Subjects: History (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Blood & Oranges
    August 2007

    Blood and Oranges

    Immigrant Labor and European Markets in Rural Greece

    Lawrence, C. M.

    A compelling account of the intersection of globalization and neo-racism in a rural Greek community, this book describes the contradictory political and economic development of the Greek countryside since its incorporation into the European Union, where increased prosperity and social liberalization have been accompanied by the creation of a vulnerable and marginalized class of immigrant laborers. The author analyzes the paradoxical resurgence of ethnic nationalism and neo-racism that has grown in the wake of European unification and addresses key issues of racism, neoliberalism and nationalism in contemporary anthropology.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Blurring Timescapes, Subverting Erasure
    August 2020

    Blurring Timescapes, Subverting Erasure

    Remembering Ghosts on the Margins of History

    Surface-Evans, S., Garrison, A. E. & Supernant, K. (eds)

    What happens when we blur time and allow ourselves to haunt or to become haunted by ghosts of the past? Drawing on archaeological, historical, and ethnographic data, Blurring Timescapes, Subverting Erasure demonstrates the value of conceiving of ghosts not just as metaphors, but as mechanisms for making the past more concrete and allowing the negative specters of enduring historical legacies, such as colonialism and capitalism, to be exorcised.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General) Memory Studies Heritage Studies
  • Bodies of Evidence
    May 2005

    Bodies of Evidence

    Burial, Memory and the Recovery of Missing Persons in Cyprus

    Sant Cassia, P.

    In the course of hostilities between Greek and Turkish Cypriots between 1963 and 1974, over 2000 persons, both Greek and Turkish Cypriots, went “missing” in Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean with a population distribution of 80% Greeks and 18% Turks. This represents a significant number for a population of only 600,000. Few bodies have been recovered; most will probably not be. All are still mourned by their surviving friends and relatives. The conflict has still not been resolved and the memories are still alive.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Body in Asia, The
    November 2009

    The Body in Asia

    Turner, B. & Yangwen, Z. (Eds.)

    The past few decades have seen growing interest in the study of the body. However, the increasing number of exciting and influential publications has primarily, if not exclusively, focused on the body in Western cultures. The various works produced by Asian scholars remain largely unknown to Western academic debates even though Asia is home to a host of rich body cultures and religions. The peoples of Asia have experienced colonization, decolonization, and now globalization, all of which make the ‘body in Asia’ a rewarding field of research. This unique volume brings together a number of scholars who work on East, Southeast and South Asia and presents original and cutting edge research on the body in various Asian cultures.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Border Aesthetics
    April 2017

    Border Aesthetics

    Concepts and Intersections

    Schimanski, J. & Wolfe, S. F. (eds)

    Few concepts are as central to understanding the modern world as borders, and the now-thriving field of border studies has already produced a substantial literature analyzing their legal, ideological, geographical, and historical aspects. Such studies have hardly exhausted the subject’s conceptual fertility, however, as this pioneering collection on the aesthetics of borders demonstrates. Organized around six key ideas—ecology, imaginary, in/visibility, palimpsest, sovereignty and waiting—the interlocking essays collected here provide theoretical starting points for an aesthetic understanding of borders, developed in detail through interdisciplinary analyses of literature, audio-visual borderscapes, historical and contemporary ecologies, political culture, and migration.

    Subjects: Literary Studies Mobility Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Border Encounters
    October 2013

    Border Encounters

    Asymmetry and Proximity at Europe’s Frontiers

    Lauth Bacas, J. & Kavanagh†, W. (eds)

    Among the tremendous changes affecting Europe in recent decades, those concerning political frontiers have been some of the most significant. International borders are being opened in some regions while being redefined or reinforced in others. The social relationships of those living in these borderland regions are also changing fundamentally. This volume investigates, from a local, ground-up perspective, what is happening at some of these border encounters: face-to-face interactions and relations of compliance and confrontation, where people are bargaining, exchanging goods and information, and maneuvering beyond state boundaries. Anthropological case studies from a number of European borderlands shed light on the questions of how, and to what extent, the border context influences the changing interactions and social relationships between people at a political frontier.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies
  • eBook available
    Born a Slave, Died a Pioneer
    November 2019

    Born a Slave, Died a Pioneer

    Nathan Harrison and the Historical Archaeology of Legend

    Mallios, S.

    Few people in the history of the United States embody ideals of the American Dream more than Nathan Harrison. His is a story with prominent themes of overcoming staggering obstacles, forging something-from-nothing, and evincing gritty perseverance. In a lifetime of hard-won progress, Harrison survived the horrors of slavery in the Antebellum South, endured the mania of the California Gold Rush, and prospered in the rugged chaos of the Wild West. This book uses spectacular recent discoveries from the Nathan Harrison cabin site to offer new insights and perspectives into this most American biography.

    Subjects: Archaeology Heritage Studies History (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Bounded Field, The
    November 2003

    The Bounded Field

    Localism and Local Identity in an Italian Alpine Valley

    Stacul, J.

    Regionalism is one of the most debated issues in contemporary western Europe. Yet why the region, rather than the nation state, can have such a strong appeal for the construction of social and political identity remains largely unexplored. Drawing on data collected in the mountainous Trentino region of northern Italy, the author investigates how ideas about village boundaries and private property form the background against which regionalist ideologies are understood. In suggesting that ideas about regionalism largely reflect views about private property, he provides an alternative to theories of nationalism that overlook the articulation between official ideologies and discourses at the local level.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Braving the Street
    April 1999

    Braving the Street

    The Anthropology of Homelessness

    Glasser, I. & Bridgman, R.

    As homelessness continues to plague North America and also becomes more widespread in Europe, anthropologists turn their attention to solving the puzzle of why people in some of the most advanced technological societies in the world are found huddled in a subway tunnel, squatting in a vacant building, living in a shelter, or camping out in an abandoned field or on a beach. Anthropologists have a long tradition of working in poverty subcultures and have been able to contribute answers to some of the puzzles of homelessness through their ability to enter the culture of the homeless without some of the preconceptions of other disciplines.

    The authors, anthropologists from the U.S.A. and Canada, offer us an analysis of homelessness that is grounded in anthropological research in North America and throughout the world. Both have in-depth experience through working in communities of the homeless and present us withthe results of their own work and with that of their colleagues.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Brazilian Steel Town
    November 2019

    Brazilian Steel Town

    Machines, Land, Money and Commoning in the Making of the Working Class

    Mollona, M.

    Volta Redonda is a Brazilian steel town founded in the 1940s by dictator Getúlio Vargas on an ex-coffee valley as a powerful symbol of Brazilian modernization. The city’s economy, and consequently its citizen’s lives, revolves around the Companha Siderurgica Nacional (CSN), the biggest industrial complex in Latin America. Although the glory days of the CSN have long passed, the company still controls life in Volta Redonda today, creating as much dispossession as wealth for the community. Brazilian Steel Town tells the story of the people tied to this ailing giant – of their fears, hopes, and everyday struggles.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Urban Studies Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Breaking Boundaries
    May 2015

    Breaking Boundaries

    Varieties of Liminality

    Horvath, A., Thomassen, B., & Wydra, H. (eds)

    Liminality has the potential to be a leading paradigm for understanding transformation in a globalizing world. As a fundamental human experience, liminality transmits cultural practices, codes, rituals, and meanings in situations that fall between defined structures and have uncertain outcomes. Based on case studies of some of the most important crises in history, society, and politics, this volume explores the methodological range and applicability of the concept to a variety of concrete social and political problems.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Breaking Rocks
    December 2016

    Breaking Rocks

    Music, Ideology and Economic Collapse, from Paris to Kinshasa

    Trapido, J.

    Based on fieldwork in Kinshasa and Paris, Breaking Rocks examines patronage payments within Congolese popular music, where a love song dedication can cost 6,000 dollars and a simple name check can trade for 500 or 600 dollars. Tracing this system of prestige through networks of musicians and patrons – who include gangsters based in Europe, kleptocratic politicians in Congo, and lawless diamond dealers in northern Angola – this book offers insights into ideologies of power and value in central Africa’s troubled post-colonial political economy, as well as a glimpse into the economic flows that make up the hidden side of the globalization.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Cultural Studies (General)
  • 'Brothers' or Others?
    March 2008

    ‘Brothers’ or Others?

    Propriety and Gender for Muslim Arab Sudanese in Egypt

    Fábos, A. H.

    Muslim Arab Sudanese in Cairo have played a fundamental role in Egyptian history and society during many centuries of close relations between Egypt and Sudan. Although the government and official press describes them as “brothers” in a united Nile Valley, recent political developments in Egypt have underscored the precarious legal status of Sudanese in Cairo. Neither citizens nor foreigners, they are in an uncertain position, created in part through an unusual ethnic discourse which does not draw principally on obvious characteristics of difference. This rich ethnographic study shows instead that Sudanese ethnic identity is created from deeply held social values, especially those concerning gender and propriety, shared by Sudanese and Egyptian communities. The resulting ethnic identity is ambiguous and flexible, allowing Sudanese to voice their frustrations and make claims for their own uniqueness while acknowledging the identity that they share with the dominant Egyptian community.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Burgundy
    April 2018

    Burgundy

    The Global Story of Terroir

    Demossier, M.

    Drawing on more than twenty years of fieldwork, this book explores the professional, social, and cultural world of Burgundy wines, the role of terroir, and its transnational deployment in China, Japan, South Korea, and New Zealand. It demystifies the terroir ideology by providing a unique long-term ethnographic analysis of what lies behind the concept. While the Burgundian model of terroir has gone global by acquiring UNESCO world heritage status, its very legitimacy is now being challenged amongst the vineyards where it first took root.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition Cultural Studies (General)
  • Bush Bound
    August 2015

    Bush Bound

    Young Men and Rural Permanence in Migrant West Africa

    Gaibazzi, P.

    Whereas most studies of migration focus on movement, this book examines the experience of staying put. It looks at young men living in a Soninke-speaking village in Gambia who, although eager to travel abroad for money and experience, settle as farmers, heads of families, businessmen, civic activists, or, alternatively, as unemployed, demoted youth. Those who stay do so not only because of financial and legal limitations, but also because of pressures to maintain family and social bases in the Gambia valley. ‘Stayers’ thus enable migrants to migrate, while ensuring the activities and values attached to rural life are passed on to the future generations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • Cameroon's Tycoon
    December 2001

    Cameroon’s Tycoon

    Max Esser’s Expedition and its Consequences

    Chilver†, E. M. & Röschenthaler, U. (eds)

    Max Esser was an adventurous young merchant banker, a Rhinelander, who became the first managing director of the largest German plantation company in Cameroon. This volume gives a vivid account of the antecedents and early stages as experienced and described by Esser. In 1896 he ventured, with the explorer Zintgraff, into the hinterland to seek the agreement of Zintgraff’s old ally, the ruler of Bali, for the provision of laborers for his projected enterprise. The consequences, many optimistically unforeseen, are illustrated with the help of contemporary materials. Esser’s account is preceded by a look at his and his family’s connections, added to by an account of newspaper campaigns against him, and completed by an examination of his Cameroon collection, which he gave to the Linden Museum in Stuttgart.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Can Academics Change the World?
    May 2020

    Can Academics Change the World?

    An Israeli Anthropologist’s Testimony on the Rise and Fall of a Protest Movement on Campus

    Shokeid, M.

    Moshe Shokeid narrates his experiences as a member of AD KAN (NO MORE), a protest movement of Israeli academics at Tel Aviv University, who fought against the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories, founded during the first Palestinian Intifada (1987-1993). However, since the assassination of Prime Minister Rabin and the later obliteration of the Oslo accord, public manifestations of dissent on Israeli campuses have been remarkably mute. This chronicle of AD KAN is explored in view of the ongoing theoretical discourse on the role of the intellectual in society and is compared with other account of academic involvement in different countries during periods of acute political conflict.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Jewish Studies Anthropology (General) Educational Studies
  • eBook available
    Capricious Borders
    April 2013

    Capricious Borders

    Minority, Population, and Counter-Conduct Between Greece and Turkey

    Demetriou, O.

    Borders of states, borders of citizenship, borders of exclusion. As the lines drawn on international treaty maps become ditches in the ground and roaming barriers in the air, a complex state apparatus is set up to regulate the lives of those who cannot be expelled, yet who have never been properly ‘rooted’. This study explores the mechanisms employed at the interstices of two opposing views on the presence of minority populations in western Thrace: the legalization of their status as établis (established) and the failure to incorporate the minority in the Greek national imaginary. Revealing the logic of government bureaucracy shows how they replicate difference from the inter-state level to the communal and the personal.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Capturing Quicksilver
    May 2018

    Capturing Quicksilver

    The Position, Power, and Plasticity of Chinese Medicine in Singapore

    Smith, A. A.

    Since the turn of the century Singapore has sustained a reputation for both austere governance and cutting-edge biomedical facilities and research. Seeking to emphasize Singapore’s capacity for “modern medicine” and strengthen their burgeoning biopharmaceutical industry, this image has explicitly excluded Chinese medicine – despite its tremendous popularity amongst Singaporeans from all walks of life, and particularly amongst Singapore’s ethnic Chinese majority. This book examines the use and practice of Chinese medicine in Singapore, especially in everyday life, and contributes to anthropological debates regarding the post-colonial intersection of knowledge, identity, and governmentality, and to transnational studies of Chinese medicine as a permeable, plural, and fluid practice.

    Subjects: Medical Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Cash Transfers in Context
    September 2018

    Cash Transfers in Context

    An Anthropological Perspective

    Olivier de Sardan, J.-P. & Piccoli, E. (eds)

    Marginal in status a decade ago, cash transfer programs have become the preferred channel for delivering emergency aid or tackling poverty in low- and middle-income countries. While these programs have had positive effects, they are typical of top-down development interventions in that they impose on local contexts standardized norms and procedures regarding conditionality, targeting, and delivery. This book sheds light on the crucial importance of these contexts and the many unpredicted consequences of cash transfer programs worldwide – detailing how the latter are used by actors to pursue their own strategies, and how external norms are reinterpreted, circumvented, and contested by local populations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Centering the Margin
    May 2006

    Centering the Margin

    Agency and Narrative in Southeast Asian Borderlands

    Horstmann, A. & Wadley†, R. L. (eds)

    In a completely new approach to borders and border crossing, this volume suggests a re-conceptualization of the nation in Southeast Asia. Choosing an actor approach, the individual chapters in this volume capture the narratives of minorities, migrants and refugees who inhabit and cross borders as part of their everyday life. They show that people are not only constrained by borders; the crossing of borders also opens up new options of agency. Making active use of these, border-crossing actors construct their own live projects on the border in multiple ways against the original intention of the nation-state. Based on their intimate knowledge of the interaction of communities, anthropologists from Europe, the USA, Japan and Southeast Asia provide a vivid picture of the effects of state policies at the borders on these communities.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • Central America in the New Millennium
    November 2012

    Central America in the New Millennium

    Living Transition and Reimagining Democracy

    Burrell, J. L. & Moodie, E. (eds)

    Most non-Central Americans think of the narrow neck between Mexico and Colombia in terms of dramatic past revolutions and lauded peace agreements, or sensational problems of gang violence and natural disasters. In this volume, the contributors examine regional circumstances within frames of democratization and neoliberalism, as they shape lived experiences of transition. The authors—anthropologists and social scientists from the United States, Europe, and Central America—argue that the process of regions and nations “disappearing” (being erased from geopolitical notice) is integral to upholding a new, post-Cold War world order—and that a new framework for examining political processes must be accessible, socially collaborative, and in dialogue with the lived processes of suffering and struggle engaged by people in Central America and the world in the name of democracy.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Changing Identifications & Alliances in North-East Africa
    October 2009

    Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-east Africa

    Volume I: Ethiopia and Kenya

    Schlee, G. & Watson, E. E. (eds)

    Forms of group identity play a prominent role in everyday lives and politics in northeast Africa. Case studies from Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya illustrate the way that identities are formed and change over time, and how local, national, and international politics are interwoven. Specific attention is paid to the impact of modern weaponry, new technologies, religious conversion, food and land shortages, international borders, civil war, and displacement on group identities. Drawing on the expertise of anthropologists, historians and geographers, these volumes provide a significant account of a society profoundly shaped by identity politics and contribute to a better understanding of the nature of conflict and war, and forms of alliance and peacemaking, thus providing a comprehensive portrait of this troubled region.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Changing Identifications & Alliances in North-East Africa
    November 2009

    Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-east Africa

    Volume II: Sudan, Uganda, and the Ethiopia-Sudan Borderlands

    Schlee, G. & Watson, E. E. (eds)

    Forms of group identity play a prominent role in everyday lives and politics in north-east Africa. These volumes provide an interdisciplinary account of the nature and significance of ethnic, religious, and national identity in north-east Africa. Case studies from Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya illustrate the way that identities are formed and change over time, and how local, national, and international politics are interwoven. Specific attention is paid to the impact of modern weaponry, new technologies, religious conversion, food and land shortages, international borders, civil war, and displacement on group identities. Drawing on the expertise of anthropologists, historians and geographers, these volumes provide a significant account of a society profoundly shaped by identity politics and contribute to a better understanding of the nature of conflict and war, and forms of alliance and peacemaking, thus providing a comprehensive portrait of this troubled region.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Changing Properties of Property
    May 2006

    Changing Properties of Property

    Benda-Beckmann, K. von, Benda-Beckmann, F. von & Wiber, M. (eds)

    As an important contribution to debates on property theory and the role of law in creating, disputing, defining and refining property rights, this volume provides new theoretical material on property systems, as well as new empirically grounded case studies of the dynamics of property transformations. The property claimants discussed in these papers represent a diverse range of actors, including post-socialist states and their citizens, those receiving restitution for past property losses in Africa, Southeast Asia and in eastern Europe, collectives, corporate and individual actors. The volume thus provides a comprehensive anthropological analysis not only of property structures and ideologies, but also of property (and its politics) in action.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Children of Gregoria, The
    March 2020

    The Children of Gregoria

    Dogme Ethnography of a Mexican Family

    Kristensen, R. & Adeath Villamil, C.

    The Children of Gregoria portrays a struggling Mexico, told through the story of the Rosales family. The people entrenched in the violent communities that the Rosales belong to have been discussed, condemned, analyzed, joked about and cheered, but rarely have they been seriously listened to. This book highlights their voices and allows them to tell their own stories in an accessible, literary manner without prejudice, persecution or judgment.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Media Studies
  • eBook available
    Children of the Camp
    October 2017

    Children of the Camp

    The Lives of Somali Youth Raised in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya

    Grayson, C.-L.

    Chronic violence has characterized Somalia for over two decades, forcing nearly two million people to flee. A significant number have settled in camps in neighboring countries, where children were born and raised. Based on in-depth fieldwork, this book explores the experience of Somalis who grew up in Kakuma refugee camp, in Kenya, and are now young adults. This original study carefully considers how young people perceive their living environment and how growing up in exile structures their view of the past and their country of origin, and the future and its possibilities.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies Sociology
  • eBook available
    Choreographies of Landscape
    March 2016

    Choreographies of Landscape

    Signs of Performance in Yosemite National Park

    Ness, S. A.

    As an international ecotourism destination, Yosemite National Park welcomes millions of climbers, sightseers, and other visitors from around the world annually, all of whom are afforded dramatic experiences of the natural world. This original and cross-disciplinary book offers an ethnographic and performative study of Yosemite visitors in order to understand human connection with and within natural landscapes. By grounding a novel “eco-semiotic” analysis in the lived reality of parkgoers, it forges surprising connections, assembling a collective account that will be of interest to disciplines ranging from performance studies to cultural geography.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Christian Politics in Oceania
    November 2012

    Christian Politics in Oceania

    Tomlinson, M. & McDougall, D. (eds)

    The phrase “Christian politics” evokes two meanings: political relations between denominations in one direction, and the contributions of Christian churches to debates about the governing of society. The contributors to this volume address Christian politics in both senses and argue that Christianity is always and inevitably political in the Pacific Islands. Drawing on ethnographic and historical research in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Fiji, the authors argue that Christianity and politics have redefined each other in much of Oceania in ways that make the two categories inseparable at any level of analysis. The individual chapters vividly illuminate the ways in which Christian politics operate across a wide scale, from interpersonal relations to national and global interconnections.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    'City of the Future'
    August 2016

    ‘City of the Future’

    Built Space, Modernity and Urban Change in Astana

    Laszczkowski, M.

    Astana, the capital city of the post-Soviet Kazakhstan, has often been admired for the design and planning of its futuristic cityscape. This anthropological study of the development of the city focuses on every-day practices, official ideologies and representations alongside the memories and dreams of the city’s longstanding residents and recent migrants. Critically examining a range of approaches to place and space in anthropology, geography and other disciplines, the book argues for an understanding of space as inextricably material-and-imaginary, and unceasingly dynamic – allowing for a plurality of incompatible pasts and futures materialized in spatial form.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Civilizations Beyond Earth
    September 2011

    Civilizations Beyond Earth

    Extraterrestrial Life and Society

    Vakoch, D. A. & Harrison†, A. A. (eds)

    Astronomers around the world are pointing their telescopes toward the heavens, searching for signs of intelligent life. If they make contact with an advanced alien civilization, how will humankind respond? In thinking about first contact, the contributors to this volume present new empirical and theoretical research on the societal dimensions of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). Archaeologists and astronomers explore the likelihood that extraterrestrial intelligence exists, using scientific insights to estimate such elusive factors as the longevity of technological societies. Sociologists present the latest findings of novel surveys, tapping into the public’s attitudes about life beyond Earth to show how religion and education influence beliefs about extraterrestrials. Scholars from such diverse disciplines as mathematics, chemistry, journalism, and religious studies offer innovative solutions for bridging the cultural gap between human and extraterrestrial civilizations, while recognizing the tremendous challenges of communicating at interstellar distances. At a time when new planets are being discovered around other stars at an unprecedented rate, this collection provides a much needed guide to the human impact of discovering we are not alone in the universe.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Archaeology
  • eBook available
    Claiming Homes
    October 2019

    Claiming Homes

    Confronting Domicide in Rural China

    Bruckermann, C.

    Chinese citizens make themselves at home despite economic transformation, political rupture, and domestic dislocation in the contemporary countryside. By mobilizing labor and kinship to make claims over homes, people, and things, rural residents withstand devaluation and confront dispossession. As a particular configuration of red capitalism and socialist sovereignty takes root, this process challenges the relationship between the politics of place and the location of class in China and beyond.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Class, Contention, & a World in Motion
    July 2010

    Class, Contention, and a World in Motion

    Lem, W. & Gardiner Barber, P. (eds)

    Prevailing scholarship on migration tends to present migrants as the objects of history, subjected to abstract global forces or to concrete forms of regulation imposed by state and supra state organizations. In this volume, by contrast, the focus is on migrants as the subjects of history who not only react but also act to engage with and transform their worlds. Using ethnographic examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and the Middle East, contributors question how and why particular forms of political struggle and collective action may, or indeed may not, be carried forward in the context of geographic and social border crossings. In doing so, they bring the dynamic relationship between class, gender, and culture to the forefront in each distinctive migration setting.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Mobility Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Collaborative Intimacies in Music and Dance
    April 2017

    Collaborative Intimacies in Music and Dance

    Anthropologies of Sound and Movement

    Chrysagis, E. & Karampampas, P. (eds)

    Across spatial, bodily, and ethical domains, music and dance both emerge from and give rise to intimate collaboration. This theoretically rich collection takes an ethnographic approach to understanding the collective dimension of sound and movement in everyday life, drawing on genres and practices in contexts as diverse as Japanese shakuhachi playing, Peruvian huayno, and the Greek goth scene. Highlighting the sheer physicality of the ethnographic encounter, as well as the forms of sociality that gradually emerge between self and other, each contribution demonstrates how dance and music open up pathways and give shape to life trajectories that are neither predetermined nor teleological, but generative.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Collective Terms
    March 2011

    Collective Terms

    Race, Culture, and Community in a State-Planned City in France

    Epstein, B. S.

    The banlieue, the mostly poor and working-class suburbs located on the outskirts of major cities in France, gained international media attention in late 2005 when riots broke out in some 250 such towns across the country. Pitting first- and second-generation immigrant teenagers against the police, the riots were an expression of the multiplicity of troubles that have plagued these districts for decades. This study provides an ethnographic account of life in a Parisian banlieue and examines how the residents of this multiethnic city come together to build, define, and put into practice their collective life. The book focuses on the French ideal of integration and its consequences within the multicultural context of contemporary France. Based on research conducted in a state-planned ville nouvelle, or New Town, the book also provides a view on how the French state has used urban planning to shore up national priorities for social integration. Collective Terms proposes an alternative reading of French multiculturalism, suggesting fresh ways for thinking through the complex mix of race, class, nation, and culture that increasingly defines the modern urban experience.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Colonial Collecting and Display
    May 2013

    Colonial Collecting and Display

    Encounters with Material Culture from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

    Wintle, C.

    In the late-nineteenth century, British travelers to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands compiled wide-ranging collections of material culture for scientific instruction and personal satisfaction. Colonial Collecting and Display follows the compelling history of a particular set of such objects, tracing their physical and conceptual transformation from objects of indigenous use to accessioned objects in a museum collection in the south of England. This first study dedicated to the historical collecting and display of the Islands’ material cultures develops a new analysis of colonial discourse, using a material culture-led approach to reconceptualize imperial relationships between Andamanese, Nicobarese, and British communities, both in the Bay of Bengal and on British soil. It critiques established conceptions of the act of collecting, arguing for recognition of how indigenous makers and consumers impacted upon “British” collection practices, and querying the notion of a homogenous British approach to material culture from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

    Subjects: Museum Studies History (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Colours of the Empire, The
    February 2013

    The Colours of the Empire

    Racialized Representations during Portuguese Colonialism

    Matos, P. F. de

    The Portuguese Colonial Empire established its base in Africa in the fifteenth century and would not be dissolved until 1975. This book investigates how the different populations under Portuguese rule were represented within the context of the Colonial Empire by examining the relationship between these representations and the meanings attached to the notion of ‘race’. Colour, for example, an apparently objective criterion of classification, became a synonym or near-synonym for ‘race’, a more abstract notion for which attempts were made to establish scientific credibility. Through her analysis of government documents, colonial propaganda materials and interviews, the author employs an anthropological perspective to examine how the existence of racist theories, originating in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, went on to inform the policy of the Estado Novo (Second Republic, 1933–1974) and the production of academic literature on ‘race’ in Portugal. This study provides insight into the relationship between the racist formulations disseminated in Portugal and the racist theories produced from the eighteenth century onward in Europe and beyond.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Coming of Age in Times of Uncertainty
    December 2007

    Coming of Age in Times of Uncertainty

    Blatterer, H.

    Adulthood is taken for granted. It connotes the end of childhood, the resolution to the “storm and stress” period of adolescence. This conception is strongly entrenched in the sociology of youth and the sociology of the life course as well as in the policy arena. At the same time, adulthood itself remains unarticulated; journey’s end remains conceptually fixed and theoretically uncontested. Adulthood, then, is both central to the social imagination and neglected as an area of sociological investigation, something that has been noted by sociologists over the last four decades. Going beyond the overwhelmingly psychological literature, this book draws on original qualitative research and theories of social recognition and thus presents a first step towards filling an important gap in our understanding of the meaning of adulthood.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Communities of Complicity
    March 2013

    Communities of Complicity

    Everyday Ethics in Rural China

    Steinmüller, H.

    Everyday life in contemporary rural China is characterized by an increased sense of moral challenge and uncertainty. Ordinary people often find themselves caught between the moral frameworks of capitalism, Maoism and the Chinese tradition. This ethnographic study of the village of Zhongba (in Hubei Province, central China) is an attempt to grasp the ethical reflexivity of everyday life in rural China. Drawing on descriptions of village life, interspersed with targeted theoretical analyses, the author examines how ordinary people construct their own senses of their lives and their futures in everyday activities: building houses, working, celebrating marriages and funerals, gambling and dealing with local government. The villagers confront moral uncertainty; they creatively harmonize public discourse and local practice; and sometimes they resolve incoherence and unease through the use of irony. In so doing, they perform everyday ethics and re-create transient moral communities at a time of massive social dislocation.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Communities of Faith
    November 1996

    Communities of Faith

    Sectarianism, Identity, and Social Change on a Danish Island

    Buckser, A.

    Most studies of modern religious change have viewed it as a process of secularization in which the advance of science and technology discredits religious beliefs and destroys religious institutions. Yet religion has stubbornly failed to expire in the West, and in some places is undergoing a resurgence. This book reconsiders secularization theory through a case study of arural island in Denmark where, in the late nineteenth century, a series of powerful religious awakenings electrified its population, dividing it into several large and intense Lutheran movements. After examining the history and social structure of those Protestant groups and revealing their cultural and ideological complexity, the author concludes that the secularization theory is inadequate and that an anthropological approach, focusing on religion’s role in creating identity and community for its members, offers much better insight into religious processes.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Competing Power
    October 2018

    Competing Power

    Landscapes of Migration, Violence and the State

    Halstead, N.

    Drawing from ethnographic material based on long-term research, this volume considers competing forms of power at micro- and macro-levels in Guyana, where the local is marked by extensive migration, corruption, and differing levels of violence. It shows how the local is occupied and re-occupied by various powerful and powerless people and entities (“big ones” and “small ones”), and how it becomes the site of intense power negotiations in relation to external ideas of empowerment.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Conceptualizing the World
    December 2018

    Conceptualizing the World

    An Exploration across Disciplines

    Jordheim, H. & Sandmo, E. (eds)

    What is—and what was—“the world”? Though often treated as interchangeable with the ongoing and inexorable progress of globalization, concepts of “world,” “globe,” or “earth” instead suggest something limited and absolute. This innovative and interdisciplinary volume concerns itself with this central paradox: that the complex, heterogeneous, and purportedly transhistorical dynamics of globalization have given rise to the idea and reality of a finite—and thus vulnerable—world. Through studies of illuminating historical moments that range from antiquity to the era of Google Earth, each contribution helps to trace the emergence of the world in multitudinous representations, practices, and human experiences.

    Subjects: History (General) Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Consuming the Inedible
    December 2007

    Consuming the Inedible

    Neglected Dimensions of Food Choice

    MacClancy, J., Henry, C. Jeya & Macbeth, H. (eds)

    Everyday, millions of people eat earth, clay, nasal mucus, and similar substances. Yet food practices like these are strikingly understudied in a sustained, interdisciplinary manner. This book aims to correct this neglect. Contributors, utilizing anthropological, nutritional, biochemical, psychological and health-related perspectives, examine in a rigorously comparative manner the consumption of foods conventionally regarded as inedible by most Westerners. This book is both timely and significant because nutritionists and health care professionals are seldom aware of anthropological information on these food practices, and vice versa. Ranging across diversity of disciplines Consuming the Inedible surveys scientific and local views about the consequences – biological, mineral, social or spiritual – of these food practices, and probes to what extent we can generalize about them.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • Contemporary Pagan & Native Faith Movements in Europe
    June 2015

    Contemporary Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Europe

    Colonialist and Nationalist Impulses

    Rountree, K. (ed)

    Pagan and Native Faith movements have sprung up across Europe in recent decades, yet little has been published about them compared with their British and American counterparts. Though all such movements valorize human relationships with nature and embrace polytheistic cosmologies, practitioners’ beliefs, practices, goals, and agendas are diverse. Often side by side are groups trying to reconstruct ancient religions motivated by ethnonationalism—especially in post-Soviet societies—and others attracted by imported traditions, such as Wicca, Druidry, Goddess Spirituality, and Core Shamanism. Drawing on ethnographic cases, contributors explore the interplay of neo-nationalistic and neo-colonialist impulses in contemporary Paganism, showing how these impulses play out, intersect, collide, and transform.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Contested Mediterranean Spaces
    June 2011

    Contested Mediterranean Spaces

    Ethnographic Essays in Honour of Charles Tilly

    Kousis, M., Selwyn, T. & Clark, D. (Eds)

    Subjects: Urban Studies Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • Contested Nationalism
    January 2010

    Contested Nationalism

    Serb Elite Rivalry in Croatia and Bosnia in the 1990s

    Caspersen, N.

    “Only unity saves the Serbs” is the famous call for unity in the Serb nationalist doctrine. But even though this doctrine was ideologically adhered to by most of the Serb leaders in Croatia and Bosnia, disunity characterized Serb politics during the Yugoslav disintegration and war. Nationalism was contested and nationalist claims to homogeneity did not reflect the reality of Serb politics. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of Serb politics and challenges widespread assumptions regarding the Yugoslav conflict and war. It finds that although Slobodan Milosevic played a highly significant role, he was not always able to control the local Serb leaders. Moreover, it adds to the emerging evidence of the lack of importance of popular attitudes; hardline dominance was generally based on the control of economic and coercive resources rather than on elites successfully “playing the ethnic card.” It moves beyond an assumption of automatic ethnic outbidding and thus contributes toward a better understanding of intra-ethnic rivalry in other cases such as Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland, Nagorno-Karabakh and Rwanda.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Contextualizing Disaster
    September 2016

    Contextualizing Disaster

    Button, G. V. & Schuller, M. (eds)

    Contextualizing Disaster offers a comparative analysis of six recent “highly visible” disasters and several slow-burning, “hidden,” crises that include typhoons, tsunamis, earthquakes, chemical spills, and the unfolding consequences of rising seas and climate change. The book argues that, while disasters are increasingly represented by the media as unique, exceptional, newsworthy events, it is a mistake to think of disasters as isolated or discrete occurrences. Rather, building on insights developed by political ecologists, this book makes a compelling argument for understanding disasters as transnational and global phenomena.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Applied Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Contrarian Anthropology
    January 2018

    Contrarian Anthropology

    The Unwritten Rules of Academia

    Nader, L.

    Analyzing the workings of boundary maintenance in the areas of anthropology, energy, gender, and law, Nader contrasts dominant trends in academia with work that pushes the boundaries of acceptable methods and theories. Although the selections illustrate the history of one anthropologist’s work over half a century, the wider intent is to label a field as contrarian to reveal unwritten rules that sometimes hinder transformative thinking and to stimulate boundary crossing in others.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Cultural Studies (General)
  • Conversations on the Beach
    January 2007

    Conversations on the Beach

    Fishermen’s Knowledge, Metaphor and Environmental Change in South India

    Hoeppe, G.

    Already on the margins of an agrarian society, the marine fisherfolk of the South Indian state of Kerala are faced with a severe environmental problem: overfishing. The actions of trawlers and industrial fishing ships, it seems, have caused the resources on which they depend to dwindle rapidly. Yet what may appear to be a clear-cut case of cause, effect and responsibility turns out to be a complex issue. Local perceptions of the environment are deeply enmeshed with notions of morality, the self and people’s understanding of their place in society. Overfishing is one of several environmental issues that bring into focus parallel knowledges, giving rise to contradictory views on what the problems are, whether changes are good or bad, and how they are to be remedied. As the fisherfolk confront the state, a discourse develops on what is innate to the environment, or “natural”, and on what its malleability entails.

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork among Hindus and Muslims in a coastal village, this book explores the fisherfolk’s environmental knowledge, its transformation in a period of rapid socio-economic and political change as well as its role in dealing with the state and the science – putatively universal and objective – upon which the state’s policies are claimed to be based. The book emphasises conversation as a cultural process, metaphors and figurative speech in the investigation of knowledge, as well as the use and limits of memory in conceptualising environmental change.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Conversion after Socialism
    November 2009

    Conversion After Socialism

    Disruptions, Modernisms and Technologies of Faith in the Former Soviet Union

    Pelkmans, M. (ed)

    The large and sudden influx of missionaries into the former Soviet Union after seventy years of militant secularism has been controversial, and the widespread occurrence of conversion has led to anxiety about social and national disintegration. Although these concerns have been vigorously discussed in national arenas, social scientists have remained remarkably silent about the subject. This volume’s focus on conversion offers a novel approach to the dislocations of the postsocialist experience. In eight well researched ethnographic accounts the authors analyze a range of missionary encounters as well as aspects of conversion and “anti-conversion” in different parts of the region, thus challenging the problematic idea that religious life after socialism involved a simple “revival” of repressed religious traditions. Instead, they unravel the unexpected twists and turns of religious dynamics, and the processes that have challenged popular ideas about religion and culture. The contributions show how conversion is rooted in the disruptive qualities of the new “capitalist experience” and document its unsettling effects on the individual and social level.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Coping With Distances
    December 2007

    Coping with Distances

    Producing Nordic Atlantic Societies

    Baerenholdt, J. O.

    The Nordic Atlantic area has seen remarkable examples of social formations in areas that many would perceive as too remote to allow the construction of functioning communities. But through innovations, networking and the formation of identities people have coped with distances, thus continuously rebuilding societies in Northern Norway, Iceland, the Faroes, and Greenland. Living conditions in the Nordic Atlantic are so extreme that one might ask whether the notion of society is applicable under these circumstances. The author argues that, yes, there is a meaningful way of comprehending these social formations, which is through the spatial and temporal practices that produce, reproduce, stabilize, destabilize and change them. He introduces the concept of coping, which means neither mastering nor adapting but relates to in-between strategies and tactics reflected in practices of securing people’s way of life under conditions that are never totally under their control.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Travel and Tourism
  • Coping with Tourists
    July 1996

    Coping with Tourists

    European Reactions to Mass Tourism

    Boissevain†, J. (ed)

    Once content to sunbathe and follow guides and established itineraries, tourists are increasingly seeking authentic culture. This is taking them into the private areas and zones to which the locals retire in order to escape the tourist gaze, creating tensions between the two groups. Based on recent anthropological field studies, this book describes how European communities dependant on tourism have been affected by the commoditization of their culture and explores the ways they cope with the constant attention of outsiders. The collection demonstrates both varied and skillful ways in which individuals and communities react to and cope with the impact of decades of mass tourism on their lives and values, thus throwing new light onto questions of identity, boundary maintenance and cultural adjustment.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Crafting 'The Indian'
    April 2012

    Crafting ‘The Indian’

    Knowledge, Desire, and Play in Indianist Reenactment

    Kalshoven, P. T.

    In Europe, Indian hobbyism, or Indianism, has developed out of a strong fascination with Native American life in the 18th and 19th centuries. “Indian hobbyists” dress in homemade replicas of clothing, craft museum-quality replicas of artifacts, meet in fields dotted with tepees and reenact aspects of North American Indian lifeworlds, using ethnographies, travel diaries, and museum collections as resources. Grounded in fieldwork set among networks of Indian hobbyists in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, and the Czech Republic, this ethnography analyzes this contemporary practice of serious leisure with respect to the general human desire for play, metaphor, and allusion. It provides insights into the increasing popularity of reenactment practices as they relate to a deeper understanding of human perception, imagination, and creativity.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Museum Studies
  • Creating a Nation with Cloth
    June 2013

    Creating a Nation with Cloth

    Women, Wealth, and Tradition in the Tongan Diaspora

    Addo, P.-A.

    Tongan women living outside of their island homeland create and use hand-made, sometimes hybridized, textiles to maintain and rework their cultural traditions in diaspora. Central to these traditions is an ancient concept of homeland or nation— fonua—which Tongans retain as an anchor for modern nation-building. Utilizing the concept of the “multi-territorial nation,” the author questions the notion that living in diaspora is mutually exclusive with authentic cultural production and identity. The globalized nation the women build through gifting their barkcloth and fine mats, challenges the normative idea that nations are always geographically bounded or spatially contiguous. The work suggests that, contrary to prevalent understandings of globalization, global resource flows do not always primarily involve commodities. Focusing on first-generation Tongans in New Zealand and the relationships they forge across generations and throughout the diaspora, the book examines how these communities centralize the diaspora by innovating and adapting traditional cultural forms in unprecedented ways.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Creating a New Public University and Reviving Democracy
    November 2016

    Creating a New Public University and Reviving Democracy

    Action Research in Higher Education

    Levin, M. & Greenwood, D. J.

    Public universities are in crisis, waning in their role as central institutions within democratic societies. Denunciations are abundant, but analyses of the causes and proposals to re-create public universities are not. Based on extensive experience with Action Research-based organizational change in universities and private sector organizations, Levin and Greenwood analyze the wreckage created by neoliberal academic administrators and policymakers. The authors argue that public universities must be democratically organized to perform their educational and societal functions. The book closes by laying out Action Research processes that can transform public universities back into institutions that promote academic freedom, integrity, and democracy.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Educational Studies Sociology
  • Creative Land
    July 2003

    Creative Land

    Place and Procreation on the Rai Coast of Papua New Guinea

    Leach, J.

    What is creative in kinship? How are people connected to places? James Leach answers these questions through formulating “creativity” as an integral part of kinship on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. The book contains a new critique of the genealogical model of kinship, suggesting that this model prevents us from grasping the way generative relations, including those to land and place, constitute persons on the Rai Coast. Analytic attention is focused upon the life cycle, marriage, exchange and artistic production as the activities in which substantial connection is generated. The argument, made in relation to detailed ethnography, yields a fresh perspective on the connections people trace to each other.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Creativity in Transitions
    July 2016

    Creativity in Transition

    Politics and Aesthetics of Cultural Production Across the Globe

    Svašek, M. & Meyer, B. (eds)

    In an era of intensifying globalization and transnational connectivity, the dynamics of cultural production and the very notion of creativity are in transition. Exploring creative practices in various settings, the book does not only call attention to the spread of modernist discourses of creativity, from the colonial era to the current obsession with ‘innovation’ in neo-liberal capitalist cultural politics, but also to the less visible practices of copying, recycling and reproduction that occur as part and parcel of creative improvization.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Credit and Debt in an Unequal Society
    February 2020

    Credit and Debt in an Unequal Society

    Establishing a Consumer Credit Market in South Africa

    Schraten, J.

    South Africa was one of the first countries in the Global South that established a financialized consumer credit market. This market consolidates rather than alleviates the extreme social inequality within a country. This book investigates the political reasons for adopting an allegedly self-regulating market despite its disastrous effects and identifies the colonialist ideas of property rights as a mainstay of the existing social order. The book addresses sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists and legal scholars interested in the interaction of economy and law in contemporary market societies.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Creole Identity in Postcolonial Indonesia
    March 2014

    Creole Identity in Postcolonial Indonesia

    Knörr, J.

    Contributing to identity formation in ethnically and religiously diverse postcolonial societies, this book examines the role played by creole identity in Indonesia, and in particular its capital, Jakarta. While, on the one hand, it facilitates transethnic integration and promotes a specifically postcolonial sense of common nationhood due to its heterogeneous origins, creole groups of people are often perceived ambivalently in the wake of colonialism and its demise, on the other. In this book, Jacqueline Knörr analyzes the social, historical, and political contexts of creoleness both at the grassroots and the State level, showing how different sections of society engage with creole identity in order to promote collective identification transcending ethnic and religious boundaries, as well as for reasons of self-interest and ideological projects.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Creole Nation, A
    April 2018

    A Creole Nation

    National Integration in Guinea-Bissau

    Kohl, C.

    Despite high degrees of cultural and ethnic diversity as well as prevailing political instability, Guinea-Bissau’s population has developed a strong sense of national belonging. By examining both contemporary and historical perspectives, A Creole Nation explores how creole identity, culture, and political leaders have influenced postcolonial nation-building processes in Guinea-Bissau, and the ways in which the phenomenon of cultural creolization results in the emergence of new identities.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Crisis of the State
    April 2009

    Crisis of the State

    War and Social Upheaval

    Kapferer, B. & Bertelsen, B. E. (eds)

    Analyzing both historical contexts and geographical locations, this volume explores the continuous reformation of state power and its potential in situations of violent conflict. The state, otherwise understood as an abstract and transcendent concept in many works on globalization in political philosophy, is instead located and analyzed here as an embedded part of lived reality. This relationship to the state is exposed as an integral factor to the formation of the social – whether in Africa, the Middle East, South America or the United States. Through the examination of these particular empirical settings of war or war-like situations, the book further argues for the continued importance of the state in shifting social and political circumstances. In doing so, the authors provide a critical contribution to debates within a broad spectrum of fields that are concerned with the future of the state, the nature of sovereignty, and globalization.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Crossing European Boundaries
    December 2005

    Crossing European Boundaries

    Beyond Conventional Geographical Categories

    Stacul, J., Moutsou, C., & Kopnina, H. (eds)

    At the turn of the millennium the state of Europe is fluid and contested, yet how this affects the everyday lives of European peoples and the ways they experience the social world they live in remains largely unexplored. Drawing upon ethnographic information from diverse European settings, this volume points to the contradictions that the project of a “Europe without boundaries” involves. In illustrating how the removal of political boundaries can create other boundaries, the articles in this volume provide alternatives to recent theorising on complexity, which takes little account of human agency.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Crossing Histories and Ethnographies
    June 2019

    Crossing Histories and Ethnographies

    Following Colonial Historicities in Timor-Leste

    Roque, R. & Traube, E. G. (eds)

    The key question for many anthropologists and historians today is not whether to cross the boundary between their disciplines, but whether the idea of a disciplinary boundary should be sustained. Reinterpreting the dynamic interplay between archive and field, these essays propose a method for mutually productive crossings between historical and ethnographic research. It engages critically with the colonial pasts of indigenous societies and examines how fieldwork and archival studies together lead to fruitful insights into the making of different colonial historicities. Timor-Leste’s unusually long and in some ways unique colonial history is explored as a compelling case for these crossings.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History Sociology
  • eBook available
    Crude Domination
    October 2011

    Crude Domination

    An Anthropology of Oil

    Behrends, A., Reyna, S. P. & Schlee, G. (eds)

    Crude Domination is an innovative and important book about a critical topic – oil. While there have been numerous works about petroleum from ‘experience-far’ perspectives, there have been relatively few that have turned the ‘experience-near’ ethnographic gaze of anthropology on the topic. Crude Domination does just this among more peoples and more places than any other volume. Its chapters investigate nuances of culture, politics and economics in Africa, Latin America, and Eurasia as they pertain to petroleum. They wrestle with the key questions vexing scholars and practitioners alike: problems of the economic blight of the resource curse, underdevelopment, democracy, violence and war. Additionally they address topics that may initially appear insignificant – such as child witches and lionmen, fighting for oil when there is no oil, reindeer nomadism, community TV – but which turn out on closer scrutiny to be vital for explaining conflict and transformation in petro-states. Based upon these rich, new worlds of information, the text formulates a novel, domination approach to the social analysis of oil.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Cult & Science of Public Health, The
    February 2012

    The Cult and Science of Public Health

    A Sociological Investigation

    Dew, K.

    In contemporary manifestations of public health rituals and events, people are being increasingly united around what they hold in common—their material being and humanity. As a cult of humanity, public health provides a moral force in society that replaces ‘traditional’ religions in times of great diversity or heterogeneity of peoples, activities and desires. This is in contrast to public health’s foundation in science, particularly the science of epidemiology. The rigid rules of ‘scientific evidence’ used to determine the cause of illness and disease can work against the most vulnerable in society by putting sectors of the population, such as underrepresented workers, at a disadvantage. This study focuses on this tension between traditional science and the changing vision articulated within public health (and across many disciplines) that calls for a collective response to uncontrolled capitalism and unremitting globalization, and to the way in which health inequalities and their association with social inequalities provides a political rhetoric that calls for a new redistributive social programme. Drawing on decades of research, the author argues that public health is both a cult and a science of contemporary society.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Medical Anthropology
  • Cultivating Arctic Landscapes
    January 2004

    Cultivating Arctic Landscapes

    Knowing and Managing Animals in the Circumpolar North

    Anderson, D. G. & Nuttall, M. (eds)

    In the last two decades, there has been an increased awareness of the traditions and issues that link aboriginal people across the circumpolar North. One of the key aspects of the lives of circumpolar peoples, be they in Scandinavia, Alaska, Russia, or Canada, is their relationship to the wild animals that support them. Although divided for most of the 20th Century by various national trading blocks, and the Cold War, aboriginal people in each region share common stories about the various capitalist and socialist states that claimed control over their lands and animals. Now, aboriginal peoples throughout the region are reclaiming their rights.

    This volume is the first to give a well-rounded portrait of wildlife management, aboriginal rights, and politics in the circumpolar north. The book reveals unexpected continuities between socialist and capitalist ecological styles, as well as addressing the problems facing a new era of cultural exchanges between aboriginal peoples in each region.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Culture & Politics
    June 2004

    Culture and Politics

    Identity and Conflict in a Multicultural World

    Pinxten, R. & Verstraete, G. & Longman, C. (eds)

    With “race” being discredited as a rallying cry for populist movements because of the atrocities committed in its name during World War II, “culture” has been adopted by right-wing groups instead, but used in the same exclusionary manner as racism was. This volume examines the essentialism, which is implicit in racial theories and re-emerges in the ideological use of cultural identity in new rightist movements, and presents case studies from different parts of the world where researchers were confronted with racism and worked out ways of coping with it.

    Subjects: Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Culture Change and Ex-Change
    October 2017

    Culture Change and Ex-Change

    Syncretism and Anti-Syncretism in Bena, Eastern Highlands, Papua New Guinea

    Knapp, R.

    How is cultural change perceived and performed by members of the Bena Bena language group, who live in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea? In her analysis, Knapp draws upon existing bodies of work on ‘culture change’, ‘exchange’ and ‘person’ in Melanesia but brings them together in a new way by conjoining traditional models with theoretical approaches of the new Melanesian ethnography and with collaborative, reflexive and reverse anthropology.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Culture, Creation, & Procreation
    January 2001

    Culture, Creation, and Procreation

    Concepts of Kinship in South Asian Practice

    Böck, M. & Rao, A. (eds)

    As reproduction is seen as central to kinship and the biological link as the primary bond between parents and their offspring, Western perceptions of kin relations are primarily determined by ideas about “consanguinity,” “genealogical relations,” and “genetic connections.” Advocates of cultural constructivism have taken issue with a concept that puts so much stress on heredity as being severely biased by western ideas of kinship. Ethnosociologists in particular developed alternative systems using indigenous categories. This symbolic approach has, however, been rejected by some scholars as plagued by the problems of the analytical separation of ideology from practice, of largely overlooking relations of domination, and of ignoring the questions of shared knowledge and choice. This volume offers a corrective by discussing the constitution of kinship among different communities in South Asia and addressing the relationship between ideology and practice, cultural models, and individiual strategies.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Culture, Suicide, and the Human Condition
    March 2014

    Culture, Suicide, and the Human Condition

    Honkasalo, M.-L. & Tuominen, M. (eds)

    Suicide is a puzzling phenomenon. Not only is its demarcation problematic but it also eludes simple explanation. The cultures in which suicide mortality is high do not necessarily have much else in common, and neither is a single mental illness such as depression sufficient to lead a person to suicide. In a word, despite its statistical regularity, suicide is unpredictable on the individual level. The main argument emerging from this collection is that suicide should not be understood as a separate realm of pathological behavior but as a form of human action. As such it is always dependent on the decision that the individual makes in a cultural, ethical and socio-economic context, but the context never completely determines the decision. This book also argues that cultural narratives concerning suicide have a problematic double function: in addition to enabling the community to make sense of self-inflicted death, they also constitute a blueprint depicting suicide as a solution to common human problems.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Cultures Of Technology & the Quest for Innovation
    February 2006

    Cultures of Technology and the Quest for Innovation

    Nowotny, H. (ed)

    Underlying the current dynamics of technological developments, their divergence or convergence and the abundance of options, promises and risks they contain, is the quest for innovation, the contributors to this volume argue. The seemingly insatiable demand for novelty coincides with the rise of modern science and the onset of modernity in Western societies. Never before has the Baconian dream been so close to becoming reality: wrapped into a globalizing capitalism that seeks ever expanding markets for new products, artifacts and designs and new processes that lead to gains in efficiency, productivity and profit. However, approaching these developments through a wider historical and cultural perspectives, means to raise questions about the plurality of cultures, the interaction between “hardware” and “software” and about the nature of the interfaces where technology meets with economic, social, legal, historical constraints and opportunities. The authors come to the conclusion that inside a seemingly homogenous package and a seemingly universal quest for innovation many differences remain.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Cutting and Connecting
    March 2016

    Cutting and Connecting

    ‘Afrinesian’ Perspectives on Networks, Relationality, and Exchange

    Myhre, K. C. (ed)

    Questions regarding the origins, mobility, and effects of analytical concepts continue to emerge as anthropology endeavors to describe similarities and differences in social life around the world. Cutting and Connecting rethinks this comparative enterprise by calling in a conceptual debt that theoretical innovations from Melanesian anthropology owe to network analysis originally developed in African contexts. On this basis, the contributors adopt and employ concepts from recent studies of Melanesia to analyze contemporary life on the African continent and to explore how this exchange influences the borrowed anthropological perspectives. By focusing on ways in which networks are cut and connections are made, these empirical investigations show how particular relationships are created in today’s Africa. In addition, the volume aims for an approach that recasts relationships between theory and place and concepts and ethnography, in a manner that destabilizes the distinction between fieldwork and writing.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Cyberidentitites at War
    March 2013

    Cyberidentities At War

    The Moluccan Conflict on the Internet

    Bräuchler, B.

    Conflicting parties worldwide increasingly use the Internet in a strategic way, and struggles carried out on a local level achieve a new dimension. This new kind of medialization results in a conflict’s expansion into global cyberspace. Based on ethnographic research on the online activities of Christian and Muslim actors in the Moluccan conflict (1999–2003), this study investigates processes of identity construction, community building and evolving conflict dynamics on the Internet. In contributing to conflict and Internet research, this study paves the way for a new cyberanthropology. A newly added epilogue outlines the directions in which the situation in the Moluccas has continued and discusses the advances and developments of theoretical and methodological concerns presented in the 2005 German edition.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Dance Circles
    November 2013

    Dance Circles

    Movement, Morality and Self-fashioning in Urban Senegal

    Neveu Kringelbach, H.

    Senegal has played a central role in contemporary dance due to its rich performing traditions, as well as strong state patronage of the arts, first under French colonialism and later in the postcolonial era. In the 1980s, when the Senegalese economy was in decline and state fundingwithdrawn, European agencies used the performing arts as a tool in diplomacy. This had a profound impact on choreographic production and arts markets throughout Africa. In Senegal, choreographic performers have taken to contemporary dance, while continuing to engage with neo-traditional performance, regional genres like the sabar, and the popular dances they grew up with. A historically informed ethnography of creativity, agency, and the fashioning of selves through the different life stages in urban Senegal, this book explores the significance of this multiple engagement with dance in a context of economic uncertainty and rising concerns over morality in the public space. 

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Dancing at the Crossroads
    December 2007

    Dancing At the Crossroads

    Memory and Mobility in Ireland

    Wulff, H.

    Dancing at the crossroads used to be young people’s opportunity to meet and enjoy themselves on mild summer evenings in the countryside in Ireland until this practice was banned by law, the Public Dance Halls Act in 1935. Now a key metaphor in Irish cultural and political life, “dancing at the crossroads” also crystallizes the argument of this book: Irish dance, from Riverdance (the commercial show) and competitive dancing to dance theatre, conveys that Ireland is to be found in a crossroads situation with a firm base in a distinctly Irish tradition which is also becoming a prominent part of European modernity.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies
  • eBook available
    Dancing Cultures
    October 2012

    Dancing Cultures

    Globalization, Tourism and Identity in the Anthropology of Dance

    Neveu Kringelbach, H. & Skinner, J. (eds)

    Dance is more than an aesthetic of life – dance embodies life. This is evident from the social history of jive, the marketing of trans-national ballet, ritual healing dances in Italy or folk dances performed for tourists in Mexico, Panama and Canada. Dance often captures those essential dimensions of social life that cannot be easily put into words. What are the flows and movements of dance carried by migrants and tourists? How is dance used to shape nationalist ideology? What are the connections between dance and ethnicity, gender, health, globalization and nationalism, capitalism and post-colonialism? Through innovative and wide-ranging case studies, the contributors explore the central role dance plays in culture as leisure commodity, cultural heritage, cultural aesthetic or cathartic social movement.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Dark Trophies
    June 2012

    Dark Trophies

    Hunting and the Enemy Body in Modern War

    Harrison, S.

    Many anthropological accounts of warfare in indigenous societies have described the taking of heads or other body parts as trophies. But almost nothing is known of the prevalence of trophy-taking of this sort in the armed forces of contemporary nation-states. This book is a history of this type of misconduct among military personnel over the past two centuries, exploring its close connections with colonialism, scientific collecting and concepts of race, and how it is a model for violent power relationships between groups.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General) History (General)
  • Day of the Dead
    December 2004

    Day of the Dead

    When Two Worlds Meet in Oaxaca

    Haley, S. & Fukuda, C.

    The Day of the Dead is the most important annual celebration in Oaxaca, Mexico. Skillfully combining textual information and photographic imagery, this book begins with a discussion of the people of Oaxaca, their way of life, and their way of looking at the world. It then takes the reader through the celebration from the preparations that can begin months in advance through to the private gatherings in homes and finally to the cemetery where the villagers celebrate together — both the living and the dead. The voices in the book are of those people who have participated in the Day of the Dead for as long as they can remember. There are no ghosts here. Only the souls of loved ones who have gone to the Village of the Dead and who are allowed to return once a year to be with their family. Very readable and beautifully illustrated, this book provides an extensive discussion of the people of Oaxaca, their way of life and their beliefs, which make the Day of the Dead logical and easily comprehensible.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Deadly Contradictions
    August 2016

    Deadly Contradictions

    The New American Empire and Global Warring

    Reyna, S. P.

    As US imperialism continues to dictate foreign policy, Deadly Contradictions is a compelling account of the American empire. Stephen P. Reyna argues that contemporary forms of violence exercised by American elites in the colonies, client state, and regions of interest have deferred imperial problems, but not without raising their own set of deadly contradictions. This book can be read many ways: as a polemic against geopolitics, as a classic social anthropological text, or as a seminal analysis of twenty-four US global wars during the Cold War and post-Cold War eras.
     

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Death of the Big Men and the Rise of the Big Shots, The
    March 2013

    The Death of the Big Men and the Rise of the Big Shots

    Custom and Conflict in East New Britain

    Martin, K.

    In 1994, the Pacific island village of Matupit was partially destroyed by a volcanic eruption. This study focuses on the subsequent reconstruction and contests over the morality of exchanges that are generative of new forms of social stratification. Such new dynamics of stratification are central to contemporary processes of globalization in the Pacific, and more widely. Through detailed ethnography of the transactions that a displaced people entered into in seeking to rebuild their lives, this book analyses how people re-make sociality in an era of post-colonial neoliberalism without taking either the transformative power of globalization or the resilience of indigenous culture as its starting point. It also contributes to the understanding of the problems of post-disaster reconstruction and development projects.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Death of the Father
    December 2003

    Death of the Father

    An Anthropology of the End in Political Authority

    Borneman, J. (ed)

    The death of authority figures like fathers or leaders can be experienced as either liberation or loss. In the twentieth century, the authority of the father and of the leader became closely intertwined; constraints and affective attachments intensified in ways that had major effects on the organization of regimes of authority. This comparative volume examines the resulting crisis in symbolic identification, the national traumas that had crystallized around four state political forms: Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, and East European Communism. The defeat of Imperial and Fascist regimes in 1945 and the implosion of Communist regimes in 1989 were critical moments of rupture, of “death of the father.” What was the experience of their ends, and what is the reconstruction of those ends in memory?

    This volume represents is the beginning of a comparative social anthropology of caesurae: the end of traumatic political regimes, of their symbolic forms, political consequences, and probable futures.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History: 20th Century to Present Memory Studies
  • eBook available
    Death of the Public University?
    May 2017

    Death of the Public University?

    Uncertain Futures for Higher Education in the Knowledge Economy

    Wright, S. & Shore, C. (eds)

    Universities have been subjected to continuous government reforms since the 1980s, to make them ‘entrepreneurial’, ‘efficient’ and aligned to the predicted needs and challenges of a global knowledge economy. Under increasing pressure to pursue ‘excellence’ and ‘innovation’, many universities are struggling to maintain their traditional mission to be inclusive, improve social mobility and equality and act as the ‘critic and conscience’ of society. Drawing on a multi-disciplinary research project, University Reform, Globalisation and Europeanisation (URGE), this collection analyses the new landscapes of public universities emerging across Europe and the Asia-Pacific, and the different ways that academics are engaging with them.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Death, Materiality and Mediation
    November 2016

    Death, Materiality and Mediation

    An Ethnography of Remembrance in Ireland

    Graham, B.

    In Death, Materiality and Mediation, Barbara Graham analyzes a diverse range of objects associated with remembrance in both the public and private arenas through ethnography of communities on both sides of the Irish border. In doing so, she explores the materially mediated interactions between the living and the dead, revealing the physical, cognitive, emotional, and spiritual roles of the dead in contemporary communities. Through this study, Graham expands the concept of materiality to include narrative, song, senses, emotions, ephemera and embodied experience. She also examines how modern practices are informed by older beliefs and folk religion.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies Anthropology of Religion
  • Defiance & Compliance
    December 2002

    Defiance and Compliance

    Negotiating Gender in Low-Income Cairo

    El-Kholy, H.A.

    The gap between rich and poor is widening in most countries, putting more pressure on women in particular who often find themselves with the ultimate responsibility to provide for their families, especially their children, in the face of economic and political discrimination. Based on participant observation and in-depth interviews in four low-income neighborhoods in Cairo, this book offers rich, novel and intimate data relating to poor women’s lives and everyday forms of resistance to gender inequalities in the labor market and at home. In contrast to the common stereotype of Middle Eastern women as totally oppressed and devoid of agency, this study shows the complex and diverse ways in which low-income women devise strategies to contest existing gender arrangements and improve their situation. It is a significant contribution to current debates about poverty, gender, power, and resistance.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • Delta Life
    June 2021

    Delta Life

    Exploring Dynamic Environments where Rivers Meet the Sea

    Krause, F. & Harris, M. (eds)

    Proposing a series of innovative steps towards better understanding human lives at the interstices of water and land, this volume includes eight ethnographies from deltas around the world. The book presents ‘delta life’ with intimate descriptions of the predicaments, imaginations and activities of delta inhabitants. Conceptually, the collection develops ‘delta life’ as a metaphor for approaching continual and intersecting sociocultural, economic and material transformations more widely. The book revolves around questions of hydrosociality, volatility, rhythms and scale. It thereby yields insights into people’s lives that conventional, hydrological approaches to deltas cannot provide.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Democracy Struggles
    December 2018

    Democracy Struggles

    NGOs and the Politics of Aid in Serbia

    Vetta, T.

    Tracing the boom of local NGOs since the 1990s in the context of the global political economy of aid, current trends of neoliberal state restructuring, and shifting post-Cold War hegemonies, this book explores the “associational revolution” in post-socialist, post-conflict Serbia. Looking into the country’s “transition” through a global and relational analytical prism, the ethnography unpacks the various forms of dispossession and inequality entailed in the democracy-promotion project.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Democracy's Paradox
    March 2019

    Democracy’s Paradox

    Populism and its Contemporary Crisis

    Kapferer, B. & Theodossopoulos, D. (eds)

    Does populism indicate a radical crisis in Western democratic political systems? Is it a revolt by those who feel they have too little voice in the affairs of state or are otherwise marginalized or oppressed? Or are populist movements part of the democratic process?

    Bringing together different anthropological experiences of current populist movements, this volume makes a timely contribution to these questions. Contrary to more conventional interpretations of populism as crisis, the authors instead recognize populism as integral to Western democratic systems. In doing so, the volume provides an important critique that exposes the exclusionary essentialisms spread by populist rhetoric while also directing attention to local views of political accountability and historical consciousness that are key to understanding this paradox of democracy.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Democratic Eco-Socialism as a Real Utopia
    October 2017

    Democratic Eco-Socialism as a Real Utopia

    Transitioning to an Alternative World System

    Baer, H. A.

    As global economic and population growth continues to skyrocket, increasingly strained resources have made one thing clear: the desperate need for an alternative to capitalism. In Democratic Eco-Socialism as a Real Utopia, Hans Baer outlines the urgent need to reevaluate historical definitions of socialism, commit to social equality and justice, and prioritize environmental sustainability. Democatic eco-socialism, as he terms it, is a system capable of mobilizing people around the world, albeit in different ways, to prevent on-going human socio-economic and environmental degradation, and anthropogenic climate change.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • Developing Skill, Developing Vision
    January 2009

    Developing Skill, Developing Vision

    Practices of Locality at the Foot of the Alps

    Grasseni, C.

    Many people feel that the impact of technology and the pressure of the market economy on alpine communities leads to a loss of biodiversity, authenticity and cultural diversity, affecting animal husbandry, local food production, social networks and traditions. It is undeniable that “progress,” “development” and “integration” are transforming working routines, recipes for dairy production and patterns of communication in rural communities. This book explores the many tensions at the core of present local practices and debates in the Italian Alps, highlighting the many transformations undergone within skilled practice and cultural heritage as a result of commoditization, professionalization and technification, with a special focus on the ways in which this also means, quite literally, changing one’s vision of locality: of the landscape, of local products and of local animals.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Developmentality
    September 2015

    Developmentality

    An Ethnography of the World Bank-Uganda Partnership

    Sande Lie, J. H.

    Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork within the World Bank and a Ugandan ministry, this book critically examines how the new aid architecture recasts aid relations as a partnership. While intended to alter an asymmetrical relationship by fostering greater recipient participation and ownership, this book demonstrates how donors still seek to retain control through other indirect and informal means. The concept of developmentality shows how the World Bank’s ability to steer a client’s behavior is disguised by the underlying ideas of partnership, ownership, and participation, which come with other instruments through which the Bank manipulates the aid recipient into aligning with its own policies and practices.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Diasporic Generations
    October 2011

    Diasporic Generations

    Memory, Politics, and Nation among Cubans in Spain

    Berg, M. L.

    Interpretations of the background to the Cuban diaspora – a political revolution and the subsequent radical transformation of the society and economy towards socialism – are politicised and highly contested. The Miami-based Cuban diaspora has had extraordinary success in putting its case high on the US political agenda and in capturing world media attention, but in the process the multiplicity of experiences within the diaspora has been overshadowed. This book gives voice to diasporic Cubans living in Spain, the former colonial ruler of Cuba. By focusing on their lived experiences of displacement, the book brings to light imaginative, narrative re-creations of the nation from afar. Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork, the book argues that the Cuban diaspora in Spain consists of three diasporic generations, generated through distinct migratory experiences. This constitutes an important step forward in understanding the dynamics of memory-making and social differentiation within diasporas, and in appreciating why people within the same diaspora engage in different modes of transnational practices and homeland relations.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Memory Studies
  • eBook available
    Difference and Sameness as Modes of Integration
    November 2017

    Difference and Sameness as Modes of Integration

    Anthropological Perspectives on Ethnicity and Religion

    Schlee, G. & Horstmann, A. (eds)

    What does it mean to “fit in?” In this volume of essays, editors Günther Schlee and Alexander Horstmann demystify the discourse on identity, challenging common assumptions about the role of sameness and difference as the basis for inclusion and exclusion. Armed with intimate knowledge of local systems, social relationships, and the negotiation of people’s positions in the everyday politics, these essays tease out the ways in which ethnicity, religion and nationalism are used for social integration.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Differentiating Development
    April 2012

    Differentiating Development

    Beyond an Anthropology of Critique

    Venkatesan, S. & Yarrow, T. (eds)

    Over the last two decades, anthropological studies have highlighted the problems of ‘development’ as a discursive regime, arguing that such initiatives are paradoxically used to consolidate inequality and perpetuate poverty. This volume constitutes a timely intervention in anthropological debates about development, moving beyond the critical stance to focus on development as a mode of engagement that, like anthropology, attempts to understand, represent and work within a complex world. By setting out to elucidate both the similarities and differences between these epistemological endeavors, the book demonstrates how the ethnographic study of development challenges anthropology to rethink its own assumptions and methods. In particular, contributors focus on the important but often overlooked relationship between acting and understanding, in ways that speak to debates about the role of anthropologists and academics in the wider world. The case studies presented are from a diverse range of geographical and ethnographic contexts, from Melanesia to Africa and Latin America, and ethnographic research is combined with commentary and reflection from the foremost scholars in the field.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Dignity for the Voiceless
    June 2014

    Dignity for the Voiceless

    Willem Assies’s Anthropological Work in Context

    Salman, T., Marti i Puig, S., & Haar, G. van der (eds)

    Willem Assies died in 2010 at the age of 55. The various stages of his career as a political anthropologist of Latin American illustrate how astute a researcher he was. He had a keen eye for the contradictions he observed during his fieldwork but also enjoyed theoretical debate. A distrust of power led him not only to attempt to understand “people without voice” but to work alongside them so they could discover and find their own voice. Willem Assies explored the messy, often untidy daily lives of people, with their inconsistencies, irrationalities, and passions, but also with their hopes, sense of beauty, solidarity, and quest for dignity. This collection brings together some of Willem Assies’s best, most fascinating, and still highly relevant writings.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Disaster Upon Disaster
    October 2019

    Disaster Upon Disaster

    Exploring the Gap Between Knowledge, Policy and Practice

    Hoffman, S. M. & Barrios, R. E. (eds)

    A consistent problem that confronts disaster reduction is the disjunction between academic and expert knowledge and policies and practices of agencies mandated to deal with the concern. Although a great deal of knowledge has been acquired regarding many aspects of disasters, such as driving factors, risk construction, complexity of resettlement, and importance of peoples’ culture, very little has become protocol and procedure. Disaster Upon Disaster illuminates the numerous disjunctions between the suppositions, realities, agendas, and executions in the field, goes on to detail contingencies, predicaments, old and new plights, and finally advances solutions toward greatly improved outcomes.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Applied Anthropology
  • Discerning Palates of the Past
    April 2003

    Discerning Palates of the Past

    An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Crop Cultivation and Plant Usage in India

    Reddy, S. N.

    This book analyzes the agricultural and pastoral infrastructure of the Mature and Late Harappan cultures (ca. 2500-1700 BC) of northwest India. The economic role of drought-resistant millet crops is reconstructed using ethnographic studies of crop processing, palaeoethnobotany, and carbon isotope analysis. Reddy reveals that simply recovering crop seeds from archaeological contexts does not confirm local crop cultivation, and she suggests that agricultural production of millet crops for human food and for animal fodder may have been economically interwoven in the Harappan civilization. New directions are provided for discerning archaeologically how pastoralism and agriculture may be integrated in complex economic systems.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Discipline of Leisure, The
    January 2008

    The Discipline of Leisure

    Embodying Cultures of ‘Recreation’

    Coleman, S. & Kohn, T. (eds)

    The burgeoning social scientific study of tourism has emphasized the effects of the post-industrial economy on travel and place. However, this volume takes some of these issues into a different area of leisure: the spare-time carved out by people as part of their everyday lives – time that is much more intimately juxtaposed with the pressures and influences of work life, and which often involves specific bodily practices associated with hobbies and sports. An important focus of the book is the body as a site of identity formation, experience, and disciplined recreation of the self. Contributors examine the ways rituals, sports, and forms of bodily transformation mediate between contemporary ideologies of freedom, choice and self-control.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Distributed Objects
    March 2013

    Distributed Objects

    Meaning and Mattering after Alfred Gell

    Chua, L. & Elliott, M. (eds)

    One of the most influential anthropological works of the last two decades, Alfred Gell’s Art and Agency is a provocative and ambitious work that both challenged and reshaped anthropological understandings of art, agency, creativity and the social. It has become a touchstone in contemporary artifact-based scholarship. This volume brings together leading anthropologists, archaeologists, art historians and other scholars into an interdisciplinary dialogue with Art and Agency, generating a timely re-engagement with the themes, issues and arguments at the heart of Gell’s work, which remains salient, and controversial, in the social sciences and humanities. Extending his theory into new territory – from music to literary technology and ontology to technological change – the contributors do not simply take stock, but also provoke, critically reassessing this important work while using it to challenge conceptual and disciplinary boundaries.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Museum Studies Literary Studies
  • eBook available
    Documenting Transnational Migration
    July 2005

    Documenting Transnational Migration

    Jordanian Men Working and Studying in Europe, Asia and North America

    Antoun†, R.

    Most studies on transnational migration either stress assimilation, circulatory migration, or the negative impact of migration. This remarkable study, which covers migrants from one Jordanian village to 17 different countries in Europe, Asia, and North America, emphasizes the resiliency of transnational migrants after long periods of absence, social encapsulation, and stress, and their ability to construct social networks and reinterpret traditions in such a way as to mix the old and the new in a scenario that incorporates both worlds. Focusing on the humanistic aspects of the migration experience, this book examines questions such as birth control, women’s work, retention of tribal law, and the changing attitudes of migrants towards themselves, their families, their home communities, and their nation. It ends with placing transnational migration from Jordan in a cross-cultural perspective by comparing it with similar processes elsewhere, and critically reviews a number of theoretical perspectives that have been used to explain migration.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Domain of Constant Excess, The
    December 2002

    The Domain of Constant Excess

    Plural Worship at the Munnesvaram Temples in Sri Lanka

    Bastin, R.

    The Sri Lankan ethnic conflict that has occurred largely between Sinhala Buddhists and Tamil Hindus is marked by a degree of religious tolerance that sees both communities worshiping together. This study describes one important site of such worship, the ancient Hindu temple complex of Munnesvaram. Standing adjacent to one of Sri Lanka’s historical western ports, the fortunes of the Munnesvaram temples have waxed and waned through the years of turbulence, violence and social change that have been the country’s lot since the advent of European colonialism in the Indian Ocean. Bastin recounts the story of these temples and analyses how the Hindu temple is reproduced as a center of worship amidst conflict and competition.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Domesticating Youth
    March 2014

    Domesticating Youth

    Youth Bulges and their Socio-political Implications in Tajikistan

    Roche, S.

    Most of the Muslim societies of the world have entered a demographic transition from high to low fertility, and this process is accompanied by an increase in youth vis-à-vis other age groups. Political scientists and historians have debated whether such a “youth bulge” increases the potential for conflict or whether it represents a chance to accumulate wealth and push forward social and technological developments. This book introduces the discussion about youth bulge into social anthropology using Tajikistan, a post-Soviet country that experienced civil war in the 1990s, which is in the middle of such a demographic transition. Sophie Roche develops a social anthropological approach to analyze demographic and political dynamics, and suggests a new way of thinking about social change in youth bulge societies.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Dream in Islam, The
    May 2011

    The Dream in Islam

    From Qur’anic Tradition to Jihadist Inspiration

    Edgar, I. R.

    The war in the Middle East is marked by a lack of cultural knowledge on the part of the western forces, and this book deals with another, widely ignored element of Islam—the role of dreams in everyday life. The practice of using night dreams to make important life decisions can be traced to Middle Eastern dream traditions and practices that preceded the emergence of Islam. In this study, the author explores some key aspects of Islamic dream theory and interpretation as well as the role and significance of night dreams for contemporary Muslims. In his analysis of the Islamic debates surrounding the role of “true” dreams in historical and contemporary Islamic prophecy, the author specifically addresses the significance of Al-Qaeda and Taliban dream practices and ideology. Dreams of “heaven,” for example, are often instrumental in determining Jihadist suicidal action, and “heavenly” dreams are also evidenced within other contemporary human conflicts such as Israel–Palestine and Kosovo–Serbia. By exploring patterns of dreams within this context, a cross-cultural, psychological, and experiential understanding of the role and significance of such contemporary critical political and personal imagery can be achieved.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Dreams Made Small
    May 2018

    Dreams Made Small

    The Education of Papuan Highlanders in Indonesia

    Munro, J.

    For the last five decades, the Dani of the central highlands of West Papua, along with other Papuans, have struggled with the oppressive conditions of Indonesian rule. Formal education holds the promise of escape from stigmatization and violence. Dreams Made Small offers an in-depth, ethnographic look at journeys of education among young Dani men and women, asking us to think differently about education as a trajectory for transformation and belonging, and ultimately revealing how dreams of equality are shaped and reshaped in the face of multiple constraints.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Educational Studies Cultural Studies (General)
  • Drinking
    December 2001

    Drinking

    Anthropological Approaches

    Garine, I. & V. de (eds)

    Over the last decades quite a few studies have been devoted to drinking. Most of these were concerned with alcohol and written by social anthropologists. This book presents multidisciplinary aspects of the ingestion of liquids at large, addressing many of the overt and covert meanings of drinking: from satisfying biological needs to communicating with humans and the hereafter, attempting to reach a differential emotional state or seeking good health and longevity through the ingestion of appropriate beverages. It includes papers from both biological and social scientists and covers a fair range of societies from rural and urban environments, and in continents and countries ranging from Europe, Africa, and Latin America to Malaysia and the Pacific.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    The Elementary Forms of Religious Life“>Durkheim in Dialogue
    November 2013

    Durkheim in Dialogue

    A Centenary Celebration of The Elementary Forms of Religious Life

    Hausner, S. L. (ed)

    One hundred years after the publication of the great sociological treatise, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, this new volume shows how aptly Durkheim¹s theories still resonate with the study of contemporary and historical religious societies. The volume applies the Durkheimian model to multiple cases, probing its resilience, wondering where it might be tweaked, and asking which aspects have best stood the test of time. A dialogue between theory and ethnography, this book shows how Durkheimian sociology has become a mainstay of social thought and theory, pointing to multiple ways in which Durkheim¹s work on religion remains relevant to our thinking about culture.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Durkheim, the Durkheimians, & the Arts
    August 2013

    Durkheim, the Durkheimians, and the Arts

    Riley, A.T., Pickering†, W.S.F., & Watts Miller, W. (eds)

    Using a broad definition of the Durkheimian tradition, this book offers the first systematic attempt to explore the Durkheimians’ engagement with art. It focuses on both Durkheim and his contemporaries as well as later thinkers influenced by his work. The first five chapters consider Durkheim’s own exploration of art; the remaining six look at other Durkheimian thinkers, including Marcel Mauss, Henri Hubert, Maurice Halbwachs, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Michel Leiris, and Georges Bataille. The contributors—scholars from a range of theoretical orientations and disciplinary perspectives—are known for having already produced significant contributions to the study of Durkheim. This book will interest not only scholars of Durkheim and his tradition but also those concerned with aesthetic theory and the sociology and history of art.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Earth-Colored Sea, An
    March 2004

    An Earth-colored Sea

    ‘Race’, Culture and the Politics of Identity in the Post-Colonial Portuguese-Speaking World

    Vale de Almeida, M.

    Although the post-colonial situation has attracted considerable interest over recent years, one important colonial power – Portugal – has not been given any attention. This book is the first to explore notions of ethnicity, “race”, culture, and nation in the context of the debate on colonialism and postcolonialism. The structure of the book reflects a trajectory of research, starting with a case study in Trinidad, followed by another one in Brazil, and ending with yet another one in Portugal. The three case studies, written in the ethnographic genre, are intertwined with essays of a more theoretical nature. The non-monographic, composite – or hybrid – nature of this work may be in itself an indication of the need for transnational and historically grounded research when dealing with issues of representations of identity that were constructed during colonial times and that are today reconfigured in the ideological struggles over cultural meanings.

    Subjects: Colonial History Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Ecological Migrants
    December 2015

    Ecological Migrants

    The Relocation of China’s Ewenki Reindeer Herders

    Xie, Y.

    Reindeer-herding Ewenki hunters have lived in the forests of China’s Greater Khingan Range for over three hundred years. They have sustained their livelihoods by collecting plants and herbs, hunting animals and herding reindeer. This ethnography details changing Ewenki ways of life brought first by China’s modernization and development policies and more recently by ecological policies that aim to preserve and restore the badly damaged ecologies of western China. Xie reflects on modernization and urbanization in China through this study of ecological migration policies and their effects on relocated Aoluguya Ewenki hunters.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Ecological Nostalgias
    November 2020

    Ecological Nostalgias

    Memory, Affect and Creativity in Times of Ecological Upheavals

    Angé, O. & Berliner, D. (eds)

    Introducing the study of econostalgias through a variety of rich ethnographic cases, this volume argues that a strictly human centered approach does not account for contemporary longings triggered by ecosystem upheavals. In this time of climate change, this book explores how nostalgia for fading ecologies unfolds into the interstitial spaces between the biological, the political and the social, regret and hope, the past, the present and the future.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Cultural Studies (General) Memory Studies
  • eBook available
    Economic Citizenship
    July 2016

    Economic Citizenship

    Neoliberal Paradoxes of Empowerment

    Sa’ar, A.

    With the spread of neoliberal projects, responsibility for the welfare of minority and poor citizens has shifted from states to local communities. Businesses, municipalities, grassroots activists, and state functionaries share in projects meant to help vulnerable populations become self-supportive. Ironically, such projects produce odd discursive blends of justice, solidarity, and wellbeing, and place the languages of feminist and minority rights side by side with the language of apolitical consumerism. Using theoretical concepts of economic citizenship and emotional capitalism, Economic Citizenship exposes the paradoxes that are deep within neoliberal interpretations of citizenship and analyzes the unexpected consequences of applying globally circulating notions to concrete local contexts.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Economy & Ritual
    February 2015

    Economy and Ritual

    Studies of Postsocialist Transformations

    Gudeman, S. & Hann, C. (eds)

    According to accepted wisdom, rational practices and ritual action are opposed. Rituals drain wealth from capital investment and draw on a mode of thought different from practical ideas. The studies in this volume contest this view. Comparative, historical, and contemporary, the six ethnographies extend from Macedonia to Kyrgyzstan. Each one illuminates the economic and ritual changes in an area as it emerged from socialism and (re-)entered market society. Cutting against the idea that economy only means markets and that market action exhausts the meaning of economy, the studies show that much of what is critical for a people’s economic life takes place outside markets and hinges on ritual, understood as the negation of the everyday world of economising.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Economy for & against Democracy
    October 2015

    Economy for and Against Democracy

    Hart, K. (ed)

    Political constitutions alone do not guarantee democracy; a degree of economic equality is also essential. Yet contemporary economies, dominated as they are by global finance and political rent-seekers, often block the realization of democracy. The comparative essays and case studies of this volume examine the contradictory relationship between the economy and democracy and highlight the struggles and visions needed to make things more equitable. They explore how our collective aspirations for greater democracy might be informed by serious empirical research on the human economy today. If we want a better world, we must act on existing social realities.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Economy, Crime and Wrong in a Neoliberal Era
    September 2018

    Economy, Crime and Wrong in a Neoliberal Era

    Carrier, J. G. (ed)

    Corporate scandals since the 1990s have made it clear that economic wrongdoing is more common in Western societies than might be expected. This volume examines the relationship between such wrong-doing and the neoliberal orientations, policies, and practices that have been influential since around 1980, considering whether neoliberalism has affected the likelihood that people and firms will act in ways that many people would consider wrong. It furthermore asks whether ideas of economic right and wrong have become so fragmented and localized that collective judgement has become almost impossible.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Edges, Fringes, Frontiers
    September 2018

    Edges, Fringes, Frontiers

    Integral Ecology, Indigenous Knowledge and Sustainability in Guyana

    Henfrey, T. B.

    Based on an ethnographic account of subsistence use of Amazonian forests by Wapishana people in Guyana, Edges, Frontiers, Fringes examines the social, cultural and behavioral bases for sustainability and resilience in indigenous resource use. Developing an original framework for holistic analysis, it demonstrates that flexible interplay among multiple modes of environmental understanding and decision-making allows the Wapishana to navigate socio-ecological complexity successfully in ways that reconcile short-term material needs with long-term maintenance and enhancement of the resource base.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Education of Nomadic Peoples
    June 2006

    The Education of Nomadic Peoples

    Current Issues, Future Perspectives

    Dyer, C.

    Educational provision for nomadic peoples is a highly complex, as well as controversial and emotive, issue. For centuries, nomadic peoples educated their children by passing on from generation to generation the socio-cultural and economic knowledge required to pursue their traditional occupations. But over the last few decades, nomadic peoples have had to contend with rapid changes to their ways of life, often as a consequence of global patterns of development that are highly unsympathetic to spatially mobile groups. The need to provide modern education for nomadic groups is evident and urgent to all those concerned with achieving Education For All; yet how they can be included is highly controversial. This volume provides a series of international case studies, prefaced by a comprehensive literature review and concluding with an end note drawing themes together, that sets out key issues in relation to educational services for nomadic groups around the world.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Development Studies Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Elite Malay Polygamy
    September 2018

    Elite Malay Polygamy

    Wives, Wealth and Woes in Malaysia

    Zeitzen, M. K.

    Elite Malay women’s polygamy narratives are multiple and varied, and their sentiments regarding the practice are conflicted, as they are often torn between personal and religious convictions. This volume explores the ways in which this increasingly prominent practice impacts Malay gender relations. As Muslims, elite Malay women may be forced to accept polygamy, but they mostly condemn it as women and wives, as it forces them to manage their lives and loves under the “threat” of polygamy from a husband able to marry another woman without their knowledge or consent; a husband that is married but available.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Gender Studies and Sexuality Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Elusive Promises
    July 2013

    Elusive Promises

    Planning in the Contemporary World

    Abram, S. & Weszkalnys, G. (eds)

    Planning in contemporary democratic states is often understood as a range of activities, from housing to urban design, regional development to economic planning. This volume sees planning differently—as the negotiation of possibilities that time offers space. It explores what kind of promise planning offers, how such a promise is made, and what happens to it through time. The authors, all leading anthropologists, examine the time and space, creativity and agency, authority and responsibility, and conflicting desires that plans attempt to control. They show how the many people involved with planning deal with the discrepancies between what is promised and what is done. The comparative essays offer insight into the expected and unexpected outcomes of planning (from visionary utopias to bureaucratic dystopia or something in-between), how the future is envisioned at the outset, and what actual work is done and how it affects people’s lives.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Embodied Communities
    November 2008

    Embodied Communities

    Dance Traditions and Change in Java

    Hughes-Freeland, F.

    Court dance in Java has changed from a colonial ceremonial tradition into a national artistic classicism. Central to this general transformation has been dance’s role in personal transformation, developing appropriate forms of everyday behaviour and strengthening the powers of persuasion that come from the skillful manipulation of both physical and verbal forms of politeness. This account of dance’s significance in performance and in everyday life draws on extensive research, including dance training in Java, and builds on how practitioners interpret and explain the repertoire. The Javanese case is contextualized in relation to social values, religion, philosophy, and commoditization arising from tourism. It also raises fundamental questions about the theorization of culture, society and the body during a period of radical change.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Embracing Landscape
    June 2021

    Embracing Landscape

    Living with Reindeer and Hunting Among Spirits in South Siberia

    Küçüküstel, S.

    Examining human-animal relations among the reindeer hunting and herding Dukha community in northern Mongolia, this book focuses on concepts such as domestication and wildness from an indigenous perspective. By looking into hunting rituals and herding techniques, the ethnography questions the dynamics between people, domesticated reindeer, and wild animals. It focuses on the role of the spirited landscape which embraces all living creatures and acts as a unifying concept at the center of the human and non-human relations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Emptiness and Fullness
    July 2017

    Emptiness and Fullness

    Ethnographies of Lack and Desire in Contemporary China

    Bregnbæk, S. & Bunkenborg, M. (eds)

    As critical voices question the quality, authenticity, and value of people, goods, and words in post-Mao China, accusations of emptiness render things open to new investments of meaning, substance, and value. Exploring the production of lack and desire through fine-grained ethnography, this volume examines how diagnoses of emptiness operate in a range of very different domains in contemporary China: In the ostensibly meritocratic exam system and the rhetoric of officials, in underground churches, housing bubbles, and nationalist fantasies, in bodies possessed by spirits and evaluations of jade, there is a pervasive concern with states of lack and emptiness and the contributions suggest that this play of emptiness and fullness is crucial to ongoing constructions of quality, value, and subjectivity in China.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Enchantment of Digital Archaeology, An
    July 2020

    An Enchantment of Digital Archaeology

    Raising the Dead with Agent-Based Models, Archaeogaming and Artificial Intelligence

    Graham, S.

    The use of computation in archaeology is a kind of magic, a way of heightening the archaeological imagination. Agent-based modelling allows archaeologists to test the ‘just-so’ stories they tell about the past. It requires a formalization of the story so that it can be represented as a simulation; researchers are then able to explore the unintended consequences or emergent outcomes of stories about the past. Agent-based models are one end of a spectrum that, at the opposite side, ends with video games. This volume explores this spectrum in the context of Roman archaeology, addressing the strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities of a formalized approach to computation and archaeogaming.

    Subjects: Archaeology Media Studies Heritage Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Encounter, Transformation, & Identity
    July 2009

    Encounter, Transformation, and Identity

    Peoples of the Western Cameroon Borderlands, 1891-2000

    Fowler, I. & Fanso, V. (eds)

    Bringing together key historical and innovative ethnographic materials on the peoples of the South-West Province of Cameroon and the Nigerian borderlands, this volume presents critical and analytical approaches to the production of ethnic, political, religious, and gendered identities in the region. The contributors examine a range of issues relating to identity, including first encounters and conflict as well as global networking, trans-national families, enculturation, gender, resistance, and death. In addition to a number of very striking illustrations of ethnographic and material culture, this volume contains key maps from early German sources and other original cartographical materials.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • Encounters of Body & Soul in Contemporary Religious Practices
    September 2011

    Encounters of Body and Soul in Contemporary Religious Practices

    Anthropological Reflections

    Fedele, A. & Blanes, R. L. (eds)

    Social scientists and philosophers confronted with religious phenomena have always been challenged to find a proper way to describe the spiritual experiences of the social group they were studying. The influence of the Cartesian dualism of body and mind (or soul) led to a distinction between non-material, spiritual experiences (i.e., related to the soul) and physical, mechanical experiences (i.e., related to the body). However, recent developments in medical science on the one hand and challenges to universalist conceptions of belief and spirituality on the other have resulted in “body” and “soul” losing the reassuring solid contours they had in the past. Yet, in “Western culture,” the body–soul duality is alive, not least in academic and media discourses. This volume pursues the ongoing debates and discusses the importance of the body and how it is perceived in contemporary religious faith: what happens when “body” and “soul” are un-separated entities? Is it possible, even for anthropologists and ethnographers, to escape from “natural dualism”? The contributors here present research in novel empirical contexts, the benefits and limits of the old dichotomy are discussed, and new theoretical strategies proposed.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Encounters with Emotions
    June 2019

    Encounters with Emotions

    Negotiating Cultural Differences since Early Modernity

    Gammerl, B., Nielsen, P., & Pernau, M. (eds)

    Spanning Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Encounters with Emotions investigates experiences of face-to-face transcultural encounters from the seventeenth century to the present and the emotional dynamics that helped to shape them. Each of the case studies collected here investigates fascinating historiographical questions that arise from the study of emotion, from the strategies people have used to interpret and understand each other’s emotions to the roles that emotions have played in obstructing communication across cultural divides. Together, they explore the cultural aspects of nature as well as the bodily dimensions of nurture and trace the historical trajectories that shape our understandings of current cultural boundaries and effects of globalization.

    Subjects: History (General) Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    End of the Refugee Cycle? The
    January 1999

    The End of the Refugee Cycle?

    Refugee Repatriation and Reconstruction

    Black, R. & Koser, K. (eds)

    At the start of the 1990s, there was great optimism that the end of the Cold War might also mean the end of the “refugee cycle” – both a breaking of the cycle of violence, persecution and flight, and the completion of the cycle for those able to return to their homes. The 1990s, it was hoped, would become the “decade of repatriation.” However, although over nine million refugees were repatriated worldwide between 1991 and 1995, there are reasons to believe that it will not necessarily be a durable solution for refugees. It certainly has become clear that “the end of the refugee cycle” has been much more complex, and ultimately more elusive, than expected. The changing constructions and realities of refugee repatriation provide the backdrop for this book which presents new empirical research on examples of refugee repatriation and reconstruction. Apart from providing up-to-date material, it also fills a more fundamental gap in the literature which has tended to be based on pedagogical reasoning rather than actual field research. Adopting a global perspective, this volume draws together conclusions from highly varied experiences of refugee repatriation and defines repatriation and reconstruction as part of a wider and interrelated refugee cycle of displacement, exile and return. The contributions come from authors with a wealth of relevant practical and academic experience, spanning the continents of Africa, Asia, Central America, and Europe.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Enduring Socialism
    November 2008

    Enduring Socialism

    Explorations of Revolution and Transformation, Restoration and Continuation

    West, H. G. & Raman, P. (eds)

    Against the historical backdrop of successive socialist and post-socialist claims to have completely remade society, the contributors to this volume explore the complex and often paradoxical continuities between diverse post-socialist presents and their corresponding socialist and pre-socialist pasts. The chapters focus on ways in which: pre-socialist economic, political, and cultural forms in fact endured an era of socialism and have found new life in the post-socialist present, notwithstanding revolutionary socialist claims; continuities with a pre-socialist past have been produced within the historical imaginary of post-socialism; and socialist economic, political, and cultural forms have in fact endured in a purportedly postsocialist era, despite the claims of neo-liberal reformers.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Enduring Uncertainty
    March 2016

    Enduring Uncertainty

    Deportation, Punishment and Everyday Life

    Hasselberg, I.

    Focusing on the lived experience of immigration policy and processes, this volume provides fascinating insights into the deportation process as it is felt and understood by those subjected to it. The author presents a rich and innovative ethnography of deportation and deportability experienced by migrants convicted of criminal offenses in England and Wales. The unique perspectives developed here – on due process in immigration appeals, migrant surveillance and control, social relations and sense of self, and compliance and resistance – are important for broader understandings of border control policy and human rights.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Engaging the Spirit World
    March 2012

    Engaging the Spirit World

    Popular Beliefs and Practices in Modern Southeast Asia

    Endres, K. W. & Lauser, A. (eds)

    In many parts of the contemporary world, spirit beliefs and practices have taken on a pivotal role in addressing the discontinuities and uncertainties of modern life. The myriad ways in which devotees engage the spirit world show the tremendous creative potential of these practices and their innate adaptability to changing times and circumstances. Through in-depth anthropological case studies from Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam, the contributors to this book investigate the role and impact of different social, political, and economic dynamics in the reconfiguration of local spirit worlds in modern Southeast Asia. Their findings contribute to the re-enchantment debate by revealing that the “spirited modernities” that have emerged in the process not only embody a distinct feature of the contemporary moment, but also invite a critical rethinking of the concept of modernity itself.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Engaging with Strangers
    January 2016

    Engaging with Strangers

    Love and Violence in the Rural Solomon Islands

    McDougall, D.

    The civil conflict in Solomon Islands (1998-2003) is often blamed on the failure of the nation-state to encompass culturally diverse and politically fragmented communities. Writing of Ranongga Island, the author tracks engagements with strangers across many realms of life—pre-colonial warfare, Christian conversion, logging and conservation, even post-conflict state building. She describes startling reversals in which strangers become attached to local places, even as kinspeople are estranged from one another and from their homes. Against stereotypes of rural insularity, she argues that a distinctive cosmopolitan openness to others is evident in the rural Solomons in times of war and peace.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Environment & Citizenship in Latin America
    July 2012

    Environment and Citizenship in Latin America

    Natures, Subjects and Struggles

    Latta, A. & Wittman, H. (eds)

    Scholarship related to environmental questions in Latin America has only recently begun to coalesce around citizenship as both an empirical site of inquiry and an analytical frame of reference. This has led to a series of new insights and perspectives, but few efforts have been made to bring these various approaches into a sustained conversation across different social, temporal and geographic contexts. This volume is the result of a collaborative endeavour to advance debates on environmental citizenship, while simultaneously and systematically addressing broader theoretical and methodological questions related to the particularities of studying environment and citizenship in Latin America. Providing a window onto leading scholarship in the field, the book also sets an ambitious agenda to spark further research.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Environmental Anthropology Engaging Ecotopia
    April 2013

    Environmental Anthropology Engaging Ecotopia

    Bioregionalism, Permaculture, and Ecovillages

    Lockyer, J. & Veteto, J. R. (eds)

    In order to move global society towards a sustainable “ecotopia,” solutions must be engaged in specific places and communities, and the authors here argue for re-orienting environmental anthropology from a problem-oriented towards a solutions-focused endeavor. Using case studies from around the world, the contributors—scholar-activists and activist-practitioners— examine the interrelationships between three prominent environmental social movements: bioregionalism, a worldview and political ecology that grounds environmental action and experience; permaculture, a design science for putting the bioregional vision into action; and ecovillages, the ever-dynamic settings for creating sustainable local cultures.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Envisioning Eden
    November 2010

    Envisioning Eden

    Mobilizing Imaginaries in Tourism and Beyond

    Salazar, N.

    As tourism service standards become more homogeneous, travel destinations worldwide are conforming yet still trying to maintain, or even increase, their distinctiveness. Based on more than two years of fieldwork in Yogyakarta, Indonesia and Arusha, Tanzania, this book offers an in-depth investigation of the local-to-global dynamics of contemporary tourism. Each destination offers examples that illustrate how tour guide narratives and practices are informed by widely circulating imaginaries of the past as well as personal imaginings of the future.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Ethical Consumption
    March 2012

    Ethical Consumption

    Social Value and Economic Practice

    Carrier, J. G. & Luetchford, P. G. (eds)

    Increasingly, consumers in North America and Europe see their purchasing as a way to express to the commercial world their concerns about trade justice, the environment and similar issues. This ethical consumption has attracted growing attention in the press and among academics. Extending beyond the growing body of scholarly work on the topic in several ways, this volume focuses primarily on consumers rather than producers and commodity chains. It presents cases from a variety of European countries and is concerned with a wide range of objects and types of ethical consumption, not simply the usual tropical foodstuffs, trade justice and the system of fair trade. Contributors situate ethical consumption within different contexts, from common Western assumptions about economy and society, to the operation of ethical-consumption commerce, to the ways that people’s ethical consumption can affect and be affected by their social situation. By locating consumers and their practices in the social and economic contexts in which they exist and that their ethical consumption affects, this volume presents a compelling interrogation of the rhetoric and assumptions of ethical consumption.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Sociology
  • Ethno-Baroque
    October 2013

    Ethno-Baroque

    Materiality, Aesthetics and Conflict in Modern-Day Macedonia

    Dimova, R.

    In post-1991 Macedonia, Barok furniture came to represent affluence and success during a period of transition to a new market economy. This furniture marked the beginning of a larger Baroque style that influenced not only interior decorations in people’s homes but also architecture and public spaces. By tracing the signifier Baroque, the book examines the reconfiguration of hierarchical relations among (ethnic) groups, genders, and countries in a transnational context. Investigating how Baroque has come to signify larger social processes and transformations in the current rebranding of the country, the book reveals the close link between aesthetics and politics, and how ethno-national conflicts are reflected in visually appealing ornamentation.

    Subjects: Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Media Studies
  • Ethnoarchaeology of Andean South America
    January 2001

    Ethnoarchaeology of Andean South America

    Contributions to Archaeological Method and Theory

    Kuznar, L. A. (ed)

    Andean South America offers significant anthropological insights into highland and arid zone adaptations, including pastoralist economy and ecology, settlement patterns, site formation processes, tool manufacture, and the cultural meanings of landscapes. The papers in this volume present detailed studies of highland and lowland pastoralists and horticulturalists, taphonomy, and sacred landscapes. The epistomological foundations of ethnoarchaeology, archaeological uses of ethnoarchaeology, and the relationship between environment and culture are key theoretical themes. This volume will be of use to anyone who studies human adaptations to highland or arid environments, and to those interested in pastoral societies, as well as Andean South America.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Ethnobotany in the New Europe
    June 2010

    Ethnobotany in the New Europe

    People, Health and Wild Plant Resources

    Pardo-de-Santayana, M., Pieroni, A. & Puri, R. (eds)

    The study of European wild food plants and herbal medicines is an old discipline that has been invigorated by a new generation of researchers pursuing ethnobotanical studies in fresh contexts. Modern botanical and medical science itself was built on studies of Medieval Europeans’ use of food plants and medicinal herbs. In spite of monumental changes introduced in the Age of Discovery and Mercantile Capitalism, some communities, often of immigrants in foreign lands, continue to hold on to old recipes and traditions, while others have adopted and enculturated exotic plants and remedies into their diets and pharmacopoeia in new and creative ways. Now in the 21st century, in the age of the European Union and Globalization, European folk botany is once again dynamically responding to changing cultural, economic, and political contexts. The authors and studies presented in this book reflect work being conducted across Europe’s many regions. They tell the story of the on-going evolution of human-plant relations in one of the most bioculturally dynamic places on the planet, and explore new approaches that link the re-evaluation of plant-based cultural heritage with the conservation and use of biocultural diversity.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Ethnographic Experiment, The
    June 2014

    The Ethnographic Experiment

    A.M. Hocart and W.H.R. Rivers in Island Melanesia, 1908

    Hviding, E. & Berg, C. (eds)

    In 1908, Arthur Maurice Hocart and William Halse Rivers Rivers conducted fieldwork in the Solomon Islands and elsewhere in Island Melanesia that served as the turning point in the development of modern anthropology. The work of these two anthropological pioneers on the small island of Simbo brought about the development of participant observation as a methodological hallmark of social anthropology. This would have implications for Rivers’ later work in psychiatry and psychology, and Hocart’s work as a comparativist, for which both would largely be remembered despite the novelty of that independent fieldwork on remote Pacific islands in the early years of the 20th Century. Contributors to this volume—who have all carried out fieldwork in those Melanesian locations where Hocart and Rivers worked—give a critical examination of the research that took place in 1908, situating those efforts in the broadest possible contexts of colonial history, imperialism, the history of ideas and scholarly practice within and beyond anthropology.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Ethnographies of Conservation
    February 2003

    Ethnographies of Conservation

    Environmentalism and the Distribution of Privilege

    Anderson, D. & Berglund, E. (eds)

    Anthropologists know that conservation often disempowers already under-privileged groups, and that it also fails to protect environments. Through a series of ethnographic studies, this book argues that the real problem is not the disappearance of “pristine nature” or even the land-use practices of uneducated people. Rather, what we know about culturally determined patterns of consumption, production and unequal distribution, suggests that critical attention would be better turned on discourses of “primitiveness” and “pristine nature” so prevalent within conservation ideology, and on the historically formed power and exchange relationships that they help perpetuate.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Ethnographies of Movement, Sociality and Space
    July 2018

    Ethnographies of Movement, Sociality and Space

    Place-Making in the New Northern Ireland

    Komarova, M. & Svašek, M. (eds)

    Exploring the complex dynamics of twenty-first century spatial sociality, this volume provides a much-needed multi-dimensional perspective that undermines the dominant image of Northern Ireland as a conflict-ridden place. Despite touching on memories of “the Troubles” and continuing unionist-nationalist tensions, the volume refuses to consider people in the region as purely political beings, or to understand processes of placemaking solely through ethnic or national contestations and territoriality. Topics such as the significance of friendship, gender, and popular culture in spatial practices are considered, against the backdrop of the growing presence of migrants, refugees and diasporic groups.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Urban Studies Cultural Studies (General)
  • Ethnographies of Power
    April 2021

    Ethnographies of Power

    A Political Anthropology of Energy

    Loloum, T., Abram, S., & Ortar, N. (eds)

    Energy related infrastructures are crucial to political organization. They shape the contours of states and international bodies, as well as corporations and communities, framing their material existence and their fears and idealisations of the future. Ethnographies of Power brings together ethnographic studies of contemporary entanglements of energy and political power. Revisiting classic anthropological notions of power, it asks how changing energy related infrastructures are implicated in the consolidation, extension or subversion of contemporary political regimes and discovers what they tell us about politics today.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Environmental Studies (General)
  • Ethnography in the Raw
    April 2021

    Ethnography in the Raw

    Life in a Luzon Village

    Moeran, B.

    Ethnography in the Raw describes the author’s encounters with the Philippine family into which he has married, his wife’s friends and acquaintances, and their lives in a remote rural village in the rice basin of Luzon, about 130 miles northeast of Manila. The book links detailed descriptions of his Philippine family with cultural practices such as circumcision, marriage and cockfights combined with theoretical musings on the concepts of sacrifice, social exchange, patron-client relations, food, and religious symbolism. It is both anthropological fieldwork ‘in the raw,’ and an incisive analysis of contemporary Philippine society and culture.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    European Anthropologies
    August 2017

    European Anthropologies

    Barrera-González, A., Heintz, M. & Horolets, A. (eds)

    In what ways did Europeans interact with the diversity of people they encountered on other continents in the context of colonial expansion, and with the peasant or ethnic ‘Other’ at home? How did anthropologists and ethnologists make sense of the mosaic of people and societies during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, when their disciplines were progressively being established in academia? By assessing the diversity of European intellectual histories within sociocultural anthropology, this volume aims to sketch its intellectual and institutional portrait. It will be a useful reading for the students of anthropology, ethnology, history and philosophy of science, research and science policy makers.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Colonial History
  • European Products
    September 2015

    European Products

    Making and Unmaking Heritage in Cyprus

    Welz, G.

    On the Mediterranean island of Cyprus, rural villages, traditional artefacts, even atmospheres and experiences are considered heritage. Heritage making not only protects, but also produces, things, people, and places. Since the Republic of Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004, heritage making and Europeanization are increasingly intertwined in Greek-Cypriot society. Against the backdrop of a long-term ethnographic engagement, the author argues that heritage emerges as an increasingly standardized economic resource, a “European product.” Implemented in historic preservation, rural tourism, culinary traditions, nature protection, and urban restoration projects, heritage policy has become infused with transnational market regulations and neoliberal property regimes.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Museum Studies Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Charlie Hebdo Imaginaries of Freedom and Control”>Event of <em>Charlie Hebdo</em>, The” onerror=”this.src=” https:=””/><br />
							September 2015							</p>
<h2>The Event of <em>Charlie Hebdo</em></h2>
<h3>Imaginaries of Freedom and Control</h3>
<h4>Zagato, A. (ed)</h4>
<p>
	The January 2015 shooting at the headquarters of satirical magazine <em>Charlie Hebdo</em> in Paris and the subsequent attacks that took place in the Île-de-France region were staggeringly violent events. They sparked an enormous discussion among citizens and intellectuals from around Europe and beyond. By analyzing the effects the attacks have had in various spheres of social life, including the political, ideology, collective imaginaries, the media, and education, this collection of essays aims to serve as a contribution as well as a critical response to that discussion. The volume observes that the events being attributed to <em>Charlie Hebdo</em> go beyond sensationalist reports of the mainstream media, transcend the spatial confines of nation states, and lend themselves to an ever-expanding number of mutating discursive formations.</p>
<h5 class= Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Media Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Evil Eye in Christian Orthodox Society
    June 2021

    Evil Eye in Christian Orthodox Society

    A Journey from Envy to Personhood

    Souvlakis, N.

    Evil eye is a phenomenon observed globally and has to do with the misfortune and calamities that we can cause to someone else out of jealousy of their possessions. The book engages with evil eye beliefs in Corfu and investigates the Christian Orthodox influences on the phenomenon and how it affects individuals’ reactions to it. Developing an interdisciplinary dialogue, it offers a fresh view of evil eye as a facilitator of wellbeing rather than a generator of calamities.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Exchanging Objects
    April 2021

    Exchanging Objects

    Nineteenth-Century Museum Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution

    Nichols, C. A.

    As an historical account of the exchange of “duplicate specimens” between anthropologists at the Smithsonian Institution and museums, collectors, and schools around the world in the late nineteenth century, this book reveals connections between both well-known museums and little-known local institutions, created through the exchange of museum objects. It explores how anthropologists categorized some objects in their collections as “duplicate specimens,” making them potential candidates for exchange. This historical form of what museum professionals would now call deaccessioning considers the intellectual and technical requirement of classifying objects in museums, and suggests that a deeper understanding of past museum practice can inform mission-driven contemporary museum work.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Expeditionary Anthropology
    January 2018

    Expeditionary Anthropology

    Teamwork, Travel and the ”Science of Man”

    Thomas, M. & Harris, A. (eds)

    The origins of anthropology lie in expeditionary journeys. But since the rise of immersive fieldwork, usually by a sole investigator, the older tradition of team-based social research has been largely eclipsed. Expeditionary Anthropology argues that expeditions have much to tell us about anthropologists and the people they studied. The book charts the diversity of anthropological expeditions and analyzes the often passionate arguments they provoked. Drawing on recent developments in gender studies, indigenous studies, and the history of science, the book argues that even today, the ‘science of man’ is deeply inscribed by its connections with expeditionary travel.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General) Travel and Tourism
  • eBook available
    Experience of Neoliberal Education, The
    May 2018

    The Experience of Neoliberal Education

    Urciuoli, B. (ed)

    The college experience is increasingly positioned to demonstrate its value as a worthwhile return on investment. Specific, definable activities, such as research experience, first-year experience, and experiential learning, are marketed as delivering precise skill sets in the form of an individual educational package.

    Through ethnography-based analysis, the contributors to this volume explore how these commodified “experiences” have turned students into consumers and given them the illusion that they are in control of their investment. They further reveal how the pressure to plan every move with a constant eye on a demonstrable return has supplanted traditional approaches to classroom education and profoundly altered the student experience.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Experiencing Materiality
    February 2021

    Experiencing Materiality

    Museum Perspectives

    Gamberi, V.

    Representing a cutting-edge study of the junction between theoretical anthropology, material culture studies, religious studies and museum anthropology, this study examines the interaction between the human and the nonhuman in a museum setting usually defined as ‘non-Western’, ‘non-scientific’ and ‘religious.’ Combining an on-site analysis of exhibitive spaces with archival research and interviews with museum curators, the chapters highlight contradictions of museum practices, and suggests that museum practitioners use museum spaces and artefacts as a way of formulating new theoretical stances in material culture studies, thus viewing museums as producers of theories together with affective engagements.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Experiencing New Worlds
    November 2007

    Experiencing New Worlds

    Wassmann, J. & Stockhaus, K. (eds)

    The many different localities of the Pacific region have a long history of transformation, under both pre- and post-colonial conditions. More recently, rates of local transformation have increased tremendously under post-colonial regimes. The forces of globalization, which rapidly distribute commodities, images, and political and moral concepts across the region, have presented Pacific populations with an unprecedented need and opportunity to fashion new and expanded understandings of their cultural and individual identities.

    This volume, the first in a new series, examines the forces of globalization at different levels, as they manifest themselves and operate across cultural, cognitive and biographical dimensions of human life in the Pacific. While posing familiar questions, it offers new answers through the integration of cultural and psychological methods. The contributors draw on practice theory, cognitive science and the anthropology of space and place while exploring the key analytical rubrics of human agency, memory and landscape.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Experimental Collaborations
    April 2018

    Experimental Collaborations

    Ethnography through Fieldwork Devices

    Estalella, A. & Sánchez Criado, T. (eds)

    In the accounts compiled in this book, ethnography occurs through processes of material and social interventions that turn the field into a site for epistemic collaboration. Through creative interventions that unfold what we term as “fieldwork devices”—such as coproduced books, the circulation of repurposed data, co-organized events, authorization protocols, relational frictions, and social rhythms—anthropologists engage with their counterparts in the field in the construction of joint anthropological problematizations. In these situations, the traditional tropes of the fieldwork encounter (i.e. immersion and distance) give way to a narrative of intervention, where the aesthetics of collaboration in the production of knowledge substitutes or intermingles with participant observation. Building on this, the book proposes the concept of “experimental collaborations” to describe and conceptualize this distinctive ethnographic modality.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Exploring Gypsiness
    March 2007

    Exploring Gypsiness

    Power, Exchange and Interdependence in a Transylvanian Village

    Engebrigtsen, A.

    Romania has a larger Gypsy population than most other countries but little is known about the relationship between this group and the non-Gypsy Romanians around them. This book focuses on a group of Rom Gypsies living in a village in Transylvania and explores their social life and cosmology. Because Rom Gypsies are dependent on and define themselves in relation to the surrounding non-Gypsy populations, it is important to understand their day-to-day interactions with these neighbors, primarily peasants to whom they relate through extended barter. The author comes to the conclusion that, although economically and politically marginal, Rom Gypsies are central to Romanian collective identity in that they offer desirable and repulsive counter images, incorporating the uncivilized, immoral and destructive “other”. This interdependence creates tensions but it also allows for some degree of cultural and political autonomy for the Roma within Romanian society.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Exploring Regimes of Discipline
    April 2008

    Exploring Regimes of Discipline

    The Dynamics of Restraint

    Dyck, N.

    The pursuit and practice of discipline have become near ubiquitous elements of contemporary social life and parlance, as discipline has become a commonplace and ever sought-after social technology. From the celebrated “discipline of the market” proclaimed by neo-liberal politicians, to self-actualizing experiences of embodied discipline proffered by martial arts instructors, this volume showcases highly varied and complex disciplinary practices and relationships in a set of ethnographic studies. Interrogating the respective fields of work, religion, governance, leisure, education and child rearing, together the essays in this volume explore and offer new ways of thinking about discipline in everyday life.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Extinct Monsters to Deep Time
    February 2019

    Extinct Monsters to Deep Time

    Conflict, Compromise, and the Making of Smithsonian’s Fossil Halls

    Marsh, D. E.

    Extinct Monsters to Deep Time is an ethnography that documents the growing friction between the research and outreach functions of the museum in the 21st century. Marsh describes participant observation and historical research at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History as it prepared for its largest-ever exhibit renovation, Deep Time.  As a museum ethnography, the book provides a grounded perspective on the inner-workings of the world’s largest natural history museum and the social processes of communicating science to the public.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Extreme Heritage Management
    November 2011

    Extreme Heritage Management

    The Practices and Policies of Densely Populated Islands

    Baldacchino, G. (ed)

    Conflicting and competing claims over the actual and imagined use of land and seascapes are exacerbated on islands with high population density. The management of culture and heritage is particularly tested in island environments where space is finite and the population struggles to preserve cultural and natural assets in the face of the demands of the construction industry, immigration, high tourism and capital investment. Drawn from extreme island scenarios, the ten case studies in this volume review practices and policies for effective heritage management and offer rich descriptive and analytic material about land-use conflict. In addition, they point to interesting, new directions in which research, public policy and heritage management intersect.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Facing the Crisis
    September 2020

    Facing the Crisis

    Ethnographies of Work in Italian Industrial Capitalism

    D’Aloisio, F. & Ghezzi, S. (eds)

    Among the founding nations of the European Union, no nation has experienced a more devastating affect from the 2008 economic crisis than Italy. Although its recovery has recently begun, Italy has fallen even further behind EU economic leaders and the EU average. Looking at how and why this happened, Facing the Crisis brings together ethnographic material from anthropological research projects carried out in various Italian industrial locations. With its wide breadth of locations and industries, the volume looks at all corners of the diverse Italian manufacturing system.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Sociology
  • Factions, Friends and Feasts
    March 2013

    Factions, Friends and Feasts

    Anthropological Perspectives on the Mediterranean

    Boissevain†, J.

    Drawing on field research in Malta, Sicily and among Italian emigrants in Canada, this book explores the social influence of the Mediterranean climate and the legacy of ethnic and religious conflict from the past five decades. Case studies illustrate the complexity of daily life not only in the region but also in more remote academe, by analysing the effects of fierce family loyalty, emigration and the social consequences of factionalism, patronage and the friends-of-friends networks that are widespread in the region. Several chapters discuss the social and environmental impact of mass tourism, how locals cope, and the paradoxical increase in religious pageantry and public celebrations. The discussions echo changes in the region and the related development of the author’s own interests and engagement with prevailing issues through his career.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • Family Upheaval
    June 2013

    Family Upheaval

    Generation, Mobility and Relatedness among Pakistani Migrants in Denmark

    Rytter, M.

    Pakistani migrant families in Denmark find themselves in a specific ethno-national, post-9/11 environment where Muslim immigrants are subjected to processes of non-recognition, exclusion and securitization. This ethnographic study explores how, why, and at what costs notions of relatedness, identity, and belonging are being renegotiated within local families and transnational kinship networks. Each entry point concerns the destructive–productive constitution of family life, where neglected responsibilities, obligations, and trust lead not only to broken relationships, but also, and inevitably, to the innovative creation of new ones. By connecting the micro-politics of the migrant family with the macro-politics of the nation state and global conjunctures in general, the book argues that securitization and suspicion—launched in the name of “integration”—escalate internal community dynamics and processes of family upheaval in unpredicted ways.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Fate Calculation Experts
    March 2019

    Fate Calculation Experts

    Diviners Seeking Legitimation in Contemporary China

    Li, G.

    Having long been stigmatized as an immoral and even illegal “superstition”, the popular practice of divination is experiencing a revival in contemporary China. Fate Calculation Experts explores how diviners attempt to achieve legitimation in a society which identifies strongly with modernity, science, and rationality. As well as associating with modern knowledge production systems, diviners build a positive social image for their occupation via claims to moral authority and appeals to “tradition”. Beyond matters of image management, diviners’ efforts towards legitimation also figure in the social relationships and fundamental cultural values they develop in their practice.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    th Century”>Fetishes & Monuments
    December 2007

    Fetishes and Monuments

    Afro-Brazilian Art and Culture in the 20th Century

    Sansi, R.

    One hundred years ago in Brazil the rituals of Candomblé were feared as sorcery and persecuted as crime. Its cult objects were fearsome fetishes. Nowadays, they are Afro-Brazilian cultural works of art, objects of museum display and public monuments. Focusing on the particular histories of objects, images, spaces and persons who embodied it, this book portrays the historical journey from weapons of sorcery looted by the police, to hidden living stones, to public works of art attacked by religious fanatics that see them as images of the Devil, former sorcerers who have become artists, writers, and philosophers. Addressing this history as a journey of objectification and appropriation, the author offers a fresh, unconventional, and illuminating look at questions of syncretism, hybridity and cultural resistance in Brazil and in the Black Atlantic in general.

    Subjects: Heritage Studies Museum Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Fifty Years of Peasant Wars in Latin America
    January 2020

    Fifty Years of Peasant Wars in Latin America

    Binford, L., Gill, L., & Striffler, S. (eds)

    Informed by Eric Wolf’s Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century, published in 1969, this book examines selected peasant struggles in seven Latin American countries during the last fifty years and suggests the continuing relevance of Wolf’s approach. The seven case studies are preceded by an Introduction in which the editors assess the continuing relevance of Wolf’s political economy. The book concludes with Gavin Smith’s reflection on reading Eric Wolf as a public intellectual today.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • Figuration Work
    July 2015

    Figuration Work

    Student Participation, Democracy and University Reform in a Global Knowledge Economy

    Nielsen, G. B.

    What role should students take in shaping their education, their university, and the wider society? These questions have assumed new importance in recent years as universities are reformed to become more competitive in the “global knowledge economy.” With Denmark as the prism, this book shows how negotiations over student participation — influenced by demands for efficiency, flexibility, and student-centered education — reflect broader concerns about democracy and citizen participation in increasingly neoliberalised states. Combining anthropological and historical research, Gritt B. Nielsen develops a novel approach to the study of policy processes and opens a timely discussion about the kinds of future citizens who will emerge from current reforms.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Figurations of the Future
    August 2015

    Figurations of the Future

    Forms and Temporalities of Left Radical Politics in Northern Europe

    Krøijer, S.

    Built around key events, from the eviction of a self-managed social centre in Copenhagen in 2007 to the Climate Summit protests in 2009, this book contributes to anthropological literature on contemporary Euro-American politics foreshadowing recent waves of public dissent. Stine Krøijer explores political forms among left radical and anarchist activists in Northern Europe focusing on how forms of action engender time. Drawing on anthropological literature from both Scandinavia and the Amazon, this ethnography recasts theoretical concerns about body politics, political intentionality, aesthetics, and time.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Financialization
    August 2020

    Financialization

    Relational Approaches

    Hann, C. & Kalb, D. (eds)

    Beginning with an original historical vision of financialization in human history, this volume then continues with a rich set of contemporary ethnographic case studies from Europe, Asia and Africa. Authors explore the ways in which finance inserts itself into relationships of class and kinship, how it adapts to non-Western religious traditions, and how it reconfigures legal and ecological dimensions of social organization, and urban social relations in general. Central themes include the indebtedness of individuals and households, the impact of digital technologies, the struggle for housing, financial education, and political contestation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology History (General)
  • eBook available
    Finding Ways Through Eurospace
    May 2020

    Finding Ways Through Eurospace

    West African Movers Re-viewing Europe from the Inside

    Schapendonk, J.

    Studying the im/mobility trajectories of West Africans in the EU, this book presents a new approach to West African migrants in Europe. It argues that a migration lens is not necessarily the best starting point to understand these dynamic im/mobility processes. Rather than seeing migrancy as the primary marker of their lives, this book positions these trajectories in a wider social script of mobility and discusses how African migrants are confronted with rigid mobility regimes, but also how they manage to transgress and circumvent them.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Fire In The Dark
    May 2007

    Fire in the Dark

    Telling Gypsiness in North East England

    Buckler, S.

    Anthropologists who are employed to change the worlds they are researching find themselves in a potentially contradictory position. Combining the various roles and expectations involved in working with Gypsies and local government at the same time as conducting anthropological research, provides the overall perspective of this study. It is an unusual and effective balance of insightful ethnography and anthropological theory with the perspective of someone employed to carry out applied work. An effective and creative use of metaphor structures the entire work and allows complex ideas to be conveyed in an accessible way. Drawing upon traditional anthropological approaches such as kinship and story telling and engaging with the works of major social theorists such as Weber, Bourdieu and Foucault as well as the work of contemporary anthropologists, this work demonstrates the use of anthropology in understanding changing situations and in deciding how best to manage such situations.

    Subjects: Applied Anthropology Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • Fishers & Scientists in Modern Turkey
    December 2008

    Fishers and Scientists in Modern Turkey

    The Management of Natural Resources, Knowledge and Identity on the Eastern Black Sea Coast

    Knudsen, S.

    Through the ethnography and history of fish production, seafood consumption, state modernizing policies and marine science, this book analyzes the role of local knowledge in the management of marine resources on the Eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey. Fishing, science and other ways of knowing and relating to fish and the sea are analyzed as particular ways of life conditioned by history, ideology and daily practice. The approach adopted here allows for a broader analysis of the role knowledge plays in the management of common pool resources (CPR) than is provided in much of the contemporary CPR debate that tends to have a somewhat narrow focus on institutions and rules. By contrast, the author argues that also local knowledge and the larger historical and ideological context of production, as manifest in state modernization policies and consumption patterns, should be taken into account when trying to explain the current management regime in Turkish Black Sea fisheries.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Flexible Capitalism
    March 2015

    Flexible Capitalism

    Exchange and Ambiguity at Work

    Kjaerulff, J. (ed)

    Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how the perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified flexible commoditization that more commonly is touted as tearing social relations apart. By interrogating a keenly debated contemporary work regime through an approach to sociality rooted in a rich and distinct anthropological legacy, the volume also makes a novel contribution to the anthropological literature on work and on exchange.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Floating Economies
    March 2021

    Floating Economies

    The Cultural Ecology of the Dal Lake in Kashmir, India

    Casimir, M. J.

    In the Himalayas of the Indian part of Kashmir three communities depend on the ecology of the Dal lake: market gardeners, houseboat owners and fishers.  Floating Economies describes for the first time the complex intermeshing economy, social structure and ecology of the area against the background of history and the present volatile socio-political situation. Using a holistic and multidisciplinary approach, the author deals with the socioeconomic strategies of the communities whose livelihoods are embedded here and analyses the ecological condition of the Dal, and the reasons for its progressive degradation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Food and Sustainability in the Twenty-First Century
    June 2019

    Food and Sustainability in the Twenty-First Century

    Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives

    Collinson, P., Young, I., Antal, L., & Macbeth, H. (eds)

    Sustainability is one of the great problems facing food production today. Using cross-disciplinary perspectives from international scholars working in social, cultural and biological anthropology, ecology and environmental biology, this volume brings many new perspectives to the problems we face.  Its cross-disciplinary framework of chapters with local, regional and continental perspectives provides a global outlook on sustainability issues. These case studies will appeal to those working in public sector agencies, NGOs, consultancies and other bodies focused on food security, human nutrition and environmental sustainability.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • Food & the Status Quest
    May 1996

    Food and the Status Quest

    An Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Wiessner, P. & Schiefenhövel, W. (eds)

    The use of food to negotiate status is found in all human societies. Here, for the first time, a single book brings together contributions from different disciplines to investigate, from ethological and anthropological perspectives, behavior that appears to have biological roots such as the tendency to seek status through the medium of food. It explores the limits that our biological heritage places on cultural expressions of such behavior, as well as the multiplicity of ways in which biologically based tendencies can be transformed by culture. Finally, it addresses the impact of status-seeking on nutritional programs in developing countries.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Food Culture
    February 2017

    Food Culture

    Anthropology, Linguistics and Food Studies

    Chrzan, J. & Brett, J. (eds)

    This volume offers a comprehensive guide to methods used in the sociocultural, linguistic and historical research of food use. This volume is unique in offering food-related research methods from multiple academic disciplines, and includes methods that bridge disciplines to provide a thorough review of best practices. In each chapter, a case study from the author’s own work is to illustrate why the methods were adopted in that particular case along with abundant additional resources to further develop and explore the methods.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition
  • Food for Health, Food for Wealth
    September 2000

    Food for Health, Food for Wealth

    Ethnic and Gender Identities in British Iranian Communities

    Harbottle, L.

    Food and eating practices are central to current sociological and anthropological concerns about the body, health, consumption, and identity. This study explores the importance of these themes as they intersect with processes of globalization and cultural production within a specific group of consumers, British Sh’ite Iranians. Through the analysis of the consumption practices of this particular migrant group, this book illustrates how both the nutritional value and symbolic significance of food contribute to its health-giving properties and how gender and ethnic identities are preformed and reinforced through the medium of food-work in public and private spheres. At the same time, as this study demonstrates, migration modifies and transfigures such identities and produces hybrid cultures and cuisines.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Food Health
    February 2017

    Food Health

    Nutrition, Technology, and Public Health

    Chrzan, J. & Brett, J. (eds)

    Nutritional Anthropology and public health research and programming have employed similar methodologies for decades; many anthropologists are public health practitioners while many public health practitioners have been trained as medical or biological anthropologists. Recognizing such professional connections, this volume provides in-depth analysis and comprehensive review of methods necessary to design, plan, implement and analyze public health programming using anthropological best practices. To illustrates the rationale for use of particular methods, each chapter elaborates a case study from the author’s own work, showing why particular methods were adopted in each case.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition
  • eBook available
    Food in Zones of Conflict
    September 2014

    Food in Zones of Conflict

    Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives

    Collinson, P. and Macbeth, H. (eds)

    The availability of food is an especially significant issue in zones of conflict because conflict nearly always impinges on the production and the distribution of food, and causes increased competition for food, land and resources Controlling the production of and access to food can also be used as a weapon by protagonists in conflict. The logistics of supply of food to military personnel operating in conflict zones is another important issue. These themes unite this collection, the chapters of which span different geographic areas. This volume will appeal to scholars in a number of different disciplines, including anthropology, nutrition, political science, development studies and international relations, as well as practitioners working in the private and public sectors, who are currently concerned with food-related issues in the field.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • Food Preferences & Taste
    November 1997

    Food Preferences and Taste

    Continuity and Change

    Macbeth, H.

    Food preferences and tastes are among the fundamentals affecting human existence; the sociocultural, physiological and neurological factors involved have therefore been widely researched and are well documented. However, information and debate on these factors are scattered across the academic literature of different disciplines. In this volume cross-disciplinary perspectives are brought together by an international team of contributors that includes socialand biological anthropologists, ethologists and ethnologists, psychologists, neurologists and zoologists in order to provide access to the different specialisms on the topic.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Food Research
    January 2017

    Food Research

    Nutritional Anthropology and Archaeological Methods

    Chrzan, J. & Brett, J. (eds)

    Biocultural and archaeological research on food, past and present, often relies on very specific, precise, methods for data collection and analysis. These are presented here in a broad-based review. Individual chapters provide opportunities to think through the adoption of methods by reviewing the history of their use along with a discussion of research conducted using those methods. A case study from the author’s own work is included in each chapter to illustrate why the methods were adopted in that particular case along with abundant additional resources to further develop and explore those methods.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition Archaeology
  • eBook available
    Foodscapes, Foodfields, & Identities in the Yucatán
    January 2012

    Foodscapes, Foodfields, and Identities in the YucatÁn

    Ayora-Diaz, S. I.

    The state of Yucatán has its own distinct culinary tradition, and local people are constantly thinking and talking about food. They use it as a vehicle for social relations but also to distinguish themselves from “Mexicans.” This book examines the politics surrounding regional cuisine, as the author argues that Yucatecan gastronomy has been created and promoted in an effort to affirm the identity of a regional people and to oppose the hegemonic force of central Mexican cultural icons and forms. In particular, Yucatecan gastronomy counters the homogenizing drive of a national cuisine based on dominant central Mexican appetencies and defies the image of Mexican national cuisine as rooted in indigenous traditions. Drawing on post-structural and postcolonial theory, the author proposes that Yucatecan gastronomy – having successfully gained a reputation as distinct and distant from ‘Mexican’ cuisine – is a bifurcation from regional culinary practices. However, the author warns, this leads to a double, paradoxical situation that divides the nation: while a national cuisine attempts to silence regional cultural diversity, the fissures in the project of a homogeneous regional identity are revealed.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Foodways & Empathy
    July 2013

    Foodways and Empathy

    Relatedness in a Ramu River Society, Papua New Guinea

    Poser, A. von

    Through the sharing of food, people feel entitled to inquire into one another’s lives and ponder one another’s states in relation to their foodways. This in-depth study focuses on the Bosmun of Daiden, a Ramu River people in an under-represented area in the ethnography of Papua New Guinea, uncovering the conceptual convergence of local notions of relatedness, foodways, and empathy. In weaving together discussions about paramount values as passed on through myth, the expression of feelings in daily life, and the bodily experience of social and physical environs, a life-world unfolds in which moral, emotional, and embodied foodways contribute notably to the creation of relationships. Concerned with unique processes of “making kin,” the book adds a distinct case to recent debates about relatedness and empathy and sheds new light onto the conventional anthropological themes of food production, sharing, and exchange.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • Footprints in Paradise
    June 2017

    Footprints in Paradise

    Ecotourism, Local Knowledge, and Nature Therapies in Okinawa

    Murray, A. E.

    The economic imperative of sustainable tourism development frequently shapes life on small subtropical islands. In Okinawa, ecotourism promises to provide employment for a dwindling population of rural youth while preserving the natural environment and bolstering regional pride. Footprints in Paradise explores the transformation in community and sense of place as Okinawans come to view themselves through the lens of the visiting tourist consumer, and as their language, landscapes, and wildlife are reconstituted as treasured and vulnerable resources. The rediscovery and revaluing of local ecological knowledge strengthens Okinawan or Uchinaa cultural heritage, despite the controversial presence of US military bases amidst a hegemonic Japanese state.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Travel and Tourism Environmental Studies (General)
  • Forest People without a Forest, The
    December 2016

    The Forest People without a Forest

    Development Paradoxes, Belonging and Participation of the Baka in East Cameroon

    Lueong, G. M.

    Development interventions often generate contradictions around questions of who benefits from development and which communities are targeted for intervention. This book examines how the Baka, who live in Eastern Cameroon, assert forms of belonging in order to participate in development interventions, and how community life is shaped and reshaped through these interventions. Often referred to as ‘forest people’, the Baka have witnessed many recent development interventions that include competing and contradictory policies such as ‘civilize’, assimilate and integrate the Baka into ‘full citizenship’, conserve the forest and wildlife resources, and preserve indigenous cultures at the verge of extinction.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Foucault's Orient
    October 2017

    Foucault’s Orient

    The Conundrum of Cultural Difference, From Tunisia to Japan

    Lazreg, M.

    Foucault lived in Tunisia for two years and travelled to Japan and Iran more than once. Yet throughout his critical scholarship, he insisted that the cultures of the “Orient” constitute the “limit” of Western rationality. Using archival research supplemented by interviews with key scholars in Tunisia, Japan and France, this book examines the philosophical sources, evolution as well as contradictions of Foucault’s experience with non-Western cultures.  Beyond tracing Foucault’s journey into the world of otherness, the book reveals the personal, political as well as methodological effects of a radical conception of cultural difference that extolled the local over the cosmopolitan.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Foundations of National Identity
    October 2004

    Foundations of National Identity

    From Catalonia to Europe

    Llobera†, J.

    Since it emergence in the 19th century in response to feudalism, nationalism has been a mixed blessing. Originally seen as a positive force, often enough it has resulted in warfare and persecution of minorities, so much so that, over time, it has been considered a social evil whose apparent decline has been greeted as a positive development. The author disputes this or rather, he maintains that the picture that emerges is more complex: nationalism is not disappearing but has taken on a different form. What we are experiencing is an increasing autonomy of ethnonations, i.e. nations without a state, in the wake of a weakening of the multinational states and the transfer of their sovereignty upwards, in the case of Europe to the federation of the European Union, and downwards to the “ethnonations.”

    Catalonia is the major case study in this book but it is embedded in a comprehensive theoretical framework as well as the historical and contemporary reality of Europe, opening up a new perspective. The author, one of the foremost scholars in this field, brilliantly succeeds in developing an original, clear and comprehensive vision of nationalism that is accessible to a wide readership.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Fracturing Resemblances
    December 2005

    Fracturing Resemblances

    Identity and Mimetic Conflict in Melanesia and the West

    Harrison, S.

    Western societies draw crucially on concepts of the ‘individual’ in constructing their images of the ethnic group and nation and define these in terms of difference. This study explores the implications of these constructs for Western understanding of social order and ethnic conflicts. Comparing them with the forms of cultural identity characteristic of Melanesia as they have developed since pre-colonial times, the author arrives at a surprising conclusion: he argues that these kinds of identities are more properly and adequately viewed as forms of disguised or denied resemblance, and that it is these covert commonalities that give rise to, and prolong, social divisions and conflicts between groups.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Framing Africa
    June 2013

    Framing Africa

    Portrayals of a Continent in Contemporary Mainstream Cinema

    Eltringham, N. (ed)

    The first decade of the 21st century has seen a proliferation of North American and European films that focus on African politics and society. While once the continent was the setting for narratives of heroic ascendancy over self (The African Queen, 1951; The Snows of Kilimanjaro, 1952), military odds (Zulu, 1964; Khartoum, 1966) and nature (Mogambo, 1953; Hatari!,1962; Born Free, 1966; The Last Safari, 1967), this new wave of films portrays a continent blighted by transnational corruption (The Constant Gardener, 2005), genocide (Hotel Rwanda, 2004; Shooting Dogs, 2006), ‘failed states’ (Black Hawk Down, 2001), illicit transnational commerce (Blood Diamond, 2006) and the unfulfilled promises of decolonization (The Last King of Scotland, 2006). Conversely, where once Apartheid South Africa was a brutal foil for the romance of East Africa (Cry Freedom, 1987; A Dry White Season, 1989), South Africa now serves as a redeemed contrast to the rest of the continent (Red Dust, 2004; Invictus, 2009). Writing from the perspective of long-term engagement with the contexts in which the films are set, anthropologists and historians reflect on these films and assess the contemporary place Africa holds in the North American and European cinematic imagination.

    Subjects: Film and Television Studies Anthropology (General) History (General)
  • eBook available
    France of the Little-Middles
    August 2016

    The France of the Little-Middles

    A Suburban Housing Development in Greater Paris

    Cartier, M., Coutant, I., Masclet, O., & Siblot, Y.

    The Poplars housing development in suburban Paris is home to what one resident called the “Little-Middles” – a social group on the tenuous border between the working- and middle- classes. In the 1960s The Poplars was a site of upward social mobility, which fostered an egalitarian sense of community among residents. This feeling of collective flourishing was challenged when some residents moved away, selling their homes to a new generation of upwardly mobile neighbors from predominantly immigrant backgrounds. This volume explores the strained reception of these migrants, arguing that this is less a product of racism and xenophobia than of anxiety about social class and the loss of a sense of community that reigned before.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Urban Studies
  • Franco-Mauritian Elite, The
    April 2015

    The Franco-Mauritian Elite

    Power and Anxiety in the Face of Change

    Salverda, T.

    Mauritian independence in 1968 marked the end of a regime favorable to the Franco-Mauritians, the island’s white colonial elite. Now, in postcolonial Mauritius, this group is faced with a much more diverse power constellation and often feels in competition with others vying for their privileges. Though this is a clear departure from the colonial heydays, Franco-Mauritians have been able to continue their elite position into the early twenty-first century. This book focuses on the power of white elites still lingering on in postcolonial realities, and with regards to elites and power in general, addresses anew how an elite group aims to prolong its position over time.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • Friendship, Descent and Alliance in Africa
    May 2014

    Friendship, Descent and Alliance in Africa

    Anthropological Perspectives

    Guichard, M., Grätz, T., & Diallo, Y. (eds)

    Friendship, descent and alliance are basic forms of relatedness that have received unequal attention in social anthropology. Offering new insights into the ways in which friendship is conceptualized and realized in various sub-Saharan African settings, the contributions to this volume depart from the recent tendency to study friendship in isolation from kinship. In drawing attention to the complexity of the interactions between these two kinds of social relationships, the book suggests that analyses of friendship in Western societies would also benefit from research that explores more systematically friendship in conjunction with kinship.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • From Clans to Co-ops
    November 2017

    From Clans to Co-ops

    Confiscated Mafia Land in Sicily

    Rakopoulos, T.

    From Clans to Co-ops explores the social, political, and economic relations that enable the constitution of cooperatives operating on land confiscated from mafiosi in Sicily, a project that the state hails as arguably the greatest symbolic victory over the mafia in Italian history. Rakopoulos’s ethnographic focus is on access to resources, divisions of labor, ideologies of community and food, and the material changes that cooperatives bring to people’s lives in terms of kinship, work and land management. The book contributes to broader debates about cooperativism, how labor might be salvaged from market fundamentalism, and to emergent discourses about the ‘human’ economy.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Food & Nutrition
  • eBook available
    From Storeroom to Stage
    December 2018

    From Storeroom to Stage

    Romanian Attire and the Politics of Folklore

    Urdea, A.

    Departing from an ethnographic collection in London, From Storeroom to Stage traces the journey of its artefacts back to the Romanian villages where they were made 70 years ago, and to other places where similar objects are still in use. The book explores the role that material culture plays in the production of value and meaning by examining how folk objects are mobilized in national ideologies, transmissions of personal and family memory, museological discourses, and artistic acts.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Museum Studies Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Frontiers of Civil Society
    June 2018

    Frontiers of Civil Society

    Government and Hegemony in Serbia

    Mikuš, M.

    In Serbia, as elsewhere in postsocialist Europe, the rise of “civil society” was expected to support a smooth transformation to Western models of liberal democracy and capitalism. More than twenty years after the Yugoslav wars, these expectations appear largely unmet. Frontiers of Civil Society asks why, exploring the roles of multiple civil society forces in a set of government “reforms” of society and individuals in the early 2010s, and examining them in the broader context of social struggles over neoliberal restructuring and transnational integration.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology History: 20th Century to Present
  • eBook available
    Funerals in Africa
    September 2011

    Funerals in Africa

    Explorations of a Social Phenomenon

    Jindra, M. & Noret, J. (eds)

    Across Africa, funerals and events remembering the dead have become larger and even more numerous over the years. Whereas in the West death is normally a private and family affair, in Africa funerals are often the central life cycle event, unparalleled in cost and importance, for which families harness vast amounts of resources to host lavish events for multitudes of people with ramifications well beyond the event. Though officials may try to regulate them, the popularity of these events often makes such efforts fruitless, and the elites themselves spend tremendously on funerals. This volume brings together scholars who have conducted research on funerary events across sub-Saharan Africa. The contributions offer an in-depth understanding of the broad changes and underlying causes in African societies over the years, such as changes in religious beliefs, social structure, urbanization, and technological changes and health.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Future of Indigenous Museums, The
    June 2007

    The Future of Indigenous Museums

    Perspectives from the Southwest Pacific

    Stanley, N. (ed)

    Indigenous museums and cultural centres have sprung up across the developing world, and particularly in the Southwest Pacific. They derive from a number of motives, ranging from the commercial to the cultural political (and many combine both). A close study of this phenomenon is not only valuable for museological practice but, as has been argued, it may challenge our current bedrock assumptions about the very nature and purpose of the museum. This book looks to the future of museum practice through examining how museums have evolved particularly in the non-western world to incorporate the present and the future in the display of culture. Of particular concern is the uses to which historic records are put in the service of community development and cultural renaissance.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Gaddi Beyond Pastoralism, The
    June 2013

    The Gaddi Beyond Pastoralism

    Making Place in the Indian Himalayas

    Wagner, A.

    The Gaddi of North India are agro-pastoralists who rear sheep and goats following a seasonal migration around the first Himalayan range. While studies on pastoralists have focused either on the pastoralists’ adaptation to their physical environment or treated the environment from a symbolic perspective, this book offers a new, holistic perspective that analyzes the ways in which people “make” place. Based on extensive fieldwork, this book not only describes a contemporary understanding of the Gaddi’s engagement with the environment but also analyzes religious practices and performances of social relations, as well as media practices and notions of aesthetics. Thereby, the landscape in which the Gaddi live is understood as a network of places that is constantly being built and rebuilt through these local practices. The book contributes to the growing interest in approaches of practice within environmental anthropology.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Gender in Georgia
    October 2017

    Gender in Georgia

    Feminist Perspectives on Culture, Nation, and History in the South Caucasus

    Barkaia, M. & Waterston, A. (eds)

    As Georgia seeks to reinvent itself as a nation-state in the post-Soviet period, Georgian women are maneuvering, adjusting, resisting and transforming the new economic, social and political order. In Gender in Georgia, editors Maia Barkaia and Alisse Waterston bring together an international group of feminist scholars to explore the socio-political and cultural conditions that have shaped gender dynamics in Georgia from the late 19th century to the present. In doing so, they provide the first-ever woman-centered collection of research on Georgia, offering a feminist critique of power in its many manifestations, and an assessment of women’s political agency in Georgia.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Gift of European Thought & the Cost of Living, The
    September 2013

    The Gift of European Thought and the Cost of Living

    Argyrou, V.

    European thought is often said to be a gift to the rest of the world, but what if there is no gift as such? What if there is only an economy where every giving is also a taking, and every taking is also a giving? This book extends the question of economies by making a case for an “economy of thought” and a “political economy.” It argues that all thinking and doing presupposes taking, and therefore giving, as the price to pay for taking; or that there exists a “cost of living,” which renders the idea of free thinking and living untenable. The argument is developed against the Enlightenment directive to think for oneself as the means of becoming autonomous and shows that this “light,” given to the rest of the world as a gift, turns out to be nothing.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Girl in the Text, The
    July 2019

    The Girl in the Text

    Smith, A. (ed)

    How are girls represented in written and graphic texts, and how do these representations inform our understanding of girlhood? In this volume, contributors examine the girl in the text in order to explore a range of perspectives on girlhood across borders and in relation to their positionality. In literary and transactional texts, girls are presented as heroes who empower themselves and others with lasting effect, as figures of liberating pedagogical practice and educational activism, and as catalysts for discussions of the relationship between desire and ethics. In these varied chapters, a new notion of transnationalism emerges, one rooted not only in the process through which borders between nation-states become more porous, but through which cultural and ethnic imperatives become permeable.

    Subjects: Literary Studies Sociology Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Girl Making
    December 2003

    Girl Making

    A Cross-Cultural Ethnography on the Processes of Growing Up Female

    Bloustien, G.

    Through the innovative methodology of asking them to record their experiences on videotape, this book offers an evocative and fascinating cross-cultural exploration into the everyday lives of a number of teenage girls from their own broad social, cultural and ethnic perspectives. The use of the video camera by the girls themselves reveals their exploration and experimentation with possible identities, highlighting their awareness that the self is not ready made but rather constituted in the process of continuous performance. The result is an active self-conscious exploration of the continuous “art” of self-making. Through their play, the teenagers are shown to strategically test out various possibilities, while keeping such explorations within the bounds of what is acceptable and permissible in their own micro-cultural worlds. The resulting material challenges previous findings in those feminist and youth anthropological studies based on too narrow a concept of class, ethnicity or populist approaches to culture.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Girlhood and the Politics of Place
    January 2016

    Girlhood and the Politics of Place

    Mitchell, C. & Rentschler, C. (eds)

    Examining context-specific conditions in which girls live, learn, work, play, and organize deepens the understanding of place-making practices of girls and young women worldwide. Focusing on place across health, literary and historical studies, art history, communications, media studies, sociology, and education allows for investigations of how girlhood is positioned in relation to interdisciplinary and transnational research methodologies, media environments, geographic locations, history, and social spaces. This book offers a comprehensive reading on how girlhood scholars construct and deploy research frameworks that directly engage girls in the research process.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Global Life of Austerity, The
    June 2018

    The Global Life of Austerity

    Comparing Beyond Europe

    Rakopoulos, T. (ed)

    Austerity and structural adjustment programs are just the latest forms of neoliberal policy to have a profoundly damaging impact on the targeted populations. Yet, as the contributors to this collection argue, the recent austerity-related European crisis is not a breach of erstwhile development schemes, but a continuation of economic policies. Using historical analysis and ethnographically-grounded research, this volume shows the similarities of the European conundrum with realities outside Europe, seeing austerity in a non-Eurocentric fashion. In doing so, it offers novel insights as to how economic crises are experienced at a global level.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Global Sustainability and Communities of Practice
    March 2018

    Global Sustainability and Communities of Practice

    Maida, C. A. & Beck, S, (eds)

    Collaboration between experts and the public is vital for effective community engagement aimed at improving the lives of the most vulnerable in society, whether at the local or global level. Using case-based and theoretical chapters that examine rural and urban communities of practice, this volume illustrates how participatory researchers and students, as well as policy and community leaders, find ways to engage with the broader public when it comes to global sustainability research and practice.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Globalization in Southeast Asia
    December 2002

    Globalization in Southeast Asia

    Local, National, and Transnational Perspectives

    Yamashita, S. & Eades, J.S. (eds)

    The rapid postwar economic growth in the Southeast Asia region has led to a transformation of many of the societies there, together with the development of new types of anthropological research in the region. Local societies with originally quite different cultures have been incorporated into multi-ethnic states with their own projects of nation-building based on the creation of “national cultures” using these indigenous elements. At the same time, the expansion of international capitalism has led to increasing flows of money, people, languages and cultures across national boundaries, resulting in new hybrid social structures and cultural forms.

    This book examines the nature of these processes in contemporary Southeast Asia with detailed case studies drawn from countries across the region, including Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. At the macro-level these include studies of nation-building and the incorporation of minorities. At the micro-level they range from studies of popular cultural forms, such as music and textiles to the impact of new sects and the world religions on local religious practice. Moving between the global and the local are the various streams of migrants within the region, including labor migrants responding to the changing distribution of economic opportunities and ethnic minorities moving in response to natural disaster.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • God-Botherers & Other True-Believers
    May 2008

    God-botherers and Other True-believers

    Gandhi, Hitler, and the Religious Right

    Bailey, F. G.

    When reason fails to guide us in our everyday lives, we turn to faith, to religion; we close our minds; we reject austere reasoning. This rejection, which is a faith-based social and intellectual malignancy, has two unfortunate consequences: it blocks the way to knowledge that might enhance the quality of life and it opens the way to charlatans who exploit the faith of others. Examining two unquestionable malignancies of “the Christian Right” in present-day politics in the United States and the “secular religion” of Hitler’s National Socialism, as well as the third, more complex case of Gandhi, the author asserts that we need religion, but we also need to make sure it does no harm.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Goddess in Motion, A
    August 2017

    A Goddess in Motion

    Visual Creativity in the Cult of María Lionza

    Canals, R.

    The current practice of the cult of María Lionza is one of the most important and yet unexplored religious practices in Venezuela. Based on long-term fieldwork, this book explores the role of images and visual culture within the cult. By adopting a relational approach, A Goddess in Motion shows how the innumerable images of this goddess—represented as an Indian, white or mestizo woman—move constantly from objects to bodies, from bodies to dreams, and from the religion domain to the art world. In short, this book is a fascinating study that sheds light on the role of visual creativity in contemporary religious manifestations.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Going Forward by Looking Back
    September 2020

    Going Forward by Looking Back

    Archaeological Perspectives on Socio-Ecological Crisis, Response, and Collapse

    Riede, F. & Sheets, P. (eds)

    Catastrophes are on the rise due to climate change, as is their toll in terms of lives and livelihoods as world populations rise and people settle into hazardous places. While disaster response and management are traditionally seen as the domain of the natural and technical sciences, awareness of the importance and role of cultural adaptation is essential. This book catalogues a wide and diverse range of case studies of such disasters and human responses. This serves as inspiration for building culturally sensitive adaptations to present and future calamities, to mitigate their impact, and facilitate recoveries.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Applied Anthropology
  • Going to Pentecost
    February 2019

    Going to Pentecost

    An Experimental Approach to Studies in Pentecostalism

    Eriksen, A. Blanes, R. L., MacCarthy, M.

    Co-authored by three anthropologists with long–term expertise studying Pentecostalism in Vanuatu, Angola, and Papua New Guinea/the Trobriand Islands respectively, Going to Pentecost offers a comparative study of Pentecostalism in Africa and Melanesia, focusing on key issues as economy, urban sociality, and healing. More than an ordinary comparative book, it recognizes the changing nature of religion in the contemporary world – in particular the emergence of “non-territorial” religion (which is no longer specific to places or cultures) – and represents an experimental approach to the study of global religious movements in general and Pentecostalism in particular.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Good Holiday, The
    May 2017

    The Good Holiday

    Development, Tourism and the Politics of Benevolence in Mozambique

    Baptista, J. A.

    Drawing on ethnographic research in the village of Canhane, which is host to the first community tourism project in Mozambique, The Good Holiday explores the confluence of two powerful industries: tourism and development, and explains when, how and why tourism becomes development and development, tourism. The volume further explores the social and material consequences of this merging, presenting the confluence of tourism and development as a major vehicle for the exercise of ethics, and non-state governance in contemporary life.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Travel and Tourism
  • eBook available
    Grace after Genocide
    May 2017

    Grace after Genocide

    Cambodians in the United States

    Mortland, C. A.

    Grace after Genocide is the first comprehensive ethnography of Cambodian refugees, charting their struggle to transition from life in agrarian Cambodia to survival in post-industrial America, while maintaining their identities as Cambodians. The ethnography contrasts the lives of refugees who arrived in America after 1975, with their focus on Khmer traditions, values, and relations, with those of their children who, as descendants of the Khmer Rouge catastrophe, have struggled to become Americans in a society that defines them as different. The ethnography explores America’s mid-twentieth-century involvement in Southeast Asia and its enormous consequences on multiple generations of Khmer refugees.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • Great Expectations
    October 2011

    Great Expectations

    Imagination and Anticipation in Tourism

    Skinner, J. & Theodossopoulos, D. (eds)

    The negotiation of expectations in tourism is a complex and dynamic process – one that is central to the imagination of cultural difference. Expectations not only affect the lives and experiences of tourists, but also their hosts, and play an important part in the success or failure of the overall tourism experience. It is for this reason, the authors argue, that special attention should be given to how expectations constitute and sustain tourism. The case studies presented here explore what fuels the desires to visit particular places, to what degree expectations inform the experience of the place, and the frequent disjunctions between tourist expectations and experiences. Careful attention is paid to how the imagination of the visitor inspires the imagination of the host, and vice-versa; how tourists and host communities actively imagine, re-imagine, and shape each other’s lives. This realization, has profound consequences, not solely for academic analysis, but for all those who participate in and work within the tourism industry.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • Great Immigration, The
    November 1998

    The Great Immigration

    Russian Jews in Israel

    Siegel, D.

    More than 750,000 Russian Jews arrived in Israel between 1988 and 1996. However, this Great Immigration, as it has been called, has gone largely unnoticed in Israeli public life. Information about this significant event has been sketchy and largely characterized by stereotypes and simplistic generalizations. Based on a number of case studies, this book offers the first in-depth analysis of the life of the new Russian-Jewish immigrants and of the interaction between them and other Israeli citizens. The author explores the peculiar set of problems that the immigrants from the former Soviet Union have been facing and shows how the newcomers, by sheer number, were able to exploit their skills and capacity for political mobilization, to resist bureaucratic control and cultural assimilation. Adaptation did take place but resulted in new institutions and formations of class and leadership. The integration of such vast numbers of immigrants over a relatively short period is a considerable challenge for a society by any standards, but must certainly be considered a unique phenomenon for a relatively small country such as Israel.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Jewish Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Great Reimagining, The
    February 2015

    The Great Reimagining

    Public Art, Urban Space, and the Symbolic Landscapes of a ‘New’ Northern Ireland

    Hocking, B. T.

    While sectarian violence has greatly diminished on the streets of Belfast and Derry, proxy battles over the right to define Northern Ireland’s identity through its new symbolic landscapes continue. Offering a detailed ethnographic account of Northern Ireland’s post-conflict visual transformation, this book examines the official effort to produce new civic images against a backdrop of ongoing political and social struggle. Interviews with politicians, policymakers, community leaders, cultural workers, and residents shed light on the deeply contested nature of seemingly harmonized urban landscapes in societies undergoing radical structural change. Here, the public art process serves as a vital means to understanding the wider politics of a transforming public sphere in an age of globalization and transnational connectivity.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Greek Whisky
    April 2013

    Greek Whisky

    The Localization of a Global Commodity

    Bampilis, T.

    In many contexts of Greek social life, Scotch whisky has coincidentally become a symbol of “Greekness,” national identity, modernity, and the middle class. This ethnographic study follows the social life of Scotch in Greece through three distinct trajectories in time and space in order to investigate how the meanings of the beverage are projected, negotiated, and acquired by various different networks. By examining the mediascapes of the Greek cultural industry, the Athenian nightlife and entertainment, and the North Aegean drinking habits, the study illustrates how Scotch became associated with modernity, popular music and culture, a lavish style, and an antidomestic masculine mentality.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • Green Encounters
    June 2006

    Green Encounters

    Shaping and Contesting Environmentalism in Rural Costa Rica

    Vivanco, L. A.

    Since the 1970s and 1980s, Monte Verde, Costa Rica has emerged as one of the most renowned sites of nature conservation and ecotourism in Costa Rica, and some would argue, Latin America. It has received substantial attention in literature and media on tropical conservation, sustainable development, and tourism. Yet most of that analysis has uncritically evaluated the Monte Verde phenomenon, using celebratory language and barely scratching the surface of the many-faceted socio-cultural transformations provoked by and accompanying environmentalism. Because of its stature, Monte Verde represents an ideal case study to examine the socio-cultural and political complexities and dilemmas of practicing environmentalism in rural Costa Rica. Based on many years of close observation, this book offers rich and original material on the ongoing struggles between environmental activists and of collective and oppositional politics to Monte Verde’s new “culture of nature.”

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • Growing Artefacts, Displaying Relationships
    August 2013

    Growing Artefacts, Displaying Relationships

    Yams, Art and Technology amongst the Nyamikum Abelam of Papua New Guinea

    Coupaye, L.

    What gives artefacts their power and beauty? This ethnographic study of the decorated long yams made by the Nyamikum Abelam in Papua New Guinea examines how these artefacts acquire their specific properties through processes that mobilise and recruit diverse entities, substances and domains. All come together to form the ‘finished product’ that is displayed, representing what could be an indigenous form of non-verbal ‘sociology’. Engaging with several contemporary anthropological topics (material culture, techniques, arts, aesthetics, rituals, botany, cosmology, Melanesian ethnography), the text also discusses in depth the complex position of the study of ‘technology’ within anthropology.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Growing Up in Central Australia
    June 2011

    Growing Up in Central Australia

    New Anthropological Studies of Aboriginal Childhood and Adolescence

    Eickelkamp, U. (ed)

    Surprisingly little research has been carried out about how Australian Aboriginal children and teenagers experience life, shape their social world and imagine the future. This volume presents recent and original studies of life experiences outside the institutional settings of childcare and education, of those growing up in contemporary Central Australia or with strong links to the region. Focusing on the remote communities – roughly 1,200 across the continent – the volume includes case studies of language and family life in small country towns and urban contexts. These studies expertly show that forms of consciousness have changed enormously over the last hundred years for Indigenous societies more so than for the rest of Australia, yet equally notable are the continuities across generations.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Growing Up in Transit
    October 2017

    Growing Up in Transit

    The Politics of Belonging at an International School

    Tanu, D.

    In this compelling study of the children of serial migrants, Danau Tanu argues that the international schools they attend promote an ideology of being “international” that is Eurocentric. Despite the cosmopolitan rhetoric, hierarchies of race, culture and class shape popularity, friendships and romance on campus. By going back to high school for a year, Tanu befriended transnational youth, often called “Third Culture Kids”, to present their struggles with identity, belonging and internalized racism in their own words. The result is the first engaging, anthropological critique of the way Western-style cosmopolitanism is institutionalized as cultural capital to reproduce global socio-cultural inequalities.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General) Educational Studies
  • Gypsy Economy
    November 2015

    Gypsy Economy

    Romani Livelihoods and Notions of Worth in the 21st Century

    Brazzabeni, M., Ivone Cunha, M., & Fotta, M. (eds)

    Economic arrangements of Romanies are complexly related to their social position. The authors of this volume explore these complexities, including how economic exchanges forge key social relationships of gender and ethnicity, how economic opportunities are constructed and seized, and how economic success and failure are transformed into attributes of social persons. They explore how, despite — or perhaps because of — their unstable and ambiguous position within the market economy, shared today with a growing number of people facing precarity and informalisation, Roma and Gypsy communities continuously re-create more or less viable economic strategies. The ethnographically based chapters share accounts of socially and economically vulnerable populations that face their situation with self-determination and creativity.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Hadrami Diaspora, The
    September 2010

    The Hadrami Diaspora

    Community-Building on the Indian Ocean Rim

    Manger, L.

    The Hadramis of South Yemen and the emergence of their diasporic communities throughout the Indian Ocean region are an intriguing facet of the history of this region’s migratory patterns. In the early centuries of migration, the Yemeni, or Hadrami, traveler was both a trader and a religious missionary, making the migrant community both a “trade diaspora” and a “religious diaspora.” This tradition has continued as Hadramis around the world have been linked to networks of extremist, Islamic-inspired movements—Osama bin Laden, leader of Al Qaeda and descendant of a prominent Hadrami family, as the most infamous example. However, communities of Hadramis living outside Yemen are not homogenous. The author expertly elucidates the complexity of the diasporic process, showing how it contrasts with the conventional understanding of the Hadrami diaspora as an unchanging society with predefined cultural characteristics originating in the homeland. Exploring ethnic, social, and religious aspects, the author offers a deepened understanding of links between Yemen and Indian Ocean regions (including India, Southeast Asia, and the Horn of Africa) and the emerging international community of Muslims.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Heart of Lightness
    November 2006

    Heart of Lightness

    The Life Story of an Anthropologist

    Turner†, E.

    “Edith and Victor Turner were among the most influential researchers and teachers and social and cultural anthropology in the twentieth century. Together they, and Edie alone after Vic’s death, raised the idea of participant observation (and indeed of team learning) to heights and depth most anthropologists never achieve.” [From the Foreword]

    This fascinating memoir is a lively testimony to a remarkable partnership and to Edie Turner’s own achievements during more than two decades after Victor’s untimely death.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Hegemonic Male, The
    July 1996

    The Hegemonic Male

    Masculinity in a Portuguese Town

    Vale de Almeida, M.

    The construction of masculinity is becoming a field of growing interest because it is opening up new and fascinating perspectives, thus adding a further dimension to Gender Studies. However, so far the analysis has focused mostly on homosexuality. By contrast, the author examines social processes and relations that constitute hegemonic masculinity, the central model that attempts to subordinate alternative masculinities, and which is the model of male domination, compulsory monogamy, heterosexuality and reproduction. It is fascinating to follow the author as he gradually unfolds this kind of masculinity in its nearly pure state. Moreover, he involves the reader in his critical reflections on the material and invites him or her to give some thought to such wider questions as whether the hegemonic male is more resistant to change in oral cultures than in urban settings, or up to which point the agents of domination are also its victims. In fact, the author concludes that the hegemonic male is an ideal model practically unattainable by any single man, which exerts over all men a strong controlling power and often forces on them ritualization of everyday behavior that leads to an impoverishment of their lives.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Heirs of the Bamboo
    September 2020

    Heirs of the Bamboo

    Identity and Ambivalence among the Eurasian Macanese

    Gaspar, M. C.

    In 1999 Macao, previously a territory under Portuguese rule, was handed over to the People’s Republic of China and transformed into one of the gambling capitals of the world. These political and economic phenomena were accompanied by unprecedented social changes that, ultimately, have redefined the Macanese identity. This book is about the Macanese living in Portugal and their intimate social networks in loco and interactions with their counterparts in Macao and elsewhere in the diaspora, by the use of Internet. Memory and ambivalence, deeply associated with kinship, language, food and heritage, are the cornerstones of this research, which overturns colonial stereotypes and concepts of Macanese cultural purity.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • Heirs of the Greek Catastrophe
    August 1998

    Heirs of the Greek Catastrophe

    The Social Life of Asia Minor Refugees in Piraeus

    Hirschon, R.

    The war between Greece and Turkey ended in 1922 in what Greeks call the Asia Minor catastrophe, a disaster greater than the fall of Constantinople in 1453, for it marked the end of Hellenism in the ancient heartland of Asia Minor. In 1923 the Treaty of Lausanne ratified the compulsory exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey, involving the movement of some 1.5 million persons. Well over one million Greek refugees entered the Greek state in two years, increasing its population by about a quarter. Given the far-reaching consequences for both Greece and Turkey, surprisingly few studies exist of the numerous people so drastically affected by this uprooting. Over half a century later a large section of the urban refugee population in Greece still claimed a separate Asia Minor identity, despite sharing with other Greeks a common culture, religion, and language.

    Based on the author’s long-term fieldwork, this ethnography of Kokkinia – an urban quarter in Piraeus – reveals how its inhabitants’ sense of separate identity was constructed, an aspect of continuity with their well-defined identity as an Orthodox Christian minority in the Ottoman Empire. This rare study of an urban refugee group fifty years after settlement provides new insights into the phenomenon of ethnicity both structural and cultural. In detailed analysis of values, symbolic dimensions, and of social organization the book illustrates the strength and efficacy of cultural values in transcending material deprivation.

    The reprint of this study in paperback is particularly timely, marking as it does the 75th anniversary of this major event in the Eastern Mediterranean.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Helmand Baluch, The
    November 2020

    The Helmand Baluch

    A Native Ethnography of the People of Southwest Afghanistan

    Amiri, G. R.

    In the 1970s, in his capacity as government representative from the Afghan Institute of Archaeology, Ghulam Rahman Amiri accompanied a joint Afghan-US archaeological mission to the Sistan region of southwest Afghanistan. The results of his work were published in Farsi as a descriptive ethnographic monograph. The Helmand Baluch is the first English translation of Amiri’s extraordinary encounters. This rich ethnography describes the cultural, political, and economic systems of the Baluch people living in the lower Helmand River Valley of Afghanistan. It is an area that has received little study since the early 20th Century, yet is a region with a remarkable history in one of the most volatile territories in the world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Archaeology
  • Heritage Arena, The
    October 2016

    The Heritage Arena

    Reinventing Cheese in the Italian Alps

    Grasseni, C.

    In Europe a number of production and communication strategies have long tried to establish local products as resources for local development. At the foot of the Alps, this scenario appears in all its contradictions, especially in relation to cheese production. The Heritage Arena focuses on the saga of Strachitunt, a cheese that has been designated an EU Protected Designation of Origin after years of negotiation and competition involving cheese-makers, merchants, and Slow Food activists. The book explores how the reinvention of cheese as a form of heritage is an ongoing and dynamic process rife with conflict and drama.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition
  • eBook available
    Heritage Movements in Asia
    November 2019

    Heritage Movements in Asia

    Cultural Heritage Activism, Politics, and Identity

    Mozaffari, A. & Jones, T. (eds)

    Heritage processes vary according to cultural, national, geographical, and historical contexts. This volume is unique in that it is dedicated to approaching the analysis of heritage through the concepts of social movements. Adapting the latest developments in the field of social movements, the chapters examine the formation, use and contestation of heritage by various official, non-official and activist players and the spaces where such ongoing negotiations and contestation take place. By bringing social movements into heritage studies, the book advocates a shift of perspective in understanding heritage, one that is no longer bound by (at times arbitrary) divisions such as those assumed between the state and people or between experts and non-experts.

    Subjects: Heritage Studies Museum Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Hierarchy and Value
    August 2018

    Hierarchy and Value

    Comparative Perspectives on Moral Order

    Hickel, J. & Haynes, N. (eds)

    Globalization promised to bring about a golden age of liberal individualism, breaking down hierarchies of kinship, caste, and gender around the world and freeing people to express their true, authentic agency. But in some places globalization has spurred the emergence of new forms of hierarchy—or the reemergence of old forms—as people try to reconstitute an imagined past of stable moral order. This is evident from the Islamic revival in the Middle East to visions of the 1950s family among conservatives in the United States. Why does this happen and how do we make sense of this phenomenon? Why do some communities see hierarchy as desireable? In this book, leading anthropologists draw on insightful ethnographic case studies from around the world to address these trends. Together, they develop a theory of hierarchy that treats it both as a relational form and a framework for organizing ideas about the social good.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Hindi is Our Ground, English is Our Sky
    January 2014

    Hindi Is Our Ground, English Is Our Sky

    Education, Language, and Social Class in Contemporary India

    LaDousa, C.

    A sea change has occurred in the Indian economy in the last three decades, spurring the desire to learn English. Most scholars and media venues have focused on English exclusively for its ties to processes of globalization and the rise of new employment opportunities.  The pursuit of class mobility, however, involves Hindi as much as English in the vast Hindi-Belt of northern India.  Schools are institutions on which class mobility depends, and they are divided by Hindi and English in the rubric of “medium,” the primary language of pedagogy. This book demonstrates that the school division allows for different visions of what it means to belong to the nation and what is central and peripheral in the nation. It also shows how the language-medium division reverberates unevenly and unequally through the nation, and that schools illustrate the tensions brought on by economic liberalization and middle-class status.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Homo Itinerans
    November 2020

    Homo Itinerans

    Towards a Global Ethnography of Afghanistan

    Monsutti, A.

    Afghan society has been marked in a lasting way by war and the exodus of part of its population. While many have emigrated to countries across the world, they have been matched by the flow of experts who arrive in Afghanistan after having been in other war-torn countries such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Palestine or East Timor. This book builds on more than two decades of ethnographic travels in some twenty countries, bringing the readers from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran to Europe, North America and Australia. It describes the everyday life and transnational circulations of Afghan refugees and expatriates.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Honour & Violence
    October 2016

    Honour and Violence

    Gender, Power and Law in Southern Pakistan

    Shah, N.

    The practice of karo kari allows family, especially fathers, brothers and sons, to take the lives of their daughters, sisters and mothers if they are accused of adultery. This volume examines the central position of karo kari in the social, political and juridical structures in Upper Sindh, Pakistan. Drawing connections between local contests over marriage and resources, Nafisa Shah unearths deep historical processes and power relations. In particular, she explores how the state justice system and informal mediations inform each other in state responses to karo kari, and how modern law is implicated in this seemingly ancient cultural practice.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Hope and Insufficiency
    May 2021

    Hope and Insufficiency

    Capacity Building in Ethnographic Comparison

    Douglas-Jones, R. & Shaffner, J. (eds)

    A process through which skills, knowledge, and resources are expanded, capacity building, remains a tantalizing and pervasive concept throughout the field of anthropology, though it has received little in the way of critical analysis. By exploring the concept’s role in a variety of different settings including government lexicons, religious organizations, environmental campaigns, biomedical training, and fieldwork from around the globe, Hope and Insufficiency seeks to question the histories, assumptions, intentions, and enactments that have led to the ubiquity of capacity building, thereby developing a much-needed critical purchase on its persuasive power.

    Subjects: Theory and Methodology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    House of the Waterlily
    September 2017

    House of the Waterlily

    A Novel of the Ancient Maya World

    Carmean, K.

    Set in the Maya civilization’s Late Classic Period House of the Waterlily is a historical novel centered on Lady Winik, a young Maya royal. Through tribulations that mirror the political calamities of the Late Classic world, Winik’s personal story immerses the reader not only in her daily life, but also in the difficult decisions Maya men and women must have faced as they tried to navigate a rapidly changing world. Kelli Carmean’s novel brings to life a people and an era remote from our own, yet recognizably human all the same.

    Subjects: Archaeology Literary Studies Memory Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Household Archaeology on the Northwest Coast
    July 2006

    Household Archaeology on the Northwest Coast

    Sobel, E. A., Gahr, D. A. T., & Ames, K. A. (eds)

    Since the late 1970s, household archaeology has become a key theoretical and methodological framework for research on the development of permanent social inequality and complexity, as well as for understanding the social, political and economic organization of chiefdoms and states. This volume is the cumulative result of more than a decade of research focusing on household archaeology as a means to gain understanding of the evolution of social complexity, regardless of underlying economy.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    How Materials Matter
    March 2019

    How Materials Matter

    Design, Innovation and Materiality in the Pacific

    Were, G.

    How does design and innovation shape people’s lives in the Pacific? Focusing on plant materials from the region, How Materials Matter reveals ways in which a variety of people – from craftswomen and scientists to architects and politicians – work with materials to transform worlds. Recognizing the fragile and ephemeral nature of plant fibres, this work delves into how the biophysical properties of certain leaves and their aesthetic appearance are utilized to communicate information and manage different forms of relations. It breaks new ground by situating plant materials at the centre of innovation in a region.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Human Diet & Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective
    December 2010

    Human Diet and Nutrition in Biocultural Perspective

    Past Meets Present

    Moffat, T. & Prowse, T. (eds)

    There are not many areas that are more rooted in both the biological and social-cultural aspects of humankind than diet and nutrition. Throughout human history nutrition has been shaped by political, economic, and cultural forces, and in turn, access to food and nutrition has altered the course and direction of human societies. Using a biocultural approach, the contributors to this volume investigate the ways in which food is both an essential resource fundamental to human health and an expression of human culture and society. The chapters deal with aspects of diet and human nutrition through space and time and span prehistoric, historic, and contemporary societies spread over various geographical regions, including Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia to highlight how biology and culture are inextricably linked.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General) Archaeology
  • eBook available
    Human Origins
    December 2016

    Human Origins

    Contributions from Social Anthropology

    Power, C., Finnegan, M. & Callan, H. (eds)

    Human Origins brings together new thinking by social anthropologists and other scholars on the evolution of human culture and society. No other discipline has more relevant expertise to consider the emergence of humans as the symbolic species. Yet, social anthropologists have been conspicuously absent from debates about the origins of modern humans. These contributions explore why that is, and how social anthropology can shed light on early kinship and economic relations, gender politics, ritual, cosmology, ethnobiology, medicine, and the evolution of language.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Humour, Comedy and Laughter
    April 2016

    Humour, Comedy and Laughter

    Obscenities, Paradoxes, Insights and the Renewal of Life

    Sciama, L.D. (ed)

    Anthropological writings on humor are not very numerous or extensive, but they do contain a great deal of insight into the diverse mental and social processes that underlie joking and laughter. On the basis of a wide range of ethnographic and textual materials, the chapters examine the cognitive, social, and moral aspects of humor and its potential to bring about a sense of amity and mutual understanding, even among different and possibly hostile people. Unfortunately, though, cartoons, jokes, and parodies can cause irremediable distress and offence. Nevertheless, contributors’ cross-cultural evidence confirms that the positive aspects of humor far outweigh the danger of deepening divisions and fueling hostilities

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Media Studies
  • Hunters in the Barrens
    December 2010

    Hunters in the Barrens

    The Naskapi on the Edge of the White Man’s World

    Henriksen†, G.

    This comprehensive study of the Naskapi Indians of Labrador is based on an anthropologist’s life with them between 1966 and 1968, when families still followed the traditional pattern of hunting on the barrens during the winter and returning to their costal settlements in the summer. Now the Naskapi live in coastal settlements; no longer in possession of their own culture, they have become sedentaries under white tutelage. This description of two antithetical worlds provides valuable insights for anyone interested in contemporary native rights issues.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Hunters, Gatherers, and Practitioners of Powerlessness
    October 2016

    Hunters, Gatherers, and Practitioners of Powerlessness

    An Ethnography of the Degraded in Postsocialist Poland

    Rakowski, T.

    The socio-economic transformations of the 1990s have forced many people in Poland into impoverishment. Hunters, Gatherers, and Practitioners of Powerlessness gives a dramatic account of life after this degradation, tracking the experiences of unemployed miners, scrap collectors, and poverty-stricken village residents. Contrary to the images of passivity, resignation, and helplessness that have become powerful tropes in Polish journalism and academic writing, Tomasz Rakowski traces the ways in which people actively reconfigure their lives. As it turns out, the initial sense of degradation and helplessness often gives way to images of resourcefulness that reveal unusual hunting-and-gathering skills.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Hunters, Predators & Prey
    October 2014

    Hunters, Predators and Prey

    Inuit Perceptions of Animals

    Laugrand, F. & Oosten†, J.

    Inuit hunting traditions are rich in perceptions, practices and stories relating to animals and human beings. The authors examine key figures such as the raven, an animal that has a central place in Inuit culture as a creator and a trickster, and qupirruit, a category consisting of insects and other small life forms. After these non-social and inedible animals, they discuss the dog, the companion of the hunter, and the fellow hunter, the bear, considered to resemble a human being. A discussion of the renewal of whale hunting accompanies the chapters about animals considered ‘prey par excellence’: the caribou, the seals and the whale, symbol of the whole. By giving precedence to Inuit categories such as ‘inua’ (owner) and ‘tarniq’ (shade) over European concepts such as ‘spirit ‘and ‘soul’, the book compares and contrasts human beings and animals to provide a better understanding of human-animal relationships in a hunting society.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • I Dreamed the Animals
    October 2008

    I Dreamed the Animals

    Kaniuekutat: The Life of an Innu Hunter

    Henriksen†, G.

    This is Kaniuekutat’s book. In it, he tells the story of his life and that of Innu culture in the northern parts of Labrador. The pages of this book are filled with the voice of Kaniuekutat giving his account of an Innu hunter’s life and the problems and distress that have been caused by sedentarization and village life. Kaniuekutat invites us to see Innu society and culture from the inside, the way he lives it and reflects upon it. He was greatly concerned that young Innu may lose their traditional culture and the skills necessary to make a living as hunters, and wanted to convey a message: the Innu must take care of their language, their culture and their traditions.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Identities
    December 2002

    Identities

    Time, Difference and Boundaries

    Friese, H. (ed)

    “Identity” has become a core concept of the social and cultural sciences. Bringing together perspectives from sociology, anthropology, psychology, history, and literary criticism, this book offers a comprehensive and critical overview on how this concept is currently used and how it relates to memory and constructions of historical meaning.

    Subjects: History (General) Literary Studies Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Identity, Gender & Poverty
    August 1997

    Identity, Gender and Poverty

    New Perspectives on Caste and Tribe in Rajasthan

    Unnithan-Kumar, M.

    Most studies of the so-called tribal communities in India stress their social, economic, and political differences from communities that are organized on the basis of caste. It was this apparent contrast between tribal and caste lifestyle and, moreover, the paucity of material on tribal groups, that motivated the author to undertake this study of a poor “tribal” community, the Girasia, in northwestern India.

    While carrying out her fieldwork, the author soon became aware that the traditional tribe-caste categories needed to be revised; in fact, she found them more often than not to be constructs by outsiders, mostly academic. Of greater importance for an understanding of the Girasia was the wider and more complex issue of self-perception and identification by others that must be seen in the context of their poverty as well as in the strategic and shifting use of kinship, gender and class relations in the region.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Images from Paradise
    August 2017

    Images from Paradise

    The Visual Communication of the European Union’s Federalist Utopia

    Salgó, E.

    Drawing upon the disciplines of politics, anthropology, psychoanalysis, aesthetics and cinema studies, Salgó presents a new way of looking at the “art of European unification.” The official visual narratives of the European Union constitute the main object of inquiry – the iconography of the new series of euro banknotes and the videos through which the supranational elite seek to generate “collective effervescence,” allow for a European carnival to take place, and prompt citizens to pledge allegiance to the sacred dogma of the “ever closer union,” thereby strengthening the mythical sources of the organization’s legitimacy. The author seeks to illustrate how and why the federalist utopia turned into a political soteriology after the outbreak of the 2008 crisis.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Media Studies
  • eBook available
    Imagining the Post-Apartheid State
    July 2011

    Imagining the Post-Apartheid State

    An Ethnographic Account of Namibia

    Friedman, J. T.

    In northwest Namibia, people’s political imagination offers a powerful insight into the post-apartheid state. Based on extensive anthropological fieldwork, this book focuses on the former South African apartheid regime and the present democratic government; it compares the perceptions and practices of state and customary forms of judicial administration, reflects upon the historical trajectory of a chieftaincy dispute in relation to the rooting of state power and examines everyday forms of belonging in the independent Namibian State. By elucidating the State through a focus on the social, historical and cultural processes that help constitute it, this study helps chart new territory for anthropology, and it contributes an ethnographic perspective to a wider set of interdisciplinary debates on the State and state processes.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Imbalance of Power, The
    December 2016

    The Imbalance of Power

    Leadership, Masculinity and Wealth in the Amazon

    Brightman, M

    Amerindian societies have an iconic status in classical political thought. For Montaigne, Hobbes, Locke, Hume and Rousseau, the native American ‘state of nature’ operates as a foil for the European polity. Challenging this tradition, The Imbalance of Power demonstrates ethnographically that the Carib speaking indigenous societies of the Guiana region of Amazonia do not fit conventional characterizations of ‘simple’ political units with ‘egalitarian’ political ideologies and ‘harmonious’ relationships with nature. Marc Brightman builds a persuasive and original theory of Amerindian politics: far from balanced and egalitarian, Carib societies are rife with tension and difference; but this imbalance conditions social dynamism and a distinctive mode of cohesion. The Imbalance of Power is based on the author’s fieldwork in partnership with Vanessa Grotti, who is working on a companion volume entitled Living with the Enemy: First Contacts and the Making of Christian Bodies in Amazonia.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Immigrants & Bureaucrats
    February 1999

    Immigrants and Bureaucrats

    Ethiopians in an Israeli Absorption Center

    Hertzog, E.

    Since Israel is primarily a country of immigrants, the state takes on the responsibility for the settlement and integration of each new group. It therefore sees its role as benevolent and indispensable to the welfare of the immigrants. This be true to some extent. However, the overwhelming effect, the author argues, is exactly the opposite: in her study of Ethiopian immigrants she reaches the conclusion that the absorption centers, which are central to Israeli immigration policy, present an extreme case of bureaucratic control over immigrants; they hinder rather than facilitate integration through the creation of power-dependence relations, with immigrants – whose lives and social structures are constantly interfered with by the officials – being cast as weak, defenseless and needy. They are reduced to helpless charges of these officials whose main goals are to expand and perpetuate their respective organizations and to consolidate their own positions within them. Thus the absorption centers, rather than furthering integration, create dependence on state control and social segregation.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Impact of Electricity, The
    September 2008

    The Impact of Electricity

    Development, Desires and Dilemmas

    Winther, T.

    How does everyday life change when electricity becomes available to a group of people for the first time? Why do some groups tend to embrace this icon of development while other groups actively fight against it? This book examines the effects of electricity’s arrival in an African, rural community. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Zanzibar at different points in time, the author provides a compelling account of the social implications in question. The rhythm of life changes and life is speeding up. Sexuality and marriage patterns are affected. And a range of social relations, e.g. between generations and genders, as well as relations between human beings and spirits, become modified. Despite men and women’s general appreciation of the new services electricity provides, new dilemmas emerge. By using electricity as a guide through the social landscape, the particularities of social and cultural life in this region emerge. Simultaneously, the book invites readers to understand the ways that electricity affects and becomes implicated in our everyday life.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • In Memory of Times to Come
    June 2021

    In Memory of Times to Come

    Ironies of History in Southeastern Papua New Guinea

    Demian, M.

    Drawing on twenty years of research, this book examines the historical perspective of a Pacific people who saw “globalization” come and go. Suau people encountered the leading edge of missionization and colonialism in Papua New Guinea and were active participants in the Second World War. In Memory of Times to Come offers a nuanced account of how people assess their own experience of change over the course of a critical century. It asks two key questions: What does it mean to claim that global connections are in the past rather than the present or the future, and what does it mean to claim that one has lost one’s culture, but not because anyone else took it away or destroyed it?

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    In Pursuit of Belonging
    June 2019

    In Pursuit of Belonging

    Forging an Ethical Life in European-Turkish Spaces

    Rottmann, S, B.

    Belonging is a not a state that we achieve, but a struggle that we wage. The struggle for belonging is more difficult if one is returning to a homeland after many years abroad. In Pursuit of Belonging is an ethnography of Turkish migrants’ struggle for understanding, intimacy and appreciation when they return from Germany to their Turkish homeland. Drawing on an established tradition of life story writing in anthropology, Rottmann conveys the struggle to forge an ethical life by relating the experiences of a second-generation German-Turkish woman named Leyla.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Sociology
  • eBook available
    In Search of Legitimacy
    January 2016

    In Search of Legitimacy

    How Outsiders Become Part of the Afro-Brazilian Capoeira Tradition

    Griffith, L. M.

    Every year, countless young adults from affluent, Western nations travel to Brazil to train in capoeira, the dance/martial art form that is one of the most visible strands of the Afro-Brazilian cultural tradition. In Search of Legitimacy explores why “first world” men and women leave behind their jobs, families, and friends to pursue a strenuous training regimen in a historically disparaged and marginalized practice. Using the concept of apprenticeship pilgrimage—studying with a local master at a historical point of origin—the author examines how non-Brazilian capoeiristas learn their art and claim legitimacy while navigating the complexities of wealth disparity, racial discrimination, and cultural appropriation.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • In Search of Salt
    August 2006

    In Search of Salt

    Changes in Beti (Cameroon) Society, 1880-1960

    Quinn, F.

    Relatively recent Bantu-speaking migrants to central Cameroon, the Beti have had an eventful history. Based on extensive interviews and traditional Beti (Fang) poetry, in addition to German and French archival sources, the author of this readable study recreates the social structure of the Beti and their self-perceptions in pre-colonial times, their disruptive encounters with first German (1880-1918) and then French (1918-1960) colonialism, until Cameroon’s independence.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    In the Absence of the Gift
    September 2015

    In the Absence of the Gift

    New Forms of Value and Personhood in a Papua New Guinea Community

    Rasmussen, A. E.

    By adopting ideas like “development,” members of a Papua New Guinean community find themselves continuously negotiating what can be expected of a relative or a community member. Nearly half the people born on the remote Mbuke Islands become teachers, businessmen, or bureaucrats in urban centers, while those who stay at home ask migrant relatives “What about me?” This detailed ethnography sheds light on remittance motivations and documents how terms like “community” can be useful in places otherwise permeated by kinship. As the state withdraws, Mbuke people explore what social ends might be reached through involvement with the cash economy.

    Subject: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    In the Event
    May 2015

    In the Event

    Toward an Anthropology of Generic Moments

    Meinert, L. & Kapferer, B. (eds)

    Events are “generative moments” in at least three senses: events are created by and condense larger-scale social structures; as moments, they spark and give rise to new social processes; in themselves, events may also serve to analyze social situations and relationships. Based on ethnographic studies from around the world—varying from rituals and meetings over protests and conflicts to natural disasters and management—this volume analyzes generative moments through events that hold the key to understanding larger social situations. These events—including the Ashura ritual in Bahrain, social cleavages in South Africa, a Buddhist cave in Nepal, drought in Burkina Faso, an earthquake in Pakistan, the cartoon crisis in Denmark, corporate management at Bang & Olufsen, protest meetings in Europe, and flooding and urban citizenship in Mozambique—are not simply destructive disasters, crises, and conflicts, but also generative and constitutive of the social.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • In the Mind's Eye
    January 2001

    In the Mind’s Eye

    Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Evolution of Human Cognition

    Nowell, A. (ed)

    The last decade has witnessed a sophistication and proliferation in the number of studies focused on the evolution of human cognition, reflecting a renewed interest in the evolution of the human mind in anthropology and in many other disciplines. The complexity and enormity of this topic requires the coordinated efforts of many researchers. This volume brings together the disciplines of palaeontology, psychology, anatomy, and primatology. Together, they address a number of issues, including the evolution of sex differences in spatial cognition, the role of archaeology in the cognitive sciences, the relationships between brain size, cranial reorganization and hominid cognition, and the role of language and information processing in human evolution.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • Inclusionary Rhetoric/Exclusionary Practices
    October 2007

    Inclusionary Rhetoric/Exclusionary Practices

    Left-wing Politics and Migrants in Italy

    Però, D.

    Migration and multiculturalism are hotly discussed in public debates across Europe. Whereas ethnographic research has begun to examine the Right in this context, the Left remains largely unexplored. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in Bologna – the show-case city of the Italian Left – this book provides fresh perspectives on how the contemporary Left “frames” these issues in practice and how such framing has changed in recent decades. By focusing on the official rhetoric grassroots discourses, policy and civil societal practices of the Left as well as on the immigrants’ own views, this book timely offers a comprehensive, vivid, and critical account of changing ideas about ethnicity, class, identity and difference in “progressive” politics and of the implications that such ideas have for the incorporation of migrants in Europe.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Indeterminacy
    October 2018

    Indeterminacy

    Waste, Value, and the Imagination

    Alexander, C. & Sanchez, A. (eds)

    What happens to people, places and objects that do not fit the ordering regimes and progressive narratives of modernity? Conventional understandings imply that progress leaves such things behind, and excludes them as though they were valueless waste. This volume uses the concept of indeterminacy to explore how conditions of exclusion and abandonment may give rise to new values, as well as to states of despair and alienation. Drawing upon ethnographic research about a wide variety of contexts, the chapters here explore how indeterminacy is created and experienced in relationship to projects of classification and progress.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Indigeneity and the Sacred
    June 2017

    Indigeneity and the Sacred

    Indigenous Revival and the Conservation of Sacred Natural Sites in the Americas

    Sarmiento, F. & Hitchner, S. (eds)

    This book presents current research in the political ecology of indigenous revival and its role in nature conservation in critical areas in the Americas. An important contribution to evolving studies on conservation of sacred natural sites (SNS), the book elucidates the complexity of development scenarios within cultural landscapes related to the appropriation of religion, environmental change in indigenous territories, and new conservation management approaches. Indigeneity and the Sacred explores how these struggles for land, rights, and political power are embedded within physical landscapes, and how indigenous identity is reconstituted as globalizing forces simultaneously threaten and promote the notion of indigeneity.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Indigeneity on the Move
    December 2017

    Indigeneity on the Move

    Varying Manifestations of a Contested Concept

    Gerharz, E., Uddin, N., & Chakkarath, P. (eds)

    “Indigeneity” has become a prominent yet contested concept in national and international politics, as well as within the social sciences. This edited volume draws from authors representing different disciplines and perspectives, exploring the dependence of indigeneity on varying sociopolitical contexts, actors, and discourses with the ultimate goal of investigating the concept’s scientific and political potential.

    Subjects: Theory and Methodology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Indigenist Mobilization
    May 2017

    Indigenist Mobilization

    Confronting Electoral Communism and Precarious Livelihoods in Post-Reform Kerala

    Steur, L.

    In Kerala, political activists with a background in Communism are now instead asserting political demands on the basis of indigenous identity. Why did a notion of indigenous belonging come to replace the discourse of class in subaltern struggles? Indigenist Mobilization answers this question through a detailed ethnographic study of the dynamics between the Communist party and indigenist activists, and the subtle ways in which global capitalist restructuring leads to a resonance of indigenist visions in the changing everyday working lives of subaltern groups in Kerala.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Indigenous Peoples & Demography
    August 2011

    Indigenous Peoples and Demography

    The Complex Relation between Identity and Statistics

    Axelsson, P. & Sköld, P. (eds)

    When researchers want to study indigenous populations they are dependent upon the highly variable way in which states or territories enumerate, categorise and differentiate indigenous people. In this volume, anthropologists, historians, demographers and sociologists have come together for the first time to examine the historical and contemporary construct of indigenous people in a number of fascinating geographical contexts around the world, including Canada, the United States, Colombia, Russia, Scandinavia, the Balkans and Australia. Using historical and demographical evidence, the contributors explore the creation and validity of categories for enumerating indigenous populations, the use and misuse of ethnic markers, micro-demographic investigations, and demographic databases, and thereby show how the situation varies substantially between countries.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Indigenous Peoples, Civil Society, & the Neo-Liberal State in Latin America
    October 2008

    Indigenous Peoples, Civil Society, and the Neo-liberal State in Latin America

    Fischer, E. F. (ed)

    In recent years the concept and study of “civil society” has received a lot of attention from political scientists, economists, and sociologists, but less so from anthropologists. A ground-breaking ethnographic approach to civil society as it is formed in indigenous communities in Latin America, this volume explores the multiple potentialities of civil society’s growth and critically assesses the potential for sustained change. Much recent literature has focused on the remarkable gains made by civil society and the chapters in this volume reinforce this trend while also showing the complexity of civil society – that civil society can itself sometimes be uncivil. In doing so, these insightful contributions speak not only to Latin American area studies but also to the changing shape of global systems of political economy in general.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Indigenous Rights & Development
    September 1997

    Indigenous Rights and Development

    Self-Determination in an Amazonian Community

    Gray, A.

    The Arakmbut are an indigenous people who live in the Madre de Dios region of the southeastern Peruvian rain forest. Since their first encounters with missionaries in the 1950s, they have shown resilience and a determination to affirm their identity in the face of many difficulties. During the last fifteen years, Arakmbut survival has been under threat from a goldrush that has attracted hundreds of colonists onto their territories. This trilogy of books traces the ways in which the Arakmbut overcome the dangers that surround them: their mythology and cultural strength; their social flexibility; and their capacity to incorporate non-indigenous concepts and activities into their defence strategies. Each area is punctuated by the constant presence of the invisible spirit, which provides a seamless theme connecting the books to eachother.

    Over a period of about two decades the indigenous movement has grown into an international force, making a marked impact on the United Nations and the International Labor Organization. In this volume, the author looks at the growing consciousness among the Arakmbut who are increasingly demanding that their rights to their territories and resources should be respected in tandem with the growing development of indigenous rights internationally. However, the author points to a significant difference of perception: whereas non-indigenous human-rights legislation receives its legitimacy by judicial means, the Arakmbut find their legal system legitimized through the spirit world. The invisibility of this world makes it appear non-existent to non-indigenous observers. However, to overlook its importance prevents outsiders from understanding and appreciating its significance in the Arakmbut struggle for survival.

    Buy all three volumes for 20% discount

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Indispensable Eyesores
    May 2009

    Indispensable Eyesores

    An Anthropology of Undesired Buildings

    Hoorn, M. v der

    Collapsing concrete colossuses, run-down overgrown skeletons, immutable architectural misfits: the outcasts from our built environment, which we are dying to dispose of — and yet cannot do without — have inspired many ghost stories, crime novels and urban legends. Such narratives reveal the significance of architectural eyesores for the people who live or work in or near them. After exploring various approaches to building lives and deaths, the author presents a rich variety of undesired edifices in Germany, Hungary, Austria and Bosnia-Herzegovina and investigates the different methods used to dispose of them: eliminating, damaging, transforming or ‘reframing’ them, abandoning them to progressive dilapidation or virtually rejecting them. Discarding an edifice, however, need not bring its social life to an end. This analysis continues with a reflection on the afterlife of unwanted buildings, and concludes with a discussion on the life expectancy of buildings, their multi-sensory materiality and ‘thingly’ agency.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism
    March 2018

    Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism

    Precarity, Class, and the Neoliberal Subject

    Hann, C. & Parry, J. (eds)

    Bringing together ethnographic case studies of industrial labor from different parts of the world, Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism explores the increasing casualization of workforces and the weakening power of organized labor. This division owes much to state policies and is reflected in local understandings of class. By exploring this relationship, these essays question the claim that neoliberal ideology has become the new ‘commonsense’ of our times and suggest various propositions about the conditions that create employment regimes based on flexible labor.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Insiders & Outsiders
    July 1996

    Insiders and Outsiders

    Paradise and Reality in Mallorca

    Waldren, J.

    The indigenous population of Deià has lived side by side with increasing numbers of foreigners over the past century, and what has occurred there over this period offers an example of how the population of one Mediterranean village has gained full advantage from the economic opportunities opened up by foreign investments, without losing the fabric of social relations, the meaning and values of their culture. Deià has been able to continue as a community with its own symbolic boundaries and identity, not in spite of the outsiders (some of whom are well-known literary personalities, artists and musicians) but because of their presence. This study shows how, under the impact of wars, migration, national politics, global economic and technological developments and especially tourism, the categories of Insider and Outsider are contracted and expanded, and reinterpreted to fit the constantly changing “reality” of the society; they assume different meanings at different times. The conflicts and resulting compromises over a hundred-year period have provided a sense of history that allows each group to define, develop, adapt and sustain their sense of belonging to their own communities.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Institutionalised Dreams
    January 2020

    Institutionalised Dreams

    The Art of Managing Foreign Aid

    Drążkiewicz, E.

    Using examples from Poland, Elżbieta Drążkiewicz explores the question of why states become donors and  individuals decide to share their wealth with others through foreign aid. She comes to the conclusion that the concept of foreign aid requires the establishment of a specific moral economy which links national ideologies and local cultures of charitable giving with broader ideas about the global political economy. It is through these processes that faith in foreign aid interventions as a solution to global issues is generated. The book also explores the relationship linking a state institution with its NGO partners, as well as international players such as the EU or OECD.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Intellectuals and (Counter-) Politics
    May 2014

    Intellectuals and (Counter-) Politics

    Essays in Historical Realism

    Smith, G.

    Contemporary forms of capitalism and the state require close analytic attention to reveal the conditions of possibility for effective counter-politics. On the other hand the practice of collective politics needs to be studied through historical ethnography if we are to understand what might make people’s actions effective. This book suggests a research agenda designed to maximize the political leverage of ordinary people faced with ever more remote states and technologies that make capitalism increasingly rapacious. Gavin Smith opens and closes this series of interlinked essays by proposing a concise framework for untangling what he calls “the society of capital” and subsequently a potentially controversial way of seeing its contemporary features. This book tackles the political conundrums of our times and asks what roles intellectuals might play therein.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Intimate Mobilities
    May 2018

    Intimate Mobilities

    Sexual Economies, Marriage and Migration in a Disparate World

    Groes, C. & Fernandez, N. T. (eds)

    As globalization and transnational encounters intensify, people’s mobility is increasingly conditioned by intimacy, ranging from love, desire, and sexual liaisons to broader family, kinship, and conjugal matters. This book explores the entanglement of mobility and intimacy in various configurations throughout the world. It argues that rather than being distinct and unrelated phenomena, intimacy-related mobilities constitute variations of cross-border movements shaped by and deeply entwined with issues of gender, kinship, race, and sexuality, as well as local and global powers and border restrictions in a disparate world.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • eBook available
    Inward Looking
    October 2019

    Inward Looking

    The Impact of Migration on Romanipe from the Romani Perspective

    Marinov, A. G.

    At present, Roma are an integral part of Europe, though they face structural and social inequalities and different forms of exclusion and discrimination. Inward Looking seeks to understand the relationship between Romani identity, performance and migration. Particularly, it studies the idea of ‘Romanipe’ through the prism of the personal accounts of Romani migrants. It also seeks to understand the relationships between the Romani groups in Europe, due to their increased travel and convergence, and predict the effects of migration on (new) Romani consciousness. The findings are based on qualitative data gathered from Romani migrants from three towns in Bulgaria.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Cultural Studies (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Irish/Ness is All Around Us
    April 2013

    Irish/ness Is All Around Us

    Language Revivalism and the Culture of Ethnic Identity in Northern Ireland

    Zenker, O.

    Focusing on Irish speakers in Catholic West Belfast, this ethnography on Irish language and identity explores the complexities of changing, and contradictory, senses of Irishness and shifting practices of ‘Irish culture’ in the domains of language, music, dance and sports. The author’s theoretical approach to ethnicity and ethnic revivals presents an expanded explanatory framework for the social (re)production of ethnicity, theorizing the mutual interrelations between representations and cultural practices regarding their combined capacity to engender ethnic revivals. Relevant not only to readers with an interest in the intricacies of the Northern Irish situation, this book also appeals to a broader readership in anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, history and political science concerned with the mechanisms behind ethnonational conflict and the politics of culture and identity in general.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies Cultural Studies (General)
  • Iron in the Soul
    June 2008

    Iron in the Soul

    Displacement, Livelihood and Health in Cyprus

    Loizos†, P.

    In his vivid, lively account of how Greek Cypriot villagers coped with a thirty-year displacement, Peter Loïzos follows a group of people whom he encountered as prosperous farmers in 1968, yet found as disoriented refugees when revisiting in 1975. By providing a forty year in-depth perspective unusual in the social sciences, this study yields unconventional insights into the deeper meanings of displacement. It focuses on reconstruction of livelihoods, conservation of family, community, social capital, health (both physical and mental), religious and political perceptions. The author argues for a closer collaboration between anthropology and the life sciences, particularly medicine and social epidemiology, but suggests that qualitative life-history data have an important role to play in the understanding of how people cope with collective stress.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Island Historical Ecology
    January 2018

    Island Historical Ecology

    Socionatural Landscapes of the Eastern and Southern Caribbean

    Siegel, P. (ed)

    In the first book-length treatise on historical ecology of the West Indies, Island Historical Ecology addresses Caribbean island ecologies from the perspective of social and cultural interventions over approximately eight millennia of human occupations. Environmental coring carried out in carefully selected wetlands allowed for the reconstruction of pre-colonial and colonial landscapes on islands between Venezuela and Puerto Rico. Comparisons with well-documented patterns in the Mediterranean and Pacific islands place this case study into a larger context of island historical ecology.

    Subjects: Archaeology Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    It Happens Among People
    November 2019

    It Happens Among People

    Resonances and Extensions of the Work of Fredrik Barth

    Wu, K. & Weller, R. P. (eds)

    Written by eleven leading anthropologists from around the world, this volume extends the insights of Fredrik Barth, one of the most important anthropologists of the twentieth century, to push even further at the frontiers of anthropology and honor his memory. As a collection, the chapters thus expand Barth’s pioneering work on values, further develop his insights on human agency and its potential creativity, as well as continuing to develop the relevance for his work as a way of thinking about and beyond the state. The work is grounded on his insistence that theory should grow only from observed life.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Ju/'hoan San of Nyae Nyae & Namibian Independence, The
    November 2010

    The Ju/’hoan San of Nyae Nyae and Namibian Independence

    Development, Democracy, and Indigenous Voices in Southern Africa

    Biesele, M. & Hitchcock, R. K.

    The Ju/’hoan San, or Ju/’hoansi, of Namibia and Botswana are perhaps the most fully described indigenous people in all of anthropology. This is the story of how this group of former hunter-gatherers, speaking an exotic click language, formed a grassroots movement that led them to become a dynamic part of the new nation that grew from the ashes of apartheid South West Africa. While coverage of this group in the writings of Richard Lee, Lorna Marshall, Elizabeth Marshall Thomas, and films by John Marshall includes extensive information on their traditional ways of life, this book continues the story as it has unfolded since 1990. Peopled with accounts of and from contemporary Ju>/’hoan people, the book gives newly-literate Ju/’hoansi the chance to address the world with their own voices. In doing so, the images and myths of the Ju/’hoan and other San (previously called “Bushmen”) as either noble savages or helpless victims are discredited. This important book demonstrates the responsiveness of current anthropological advocacy to the aspirations of one of the best-known indigenous societies.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Keywords of Mobility
    June 2016

    Keywords of Mobility

    Critical Engagements

    Salazar, N. B. & Jayaram, K. (eds)

    Scholars from various disciplines have used key concepts to grasp mobilities, but as of yet, a working vocabulary of these has not been fully developed. Given this context and inspired in part by Raymond Williams’ Keywords (1976), this edited volume presents contributions that critically analyze mobility-related keywords: capital, cosmopolitanism, freedom, gender, immobility, infrastructure, motility, and regime. Each chapter provides an historical context, a critical analysis of how the keyword has been used in relation to mobility, and a conclusion that proposes future usage or research.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General) Travel and Tourism
  • Kingdom on Mount Cameroon
    July 1996

    Kingdom on Mount Cameroon

    Studies in the History of the Cameroon Coast 1500-1970

    Ardener†, E.

    The Bakweri people of Mount Cameroon, an active volcano on the coast of West Africa a few degrees north of the equator, have had a varied and at times exciting history which has brought them into contact, not only with other West African peoples, but with merchants, missionaries, soldiers and administrators from Portugal, Holland, England, Jamaica, Sweden, Germany and more recently France.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • Kinning of Foreigners, The
    August 2006

    The Kinning of Foreigners

    Transnational Adoption in a Global Perspective

    Howell, S.

    Since the late nineteen sixties, transnational adoption has emerged as a global phenomenon. Due to a sharp decline in infants being made available for adoption locally, involuntarily childless couples in Western Europe and North America who wish to create a family, have to look to look to countries in the poor South and Eastern Europe. The purpose of this book is to locate transnational adoption within a broad context of contemporary Western life, especially values concerning family, children and meaningful relatedness, and to explore the many ambiguities and paradoxes that the practice entails. Based on empirical research from Norway, the author identifies three main themes for analysis: Firstly, by focusing on the perceived relationship between biology and sociality, she examines how notions of child, childhood and significant relatedness vary across time and space. She argues that through a process of kinning, persons are made into kin. In the case of adoption, kinning overcomes a dominant cultural emphasis placed upon biological connectedness. Secondly, it is a study of the rise of expert knowledge in the understanding of ‘the best interest of the child’, and how the part played by the ‘psycho.technocrats’ effects national and international policy and practice of transnational adoption. Thirdly, it shows how transnational adoption both depends upon and helps to foster the globalisation of Western rationality and morality. The book is an original contribution to the anthropological study of kinship and globalisation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Educational Studies Sociology
  • eBook available
    Kinship in Europe
    October 2007

    Kinship in Europe

    Approaches to Long-Term Development (1300-1900)

    Sabean, D. W., Teuscher, S., & Mathieu, J. (eds)

    Since the publication of Philippe Ariès’s book, Centuries of Childhood, in the early 1960s, there has been great interest among historians in the history of the family and the household. A central aspect of the debate relates the story of the family to implicit notions of modernization, with the rise of the nuclear family in the West as part of its economic and political success. During the past decade, however, that synthesis has begun to break down. Historians have begun to examine kinship – the way individual families are connected to each other through marriage and descent – finding that during the most dynamic period in European industrial development, class formation, and state reorganization, Europe became a “kinship hot” society. The essays in this volume explore two major transitions in kinship patterns – at the end of the Middle Ages and at the end of the eighteenth century – in an effort to reset the agenda in family history.

    Subjects: History: Medieval/Early Modern Anthropology (General) History: 18th/19th Century
  • Kinship, Community, & Self
    December 2014

    Kinship, Community, and Self

    Essays in Honor of David Warren Sabean

    Coy, J., Marschke, B., Poley, J., & Verhoeven, C. (eds)

    David Warren Sabean was a pioneer in the historical-anthropological study of kinship, community, and selfhood in early modern and modern Europe. His career has helped shape the discipline of history through his supervision of dozens of graduate students and his influence on countless other scholars. This book collects wide-ranging essays demonstrating the impact of Sabean’s work has on scholars of diverse time periods and regions, all revolving around the prominent issues that have framed his career: kinship, community, and self. The significance of David Warren Sabean’s scholarship is reflected in original research contributed by former students and essays written by his contemporaries, demonstrating Sabean’s impact on the discipline of history.

    Subjects: History (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Lands of the Future
    January 2021

    Lands of the Future

    Anthropological Perspectives on Pastoralism, Land Deals and Tropes of Modernity in Eastern Africa

    Gabbert, E. C., Gebresenbet, F., Galaty, J. G., & Schlee, G. (eds)

    Rangeland, forests and riverine landscapes of pastoral communities in Eastern Africa are increasingly under threat. Abetted by states who think that outsiders can better use the lands than the people who have lived there for centuries, outside commercial interests have displaced indigenous dwellers from pastoral territories. This volume presents case studies from Eastern Africa, based on long-term field research, that vividly illustrate the struggles and strategies of those who face dispossession and also discredit ideological false modernist tropes like ‘backwardness’ and ‘primitiveness’.

    Subject: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Landscape Ethnoecology
    February 2010

    Landscape Ethnoecology

    Concepts of Biotic and Physical Space

    Johnson, L. M. & Hunn, E. S. (eds)

    Although anthropologists and cultural geographers have explored “place” in various senses, little cross-cultural examination of “kinds of place,” or ecotopes, has been presented from an ethno-ecological perspective. In this volume, indigenous and local understandings of landscape are investigated in order to better understand how human communities relate to their terrestrial and aquatic resources. The contributors go beyond the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) literature and offer valuable insights on ecology and on land and resources management, emphasizing the perception of landscape above the level of species and their folk classification. Focusing on the ways traditional people perceive and manage land and biotic resources within diverse regional and cultural settings, the contributors address theoretical issues and present case studies from North America, Mexico, Amazonia, tropical Asia, Africa and Europe.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Landscape, Process & Power
    April 2009

    Landscape, Process and Power

    Re-evaluating Traditional Environmental Knowledge

    Heckler, S. (ed)

    In recent years, the field of study variously called local, indigenous or traditional environmental knowledge (TEK) has experienced a crisis brought about by the questioning of some of its basic assumptions. This has included reassessing notions that scientific methods can accurately elicit and describe TEK or that incorporating it into development projects will improve the physical, social or economic well-being of marginalized peoples. The contributors to this volume argue that to accurately and appropriately describe TEK, the historical and political forces that have shaped it, as well as people’s day-to-day engagement with the landscape around them must be taken into account. TEK thus emerges, not as an easily translatable tool for development experts, but as a rich and complex element of contemporary lives that should be defined and managed by indigenous and local peoples themselves.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Landscapes Beyond Land
    September 2012

    Landscapes Beyond Land

    Routes, Aesthetics, Narratives

    Árnason, A., Ellison, N., Vergunst, J. & Whitehouse, A. (eds)

    Land is embedded in a multitude of material and cultural contexts, through which the human experience of landscape emerges. Ethnographers, with their participative methodologies, long-term co-residence, and concern with the quotidian aspects of the places where they work, are well positioned to describe landscapes in this fullest of senses. The contributors explore how landscapes become known primarily through movement and journeying rather than stasis. Working across four continents, they explain how landscapes are constituted and recollected in the stories people tell of their journeys through them, and how, in turn, these stories are embedded in landscaped forms.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Landscapes of Relations & Belonging
    April 2011

    Landscapes of Relations and Belonging

    Body, Place and Politics in Wogeo, Papua New Guinea

    Anderson, A.

    Wogeo Island is well-known to anthropologists of Papua New Guinea through the work of Ian Hogbin. Based on substantial fieldwork, the author builds on and expands previous research by showing how Wogeos establish and maintain social relationships and identities connected to place and movement in the physical landscape. This innovative study demonstrates how Wogeo worldviews and social organization can be described in relation to terms of movements, flows and placements in the landscape while, in turn, the landscape is constituted and made meaningful through people’s activities and buildings. The author not only addresses some of the key issues in contemporary anthropology concerning place, gender, kinship, knowledge and power but also fills an important gap in Melanesian ethnography.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Language & Identity Politics
    November 2015

    Language and Identity Politics

    A Cross-Atlantic Perspective

    Späti, C. (ed)

    In an increasingly multicultural world, the relationship between language and identity remains a complicated and often fraught subject for most societies. The growing political salience of questions relating to language is evident not only in the expanded implementation of new policies and legislation, but also in heated public debates about national unity, collective identities, and the rights of linguistic minorities. By taking a comprehensive approach that considers both the inclusive and exclusive dimensions of linguistic identity across Europe and North America, the studies assembled here provide a sophisticated look at one of the global era’s defining political dynamics.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • Languid Bodies, Grounded Stances
    December 2016

    Languid Bodies, Grounded Stances

    The Curving Pathway of Neoclassical Odissi Dance

    Sikand, N.

    Widely believed to be the oldest Indian dance tradition, odissi has transformed over the centuries from a sacred temple ritual to a transnational genre performed—and consumed—throughout the world. Building on ethnographic research in multiple locations, this book charts the evolution of odissi dance and reveals the richness, rigor, and complexity of the form as it is practiced today. As author and dancer-choreographer Nandini Sikand shows, the story of odissi is ultimately a story of postcolonial India, one in which identity, nationalism, tradition, and neoliberal politics dramatically come together.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Last Shaman, The
    March 1997

    The Last Shaman

    Change in an Amazonian Community

    Gray, A.

    The Arakmbut are an indigenous people who live in the Madre de Dios region of the southeastern Peruvian rain forest. Since their first encounters with missionaries in the 1950s,they have shown resilience and a determination to affirm their identity in the face of many difficulties. During the last fifteen years, Arakmbut survival has been under threat from a goldrush that has attracted hundreds of colonists onto their territories. This trilogy of books traces the ways in which the Arakmbut overcome the dangers that surround them: their mythology and cultural strength; their social flexibility; and their capacity to incorporate non-indigenous concepts and activities into their defence strategies. Each area is punctuated by the constant presence of the invisible spirit, which provides a seamless theme connecting the books to each other.

    The death of a shaman in 1980 had an enormous spiritual and political consequences for one of the Arakmbut communities, resulting in a shift in its social organization from comparative hierarchy to a more egalitarian system. The author uses this case as an illustration to challenge the idea that indigenous peoples live in fossilized, static worlds. He shows that political activities in conjunction with shamanic communication with the spirit world provide the impetus and context for change.

    Buy all three volumes for 20% discount

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Development Studies Literary Studies
  • Malaise Creole, Le
    August 2006

    Le Malaise Creole

    Ethnic Identity in Mauritius

    Boswell, R.

    How does one explain the poverty and marginalization of a group that lives in a remarkably successful economy and peaceful society? A native anthropologist, the author provides critical insight into the dynamics of contemporary Mauritian society. In her meticulously researched study of ethnic, gender and racial discrimination in Mauritius, she addresses debates carried out in many developing societies on subaltern identities, ethnicity, poverty and social injustice. The book therefore also offers important empirical material for scholars interested in the wider Indian Ocean region and beyond.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Learning from the Children
    June 2012

    Learning From the Children

    Childhood, Culture and Identity in a Changing World

    Waldren, J. & Kaminski, I.-M. (eds)

    Children and youth, regardless of their ethnic backgrounds, are experiencing lifestyle choices their parents never imagined and contributing to the transformation of ideals, traditions, education and adult–child power dynamics. As a result of the advances in technology and media as well as the effects of globalization, the transmission of social and cultural practices from parents to children is changing. Based on a number of qualitative studies, this book offers insights into the lives of children and youth in Britain, Japan, Spain, Israel/Palestine, and Pakistan. Attention is focused on the child’s perspective within the social-power dynamics involved in adult–child relations, which reveals the dilemmas of policy, planning and parenting in a changing world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Mobility Studies
  • Learning Senegalese Sabar
    February 2014

    Learning Senegalese Sabar

    Dancers and Embodiment in New York and Dakar

    Bizas, E.

    Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork in New York and Dakar, this book explores the Senegalese dance-rhythms Sabar from the research position of a dance student. It features a comparative analysis of the pedagogical techniques used in dance classes in New York and Dakar, which in turn shed light on different aesthetics and understandings of dance, as well as different ways of learning, in each context. Pointing to a loose network of teachers and students who travel between New York and Dakar around the practice of West African dance forms, the author discusses how this movement is maintained, what role the imagination plays in mobilizing participants and how the ‘cultural flow’ of the dances is ‘punctuated’ by national borders and socio-economic relationships. She explores the different meanings articulated around Sabar’s transatlantic movement and examines how the dance floor provides the grounds for contested understandings, socio-economic relationships and broader discourses to be re-choreographed in each setting.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Learning under Neoliberalism
    March 2015

    Learning Under Neoliberalism

    Ethnographies of Governance in Higher Education

    Hyatt, S. B., Shear, B. W., & Wright, S. (eds)

    As part of the neoliberal trends toward public-private partnerships, universities all over the world have forged more intimate relationships with corporate interests and more closely resemble for-profit corporations in both structure and practice.  These transformations, accompanied by new forms of governance, produce new subject-positions among faculty and students and enable new approaches to teaching, curricula, research, and everyday practices. The contributors to this volume use ethnographic methods to investigate the multi-faceted impacts of neoliberal restructuring, while reporting on their own pedagogical responses, at universities in the United States, Europe, and New Zealand.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Leaving Footprints in the Taiga
    October 2016

    Leaving Footprints in the Taiga

    Luck, Spirits and Ambivalence among the Siberian Orochen Reindeer Herders and Hunters

    Brandišauskas, D.

    Nowhere have recent environmental and social changes been more pronounced than in post-Soviet Siberia. Donatas Brandišauskas probes the strategies that Orochen reindeer herders of southeastern Siberia have developed to navigate these changes. “Catching luck” is one such strategy that plays a central role in Orochen cosmology — luck implies a vernacular theory of causality based on active interactions of humans, non-humans, material objects, and places.  Brandišauskas describes in rich details the skills, knowledge, ritual practices, storytelling, and movements that enable the Orochen to “catch luck” (or not, sometimes), to navigate times of change and upheaval.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Legacies of a Hawaiian Generation, The
    September 2013

    The Legacies of a Hawaiian Generation

    From Territorial Subject to American Citizen

    Schachter, J.

    Through the voices and perspectives of the members of an extended Hawaiian family, or `ohana, this book tells the story of North American imperialism in Hawai`i from the Great Depression to the new millennium. The family members offer their versions of being “Native Hawaiian” in an American state, detailing the ways in which US laws, policies, and institutions made, and continue to make, an impact on their daily lives. The book traces the ways that Hawaiian values adapted to changing conditions under a Territorial regime and then after statehood. These conditions involved claims for land for Native Hawaiian Homesteads, education in American public schools, military service, and participation in the Hawaiian cultural renaissance. Based on fieldwork observations, kitchen table conversations, and talk-stories, or mo`olelo, this book is a unique blend of biography, history, and anthropological analysis.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History: 20th Century to Present
  • Legal Dissonance
    July 2015

    Legal Dissonance

    The Interaction of Criminal Law and Customary Law in Papua New Guinea

    Larcom, S.

    Papua New Guinea’s two most powerful legal orders — customary law and state law —undermine one another in criminal matters. This phenomenon, called legal dissonance, partly explains the low level of personal security found in many parts of the country. This book demonstrates that a lack of coordination in the punishing of wrong behavior is both problematic for legal orders themselves and for those who are subject to such legal phenomena Legal dissonance can lead to behavior being simultaneously promoted by one legal order and punished by the other, leading to injustice, and, perhaps more importantly, undermining the ability of both legal orders to deter wrongdoing.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Legends of People, Myths of State
    December 2011

    Legends of People, Myths of State

    Violence, Intolerance, and Political Culture in Sri Lanka and Australia

    Kapferer, B.

    The civil war in Sri Lanka and the part that nationalism seemed to play in it inspired the writing of this book some twenty-three years ago. The argument was developed through a comparative analysis of nationalism in Sri Lanka with the author’s native Australia. At the time this constituted an innovative approach to comparison in anthropology, as well as to nationalism and its possibilities. It was not based on differences but on the way in which perspectives from within the two nationalisms, when seen side-by-side, could present an understanding of their implication in producing the violence of war, racism, and social exclusion. The book has lost none of its importance and urgency as proven by the chapters in the Appendix, written by top scholars working in Sri Lanka and in Australia. These contributions bring together new material and critically explore the book’s themes and their continued relevance to the various trajectories in nationalist processes since the first publication of the book.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Lela in Bali
    December 2006

    Lela in Bali

    History through Ceremony in Cameroon

    Fardon, R.

    Lela in Bali tells the story of an annual festival of eighteenth-century kingdoms in Northern Cameroon that was swept up in the migrations of marauding slave-raiders during the nineteenth century and carried south towards the coast. Lela was transformed first into a mounted durbar, like those of the Muslim states, before evolving in tandem with the German colonial project into a festival of arms. Reinterpreted by missionaries and post-colonial Cameroonians, Lela has become one of the most important of Cameroonian festivals and a crucial marker of identity within the state. Richard Fardon’s recuperation of two hundred years of history is an essential contribution not only to Cameroonian studies but also to the broader understanding of the evolution of African cultures.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Performance Studies Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Lewis Henry Morgan's Comparisons
    July 2019

    Lewis Henry Morgan’s Comparisons

    Reassessing Terminology, Anarchy and Worldview in Indigenous Societies of America, Australia and Highland Middle India

    Pfeffer†, G.

    About 150 years ago Lewis Henry Morgan compared relationship terminologies, societal forms and ideas of property to recognize the interdependence of the three domains. From a new perspective, the book re-examines, confirms and criticizes Morgan’s findings to conclude that reciprocal affinal relations determine most ‘classificatory’ terminologies and regulate many non-state societies, their property notions and their rituals. Apart from references to American and Australian features, such holistic socio-cultural constructs are exemplified by elaborate descriptions of little known contemporary Indigenous societies in Highland Middle India, altogether comprising many millions of members.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Life as a Hunt
    September 2016

    Life as a Hunt

    Thresholds of Identities and Illusions on an African Landscape

    Marks, S. A.

    The “extensive wilderness” of Zambia’s central Luangwa Valley is the homeland of the Valley Bisa whose cultural practices have enriched this environment for centuries. Beginning with the intrusions of warlords and later British colonials, successive generations have experienced the callousness and challenges of colonialism. Their homeland, a slender corridor surrounded by three national parks and an escarpment, is a microcosm of the political, economic and cultural battlefields surrounding most African protected areas today. The story of the Valley Bisa diverges from the myths that conservationists, administrators, and philanthropists, tell about Africa’s environmental and wildlife crises.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Liminal Moves
    April 2021

    Liminal Moves

    Traveling along Places, Meanings, and Times

    Cangià, F.

    Moving, slowing down, or watching others moving allows people to cross physical, symbolic, and temporal boundaries. Exploring  the imaginative power of liminality that makes this possible, Liminal Moves explores the (im)mobilities of three groups of people – street monkey performers in Japan, adolescents writing about migrants in Italy, and men accompanying their partners in Switzerland for work. The book explores how, for these ‘travelers’, the interplay of mobility and immobility creates a ‘liminal hotspot’: a condition of suspension and ambivalence as they find themselves caught between places, meanings and times.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Limits of Meaning, The
    August 2006

    The Limits of Meaning

    Case Studies in the Anthropology of Christianity

    Engelke, M. & Tomlinson, M. (eds)

    Too often, anthropological accounts of ritual leave readers with the impression that everything goes smoothly, that rituals are “meaningful events.” But what happens when rituals fail, or when they seem “meaningless”? Drawing on research in the anthropology of Christianity from around the globe, the authors in this volume suggest that in order to analyze meaning productively, we need to consider its limits. This collection is a welcome new addition to the anthropology of religion, offering fresh debates on a classic topic and drawing attention to meaning in a way that other volumes have for key terms like “culture” and “fieldwork.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Liquid Bread
    May 2011

    Liquid Bread

    Beer and Brewing in Cross-Cultural Perspective

    Schiefenhövel, W. and Macbeth, H. (eds)

    Beer is an ancient alcoholic drink which, although produced through a more complex process than wine, was developed by a wide range of cultures to become internationally popular. This book is the first multidisciplinary, cross-cultural collection about beer. It explores the brewing processes used in antiquity and in traditional societies; the social and symbolic roles of beer-drinking; the beliefs and activities associated with it; the health-promoting effects as well as the health-damaging risks; and analyses the modern role of large multinational companies, which own many of the breweries, and the marketing techniques that they employ.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Living Ancestors, The
    September 2015

    The Living Ancestors

    Shamanism, Cosmos and Cultural Change among the Yanomami of the Upper Orinoco

    Jokic, Z.

    This phenomenologically oriented ethnography focuses on experiential aspects of Yanomami shamanism, including shamanistic activities in the context of cultural change. The author interweaves ethnographic material with theoretical components of a holographic principle, or the idea that the “part is equal to the whole,” which is embedded in the nature of the Yanomami macrocosm, human dwelling, multiple-soul components, and shamans’ relationships with embodied spirit-helpers. This book fills an important gap in the regional study of Yanomami people, and, on a broader scale, enriches understanding of this ancient phenomenon by focusing on the consciousness involved in shamanism through firsthand experiential involvement.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Living Before Dying
    August 2017

    Living Before Dying

    Imagining and Remembering Home

    Davies†, J.

    This in-depth description of life in a nursing/care home for 70 residents and 40 staff highlights the daily care of frail or ill residents between 80 and 100 years of age, including people suffering with dementia. How residents interact with care assistants is emphasised, as are the different behaviours of men and women observed during a year of daily conversations between the author, patients and staff, who share their stories of the pressures of the work. Living Before Dying shows a world where, in extreme old age, people have to learn how to cope with living communally.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Living Kinship in the Pacific
    April 2015

    Living Kinship in the Pacific

    Toren, C. & Pauwels, S. (eds)

    Unaisi Nabobo-Baba observed that for the various peoples of the Pacific, kinship is generally understood as “knowledge that counts.” It is with this observation that this volume begins, and it continues with a straightforward objective to provide case studies of Pacific kinship. In doing so, contributors share an understanding of kinship as a lived and living dimension of contemporary human lives, in an area where deep historical links provide for close and useful comparison. The ethnographic focus is on transformation and continuity over time in Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa with the addition of three instructive cases from Tokelau, Papua New Guinea, and Taiwan. The book ends with an account of how kinship is constituted in day-to-day ritual and ritualized behavior.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Living on Thin Ice
    July 2016

    Living on Thin Ice

    The Gwich’in Natives of Alaska

    Dinero, S. C.

    The Gwich’in Natives of Arctic Village, Alaska, have experienced intense social and economic changes for more than a century. In the late 20th century, new transportation and communication technologies introduced radically new value systems; while some of these changes may be seen as socially beneficial, others suggest a weakening of what was once a strong and vibrant Native community. Using quantitative and qualitative data gathered since the turn of the millennium, this volume offers an interdisciplinary evaluation of the developments that have occurred in the community over the past several decades.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Urban Studies
  • eBook available
    Living Under Austerity
    July 2018

    Living Under Austerity

    Greek Society in Crisis

    Doxiadis, E. & Placas, A. (eds)

    Since its sovereign debt crisis in 2009, Greece has been living under austerity, with no apparent end in sight. This volume explores the effects of policies pursued by the Greek state since then (under the direction of the Troika), and how Greek society has responded. In addition to charting the actual effects of the Greek crisis on politics, health care, education, media, and other areas, the book both examines and challenges the “crisis” era as the context for changing attitudes and developments within Greek society.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Local Science Vs Global Science
    December 2006

    Local Science Vs Global Science

    Approaches to Indigenous Knowledge in International Development

    Sillitoe, P. (ed)

    While science has achieved a remarkable understanding of nature, affording humans an astonishing technological capability, it has led, through Euro-American global domination, to the muting of other cultural views and values, even threatening their continued existence. There is a growing realization that the diversity of knowledge systems demand respect, some refer to them in a conservation idiom as alternative information banks. The scientific perspective is only one. We now have many examples of the soundness of local science and practices, some previously considered “primitive” and in need of change, but this book goes beyond demonstrating the soundness of local science and arguing for the incorporation of others’ knowledge in development, to argue that we need to look quizzically at the foundations of science itself and further challenge its hegemony, not only over local communities in Africa, Asia, the Pacific or wherever, but also the global community. The issues are large and the challenges are exciting, as addressed in this book, in a range of ethnographic and institutional contexts.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Localizing the Internet
    August 2011

    Localizing the Internet

    An Anthropological Account

    Postill, J.

    Internet activism is playing a crucial role in the democratic reform happening across many parts of Southeast Asia. Focusing on Subang Jaya, a suburb of Kuala Lumpur, this study offers an in-depth examination of the workings of the Internet at the local level. In fact, Subang Jaya is regarded as Malaysia’s electronic governance laboratory. The author explores its field of residential affairs, a digitally mediated social field in which residents, civil servants, politicians, online journalists and other social agents struggle over how the locality is to be governed at the dawn of the ‘Information Era’. Drawing on the field theories of both Pierre Bourdieu and the Manchester School of political anthropology, this study challenges the unquestioned predominance of ‘network’ and ‘community’ as the two key sociation concepts in contemporary Internet studies. The analysis extends field theory in four new directions, namely the complex articulations between personal networking and social fields, the uneven diffusion and circulation of new field technologies and contents, intra- and inter-field political crises, and the emergence of new forms of residential sociality.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Logic of Environmentalism, The
    September 2005

    The Logic of Environmentalism

    Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality

    Argyrou, V.

    Although modernity’s understanding of nature and culture has now been superseded by that of environmentalism, the power to define the meaning of both, and hence the meaning of the world itself, remains in the same (Western) hands. This bold argument is at the center of this provocative book that challenges the widespread assumption that environmentalism reflects a radical departure from modernity. Our perception of nature may have changed, the author maintains, but environmentalism remains a thoroughly modernist project. It reproduces the cultural logic of modernity, a logic that finds meaning in unity and therefore strives to efface difference, and to reconfirm the position of the West as the source of all legitimate signification.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Long Way Home, The
    November 2010

    The Long Way Home

    The Meaning and Values of Repatriation

    Turnbull, P. & Pickering, M. (eds)

    Indigenous peoples have long sought the return of ancestral human remains and associated artifacts from western museums and scientific institutions. Since the late 1970s their efforts have led museum curators and researchers to re-evaluate their practices and policies in respect to the scientific uses of human remains. New partnerships have been established between cultural and scientific institutions and indigenous communities. Human remains and culturally significant objects have been returned to the care of indigenous communities, although the fate of bones and burial artifacts in numerous collections remains unresolved and, in some instances, the subject of controversy. In this book, leading researchers from a wide range of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences reflect critically on the historical, cultural, ethical and scientific dimensions of repatriation. Through various case studies they consider the impact of repatriation: what have been the benefits, and in what ways has repatriation given rise to new problems for indigenous people, scientists and museum personnel. It features chapters by indigenous knowledge custodians, who reflect upon recent debates and interaction between indigenous people and researchers in disciplines with direct interests in the continued scientific preservation of human remains.

    In this book, leading researchers from a wide range of disciplines in the humanities and social sciences reflect critically on the historical, cultural, ethical and scientific dimensions of repatriation. Through various case studies they consider the impact of repatriation: what have been the benefits, and in what ways has repatriation given rise to new problems for indigenous people, scientists and museum personnel. It features chapters by indigenous knowledge custodians, who reflect upon recent debates and interaction between indigenous people and researchers in disciplines with direct interests in the continued scientific preservation of human remains.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies
  • Lost to the State
    December 2010

    Lost to the State

    Family Discontinuity, Social Orphanhood and Residential Care in the Russian Far East

    Khlinovskaya Rockhill, E.

    Childhood held a special place in Soviet society: seen as the key to a better future, children were imagined as the only privileged class. Therefore, the rapid emergence in post-Soviet Russia of the vast numbers of vulnerable ‘social orphans’, or children who have living relatives but grow up in residential care institutions, caught the public by surprise, leading to discussions of the role and place of childhood in the new society. Based on an in-depth study the author explores dissonance between new post-Soviet forms of family and economy, and lingering Soviet attitudes, revealing social orphans as an embodiment of a long-standing power struggle between the state and the family. The author uncovers parallels between (post-) Soviet and Western practices in child welfare and attitudes towards ‘bad’ mothers, and proposes a new way of interpreting kinship where the state is an integral member.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Lullabies and Battle Cries
    August 2018

    Lullabies and Battle Cries

    Music, Identity and Emotion among Republican Parading Bands in Northern Ireland

    Rollins, J.

    Set against a volatile political landscape, Irish republican culture has struggled to maintain continuity with the past, affirm legitimacy in the present, and generate a sense of community for the future. Lullabies and Battle Cries explores the relationship between music, emotion, memory, and identity in republican parading bands, with a focus on how this music continues to be utilized in a post-conflict climate. As author Jaime Rollins shows, rebel parade music provides a foundational idiom of national and republican expression, acting as a critical medium for shaping new political identities within continually shifting dynamics of republican culture.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Made in Egypt
    July 2016

    Made In Egypt

    Gendered Identity and Aspiration on the Globalised Shop Floor

    Chakravarti, L. Z.

    This ground-breaking ethnography of an export-orientated garment assembly factory in Egypt examines the dynamic relationships between its managers – emergent Mubarak-bizniz (business) elites who are caught in an intensely competitive globalized supply chain – and the local daily-life realities of their young, educated, and mixed-gender labour force. Constructions of power and resistance, as well as individual aspirations and identities, are explored through articulations of class, gender and religion in both management discourses and shop floor practices. Leila Chakravarti’s compelling study also moves beyond the confines of the factory, examining the interplay with the wider world around it.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Ubumwe Power, State and Camps in Rwanda’s Unity-Building Project”>Making <i>Ubumwe</I>” onerror=”this.src=” https:=””/><br />
							October 2015							</p>
<h2>Making <i>Ubumwe</i></h2>
<h3>Power, State and Camps in Rwanda’s Unity-Building Project</h3>
<h4>Purdeková, P.</h4>
<p>
	Since the end of the Rwandan genocide, the new political elite has been challenged with building a unified nation. Reaching beyond the better-studied topics of post-conflict justice and memory, the book investigates the project of civic education, the upsurge of state-led neo-traditional institutions and activities, and the use of camps and retreats shape the “ideal” Rwandan citizen. Rwanda’s <em>ingando</em> camps offer unique insights into the uses of dislocation and liminality in an attempt to anchor identities and desired political roles, to practically orient and symbolically place individuals in the new Rwandan order, and, ultimately, to create additional platforms for the reproduction of political power itself.</p>
<h5 class= Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Development Studies
  • Making a Difference?
    January 2015

    Making a Difference?

    Social Assessment Policy and Praxis and its Emergence in China

    Price, S. & Robinson, K. (eds)

    Social assessment for projects in China is an important emerging field. This collection of essays — from authors whose formative work has influenced the policies that shape practice in development-affected communities — locates recent Chinese experience of the development of social assessment practices (including in displacement and resettlement) in a historical and comparative perspective. Contributors — social scientists employed by international development banks, national government agencies, and sub-contracting groups — examine projects from a practitioner’s perspective. Real-life experiences are presented as case-specific praxis, theoretically informed insight, and pragmatic lessons-learned, grounded in the history of this field of development practice. They reflect on work where economic determinism reigns supreme, yet project failure or success often hinges upon sociopolitical and cultural factors.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Making of the Pentecostal Melodrama, The
    June 2012

    The Making of the Pentecostal Melodrama

    Religion, Media and Gender in Kinshasa

    Pype, K.

    How religion, gender, and urban sociality are expressed in and mediated via television drama in Kinshasa is the focus of this ethnographic study. Influenced by Nigerian films and intimately related to the emergence of a charismatic Christian scene, these teleserials integrate melodrama, conversion narratives, Christian songs, sermons, testimonies, and deliverance rituals to produce commentaries on what it means to be an inhabitant of Kinshasa.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Media Studies Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • eBook available
    Management and Morality
    January 2020

    Management and Morality

    An Ethnographic Exploration of Management Consultancy Seminars

    Henningsen, E.

    Drawing on extended ethnographic studies of management consultancies in the Oslo region of Norway, this book seeks to find a richer understanding of their role in contemporary work life and the attraction their practices exert on people. The author shows that management consultancy is an arena of meaning that should be analysed as a ‘cultural space’. With a detailed investigation into consultancy as a cultural phenomenon, Henningsen argues that  its services can be viewed as a ‘micro-utopian’ vision which can lead to  a happier working environment for individuals.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Applied Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Management by Seclusion
    May 2019

    Management by Seclusion

    A Critique of World Bank Promises to End Global Poverty

    Cochrane, G.

    50 years ago, World Bank President Robert McNamara promised to end poverty. Alleviation was to rely on economic growth, resulting in higher incomes stimulated by Bank loans processed by deskbound Washington staff, trickling down to the poorest.  Instead, child poverty and homelessness are on the increase everywhere. In this book, anthropologist and former World Bank Advisor Glynn Cochrane argues that instead of Washington’s “management by seclusion,” poverty alleviation requires personal engagement with the poorest by helpers with hands-on local and cultural skills. Here, the author argues, the insights provided by anthropological fieldwork have a crucial role to play.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Managing Ambiguity
    July 2017

    Managing Ambiguity

    How Clientelism, Citizenship, and Power Shape Personhood in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Brković, Č.

    Why do people turn to personal connections to get things done? Exploring the role of favors in social welfare systems in postwar, postsocialist Bosnia and Herzegovina, this volume provides a new theoretical angle on links between ambiguity and power. It demonstrates that favors were not an instrumental tactic of survival, nor a way to reproduce oneself as a moral person. Instead, favors enabled the insertion of personal compassion into the heart of the organization of welfare.

    Managing Ambiguity follows how neoliberal insistence on local community, flexibility, and self-responsibility was translated into clientelist modes of relating and back, and how this fostered a specific mode of power.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies History: 20th Century to Present
  • eBook available
    Market Frictions
    June 2019

    Market Frictions

    Trade and Urbanization at the Vietnam-China Border

    Endres, K. W.

    Based on ethnographic research conducted over several years, Market Frictions examines the tensions and frictions that emerge from the interaction of global market forces, urban planning policies, and small-scale trading activities in the Vietnamese border city of Lào Cai. Here, it is revealed how small-scale traders and market vendors experience the marketplace, reflect upon their trading activities, and negotiate current state policies and regulations. It shows how “traditional” Vietnamese marketplaces have continually been reshaped and adapted to meet the changing political-economic circumstances and civilizational ideals of the time.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Marketing Hope
    May 2019

    Marketing Hope

    Get-Rich-Quick Schemes in Siberia

    Schiffauer, L.

    Multilevel marketing and pyramid schemes promote the idea that participants can easily become rich. These popular economies turn ordinary people into advocates of their interests and missionaries of the American Dream. Marketing Hope looks at how different types of get-rich-quick schemes manifest themselves in a Siberian town. By focusing on their social dynamics, Leonie Schiffauer provides insights into how capitalist logic is learned and negotiated, and how it affects local realities in a post-Soviet environment.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Masks and Staffs
    July 2015

    Masks and Staffs

    Identity Politics in the Cameroon Grassfields

    Pelican, Michaela

    The Cameroon Grassfields, home to three ethnic groups – Grassfields societies, Mbororo, and Hausa – provide a valuable case study for the anthropological examination of identity politics and interethnic relations. In the midst of the political liberalization of Cameroon in the late 1990s and 2000s, local responses to political and legal changes took the form of a series of performative and discursive expressions of ethnicity. Confrontational encounters stimulated by economic and political rivalry, as well as socially integrative processes, transformed collective self-understanding in Cameroon in conjunction with recent global discourses on human, minority, and indigenous rights. The book provides a vital contribution to the study of ethnicity, conflict, and social change in the anthropology of Africa.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Mastering Soldiers
    September 1998

    Mastering Soldiers

    Conflict, Emotions, and the Enemy in an Israeli Army Unit

    Ben-Ari, E.

    Studies of the military that deal with the actual experience of troops in the field are still rare in the social sciences. In fact, this ethnographic study of an elite unit in the Israeli Defense Force is the only one of its kind. As an officer of this unit and a professional anthropologist, the author was ideally positioned for his role as participant observer. During the eight years he spent with his unit he focused primarily on such notions as “conflict”, “the enemy”, and “soldiering” because they are, he argues, the key points of reference for “what we are” and “what we are trying to do” and form the basis for interpreting the environment within which armies operate. Relying on the latest anthropological approaches to cognitive models and the social constructions of emotion and masculinity, the author offers an in-depth analysis of the dynamics that drive the men’s attitudes and behavior, and a rare and fascinating insight into the reality of military life.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Matter of Belief, A
    September 2012

    A Matter of Belief

    Christian Conversion and Healing in North-East India

    Joshi, V.

    ‘Nagaland for Christ’ and ‘Jesus Saves’ are familiar slogans prominently displayed on public transport and celebratory banners in Nagaland, north-east India. They express an idealization of Christian homogeneity that belies the underlying tensions and negotiations between Christian and non-Christian Naga. This religious division is intertwined with that of healing beliefs and practices, both animistic and biomedical. This study focuses on the particular experiences of the Angami Naga, one of the many Naga peoples. Like other Naga, they are citizens of the state of India but extend ethnolinguistically into Tibeto-Burman south-east Asia. This ambiguity and how it affects their Christianity, global involvement, indigenous cultural assertiveness and nationalist struggle is explored. Not simply describing continuity through change, this study reveals the alternating Christian and non-Christian streams of discourse, one masking the other but at different times and in different guises.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Mattering the Invisible
    May 2021

    Mattering the Invisible

    Technologies, Bodies, and the Realm of the Spectral

    Espírito Santo, D. & Hunter, J. (eds)

    Exploring how technological apparatuses “capture” invisible worlds, this book looks at how spirits, UFOs, discarnate entities, spectral energies, atmospheric forces and particles are mattered into existence by human minds. Technological and scientific discourse has always been central to the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century spiritualist quest for legitimacy, but as this book shows, machines, people, and invisible beings are much more ontologically entangled in their definitions and constitution than we would expect. The book shows this entanglement through a series of contemporary case studies where the realm of the invisible arises through technological engagement, and where the paranormal intertwines with modern technology.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Media Studies
  • Meaningful Inconsistencies
    July 2009

    Meaningful Inconsistencies

    Bicultural Nationhood, the Free Market, and Schooling in Aotearoa/New Zealand

    Doerr, N. M.

    School differentiates students-and provides differential access to various human and material resources-along a range of axes: from elected subjects and academic “achievement” to ethnicity, age, gender, or the language they speak. These categorizations, affected throughout the world by neoliberal reforms that prioritize market forces in transforming educational institutions, are especially stark in societies that recognize their bi- or multicultural makeup through bilingual education. A small town in Aotearoa/New Zealand, with its contemporary shift toward official biculturalism and extensive free-marketization of schooling, is a prime example. Set in the microcosm of a secondary school with a bilingual program, this important volume closely examines not only the implications of categorizing individuals in ethnic terms in their everyday life but also the shapes and meaning of education within the discourse of academic achievement. It is an essential resource for those interested in bilingual education and its effects on the formations of subjectivities, ethnic relations, and nationhood.

    Subjects: Educational Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Media & Nation Building
    May 2006

    Media and Nation Building

    How the Iban became Malaysian

    Postill, J.

    With the end of the Cold War and the proliferation of civil wars and “regime changes,” the question of nation building has acquired great practical and theoretical urgency. From Eastern Europe to East Timor, Afghanistan and recently Iraq, the United States and its allies have often been accused of shirking their nation-building responsibilities as their attention — and that of the media — turned to yet another regional crisis. While much has been written about the growing influence of television and the Internet on modern warfare, little is known about the relationship between media and nation building. This book explores, for the first time, this relationship by means of a paradigmatic case of successful nation building: Malaysia. Based on extended fieldwork and historical research, the author follows the diffusion, adoption, and social uses of media among the Iban of Sarawak, in Malaysian Borneo and demonstrates the wide-ranging process of nation building that has accompanied the Iban adoption of radio, clocks, print media, and television. In less than four decades, Iban longhouses (‘villages under one roof’) have become media organizations shaped by the official ideology of Malaysia, a country hastily formed in 1963 by conjoining four disparate territories.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Media Practices and Changing African Socialities
    March 2020

    Media Practices and Changing African Socialities

    Non-media-centric Perspectives

    Helle-Valle, J. & Strom-Mathiesen, A. (eds)

    Deriving from innovative new work by six researchers, this book questions what the new media’s role is in contemporary Africa. The chapters are diverse – covering different areas of sociality in different countries – but they unite in their methodological and analytical foundation. The focus is on media-related practices, which require engagement with different perspectives and concerns while situating these in a wider analytical context. The contributions to this collection provide fresh ethnographic descriptions of how new media practices can affect socialities in significant but unpredictable ways.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Medicinal Rule
    September 2018

    Medicinal Rule

    A Historical Anthropology of Kingship in East and Central Africa

    Stroeken, K.

    As soon as Europeans set foot on African soil, they looked for the equivalents of their kings – and found them. The resulting misunderstandings have lasted until this day. Based on ethnography-driven regional comparison and a critical re-examination of classic monographs on some forty cultural groups, this volume makes the arresting claim that across equatorial Africa the model of rule has been medicine – and not the colonizer’s despotic administrator, the missionary’s divine king, or Vansina’s big man. In a wide area populated by speakers of Bantu and other languages of the Niger-Congo cluster, both cult and dynastic clan draw on the fertility shrine, rainmaking charm and drum they inherit.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Melanesian Odysseys
    July 2008

    Melanesian Odysseys

    Negotiating the Self, Narrative, and Modernity

    Josephides, L.

    In a series of epic self-narratives ranging from traditional cultural embodiments to picaresque adventures, Christian epiphanies and a host of interactive strategies and techniques for living, Kewa Highlanders (PNG) attempt to shape and control their selves and their relentlessly changing world. This lively account transcends ethnographic particularity and offers a wide-reaching perspective on the nature of being human. Inverting the analytic logic of her previous work, which sought to uncover what social structures concealed, Josephides focuses instead on the cultural understandings that people make explicit in their actions and speech. Using approaches from philosophy and anthropology, she examines elicitation (how people create their selves and their worlds in the act of making explicit) and mimesis (how anthropologists produce ethnographies), to arrive at an unexpected conclusion: that knowledge of self and other alike derives from self-externalization rather than self-introspection.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Memoirs of a Mbororo
    December 2002

    Memoirs of a Mbororo

    The Life of Ndudi Umaru: Fulani Nomad of Cameroon

    Bocquene, H.

    This remarkable book recounts the life of Ndudi Umaru, a pastoral nomadic Fulani, who was born in the Nigeria-Cameroon border zone, but spent most of his life in Cameroon where he was treated for leprosy. Left to his own devices at an early age—his illness having separated him from his kith and kin—Ndudi is befriended by Père Boquené, a French missionary who takes him on as a field assistant. Working closely with the young man, Père Boquené realizes Ndudi is a keen observer of his own pastoral society, with its links to a wider social setting, and suggests he record his observations on tape. The result is a rare and sensitive collaboration, which sheds new insight into the world of the Mbororo and the complex and ever-changing social mosaic of West African savanna societies. Ndudi’s leprosy and his efforts to find a cure grant him the necessary perspective to analyze this complex world, while still remaining a part of it.

    For the western public, the Mbororo have often been the photogenic subjects of “Disappearing World” documentaries or glossy coffee table books. However, this account renders “the exotic” comprehensible, preserving the cultural authenticity of Ndudi’s story while making this unique world more accessible to outsiders.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History Memory Studies Literary Studies
  • Men We Loved, The
    November 2006

    The Men We Loved

    Male Friendship and Nationalism in Israeli Culture

    Kaplan, D.

    Some semi-public, exclusive male settings, most noticeably in the military, encourage the production of intimacy and desire. Yet whereas in most instances this desire is displaced through humor and aggressive gestures, it becomes acknowledged and outright declared once associated with sites of heroic death. In his provocative study of interrelations between friendship in everyday life and national sentiments in Israel, the author follows selected stories of friendship ranging over early childhood, school, the workplace, and some unique war experiences. He explores the symbolism of friendship in rituals for the fallen soldiers, the commemoration of Prime Minister Yzhak Rabin, and the national infatuation with recovering bodies of missing soldiers. He concludes that the Israeli case offers an extreme instance of a much broader cultural phenomenon: declaring the friendship for the dead epitomizes the political “blood pact” between men, taking precedence over the traditional blood ties of kinship and heterosexual unions. The book underscores nationalism as a homosocial-based emotion of commemorative desire.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Messy Europe
    February 2018

    Messy Europe

    Crisis, Race, and Nation-State in a Postcolonial World

    Loftsdóttir, K., Smith, A. L., & Hipfl, B. (eds)

    Using the economic crisis as a starting point, Messy Europe offers a critical new look at the issues of race, gender, and national understandings of self and other in contemporary Europe. It highlights and challenges historical associations of Europe with whiteness and modern civilization, and asks how these associations are re-envisioned, re-inscribed, or contested in an era characterized by crises of different kinds. This important collection provides a nuanced exploration of how racialized identities in various European regions are played out in the crisis context, and asks what work “crisis talk” does, considering how it motivates public feelings and shapes bodies, boundaries and communities.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Refugee and Migration Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Methodologies of Mobility
    May 2017

    Methodologies of Mobility

    Ethnography and Experiment

    Elliot, A., Norum, R., & Salazar, N. B. (eds)

    Research into mobility is an exciting challenge for the social sciences that raises novel social, cultural, spatial and ethical questions. At the heart of these empirical and theoretical complexities lies the question of methodology: how can we best capture and understand a planet in flux? Methodologies of Mobility speaks beyond disciplinary boundaries to the methodological challenges and possibilities of engaging with a world on the move. With scholars continuing to face different forms and scales of mobility, this volume strategically traces innovative ways of designing, applying and reflecting on both established and cutting-edge methodologies of mobility.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Migration by Boat
    May 2016

    Migration by Boat

    Discourses of Trauma, Exclusion and Survival

    Mannik, L. (ed)

    At a time when thousands of refugees risk their lives undertaking perilous journeys by boat across the Mediterranean, this multidisciplinary volume could not be more pertinent. It offers various contemporary case studies of boat migrations undertaken by asylum seekers and refugees around the globe and shows that boats not only move people and cultural capital between places, but also fuel cultural fantasies, dreams of adventure and hope, along with fears of invasion and terrorism. The ambiguous nature of memories, media representations and popular culture productions are highlighted throughout in order to address negative stereotypes and conversely, humanize the individuals involved.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Sociology Transport Studies
  • eBook available
    Mimesis and Pacific Transcultural Encounters
    October 2017

    Mimesis and Pacific Transcultural Encounters

    Making Likenesses in Time, Trade, and Ritual Reconfigurations

    Mageo, J. & Hermann, E. (eds)

    How do images circulating in Pacific cultures and exchanged between them and their many visitors transform meanings for all involved? This fascinating collection explores how through mimesis, wayfarers and locales alike borrow images from one another to expand their cultural repertoire of meanings or borrow images from their own past to validate their identities.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Mirage of China, The
    April 2009

    The Mirage of China

    Anti-Humanism, Narcissism, and Corporeality of the Contemporary World

    Liu, X.

    Today’s world is one marked by the signs of digital capitalism and global capitalist expansion, and China is increasingly being integrated into this global system of production and consumption. As a result, China’s immediate material impact is now felt almost everywhere in the world; however, the significance and process of this integration is far from understood. This study shows how the a priori categories of statistical reasoning came to be re-born and re-lived in the People’s Republic – as essential conditions for the possibility of a new mode of knowledge and governance. From the ruins of the Maoist revolution China has risen through a mode of quantitative self-objectification.

    As the author argues, an epistemological rift has separated the Maoist years from the present age of the People’s Republic, which appears on the global stage as a mirage. This study is an ethnographic investigation of concepts – of the conceptual forces that have produced and been produced by – two forms of knowledge, life, and governance. As the author shows, the world of China, contrary to the common view, is not the Chinese world; it is a symptomatic moment of our world at the present time.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Mirrors of Passing
    August 2018

    Mirrors of Passing

    Unlocking the Mysteries of Death, Materiality, and Time

    Seebach, S. & Willerslev, R. (eds)

    Without exception, all people are faced with the inevitability of death, a stark fact that has immeasurably shaped societies and individual consciousness for the whole of human history. Mirrors of Passing offers a powerful window into this oldest of human preoccupations by investigating the interrelationships of death, materiality, and temporality across far-flung times and places. Stretching as far back as Ancient Egypt and Greece and moving through present-day locales as diverse as Western Europe, Central Asia, and the Arctic, each of the richly illustrated essays collected here draw on a range of disciplinary insights to explore some of the most fundamental, universal questions that confront us.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Mixed Harvest
    December 2019

    Mixed Harvest

    Stories from the Human Past

    Swigart, R.

    In unforgettable stories of the human journey, a combination of storytelling and dialogue underscore an excavation into the deep past of human development and its consequences. Through a first encounter between a Neanderthal woman and the Modern Human she called Traveler, to the emergence and destruction of the world’s first cities, Mixed Harvest tells the tale of the Sedentary Divide, the most significant event since modern humans emerged. Rob Swigart’s latest work humanizes the rapid transition to agriculture and pastoralism with a grounding in the archaeological record.

    Subjects: Archaeology Literary Studies Memory Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Mobile Urbanity
    July 2019

    Mobile Urbanity

    Somali Presence in Urban East Africa

    Carrier, N. & Scharrer, T. (eds)

    The increased presence of Somalis has brought much change to East African towns and cities in recent decades, change that has met with ambivalence and suspicion, especially within Kenya. This volume demystifies Somali residence and mobility in urban East Africa, showing its historical depth, and exploring the social, cultural and political underpinnings of Somali-led urban transformation. In so doing, it offers a vivid case study of the transformative power of (forced) migration on urban centres, and the intertwining of urbanity and mobility. The volume will be of interest for readers working in the broader field of migration, as well as anthropology and urban studies.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Urban Studies
  • eBook available
    Mobility & Migration in Indigenous Amazonia
    April 2009

    Mobility and Migration in Indigenous Amazonia

    Contemporary Ethnoecological Perspectives

    Alexiades, M. N. (ed)

    Contrary to ingrained academic and public assumptions, wherein indigenous lowland South American societies are viewed as the product of historical emplacement and spatial stasis, there is widespread evidence to suggest that migration and displacement have been the norm, and not the exception. This original and thought-provoking collection of case studies examines some of the ways in which migration, and the concomitant processes of ecological and social change, have shaped and continue to shape human-environment relations in Amazonia. Drawing on a wide range of historical time frames (from pre-conquest times to the present) and ethnographic contexts, different chapters examine the complex and important links between migration and the classification, management, and domestication of plants and landscapes, as well as the incorporation and transformation of environmental knowledge, practices, ideologies and identities.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Mobility Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Modalities of Change
    October 2012

    Modalities of Change

    The Interface of Tradition and Modernity in East Asia

    Wilkerson, J. & Parkin, R. (eds)

    While in some cases modernity may dominate ‘traditional’ forms of expression, in others, the modern is embraced as a welcome source of new ideas that can modify ‘tradition’ while still keeping it within its own bounds. Maintaining a strong and distinct cultural identity with the help of modernity helps representatives of that identity cope with the modern world more generally. By contrast, assimilation to a dominant culture marked as modern is clearly associated with not only the loss of a distinct identity, but also its specific forms of cultural expression. This book explores the consequences of the interface between modernity and tradition in selected societies in Taiwan, mainland China and Vietnam. The contributors examine how traditions are themselves exploiting modernity in creative ways, in the interests of their own further cultural developments, and to what extent this approach is likely to help a tradition survive.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Modern Crises & Traditional Strategies
    July 2007

    Modern Crises and Traditional Strategies

    Local Ecological Knowledge in Island Southeast Asia

    Ellen, R. (ed)

    The 1990s have seen a growing interest in the role of local ecological knowledge in the context of sustainable development, and particularly in providing a set of responses to which populations may resort in times of political, economic and environmental instability. The period 1996-2003 in island southeast Asia represents a critical test case for understanding how this might work. The key issues explored in this book are the creation, erosion and transmission of ecological knowledge, and hybridization between traditional and scientifically-based knowledge, amongst populations facing environmental stress (e.g. 1997 El Niño), political conflict and economic hazards. The book will also evaluate positive examples of how traditional knowledge has enabled local populations to cope with these kinds of insecurity.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Modernity and the Unmaking of Men
    August 2020

    Modernity and the Unmaking of Men

    Schuber, V.

    Responding to the renewed emphasis on the significance of village studies, this book focuses on aging bachelorhood as a site of intolerable angst when faced with rural depopulation and social precarity. Based on ongoing ethnographic fieldwork in contemporary Macedonian society, the book explores the intersections between modernity, kinship and gender. It argues that as a critical consequence of demographic rupture, changing values and societal shifts, aging bachelorhood illuminates and challenges conceptualizations of performativity and social presence.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • eBook available
    Momentous Mobilities
    July 2018

    Momentous Mobilities

    Anthropological Musings on the Meanings of Travel

    Salazar, N. B.

    Grounded in scholarly analysis and personal reflection, and drawing on a multi-sited and multi-method research design, Momentous Mobilities disentangles the meanings attached to temporary travels and stays abroad and offers empirical evidence as well as novel theoretical arguments to develop an anthropology of mobility. Both focusing specifically on how various societies and cultures imagine and value boundary-crossing mobilities “elsewhere” and drawing heavily on his own European lifeworld, the author examines momentous travels abroad in the context of education, work, and spiritual quests and the search for a better quality of life.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General) Travel and Tourism
  • eBook available
    Monetising the Dividual Self
    January 2019

    Monetising the Dividual Self

    The Emergence of the Lifestyle Blog and Influencers in Malaysia

    Hopkins, J.

    Combining theoretical and empirical discussions with shorter “thick description” case studies, this book offers an anthropological exploration of the emergence in Malaysia of lifestyle bloggers – precursors to current social media “microcelebrities” and “influencers.” It tracks the transformation of personal blogs, which attracted readers with spontaneous and authentic accounts of everyday life, into lifestyle blogs that generate income through advertising and foreground consumerist lifestyles. It argues that lifestyle blogs are dialogically constituted between the blogger, the readers, and the blog itself, and challenges the assumption of a unitary self by proposing that lifestyle blogs can best be understood in terms of the “dividual self.”

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Media Studies
  • eBook available
    Money at the Margins
    March 2018

    Money at the Margins

    Global Perspectives on Technology, Financial Inclusion, and Design

    Maurer, B., Musaraj, S., & Small, I. V. (eds)

    Mobile money, e-commerce, cash cards, retail credit cards, and moreas new monetary technologies become increasingly available, the global South has cautiously embraced these mediums as a potential solution to the issue of financial inclusion. How, if at all, do new forms of dematerialized money impact people’s everyday financial lives? In what way do technologies interact with financial repertoires and other socio-cultural institutions? How do these technologies of financial inclusion shape the global politics and geographies of difference and inequality? These questions are at the heart of Money at the Margins, a groundbreaking exploration of the uses and socio-cultural impact of new forms of money and financial services.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Money Games
    June 2019

    Money Games

    Gambling in a Papua New Guinea Town

    Pickles, A. J.

    Gambling in Papua New Guinea, despite being completely absent prior to the Colonial era, has come to supersede storytelling as the region’s main nighttime activity. Money Games is an ethnographic monograph which reveals the contemporary importance of gambling in urban Papua New Guinea. Rich ethnographic detail is coupled with cross-cultural comparison which span the globe. This anthropological study of everyday economics in Melanesia thereby intersects with theories of money, value, play, informal economy, social change and leadership.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Money in a Human Economy
    June 2017

    Money in a Human Economy

    Hart, K. (eds)

    A human economy puts people first in emergent world society. Money is a human universal and now takes the divisive form of capitalism. This book addresses how to think about money (from Aristotle to the daily news and the sexual economy of luxury goods); its contemporary evolution (banking the unbanked and remittances in the South, cross-border investment in China, the payments industry and the politics of bitcoin); and cases from 19th century India and Southern Africa to contemporary Haiti and Argentina. Money is one idea with diverse forms. As national monopoly currencies give way to regional and global federalism, money is a key to achieving economic democracy.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Moral Engines
    October 2017

    Moral Engines

    Exploring the Ethical Drives in Human Life

    Mattingly, C., Dyring, R., Louw, M., & Schwarz Wentzer, T. (eds)

    In the past fifteen years, there has been a virtual explosion of anthropological literature arguing that morality should be considered central to human practice. Out of this explosion new and invigorating conversations have emerged between anthropologists and philosophers. Moral Engines: Exploring the Ethical Drives in Human Life includes essays from some of the foremost voices in the anthropology of morality, offering unique interdisciplinary conversations between anthropologists and philosophers about the moral engines of ethical life, addressing the question: What propels humans to act in light of ethical ideals?

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Moral Work of Anthropology, The
    June 2021

    The Moral Work of Anthropology

    Ethnographic Studies of Anthropologists at Work

    Mogensen, H. & Hansen, B. G. (eds)

    Looking at the ways in which anthropologists try to lead positive lives at work, this book investigates what kind of morality they perform in their occupations and what the impact of this morality is. The book includes ethnographic studies in four professional arenas: health care, business, management and interdisciplinary research. The discussion is positioned at the intersection of ‘applied or public anthropology’ and ‘the anthropology of ethics’ and analyses the ways in which anthropologists can carry out ‘moral work’ both inside and outside of academia.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Applied Anthropology
  • Morality & Economic Growth in Rural West Africa
    June 2014

    Morality and Economic Growth in Rural West Africa

    Indigenous Accumulation in Hausaland

    Clough†, P.

    The land, labor, credit, and trading institutions of Marmara village, in Hausaland, northern Nigeria, are detailed in this study through fieldwork conducted in two national economic cycles – the petroleum-boom prosperity (in 1977-1979), and the macro-economic decline (in 1985, 1996 and 1998). The book unveils a new paradigm of economic change in the West African savannah, demonstrating how rural accumulation in a polygynous society actually limits the extent of inequality while at the same time promoting technical change.  A uniquely African non-capitalist trajectory of accumulation subordinates the acquisition of capital to the expansion of polygynous families, clientage networks, and circles of trading friends.  The whole trajectory is driven by an indigenous ethics of personal responsibility. This model disputes the validity of both Marxian theories of capitalist transformation in Africa and the New Institutional Economics.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Morals of Legitimacy
    January 2001

    Morals of Legitimacy

    Between Agency and the System

    Pardo, I. (ed)

    With the growing fragmentation of western societies and disillusionment with the political process, the question of legitimacy has become one of the key issues of contemporary politics and is examined in this volume in depth for the first time. Drawing on ethnographic material from the U.S., Europe, India, Japan, and Africa, anthropologists and legal scholars investigate the morally diversified definitions of legitimacy that co-exist in any one society. Aware of the tensions between state morality and community morality, they offer reflections on the relationship between agency – individual and collective – and the legal and political systems. In a situation in which politics has only too often degenerated into vacuous rhetoric, this volume demonstrates how critical the relationship between trust and legitimacy is for the authoritative exercise of power in democratic societies.

    Italo Pardo is Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Kent.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Mortuary Dialogues
    June 2016

    Mortuary Dialogues

    Death Ritual and the Reproduction of Moral Community in Pacific Modernities

    Lipset, D. & Silverman, E. K. (eds)

    Mortuary Dialogues presents fresh perspectives on death and mourning across the Pacific Islands. Through a set of rich ethnographies, the book examines how funerals and death rituals give rise to discourse and debate about sustaining moral personhood and community amid modernity and its enormous transformations. The book’s key concept, “mortuary dialogue,” describes the different genres of talk and expressive culture through which people struggle to restore individual and collective order in the aftermath of death in the contemporary Pacific.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Moving Places
    September 2016

    Moving Places

    Relations, Return and Belonging

    Gregorič Bon, N. & Repič, J. (eds)

    Moving Places draws together contributions from Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa, exploring practices and experiences of movement, non-movement, and place-making. The book centers on “moving places”: places with locations that are not fixed but relative. Locations appearing to be reasonably stable, such as home and homeland, are in fact always subject to practices, imaginaries, and politics of movement. Bringing together original ethnographic contributions with a clear theoretical focus, this volume spans the fields of anthropology, human geography, migration, and border studies, and serves as teaching material in related programs.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Mobility Studies Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Moving Subjects, Moving Objects
    May 2012

    Moving Subjects, Moving Objects

    Transnationalism, Cultural Production and Emotions

    Svašek, M. (ed)

    In recent years an increasing number of scholars have incorporated a focus on emotions in their theories of material culture, transnationalism and globalization, and this book aims to contribute to this field of inquiry. It examines how ‘emotions’ can be theorized, and serves as a useful analytical tool for understanding the interrelated mobility of humans, objects and images. Ethnographically rich, and theoretically grounded case studies offer new perspectives on the relations between migration, material culture and emotions. While some chapters address the many different ways in which migrants and migrant artists express their emotions through objects and images in transnational contexts, other chapters focus on how particular works of art, everyday objects and artefacts can evoke feelings specific to particular migrant groups and communities. Case studies also analyse how artists, academics and policy makers can stimulate positive interaction between migrants and non-migrant communities.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Mobility Studies Sociology
  • Multiculturalism in the New Japan
    March 2008

    Multiculturalism in the New Japan

    Crossing the Boundaries Within

    Graburn, N., Ertl, J. & Tierney, R. K. (ed)

    Like other industrial nations, Japan is experiencing its own forms of, and problems with, internationalization and multiculturalism. This volume focuses on several aspects of this process and examines the immigrant minorities as well as their Japanese recipient communities. Multiculturalism is considered broadly, and includes topics often neglected in other works, such as: religious pluralism, domestic and international tourism, political regionalism and decentralization, sports, business styles in the post-Bubble era, and the education of immigrant minorities.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Multidimensional Change in Sudan (1989–2011)
    April 2015

    Multidimensional Change in Sudan (1989–2011)

    Reshaping Livelihoods, Conflicts and Identities

    Casciarri, B., Assal, M.A.M. & Ireton, F. (eds)

    Based on fieldwork largely collected during the CPA interim period by Sudanese and European researchers, this volume sheds light on the dynamics of change and the relationship between microscale and macroscale processes which took place in Sudan between the 1980s and the independence of South Sudan in 2011. Contributors’ various disciplinary approaches—socio-anthropological, geographical, political, historical, linguistic—focus on the general issue of “access to resources.” The book analyzes major transformations which affected Sudan in the framework of globalization, including land and urban issues; water management; “new” actors and “new conflicts”; and language, identity, and ideology.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Multiple Moralities & Religions in Post-Soviet Russia
    September 2011

    Multiple Moralities and Religions in Post-Soviet Russia

    Zigon, J. (ed)

    In the post-Soviet period morality became a debatable concept, open to a multitude of expressions and performances. From Russian Orthodoxy to Islam, from shamanism to Protestantism, religions of various kinds provided some of the first possible alternative moral discourses and practices after the end of the Soviet system. This influence remains strong today. Within the Russian context, religion and morality intersect in such social domains as the relief of social suffering, the interpretation of history, the construction and reconstruction of traditions, individual and social health, and business practices. The influence of religion is also apparent in the way in which the Russian Orthodox Church increasingly acts as the moral voice of the government. The wide-ranging topics in this ethnographically based volume show the broad religious influence on both discursive and everyday moralities. The contributors  reveal that although religion is a significant aspect of the various assemblages of morality, much like in other parts of the world, religion in postsocialist Russia cannot be separated from the political or economic or transnational institutional aspects of morality.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Multiple Nature-Cultures, Diverse Anthropologies
    August 2019

    Multiple Nature-Cultures, Diverse Anthropologies

    Bruun Jensen, C. & Morita, A. (eds)

    Over time, the role of nature in anthropology has evolved from being a mere backdrop for social and cultural diversity to being viewed as an integral part of the ontological entanglement of human and nonhuman agents. This transformation of the role of nature offers important insight into the relationships between diverse anthropological traditions. By highlighting natural-cultural worlds alongside these traditions, Multiple Nature-Cultures, Diverse Anthropologies explores the potential for creating more sophisticated conjunctions of anthropological knowledge and practice.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Museum of Mankind, The
    August 2019

    The Museum of Mankind

    Man and Boy in the British Museum Ethnography Department

    Burt, B.

    The Museum of Mankind was an innovative and popular showcase for minority cultures from around the non-Western world from 1970 to 1997. This memoir is a critical appreciation of its achievements in the various roles of a national museum, of the personalities of its staff and of the issues raised in the representation of exotic cultures. Issues of changing museum theory and practice are raised in a detailed case-study that also focuses on the social life of the museum community. This is the first history of a remarkable museum and a memorable interlude in the long history of one of the world’s oldest and greatest museums. Although not presented as an academic study, it should be useful for museum and cultural studies as a well as a wider readership interested in the British Museum.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Music & Manipulation
    December 2005

    Music and Manipulation

    On the Social Uses and Social Control of Music

    Brown, S. & Volgsten, U. (eds)

    Since the beginning of human civilization, music has been used as a device to control social behavior, where it has operated as much to promote solidarity within groups as hostility between competing groups. Music is an emotive manipulator that influences attitude, motivation and behavior at many levels and in many contexts. This volume is the first to address the social ramifications of music’s behaviorally manipulative effects, its morally questionable uses and control mechanisms, and its economic and artistic regulation through commercialization, thus highlighting not only music’s diverse uses at the social level but also the ever-fragile relationship between aesthetics and morality.

    Subjects: Cultural Studies (General) Media Studies Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Muted Memories
    August 2019

    Muted Memories

    Heritage-Making, Bagamoyo, and the East African Caravan Trade

    Lindström, J.

    In the late nineteenth century, tens of thousands of porters carried ivory every year from the African interior to Bagamoyo, a port town at the Indian Ocean. In the opposite direction, they carried millions of meters of cloth, manufactured in the USA, Europe, and India. This book examines the centrality of the caravan trade, both culturally and economically, to Bagamoyo’s development and cosmopolitan character, while also exploring how this history was silenced when Bagamoyo was instead branded as a slave route town in 2006 in an attempt to qualify it for the UNESCO World Heritage List.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Myth of Self-Reliance, The
    June 2017

    The Myth of Self-Reliance

    Economic Lives Inside a Liberian Refugee Camp

    Omata, N.

    For many refugees, economic survival in refugee camps is extraordinarily difficult. Drawing on both qualitative and quantitative research , this volume challenges the reputation of a ‘self-reliant’ model given to Buduburam refugee camp in Ghana and sheds light on considerable economic inequality between refugee households.By following the same refugee households over several years, The Myth of Self-Reliance also provides valuable insights into refugees’ experiences of repatriation to Liberia after protracted exile and their responses to the ending of refugee status for remaining refugees in Ghana.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Mythology, Spirituality & History
    September 1996

    Mythology, Spirituality, and History

    Gray, A.

    The Arakmbut are an indigenous people who live in the Madre de Dios region of thesoutheastern Peruvian rain forest. Since their first encounters with missionaries in the 1950s,they have shown resilience and a determination to affirm their identity in the face of many difficulties. During the last fifteen years, Arakmbut survival has been under threat from a goldrush that has attracted hundreds of colonists onto their territories. This trilogy of books traces the ways in which the Arakmbut overcome the dangers that surround them: their mythology and cultural strength; their social flexibility; and their capacity to incorporate non-indigenous concepts and activities into their defence strategies. Each area is punctuated by the constant presence of the invisible spirit, which provides a seamless theme connecting the books to each other.

    Following the Arakmbuts’ recommendation, the author uses their three greatest myths to introduce social, cultural and historical aspects of their lives. He ends with a discussion of the relationship between myth and history showing how the Arakmbut recreate their myths at the dramatic moments of their history.

    Buy all three volumes for 20% discount

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Development Studies Literary Studies
  • Names & Nunavut
    November 2006

    Names and Nunavut

    Culture and Identity in the Inuit Homeland

    Alia†, V.

    On the surface, naming is simply a way to classify people and their environments. The premise of this study is that it is much more — a form of social control, a political activity, a key to identity maintenance and transformation. Governments legislate and regulate naming; people fight to take, keep, or change their names. A name change can indicate subjugation or liberation, depending on the circumstances. But it always signifies a change in power relations. Since the late 1970s, the author has looked at naming and renaming, cross-culturally and internationally, with particular attention to the effects of colonisation and liberation. The experience of Inuit in Canada is an example of both. Colonisation is only part of the Nunavut experience. Contrary to the dire predictions of cultural genocide theorists, Inuit culture — particularly traditional naming — has remained extremely strong, and is in the midst of a renaissance. Here is a ground-breaking study by the founder of the discipline of political onomastics.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Narrating the Future in Siberia
    September 2012

    Narrating the Future in Siberia

    Childhood, Adolescence and Autobiography among the Eveny

    Ulturgasheva, O.

    The wider cultural universe of contemporary Eveny is a specific and revealing subset of post-Soviet society. From an anthropological perspective, the author seeks to reveal not only the Eveny cultural universe but also the universe of the children and adolescents within this universe. The first full-length ethnographic study among the adolescence of Siberian indigenous peoples, it presents the young people’s narratives about their own future and shows how they form constructs of time, space, agency and personhood through the process of growing up and experiencing their social world. The study brings a new perspective to the anthropology of childhood and uncovers a quite unexpected dynamic in narrating and foreshadowing the future while relating it to cultural patterns of prediction and fulfillment in nomadic cosmology.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Narrating Victimhood
    April 2014

    Narrating Victimhood

    Gender, Religion and the Making of Place in Post-War Croatia

    Schäuble, M.

    Mythologies and narratives of victimization pervade contemporary Croatia, set against the backdrop of militarized notions of masculinity and the political mobilization of religion and nationhood. Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork in rural Dalmatia in the Croatian-Bosnian border region, this book provides a unique account of the politics of ambiguous Europeanness from the perspective of those living at Europe’s margins. Examining phenomena such as Marian apparitions, a historic knights tournament, the symbolic re-signification of a massacre site, and the desolate social situation of Croatian war veterans, Narrating Victimhood traces the complex mechanisms of political radicalization in a post-war scenario. This book provides a new perspective for understanding the ongoing processes of transformation in Southeastern Europe and the Balkans.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • eBook available
    Narratives in the Making
    November 2016

    Narratives in the Making

    Writing the East German Past in the Democratic Present

    Gallinat, A.

    Despite the three decades that have passed since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the historical narrative of East Germany is hardly fixed in public memory, as German society continues to grapple with the legacies of the Cold War. This fascinating ethnography looks at two very different types of local institutions in one eastern German state that take divergent approaches to those legacies: while publicly funded organizations reliably cast the GDR as a dictatorship, a main regional newspaper offers a more ambivalent perspective colored by the experiences and concerns of its readers. As author Anselma Gallinat shows, such memory work—initially undertaken after fundamental regime change—inevitably shapes citizenship and democracy in the present.

    Subjects: History: 20th Century to Present Anthropology (General) Memory Studies
  • Nature Wars
    November 2020

    Nature Wars

    Essays Around a Contested Concept

    Ellen, R.

    Organized around issues, debates and discussions concerning the various ways in which the concept of nature has been used, this book looks at how the term has been endlessly deconstructed and reclaimed, as reflected in anthropological, scientific, and similar writing over the last several decades. Made up of ten of Roy Ellen’s finest articles, this book looks back at his ideas about nature and includes a new introduction that contextualizes the arguments and takes them forward. Many of the chapters focus on research the author has conducted amongst the Nuaulu people of eastern Indonesia.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Navigating Terrains of War
    May 2006

    Navigating Terrains of War

    Youth and Soldiering in Guinea-Bissau

    Vigh, H.

    Through the concept of “social navigation,” this book sheds light on the mobilization of urban youth in West Africa. Social navigation offers a perspective on praxis in situations of conflict and turmoil. It provides insights into the interplay between objective structures and subjective agency, thus enabling us to make sense of the opportunistic, sometimes fatalistic and tactical ways in which young people struggle to expand the horizons of possibility in a world of conflict, turmoil and diminishing resources.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Negotiating Identity in Scandinavia
    May 2014

    Negotiating Identity in Scandinavia

    Women, Migration, and the Diaspora

    Akman, H. (ed)

    Gender has a profound impact on the discourse on migration as well as various aspects of integration, social and political life, public debate, and art. This volume focuses on immigration and the concept of diaspora through the experiences of women living in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Through a variety of case studies, the authors approach the multifaceted nature of interactions between these women and their adopted countries, considering both the local and the global. The text examines the “making of the Scandinavian” and the novel ways in which diasporic communities create gendered forms of belonging that transcend the nation state.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality Refugee and Migration Studies
  • New Age in Glastonbury, The
    January 2001

    The New Age in Glastonbury

    The Construction of Religious Movements

    Prince, R. & Riches†, D.

    The New Age movement is a twentieth-century socio-cultural phenomenon in the Western world with Glastonbury as one of its major centers. Through experimenting with a number of ways of analyzing this movement, the authors were able to develop a novel theory of social religious movements of broad applicability. Based around contradictions relating to such central anthropological concepts as communitas, egalitarianism, individualism, holism, and autonomy, it reveals the processes by which, having abandoned a mainstream lifestyle, people come to build up a counter-culture way of life. Drawing on their own work on tribal shamanistic religions, the authors are able to point out interesting similarities between the latter and the Glastonbury New Age movement. Not only that: their model allows them to explain such wide-ranging social and religious movements as the Hutterites, the Kibbutz, and Green communes. In fact, the authors argue, these movements may be regarded as variations of the Glastonbury type.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    New Media Nation, The
    January 2010

    The New Media Nation

    Indigenous Peoples and Global Communication

    Alia†, V

    Around the planet, Indigenous people are using old and new technologies to amplify their voices and broadcast information to a global audience. This is the first portrait of a powerful international movement that looks both inward and outward, helping to preserve ancient languages and cultures while communicating across cultural, political, and geographical boundaries. Based on more than twenty years of research, observation, and work experience in Indigenous journalism, film, music, and visual art, this volume includes specialized studies of Inuit in the circumpolar north, and First Nations peoples in the Yukon and southern Canada and the United States.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • New Regionalism and Asylum Seekers
    October 2007

    New Regionalism and Asylum Seekers

    Challenges Ahead

    Kneebone, S. & Rawlings-Sanaei, F. (eds)

    Taking the context of forced migration, this book addresses the role that regional, in contrast to national or global, institutions and relationships play in shaping asylum policies and procedures. It examines the causes of forced migration movements; the direction of forced migration flows and its effect upon the immediate region; policy responses towards forced migration (in particular ASEAN and the European Community); cooperative arrangements and agreements between regional states; and the protection of human rights. The book also considers the role that regional responses are likely to play in determining the direction of asylum policy in receiving states and procedures in the future.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    News as Culture
    May 2010

    News as Culture

    Journalistic Practices and the Remaking of Indian Leadership Traditions

    Rao, U.

    At the turn of the millennium, Indian journalism has undergone significant changes. The rapid commercialization of the press, together with an increase in literacy and political consciousness, has led to swift growth in the newspaper market but also changed the way news makers mediate politics. Positioned at a historical junction where India is clearly feeling the effects of market liberalization, this study demonstrates how journalists and informants interactively create new forms of political action and consciousness. The book explores English and Hindi newsmaking and investigates the creation of news relations during the production process and how they affect political images and leadership traditions. It moves beyond the news-room to outline the role of journalists in urban society, the social lives of news texts and the way citizens bring their ideas and desires to bear on the news discourse.

    This important volume contributes to an emerging debate about the impact of the media on Indian society. Furthermore, it convincingly demonstrates the inseparable link between media related practices and dynamic cultural repertoires.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • NGOs and Lifeworlds in Africa
    June 2021

    NGOs and Lifeworlds in Africa

    Transdisciplinary Perspectives

    Kalfelis, M. C. & Knodel, K. (eds)

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have become ubiquitous in the development sector in Africa and attracting more academic attention. However, the fact that NGOs are an integral part of the everyday lives of men and women on the continent has been overlooked thus far. In Africa, NGOs are not remote, but familiar players, situated in the midst of cities and communities. By taking a radical empirical stance, this book studies NGOs as a vital part of the lifeworlds of Africans. Its contributions are immersed in the pasts, presents and futures of personal encounters, memories, decision-making and politics.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General)
  • Nomads of Mykonos, The
    April 2008

    The Nomads of Mykonos

    Performing Liminalities in a ‘Queer’ Space

    Bousiou, P.

    This is the ethnography of the Mykoniots d’élection, a ‘gang’ of romantic adventurers who have been visiting the island of Mykonos for the last thirty-five years and have formed a community of dispersed friends. Their constant return to and insistence on working, acting and creating in a tourist space, offers them an extreme identity, which in turn is aesthetically marked by the transient cultural properties of Mykonos. Drawing semiotically from its ancient counterpart Delos, whose myth of emergence entails a spatial restlessness, contemporary Mykonos also acquires an idiosyncratic fluidity. In mythology Delos, the island of Apollo, was condemned by the gods to be an island in constant movement. Mykonos, as a signifier of a new form of ontological nomadism, semiotically shares such assumptions. The Nomads of Mykonos keep returning to a series of alternative affective groups largely in order to heal a split: between their desire for autonomy, rebellion and aloneness and their need to affectively belong to a collectivity. Mykonos for the Mykoniots d’élection is their permanent ‘stopover’; their regular comings and goings discursively project onto Mykonos’ space an allegorical (discordant) notion of ‘home’.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Non-Humans in Amerindian South America
    November 2018

    Non-Humans in Amerindian South America

    Ethnographies of Indigenous Cosmologies, Rituals and Songs

    Rivera Andía, J. J. (ed)

    Drawing on fieldwork from diverse Amerindian societies whose lives and worlds are undergoing processes of transformation, adaptation, and deterioration, this volume offers new insights into the indigenous constitutions of humanity, personhood, and environment characteristic of the South American highlands and lowlands. The resulting ethnographies – depicting non-human entities emerging in ritual, oral tradition, cosmology, shamanism and music – explore the conditions and effects of unequally ranked life forms, increased extraction of resources, continuous migration to urban centers, and the (usually) forced incorporation of current expressions of modernity into indigenous societies.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Nourishing Life
    September 2020

    Nourishing Life

    Foodways and Humanity in an African Town

    Huhn, A.

    In this accessible ethnography of a small town in northern Mozambique, everyday cultural knowledge and behaviors about food, cooking, and eating reveal the deeply human pursuit of a nourishing life. This emerges less through the consumption of specific nutrients than it does in the affective experience of alimentation in contexts that support vitality, compassion, and generative relations. Embedded within central themes in the study of Africa south of the Sahara, the volume combines insights from philosophy and food studies to find textured layers of meaning in a seemingly simple cuisine.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Nourishing the Nation
    November 2019

    Nourishing the Nation

    Food as National Identity in Catalonia

    Johannes, V.

    In the early twenty-first century, nationalism has seen a surprising resurgence across the Western world. In the Catalan Autonomous Community in northeastern Spain, this resurgence has been most apparent in widespread support for Catalonia’s pro-independence movement, and the popular assertion of Catalan symbols, culture and identity in everyday life. Nourishing the Nation provides an ethnographic account of the everyday experience of national identity in Catalonia, using an essential, everyday object of consumption: food. As a crucial element of Catalan cultural life, a focus on food provides unique insight into the lived realities of Catalan nationalism, and how Catalans experience and express their national identity today.

    Subjects: Food & Nutrition Anthropology (General)
  • Nursing Stories
    December 2006

    Nursing Stories

    Life and Death in a German Hospice

    Eschenbruch, N.

    At a time, when the section of the older population is increasing in all western societies, more and more attention needs to be paid to the growing number of people who live with and die of drawn-out terminal illnesses, cancer being one of the most common ones. This study focuses on terminally ill people in a German hospice and addresses the question how meaningful experience is constructed for these patients in an attempt to preserve their dignity as persons. It is based on detailed and sometimes moving material from diary texts and active participation of the author in the role of a nurse, which allowed him to watch closely the behaviour of patients and nurses in routine situations and to look at the underlying emotions, values, and assumptions within such interaction. This book goes well beyond this particular case and reaches conclusions about death narratives that are significant for the social sciences more generally.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • Objects & Imagination
    February 2015

    Objects and Imagination

    Perspectives on Materialization and Meaning

    Fuglerud, Ø. & Wainwright, L. (eds)

    Despite the wide interest in material culture, art, and aesthetics, few studies have considered them in light of the importance of the social imagination – the complex ways in which we conceptualize our social surroundings. This collection engages the “material turn” in the arts, humanities, and social sciences through a range of original contributions on creativity in diverse global and contemporary social settings. The authors engage with everyday objects, art, rituals, and ethnographic exhibitions to analyze the relationship between material culture and the social imagination. What results is a better understanding of how the material embodies and influences our idea of the social world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Museum Studies
  • Oceanic Sociallities & Cultural Forms
    February 2003

    Oceanic Socialities and Cultural Forms

    Ethnographies of Experience

    Hoëm, I. & Roalkvam, S. (eds)

    In anthropology, theoretical approaches attempting to come to terms with experiences of social interaction, often inspired by phenomenology, have come to the fore in opposition to the previously favored emphasis on symbolic and social structures. These essays attempt a new kind of ethnographic description of social life that treats structure and practice as aspects of the same reality. This is achieved through attention to indigenous conceptualizations of the way society itself is generated.

    With Jonathan Friedman and Fredrik Barth providing overviews, this series of innovative ethnographies highlights ways of forming social relations specific to Oceania as a cultural area, exemplifying a new kind of comparative approach and making a major contribution to general social theory.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Of Life and Health
    December 2018

    Of Life and Health

    The Language of Art and Religion in an African Medical System

    Tengan, A. B.

    An anthropological study of the health system of the Dagara people of northern Ghana and southern Burkina Faso, Of Life and Health develops a cultural and epistemological lexicon of Dagara life by examining its religious, ritual, and artistic expressions. Consisting of ethnographic descriptions and analyses of six Dagara cultic institutions, each of which deals with different aspects of sustaining and transmitting life, the volume gives a holistic account of the Dagara knowledge system.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Medical Anthropology
  • Ogata-Mura
    September 2012

    Ogata-Mura

    Sowing Dissent and Reclaiming Identity in a Japanese Farming Village

    Wood, D. C.

    Following the Second World War, a massive land reclamation project to boost Japan’s rice production capacity led to the transformation of the shallow lagoon of Hachirogata in Akita Prefecture into a seventeen-thousand-hectare expanse of farmland. In 1964, the village of Ogata-mura was founded on the empoldered land inside the lagoon and nearly six hundred pioneers from across the country were brought to settle there. The village was to be a model of a new breed of highly mechanized, efficient rice agriculture; however, the village’s purpose was jeopardized when the demand for rice fell, and the goal of creating an egalitarian farming community was threatened as individual entrepreneurialism took root and as the settlers became divided into political factions that to this day continue to struggle for control of the village. Based on seventeen years of research, this book explores the process of Ogatamura’s development from the planning stages to the present. An intensive ethnographic study of the relationship between land reclamation, agriculture, and politics in regional Japan, it traces the internal social effects of the village’s economic transformations while addressing the implications of national policy at the municipal and regional levels.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Oikos & Market
    June 2015

    Oikos and Market

    Explorations in Self-Sufficiency after Socialism

    Gudeman, S. & Hann, C. (eds)

    Self-sufficiency of the house is practiced in many parts of the world but ignored in economic theory, just as socialist collectivization is assumed to have brought household self-sufficiency to an end. The ideals of self-sufficiency, however, continue to shape economic activity in a wide range of postsocialist settings. This volume’s six comparative studies of postsocialist villages in Eastern Europe and Asia illuminate the enduring importance of the house economy, which is based not on the market but on the order of the house. These formations show that economies depend not only on the macro institutions of markets and states but also on the micro institutions of families, communities, and house economies, often in an uneasy relationship.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Olympic Games as Performance & Public Event
    September 1999

    Olympic Games as Performance and Public Event

    The Case of the XVII Winter Olympic Games in Norway

    Klausen, A. (ed)

    Sports, and in particular the Olympic Games, are enjoying a rapid increase in interest among social scientists worldwide, who see them as important “public events.” This volume offers the first analysis of the Winter Olympic Games, primarily based on the Lillehammer Games of 1994. The authors identify “olympism” as a key agent in the modernization process and, more specifically, ask how the winter games, as a mega-event, relate to Norwegian culture and ethos.

    The authors of these specially commissioned papers examine various aspects of this encounter, including problems such as gender as related to nature and culture, masculinity and heroism, national identity and invention of tradition, the impact of venue construction on a traditional cultural landscape, the ideological criticism of the I.O.C. as it emerged, dramatically, before the opening of the Games and the conflict between the Norwegians and the Greeks over the ritual status of the two flames used during the torch relay, one from Olympia and one from Morgedalin Telemark, “the cradle of skiing.”

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • On Prayer
    September 2003

    On Prayer

    Text and Commentary

    Mauss, M.

    Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) never completed his Doctoral thesis on prayer. Yet his scarcely mentioned introduction (Books I and II) of 176 pages and privately printed in 1909, can be seen as some of his most important work. His argument that much of prayer is a social act will be of great interest to anthropologists, sociologists and theologians.

    Here, the first English translation to be published, is preceded by a general introduction by W.S.F.Pickering and finally a specific commentary on Mauss’s use of ethnographic material.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology of Religion Sociology
  • eBook available
    On Retaliation
    April 2017

    On Retaliation

    Towards an Interdisciplinary Understanding of a Basic Human Condition

    Turner, B. & Schlee, G. (eds)

    Retaliation is associated with all forms of social and political organization, and retaliatory logics inform many different conflict resolution procedures from consensual settlement to compensation to violent escalations. This book derives a concept of retaliation from the overall notion of reciprocity, defining retaliation as the human disposition to strive for a reactive balancing of conflicts and injustices. On Retaliation presents a synthesized approach to both the violence-generating and violence-avoiding potentials of retaliation. Contributors to this volume touch upon the interaction between retaliation and violence, the state’s monopoly on legitimate punishment and the factors of socio-political frameworks, religious interpretations and economic processes.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    On the Nervous Edge of an Impossible Paradise
    February 2020

    On the Nervous Edge of an Impossible Paradise

    Affect, Tourism, Belize

    Little, K.

    There are beastly forces in Belize. Forces that are actively involved in making paradise impossible. On the Nervous Edge of an Impossible Paradise is a collection of seven stories about local lives in the fictional village of Wallaceville. They turn rogue in the face of runaway forces that take the form and figure of a Belize beast-time, which can appear as a comic mishap, social ruin, tragic excess, or wild guesses. Inciting the affective politics of life in the region, this fable of emergence evokes the unnerving uncertainties of life in the tourist state of Belize.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Literary Studies
  • eBook available
    Online World of Surrogacy, The
    September 2016

    The Online World of Surrogacy

    Berend, Z.

    Zsuzsa Berend presents a methodologically innovative ethnography of SurroMomsOnline.com, the largest surrogacy support website in the United States. Surrogates’ views emerge from the stories, debates, and discussions that unfold online. The Online World of Surrogacy documents these collective meaning-making practices and explores their practical, emotional, and moral implications. In doing so, the book works through themes of interest across the social sciences, including definitions of parenthood, the symbolic role of money, reproductive loss, altruism, and the moral valuation of relationships.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Order & Disorder
    February 2008

    Order and Disorder

    Anthropological Perspectives

    Benda-Beckmann, K. von & Pirie, F. (eds)

    Disorder and instability are matters of continuing public concern. Terrorism, as a threat to global order, has been added to preoccupations with political unrest, deviance and crime. Such considerations have prompted the return to the classic anthropological issues of order and disorder. Examining order within the political and legal spheres and in contrasting local settings, the papers in this volume highlight its complex and contested nature. Elaborate displays of order seem necessary to legitimate the institutionalization of violence by military and legal establishments, yet violent behaviour can be incorporated into the social order by the development of boundaries, rituals and established processes of conflict resolution. Order is said to depend upon justice, yet injustice legitimates disruptive protest. Case studies from Siberia, India, Indonesia, Tibet, West Africa, Morocco and the Ottoman Empire show that local responses are often inconsistent in their valorization, acceptance and condemnation of disorder.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes
    June 2012

    Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes

    An Anthropology of Everyday Religion

    Schielke, S. & Debevec, L. (eds)

    Everyday practice of religion is complex in its nature, ambivalent and at times contradictory. The task of an anthropology of religious practice is therefore precisely to see how people navigate and make sense of that complexity, and what the significance of religious beliefs and practices in a given setting can be. Rather than putting everyday practice and normative doctrine on different analytical planes, the authors argue that the articulation of religious doctrine is also an everyday practice and must be understood as such.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Ours Once More
    June 2020

    Ours Once More

    Folklore, Ideology, and the Making of Modern Greece

    Herzfeld, M.

    When this work – one that contributes to both the history and anthropology fields – first appeared in 1982, it was hailed as a landmark study of the role of folklore in nation-building. It has since been highly influential in reshaping the analysis of Greek and European cultural dynamics.  In this expanded edition, a new introduction by the author and an epilogue by Sharon Macdonald document its importance for the emergence of serious anthropological interest in European culture and society and for current debates about Greece’s often contested place in the complex politics of the European Union.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General)
  • eBook available
    Ownership and Nurture
    May 2016

    Ownership and Nurture

    Studies in Native Amazonian Property Relations

    Brightman, M., Fausto, C. & Grotti, V. (eds)

    The first book to address the classic anthropological theme of property through the ethnography of Amazonia, Ownership and Nurture sets new and challenging terms for anthropological debates about the region and about property in general. Property and ownership have special significance and carry specific meanings in Amazonia, which has been portrayed as the antithesis of Western, property-based, civilization. Through carefully constructed studies of land ownership, slavery, shamanism, spirit mastery, aesthetics, and intellectual property, this volume demonstrates that property relations are of central importance in Amazonia, and that the ownership of persons plays an especially significant role in native cosmology.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Pacific Futures
    July 2014

    Pacific Futures

    Projects, Politics and Interests

    Rollason, W. (ed)

    The Pacific region presents a huge diversity of cultural forms, which have fuelled some of the most challenging ethnographic work undertaken in the discipline. But this challenge has come at a cost. Culture, often reconfigured as ‘custom’, has often served to trap the people of the Pacific in the past of cultural reproduction, where everything is what it has always been, or worse—outdated, outmoded and destined for modernization.

    Pacific Futures asks how our understanding of social life in the Pacific would be different if we approached it from the perspective of the futures which Pacific people dream of, predict or struggle to achieve, not the reproduction of cultural tradition. From Christianity to gambling, marriage to cargo cult, military coups to reflections on childhood fishing trips, the contributors to this volume show how Pacific people are actively shaping their lives with the future in mind.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Pacific Realities
    November 2018

    Pacific Realities

    Changing Perspectives on Resilience and Resistance

    Dousset, L. & Nayral, M. (eds)

    Throughout the Pacific region, people are faced with dramatic changes, often described as processes of “glocalization”; individuals and groups espouse multilayered forms of identity, in which global modes of thinking and doing are embedded in renewed perceptions of local or regional specificities. Consequently, new forms of resistance and resilience – the processes by which communities attempt to regain their original social, political, and economic status and structure after disruption or displacement – emerge. Through case studies from across the Pacific which transcend the conventional “local-global” dichotomy, this volume aims to explore these complex and interwoven phenomena from a new perspective.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Pacing Mobilities
    June 2020

    Pacing Mobilities

    Timing, Intensity, Tempo and Duration of Human Movements

    Amit, V. & Salazar, N. B. (eds)

    Turning the attention to the temporal as well as the more familiar spatial dimensions of mobility, this volume focuses on the momentum for and temporal composition of mobility, the rate at which people enact or deploy their movements as well as the conditions under which these moves are being marshalled, represented and contested. This is an anthropological exploration of temporality as a form of action, a process of actively modulating or responding to how people are moving rather than the more usual focus in mobility studies on where they are heading.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Papua New Guinea's Last Place
    July 2003

    Papua New Guinea’s Last Place

    Experiences of Constraint in a Postcolonial Prison

    Reed, A.

    What kind of experience is incarceration? How should one define its constraints? The author, who conducted extensive fieldwork in a maximum-security jail in Papua New Guinea, seeks to address these questions through a vivid and sympathetic account of inmates’ lives.

    Prison Studies is a growing field of interest for social scientists. As one of the first ethnographic studies of a prison outside western societies and Japan, this book contributes to a reinterpretation of the field’s scope and assumptions. It challenges notions of what is punitive about imprisonment by exploring the creative as well as negative outcomes of detention, separation and loss. Instead of just coping, the prisoners in Papua New Guinea’s Last Place find themselves drawing fresh critiques and new approaches to contemporary living.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Pastoralism in Africa
    July 2013

    Pastoralism in Africa

    Past, Present and Future

    Bollig, M., Schnegg, M., & Wotzka, H.-P. (eds)

    Pastoralism has shaped livelihoods and landscapes on the African continent for millennia. Mobile livestock husbandry has generally been portrayed as an economic strategy that successfully met the challenges of low biomass productivity and environmental variability in arid and semi-arid environments. This volume focuses on the emergence, diversity, and inherent dynamics of pastoralism in Africa based on research during a twelve-year period on the southwest and northeast regions. Unraveling the complex prehistory, history, and contemporary political ecology of African pastoralism, results in insight into the ingenuity and flexibility of historical and contemporary herders.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Pathways to Heaven
    July 2005

    Pathways to Heaven

    Contesting Mainline and Fundamentalist Christianity in Papua New Guinea

    Jebens, H.

    How does global Christianity relate to processes of globalisation and modernization and what form does it take in different local settings? These questions have lately proved to be of increasing interest to many scholars in the social sciences and humanities. This study examines the tensions, antagonisms and outright confrontations that can occur within local Christian communities upon the arrival of global versions of fundamentalism and it does so through a rich and in-depth ethnographic study of a single case: that of Pairundu, a small and remote Papua New Guinean village whose population accepted Catholicism, after first being contacted in the late 1950s, and subsequently participated in a charismatic movement, before more and more members of the younger generation started to separate themselves from their respective catholic families and to convert to one of the most radical and fastest growing religious groups not only in contemporary Papua New Guinea but world-wide: the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. This case study of local Christianity as a lived religion contributes to an understanding of the social and cultural dynamics that increasingly incite and shape religious conflicts on a global scale.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Patient Multiple, The
    January 2017

    The Patient Multiple

    An Ethnography of Healthcare and Decision-Making in Bhutan

    Taee, J.

    In the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan, medical patients engage a variety of healing practices to seek cures for their ailments. Patients use the expanding biomedical network and a growing number of traditional healthcare units, while also seeking alternative practices, such as shamanism and other religious healing, or even more provocative practices. The Patient Multiple delves into this healthcare complexity in the context of patients’ daily lives and decision-making processes, showing how these unique mountain cultures are finding new paths to good health among a changing and multifaceted medical topography.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology Anthropology of Religion
  • Patients & Agents
    August 2012

    Patients and Agents

    Mental Illness, Modernity and Islam in Sylhet, Bangladesh

    Callan, A.

    Sylhet, the area of Bangladesh most closely associated with overseas migration, has seen an increase in remittances sent home from abroad, introducing new inequalities.  Social change has also been mediated by the global forces of Western biomedicine and orthodox Islam.  This book examines the effects of these modernizing trends on mental health and on local, traditional healing as the new inequalities have exacerbated existing social tensions and led to increased vulnerability to mental illness.  It is the young women of Sylhet who are most affected.  The global economy has increased competition for resources and led to marriage being seen as a route to economic advancement.  Parents prefer to give their daughters in marriage to families that will widen their social contacts and enhance their economic and social standing.  Accordingly, the young wife’s outsider status (and hence vulnerability to mental illness) has increased as it is no longer customary to give daughters in marriage to local kin.  Yet, patients and their families do not work out tensions passively.  They are active agents in the construction of their own diagnosis.  The extent to which patients act or are acted upon is an investigation that runs throughout the book.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Gender Studies and Sexuality Medical Anthropology
  • Patrons of Women
    May 2011

    Patrons of Women

    Literacy Projects and Gender Development in Rural Nepal

    Hertzog, E.

    Assuming that women’s empowerment would accelerate the pace of social change in rural Nepal, the World Bank urged the Nepali government to undertake a “Gender Activities Project” within an ongoing long-term water-engineering scheme. The author, an anthropologist specializing in bureaucratic organizations and gender studies, was hired to monitor the project. Analyzing her own experience as a practicing “development expert,” she demonstrates that the professed goal of “women’s empowerment” is a pretext for promoting economic organizational goals and the interests of local elites. She shows how a project intended to benefit women, through teaching them literary and agricultural skills, fails to provide them with any of the promised resources. Going beyond the conventional analysis that positions aid givers vis-à-vis powerless victimized recipients, she draws attention to the complexity of the process and the active role played by the Nepalese rural women who pursue their own interests and aspirations within this unequal world. The book makes an important contribution to the growing critique of “development” projects and of women’s development projects in particular.

    Subject: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    PC Worlds
    July 2019

    PC Worlds

    Political Correctness and Rising Elites at the End of Hegemony

    Friedman, J.

    This provocative work offers an anthropological analysis of the phenomenon of political correctness, both as a general phenomenon of communication, in which associations in space and time take precedence over the content of what is communicated, and at specific critical historical conjunctures at which new elites attempt to redefine social reality. Focusing on the crises over the last thirty years of immigration and multiculturalist politics in Sweden, the book examines cases, some in which the author was himself involved, but also comparative material from other countries.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Media Studies
  • eBook available
    Peaceful Selves
    November 2017

    Peaceful Selves

    Personhood, Nationhood, and the Post-Conflict Moment in Rwanda

    Eramian, L.

    This ethnography of personhood in post-genocide Rwanda investigates how residents of a small town grapple with what kinds of persons they ought to become in the wake of violence. Based on fieldwork carried out over the course of a decade, it uncovers how conflicting moral demands emerge from the 1994 genocide, from cultural contradictions around “good” personhood, and from both state and popular visions for the future. What emerges is a profound dissonance in town residents’ selfhood. While they strive to be agents of change who can catalyze a new era of modern Rwandan nationhood, they are also devastated by the genocide and struggle to recover a sense of selfhood and belonging in the absence of kin, friends, and neighbors. In drawing out the contradictions at the heart of self-making and social life in contemporary Rwanda, this book asserts a novel argument about the ordinary lives caught in global post-conflict imperatives to remember and to forget, to mourn and to prosper.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    People, Money & Power in the Economic Crisis
    October 2014

    People, Money and Power in the Economic Crisis

    Perspectives from the Global South

    Hart, K. & Sharp, J. (eds)

    The Cold War was fought between “state socialism” and “the free market.” That fluctuating relationship between public power and private money continues today, unfolding in new and unforeseen ways during the economic crisis. Nine case studies — from Southern Africa, South Asia, Brazil, and Atlantic Africa – examine economic life from the perspective of ordinary people in places that are normally marginal to global discourse, covering a range of class positions from the bottom to the top of society. The authors of these case studies examine people’s concrete economic activities and aspirations. By looking at how people insert themselves into the actual, unequal economy, they seek to reflect human unity and diversity more fully than the narrow vision of conventional economics.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Performing Place, Practising Memories
    September 2012

    Performing Place, Practising Memories

    Aboriginal Australians, Hippies and the State

    Henry, R.

    During the 1970s a wave of ‘counter-culture’ people moved into rural communities in many parts of Australia. This study focuses in particular on the town of Kuranda in North Queensland and the relationship between the settlers and the local Aboriginal population, concentrating on a number of linked social dramas that portrayed the use of both public and private space. Through their public performances and in their everyday spatial encounters, these people resisted the bureaucratic state but, in the process, they also contributed to the cultivation and propagation of state effects.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Peripheral Vision
    October 2013

    Peripheral Vision

    Politics, Technology, and Surveillance

    Frois, C.

    In Portugal between 2005 and 2010, “modernization through technology” was the major political motto used to develop and improve the country’s peripheral and backward condition. This study reflects on one of the resulting, specific aspects of this trend—the implementation of public video surveillance. The in-depth ethnography provides evidence of how the political construction of security and surveillance as a strategic program actually conceals intricate institutional relationships between political decision-makers and common citizens. Essentially, the detailed account of the major actors, as well as their roles and motivations, serves to explain phenomena such as the confusion between objective data and subjective perceptions or the lack of communication between parties, which as this study argues, underlies the idiosyncrasies and fragilities of Portugal’s still relatively young democratic system.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Person & Place
    August 2009

    Person and Place

    Ideas, Ideals and Practice of Sociality on Vanua Lava, Vanuatu

    Hess, S. C.

    Concerned with contemporary notions of personhood and the relationship between persons and places, this book, presents a detailed insight into the Vanua Lavan’s engagement with modernity, and examines how they relate to the past, make sense of the present and anticipate the future. Marilyn Strathern’s claim that the Melanesian person is a dividual by and large holds for the Vanua Lavan person. But Vanua Lavans have also been exposed to, and creatively engaged with, what can be summarised under the term ‘Western individualism’. The author draws together several themes, discourses and conversations which concern Vanuatu specifically, the Pacific as a wider geographic area but also theoretical fields in anthropology: the relevance and expressions of sociality through kinship, concepts of person, issues about land and cosmology, the kastom debate, and questions about continuity and change. In doing so she provides a snapshot of contemporary notions of personhood.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Image and Word in a North Cameroon Mission”>Picturing Pity
    November 2007

    Picturing Pity

    Pitfalls and Pleasures in Cross-Cultural Communication.
    Image and Word in a North Cameroon Mission

    Gullestad†, M.

    Picturing Pity is the first full length monograph on missionary photography. Empirically, it is based on an in-depth analysis of the published photographs taken by Norwegian evangelical missionaries in Northern Cameroon from the early nineteen twenties, at the beginning of their activities in this region, and until today. Being part of a large international movement, Norway sent out more missionaries per capita than any other country in Europe.

    Marianne Gullestad’s main contention is that the need to continuously justify their activities to donors in Europe has led to the creation and maintenance of specific ways of portraying Africans. The missionary visual rhetoric is both based on earlier visualizations and has over time established its own conventions which can now also be traced within secular fields of activity such as international development agencies, foreign policy, human relief organizations and the mass media.

    Picturing Pity takes part in the present “pictorial turn” in academic teaching and research, constituting visual images as an exciting site of conversation across disciplinary lines.

    Subjects: Colonial History Anthropology (General)
  • Pilgrim Voices
    October 2002

    Pilgrim Voices

    Narrative and Authorship in Christian Pilgrimage

    Coleman, S. & Elsner, J. (eds)

    Research on pilgrimage has traditionally fallen across a series of academic disciplines – anthropology, archaeology, art history, geography, history and theology. To date, relatively little work has been devoted to the issue of pilgrimage as writing and specifically as a form of travel-writing. The aim of the interdisciplinary essays gathered here is to examine the relations of Christian pilgrimage to the numerous narratives, which it generates and upon which it depends. Authors reveal not only the tensions between oral and written accounts but also the frequent ambiguities of journeys – the possibilities of shifts between secular and sacred forms and accounts of travel. Above all, the papers reveal the self-generating and multiple-authored characteristics of pilgrimage narrative: stories of past pilgrimage experience generate future stories and even future journeys.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Pilgrimage and Political Economy
    July 2018

    Pilgrimage and Political Economy

    Translating the Sacred

    Coleman, S. & Eade, J. (eds)

    Pilgrimage has always had a tendency to follow—and sometimes create—trade routes. This volume explores how wider factors behind transnational and global mobility have impacted on pilgrimage activity across the world, and examines the ways in which pilgrimage relates to migration, diaspora, and political cooperation or conflict across nation-states. Furthermore, it brings together case studies that explore forms of mobility where pilgrimage is juxtaposed, complements, or is in intimate association with other forms of movement.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Places of Pain
    February 2013

    Places of Pain

    Forced Displacement, Popular Memory and Trans-local Identities in Bosnian War-torn Communities

    Halilovich, H.

    For displaced persons, memory and identity is performed, (re)constructed and (re)negotiated daily. Forced displacement radically reshapes identity, with results ranging from successful hybridization to feelings of permanent misplacement. This compelling and intimate description of places of pain and (be)longing that were lost during the 1992–95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as of survivors’ places of resettlement in Australia, Europe and North America, serves as a powerful illustration of the complex interplay between place, memory and identity. It is even more the case when those places have been vandalized, divided up, brutalized and scarred. However, as the author shows, these places of humiliation and suffering are also places of desire, with displaced survivors emulating their former homes in the far corners of the globe where they have resettled.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies Memory Studies
  • Placing London
    June 2000

    Placing London

    From Imperial Capital to Global City

    Eade, J.

    London continues to fascinate a vast audience across the world, and an extensive, diverse literature now exists describing and analyzing this metropolis. The central question – what is London? – has produced many answers but none of them, the author argues, uncovers the complex ways in which knowledge is constructed in the diverse attempts to represent places and people. On the contrary: a gulf has opened up between analysis of contemporary London as a global, postcolonial city, on the one hand, and historical accounts of the imperial capital on the other. The author shows how the gap can be bridged by combining an analysis of the representation over time by various experts of London and certain localities with an investigation of the ways in which residents have represented their communities through struggles over symbolic and material resources.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Playing Different Games
    July 2011

    Playing Different Games

    The Paradox of Anywaa and Nuer Identification Strategies in the Gambella Region, Ethiopia

    Feyissa, D.

    Focusing on ethnicity and its relation to conflict, this book goes beyond sterile debates about whether ethnic identities are ‘natural’ or ‘socially constructed’. Rather, ethnic identity takes different forms. Some ethnic boundaries are perceived by the actors themselves as natural, while others are perceived to be permeable. The argument is substantiated through a comparative analysis of ethnic identity formation and ethnic conflict among the Anywaa and the Nuer in the Gambella region of western Ethiopia. The Anywaa and the Nuer are not just two ethnic groups but two kinds of ethnic groups. Conflicts between the Anywaa and Nuer are explained with reference to three variables: varying modes of identity formation, competition over resources and differential incorporation into the state system.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Playing the Marginality Game
    March 2019

    Playing the Marginality Game

    Identity Politics in West Africa

    Schroven, A.

    In Guinea, situated against the background of central government struggles, rural elites use identity politics through contemporary political reforms to maintain their privileges and perpetuate a generations-old local social contract that bridges ethnic and religious divides. Simultaneously, administrative reform and national unrest lead to the creative re-combination of sources of authority and practices of legitimate rule. Past periods of colonization, socialism and authoritarian regime are reflected in contemporary struggles to make sense of participatory democracy and the future of the embattled Guinean national state.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Playing with Languages
    September 2012

    Playing with Languages

    Children and Change in a Caribbean Village

    Paugh, A. L.

    Over several generations villagers of Dominica have been shifting from Patwa, an Afro-French creole, to English, the official language. Despite government efforts at Patwa revitalization and cultural heritage tourism, rural caregivers and teachers prohibit children from speaking Patwa in their presence. Drawing on detailed ethnographic fieldwork and analysis of video-recorded social interaction in naturalistic home, school, village and urban settings, the study explores this paradox and examines the role of children and their social worlds. It offers much-needed insights into the study of language socialization, language shift and Caribbean children’s agency and social lives, contributing to the burgeoning interdisciplinary study of children’s cultures. Further, it demonstrates the critical role played by children in the transmission and transformation of linguistic practices, which ultimately may determine the fate of a language.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Educational Studies Sociology
  • eBook available
    Policy Travelogue, A
    September 2013

    A Policy Travelogue

    Tracing Welfare Reform in Aotearoa/New Zealand and Canada

    Kingfisher, C.

    An ethnography of the development and travel of the New Zealand model of neoliberal welfare reform, this study explores the social life of policy, which is one of process, motion, and change. Different actors, including not only policy élites but also providers and recipients, engage with it in light of their own resources and knowledge. Drawing on two analytic frameworks of the contemporary anthropology of policy—translation and assemblage—Kingfisher situates policy as an artifact and architect of cultural meaning, as well as a site of power struggles. All points of engagement with policy are approached as sites of policy production that serve to transform it as well as reproduce it. As such, A Policy Travelogue provides an antidote to theorizations of policy as a-cultural, rational, and straightforwardly technical.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Politics of Cultural Performance, The
    March 1996

    The Politics of Cultural Performance

    Parkin, D., Caplan, L. & Fisher, H. (eds)

    The line between what is regarded by people as “traditional” and “modern” is constantly being altered by new configurations of power. These essays examine the ways in which such changes are both communicated and created through cultural performances in diverse ethnographic settings. Examples are drawn from a wide range of forms and expressions: divinatory sequences, spirit possession rites, state ceremonials, village feasts, pilgrimages, language-use and craft specialisms. It was Abner Cohen, to whom this volume is dedicated, who first suggested that a dialectical relationship existed between power and symbolism. This concept, as developed in his seminal work, has since become a growing area of study as reflected in this important collection. By questioning some of the directions, the authors make a major interdisciplinary contribution to the study of cultural performance as a key factor in power relationships. The principal stage is Africa, but comparative ethnographic data are drawn from Ireland, Italy, South Asia, and the United Kingdom.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Polynesian Iconoclasm, The
    September 2014

    The Polynesian Iconoclasm

    Religious Revolution and the Seasonality of Power

    Sissons, J.

    Within little more than ten years in the early nineteenth century, inhabitants of Tahiti, Hawaii and fifteen other closely related societies destroyed or desecrated all of their temples and most of their god-images. In the aftermath of the explosive event, which Sissons terms the Polynesian Iconoclasm, hundreds of architecturally innovative churches — one the size of two football fields — were constructed. At the same time, Christian leaders introduced oppressive laws and courts, which the youth resisted through seasonal displays of revelry and tattooing. Seeking an answer to why this event occurred in the way that it did, this book introduces and demonstrates an alternative “practice history” that draws on the work of Marshall Sahlins and employs Bourdieu’s concepts of habitus, improvisation and practical logic.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Post-Cosmopolitan Cities
    August 2012

    Post-cosmopolitan Cities

    Explorations of Urban Coexistence

    Humphrey, C. & Skvirskaja, V. (eds)

    Examining the way people imagine and interact in their cities, this book explores the post-cosmopolitan city. The contributors consider the effects of migration, national, and religious revivals (with their new aesthetic sensibilities), the dispositions of marginalized economic actors, and globalized tourism on urban sociality. The case studies here share the situation of having been incorporated in previous political regimes (imperial, colonial, socialist) that one way or another created their own kind of cosmopolitanism, and now these cities are experiencing the aftermath of these regimes while being exposed to new national politics and migratory flows of people.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Post-Ottoman Topologies
    April 2019

    Post-Ottoman Topologies

    The Presence of the Past in the Era of the Nation-State

    Argenti, N. (ed)

    How are historians and social scientists to understand the emergence, the multiplicity, and the mutability of collective memories of the Ottoman Empire in the political formations that succeeded it? With contributions focussing on several of the nation-states whose peoples once were united under the aegis of Ottoman suzerainty, this volume proposes new theoretical approaches to the experience and transmission of the past through time. Developing the concept of topology, contributors explore collective memories of Ottoman identity and post-Ottoman state formation in a contemporary epoch that, echoing late modernity, we might term “late nationalism”.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Memory Studies
  • eBook available
    Postsocialism
    March 2006

    Postsocialism

    Politics and Emotions in Central and Eastern Europe

    Svasek M. (ed)

    In many parts of post-socialist Europe the tumultuous political and economic developments have generated strong emotions, ranging from hope and euphoria to disappointment, envy, disillusionment, sorrow, loneliness, and hatred. Yet these aspects have been largely neglected in analyses of the profound transformations that have taken place in Central and Eastern Europe since 1990. Based on a wide variety of ethnographic case studies focusing on Russian, Siberian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Slovenian, Croatian, Czech, and Polish communities, this volume proves the significance of emotions to post-socialist political processes as an inherent part of the transformations and sheds new light on the impact of local, national, and transnational political forces that have given rise to the resurgence of nationalist sentiments, increasing poverty and marginalization, conflicts arising from the restitution of state property, constitutional changes, and economic deprivation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Postsocialist Europe
    September 2009

    Postsocialist Europe

    Anthropological Perspectives from Home

    Kurti, L. & Skalník, P. (Eds.)

    Now that nearly twenty years have passed since the collapse of the Soviet bloc there is a need to understand what has taken place since that historic date and where we are at the moment. Bringing together authors with different historical, cultural, regional and theoretical backgrounds, this volume engages in debates that address new questions arising from recent developments, such as whether there is a need to reject or uphold the notion of post-socialism as both a necessary and valid concept ignoring changes and differences across both time and space. The authors’ firsthand ethnographies from their own countries belie such a simplistic notion, revealing, as they do, the cultural, social, and historical diversity of countries of Central and Southeastern Europe.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Power & Magic in Italy
    March 2011

    Power and Magic in Italy

    Hauschild, T.

    Based on vivid and colorful case studies about Mafiosi, priests, mothers, and migrants, the author offers new perspectives on the anthropology of religion and magic through categories of landscape, the body, human practice, and material experience. The focus on women as religious practitioners is linked to the idea of religion as a primary mode of production that creates and helps to maintain human reserves in a fast changing, male-dominated world. It is through this mechanism that the Catholic Church, the oldest existing bureaucratic agency of globalization, has maintained its power. Exploring aspects of spirit experiences, trance, the cult of saints, official ecclesiastical cults, and especially witchcraft, this book reveals the explosive, sometimes violent creativity of religion, its relation to magic, and its multi-facetted social value for humans as reflected in the religiously based, pragmatic realism of everyday life in the Mediterranean.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Power in Practice
    September 2017

    Power in Practice

    The Pragmatic Anthropology of Afro-Brazilian Capoeira

    González Varela, S.

    Considering the concept of power in capoeira, an Afro-Brazilian ritual art form, Varela describes ethnographically the importance that capoeira leaders (mestres) have in the social configuration of a style called Angola in Bahia, Brazil. He analyzes how individual power is essential for an understanding of the modern history of capoeira, and for the themes of embodiment, play, cosmology, and ritual action. The book also emphasizes the great significance that creativity and aesthetic expression have for capoeira’s practice and performance.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Performance Studies
  • eBook available
    Power of Law in a Transnational World, The
    May 2009

    The Power of Law in a Transnational World

    Anthropological Enquiries

    Benda-Beckmann, F. von, Benda-Beckmann, K. von & Griffiths, A. (eds)

    How is law mobilized and who has the power and authority to construct its meaning? This important volume examines this question as well as how law is constituted and reconfigured through social processes that frame both its continuity and transformation over time. The volume highlights how power is deployed under conditions of legal pluralism, exploring its effects on livelihoods and on social institutions, including the state. Such an approach not only demonstrates how the state, through its various development programs and organizational structures, attempts to control territory and people, but also relates the mechanisms of state control to other legal modes of control and regulation at both local and supranational levels.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Power of Perspective, The
    May 2007

    The Power of Perspective

    Social Ontology and Agency on Ambrym Island, Vanuatu

    Rio, K, M.

    Focusing on different forms of agency in North Ambrym social life, the author demonstrates the potency of outsiders at different times and in different situations in Ambrym society. This model challenges the premises of much Western thinking about reciprocity, and suggests new directions in the analysis of Melanesian societies

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Powers of Good & Evil
    June 2001

    Powers of Good and Evil

    Social Transformation and Popular Belief

    Clough†, P. & Mitchell, J. (eds)

    A key theme in the anthropology of beliefs is the relationship between socio-economic change and changes in the belief system. It has been widely argued that rapid economic change, particularly the introduction of capitalism, leads to an increase in beliefs in, and representations of, evil and the devil. These beliefs, it is argued, constitute forms of resistance to, or rejection of, “modernity.” This volume builds on these arguments, suggesting that rather than an indigenous resistance to capitalism, such representations signal a profound moral ambivalence towards the socio-economic process inherent in capitalist economy. Using a range of examples, from Surinamese zombies to American horror films, it demonstrates the extent to which evil imagery is linked to a fear of excess, particularly in situations where people find themselves, or perceive themselves, to be peripheral to the centers of political, economic, and cultural power.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Practicing the Faith
    April 2011

    Practicing the Faith

    The Ritual Life of Pentecostal-Charismatic Christians

    Lindhardt, M. (ed)

    Over the past decades, Pentecostal-charismatic Christianity has arguably become the fastest growing religious movement in the world. Distinguishing features of this variant of Christianity include formal ritual activities as well as informal, experiential, and ecstatic forms of worship. This book examines Pentecostal-charismatic ritual practice in different parts of the world, highlighting, among other things, the crucial role of ritual in creating religious communities and identities.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Problems of Conception
    August 2012

    Problems of Conception

    Issues of Law, Biotechnology, Individuals and Kinship

    Melhuus, M.

    The Biotechnology Act in Norway, one of the most restrictive in Europe, forbids egg donation and surrogacy and has rescinded the anonymity clause with respect to donor insemination. Thus, it limits people’s choice as to how they can procreate within the boundaries of the nation state. The author pursues this significant datum ethnographically and addresses the issues surrounding contemporary biopolitics in Norway. This involves investigating such fundamental questions as the relation between individual and society, meanings of kinship and relatedness, the moral status of the embryo and the role of science, religion and ethics in state policies. Even though the book takes reproductive technologies as its focus, it reveals much about vital processes that are central to contemporary Norwegian society.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Medical Anthropology
  • Property & Equality
    December 2004

    Property and Equality

    Volume II: Encapsulation, Commercialization, Discrimination

    Widlok, T. & Tadesse, W.G. (eds)

    The ethnography of egalitarian social systems was first met with sheer disbelief. Today it is still hotly debated in a number of fields and has gained sophistication as well as momentum. This collection of essays on “property and equality” acknowledges this diversification by presenting research results in two complementary volumes. They bring together a wide range of authoritative researchers most of whom have worked with hunter-gatherer groups. These two volumes cover existing ethnographic and theoretical ground while maintaining a clear focus on the relation between property and equality. The book consists of the most recent work of prominent members of the original group of researchers in hunter-gatherer studies among them James Woodburn and Richard Lee, and very recent ethnography on hunter-gatherers and other egalitarian systems.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Property & Equality
    December 2004

    Property and Equality

    Volume I: Ritualization, Sharing, Egalitarianism

    Widlok, T. & Tadesse, W.G. (eds)

    The ethnography of egalitarian social systems was first met with sheer disbelief. Today it is still hotly debated in a number of fields and has gained sophistication as well as momentum. This collection of essays on “property and equality” acknowledges this diversification by presenting research results in two complementary volumes. They bring together a wide range of authoritative researchers most of whom have worked with hunter-gatherer groups. These two volumes cover existing ethnographic and theoretical ground while maintaining a clear focus on the relation between property and equality. The book consists of the most recent work of prominent members of the original group of researchers in hunter-gatherer studies among them James Woodburn and Richard Lee, and very recent ethnography on hunter-gatherers and other egalitarian systems.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Prophetic Trajectory, A
    May 2014

    A Prophetic Trajectory

    Ideologies of Place, Time and Belonging in an Angolan Religious Movement

    Blanes, R. L.

    Combining ethnographic and historical research conducted in Angola, Portugal, and the United Kingdom, A Prophetic Trajectory tells the story of Simão Toko, the founder and leader of one of the most important contemporary Angolan religious movements. The book explains the historical, ethnic, spiritual, and identity transformations observed within the movement, and debates the politics of remembrance and heritage left behind after Toko’s passing in 1984. Ultimately, it questions the categories of prophetism and charisma, as well as the intersections between mobility, memory, and belonging in the Atlantic Lusophone sphere.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Protests, Land Rights, & Riots
    December 2014

    Protests, Land Rights, and Riots

    Postcolonial Struggles in Australia in the 1980s

    Morris, B.

    The 1970s saw the Aboriginal people of Australia struggle for recognition of their postcolonial rights. Rural communities, where large Aboriginal populations lived, were provoked as a consequence of social fragmentation, unparalleled unemployment, and other major economic and political changes. The ensuing riots, protests, and law-and-order campaigns in New South Wales captured the tense relations that existed between indigenous people, the police, and the criminal justice system. In Protests, Land Rights, and Riots, Barry Morris shows how neoliberal policies in Australia targeted those who were least integrated socially and culturally, and who enjoyed fewer legitimate economic opportunities. Amidst intense political debate, struggle, and conflict, new forces were unleashed as a post-settler colonial state grappled with its past. Morris provides a social analysis of the ensuing effects of neoliberal policy and the way indigenous rights were subsequently undermined by this emerging new political orthodoxy in the 1990s.
     

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Punks and Skins United
    August 2020

    Punks and Skins United

    Identity, Class and the Economics of an Eastern German Subculture

    Venstel, A.

    Germany has one of the liveliest and well-developed punk scenes in the world. However, punk in this country is not just a style-based music community. This book provides an anthropological examination of how punk reflects the larger changes and contradictions in post-reunification Germany, such as social segmentation, east-west tensions and local politics. Punk in eastern Germany is a reaction to the marginalization of the working class. As a cultural, social and economic niche, punks create their own controversial “substitute society” to compensate for their low status in mainstream society.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Cultural Studies (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Raccomandazione
    March 2019

    Raccomandazione

    Clientelism and Connections in Italy

    Zinn, D. L.

    The issue of patronage-clientelism has long been of interest in the social sciences. Based on long-term ethnographic research in southern Italy, this book examines the concept and practice of raccomandazione: the omnipresent social institution of using connections to get things done. Viewing the practice both from an indigenous perspective – as a morally ambivalent social fact – and considering it in light of the power relations that position southern Italy within the nesting relations of global Norths and Souths, it builds on and extends past scholarship to consider the nature of patronage in a contemporary society and its relationship to corruption.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Applied Anthropology
  • Racism in Metropolitan Areas
    December 2005

    Racism in Metropolitan Areas

    Pinxten, R. & Preckler, E. (eds)

    For several decades, a political discourse, which incites exclusion and hatred againt those who are perceived as different, has been gaining ground, most notably in affluent and developed countries. Focusing on the growth of racism in large cities and urban areas, this volume presents the views of international scholars who work in the social sciences and statements by non-practicing academics such as journalists and policy makers. The contributions of the scientists and the non-academic specialists are grouped around common themes, highlighting existing debates and bringing together widely scattered information. The book explores the ways in which old forms of racism persist in the urban context, and how traditional exclusion systems like casteism can be likened to contemporary forms like racism directed at refugees.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Re-Orienting Cuisine
    February 2015

    Re-orienting Cuisine

    East Asian Foodways in the Twenty-First Century

    Kim, K. O. (ed)

    Foods are changed not only by those who produce and supply them, but also by those who consume them. Analyzing food without considering changes over time and across space is less meaningful than analyzing it in a global context where tastes, lifestyles, and imaginations cross boundaries and blend with each other, challenging the idea of authenticity. A dish that originated in Beijing and is recreated in New York is not necessarily the same, because although authenticity is often claimed, the form, ingredients, or taste may have changed. The contributors of this volume have expanded the discussion of food to include its social and cultural meanings and functions, thereby using it as a way to explain a culture and its changes.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition
  • (Re)Constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria
    June 2008

    (Re)constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria

    Ethno-Cultural Diversity and the State in the Aftermath of a Refugee Crisis

    Migliorino, N.

    For almost nine decades, since their mass-resettlement to the Levant in the wake of the Genocide and First World War, the Armenian communities of Lebanon and Syria appear to have successfully maintained a distinct identity as an ethno-culturally diverse group, in spite of representing a small non-Arab and Christian minority within a very different, mostly Arab and Muslim environment. The author shows that, while in Lebanon the state has facilitated the development of an extensive and effective system of Armenian ethno-cultural preservation, in Syria the emergence of centralizing, authoritarian regimes in the 1950s and 1960s has severely damaged the autonomy and cultural diversity of the Armenian community. Since 1970, the coming to power of the Asad family has contributed to a partial recovery of Armenian ethno-cultural diversity, as the community seems to have developed some form of tacit arrangement with the regime. In Lebanon, on the other hand, the Armenian community suffered the consequences of the recurrent breakdown of the consociational arrangement that regulates public life. In both cases the survival of Armenian cultural distinctiveness seems to be connected, rather incidentally, with the continuing ‘search for legitimacy’ of the state.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Rebordering the Mediterranean
    August 2004

    Rebordering the Mediterranean

    Boundaries and Citizenship in Southern Europe

    Suárez-Navaz, L.

    Offering a rich ethnographic account, this book traces the historical processes by which Andalusians experienced the shift from being poor emigrants to northern Europe to becoming privileged citizens of the southern borderland of the European Union, a region where thousands of African immigrants have come in search of a better life. It draws on extended ethnographic fieldwork in Granada and Senegal, exploring the shifting, complementary and yet antagonistic relations between Spaniards and African immigrants in the Andalusian agrarian work place. The author’s findings challenge the assumption of fixed national, cultural, and socioeconomic boundaries vis-à-vis outside migration in core countries, showing how legal and cultural identities of Andalusians are constructed together with that of immigrants.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Refugee and Migration Studies
  • Recalling the Belgian Congo
    September 2000

    Recalling the Belgian Congo

    Conversations and Introspection

    Dembour, M.-B.

    When the author embarked on her study, her aim was to approach former colonial officers with a view to analyzing processes of domination in the ex-Belgian Congo. However, after establishing a rapport with some of these officers, the author was soon forced to revise her initial assumptions, widely held in present-day Belgium: these officers were not the “baddies” she had expected to meet.

    Exploring the colonial experience through the respondents’ memories resulted in a far more complex picture of the colonial situation than she had anticipated, again forcing her to question her original assumptions. This resulted not only in a more differentiated perspective on Belgian colonialist rule, but is also sensitized her as regards the question of anthropological understanding and of what constitutes historical fact.

    These two aspects of her work are reflected in this study that offers specific material on the way Belgian colonialism is remembered and reflects on its conditions of production, thus combining ethnographic analysis with a theoretical essay.

    Subjects: Colonial History Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Reclaiming the Forest
    April 2015

    Reclaiming the Forest

    The Ewenki Reindeer Herders of Aoluguya

    Kolås, Å. & Xie, Y. (eds)

    The reindeer herders of Aoluguya, China, are a group of former hunters who today see themselves as “keepers of reindeer” as they engage in ethnic tourism and exchange experiences with their Ewenki neighbors in Russian Siberia. Though to some their future seems problematic, this book focuses on the present, challenging the pessimistic outlook, reviewing current issues, and describing the efforts of the Ewenki to reclaim their forest lifestyle and develop new forest livelihoods. Both academic and literary contributions balance the volume written by authors who are either indigenous to the region or have carried out fieldwork among the Aoluguya Ewenki since the late 1990s.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Reconceiving Muslim Men
    June 2018

    Reconceiving Muslim Men

    Love and Marriage, Family and Care in Precarious Times

    Inhorn, M. C. & Naguib, N. (eds)

    This volume provides intimate anthropological accounts of Muslim men’s everyday lives in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and diasporic communities in the West. Amid increasing political turmoil and economic precarity, Muslim men around the world are enacting nurturing roles as husbands, sons, fathers, and community members, thereby challenging broader systems of patriarchy and oppression. By focusing on the ways in which Muslim men care for those they love, this volume challenges stereotypes and showcases Muslim men’s humanity.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality Sociology
  • Reconstructing the House of Culture
    November 2011

    Reconstructing the House of Culture

    Community, Self, and the Makings of Culture in Russia and Beyond

    Donahoe, B. & Habeck, J. O. (eds)

    Notions of culture, rituals and their meanings, the workings of ideology in everyday life, public representations of tradition and ethnicity, and the social consequences of economic transition— these are critical issues in the social anthropology of Russia and other postsocialist countries. Engaged in the negotiation of all these is the House of Culture, which was the key institution for cultural activities and implementation of state cultural policies in all socialist states. The House of Culture was officially responsible for cultural enlightenment, moral edification, and personal cultivation—in short, for implementing the socialist state’s program of “bringing culture to the masses.” Surprisingly, little is known about its past and present condition. This collection of ethnographically rich accounts examines the social significance and everyday performance of Houses of Culture and how they have changed in recent decades. In the years immediately following the end of the Soviet Union, they underwent a deep economic and symbolic crisis, and many closed. Recently, however, there have been signs of a revitalization of the Houses of Culture and a re-orientation of their missions and programs. The contributions to this volume investigate the changing functions and meanings of these vital institutions for the communities that they serve.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Redescribing Relations
    May 2017

    Redescribing Relations

    Strathernian Conversations on Ethnography, Knowledge and Politics

    Lebner, A. (ed)

    Marilyn Strathern is among the most creative and celebrated contemporary anthropologists, and her work draws interest from across the humanities and social sciences. Redescribing Relations brings some of Strathern’s most committed and renowned readers into conversation in her honour – especially on themes she has rarely engaged. The volume not only deepens our understanding of Strathern’s work, it also offers models of how to extend her relational insights to new terrains. With a comprehensive introduction, a complete list of Strathern’s publications and a historic interview published in English for the first time, this is an invaluable resource for Strathern’s old and new interlocutors alike.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Cultural Studies (General)
  • Refugee Policy in Sudan 1967-1984
    April 1999

    Refugee Policy in Sudan 1967-1984

    Karadawi, A.

    Based on the work of Ahmed Karadawi, Refugee Policy in Sudan discusses Sudanese government policy towards the refugee flows from Ethiopia into the Eastern Region of Sudan in theperiod 1967 to 1984, arguing that there were two underlying assumptions behind successive governments’ policies: that refugees were considered a security threat and a socio-economic burden. In response,the policies incorporated the Organization of African Unity norms, which offered a platform to depoliticise the refugees, equally with the international conventions relating to refugees, which assured the externalization of responsibility and access to aid. This prescription, however, ignored the dynamism of the conflict that continued to generate refugees – and, as numbers accumulated in Sudan, the international aid regime did not act as a willing partner of the government. The consequences of a sizeable refugee population revealed a serious conflict of priorities, not only within the Sudanese government of the day, but also between the government and aid donors – thus, the objectives of the government policy were seriously undermined.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Refugee Resettlement
    August 2018

    Refugee Resettlement

    Power, Politics, and Humanitarian Governance

    Garnier, A., Jubilut, L. L., & Sandvik, K. B.

    Examining resettlement practices worldwide and drawing on contributions from anthropology, law, international relations, social work, political science, and numerous other disciplines, this ground-breaking volume highlights the conflicts between refugees’ needs and state practices, and assesses international, regional and national perspectives on resettlement, as well as the bureaucracies and ideologies involved. It offers a detailed understanding of resettlement, from the selection of refugees to their long-term integration in resettling states, and highlights the relevance of a lifespan approach to resettlement analysis.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Regimes of Responsibility in Africa
    October 2019

    Regimes of Responsibility in Africa

    Genealogies, Rationalities and Conflicts

    Rubbers, B. & Jedlowski, A. (eds)

    Regimes of Responsibility in Africa ­analyses the transformations that discourses and practices of responsibility have undergone in Africa. By doing so, this collection develops a stronger grasp of the specific political, economic and social transformations taking place today in Africa. At the same time, while focusing on case studies from the African continent, the work enters into a dialogue with the emerging corpus of studies in the field of ethics, adding to it a set of analytical perspectives that can help further enlarge its theoretical and geographical scope.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • Religion & Nation
    October 2004

    Religion and Nation

    Iranian Local and Transnational Networks in Britain

    Spellman, K.

    An estimated 75,000 Iranians emigrated to Britain after the 1979 revolution and the establishment of the Islamic Republic. They are politically, religiously, socio-economically and ethnically heterogeneous, and have found themselves in the ongoing process of settlement. The aim of this book is to explore facets of this process by examining the ways in which religious traditions and practices have been maintained, negotiated and rejected by Iranians from Muslim backgrounds and how they have served as identity-building vehicles during the course of migration, in relation to the political, economic, and social situation in Iran and Britain. While the ethnographic focus is on Iranians, this book touches on more general questions associated with the process of migration, transnational societies, Diasporas, and religious as well as ethnic minorities.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Religion and Pride
    March 2021

    Religion and Pride

    Hindus in Search of Recognition in La Réunion

    Lang, N.

    Seeking recognition presents an important driving force in the making of religious minorities, as is shown in this study that examines current debates on religion, globalization, diaspora, and secularism through the lens of Hindus living in the French overseas department of La Réunion. Through the examination of religious practices and public performance, the author offers a compelling study of how the Hindus of the island assert pride in their religion as a means of gaining recognition, self-esteem, and social status.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Religion & Science as Forms of Life
    January 2015

    Religion and Science as Forms of Life

    Anthropological Insights into Reason and Unreason

    Salazar, C. & Bestard, J. (eds)

    The relationships between science and religion are about to enter a new phase in our contemporary world, as scientific knowledge has become increasingly relevant in ordinary life, beyond the institutional public spaces where it traditionally developed. The purpose of this volume is to analyze the relationships, possible articulations and contradictions between religion and science as forms of life: ways of engaging human experience that originate in particular social and cultural formations. Contributions use this theoretical and ethnographic research to explore different scientific and religious cultures in the contemporary world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Religion, Politics, & Globalization
    January 2011

    Religion, Politics, and Globalization

    Anthropological Approaches

    Lindquist†, G. & Handelman, D. (eds)

    While social scientists, beginning with Weber, envisioned a secularized world, religion today is forthrightly becoming a defining feature of life all around the globe. The complex connections between religion and politics, and the ways in which globalization shapes these processes, are central themes explored in this volume by leading scholars in the field of religion. Does the holism of numerous past and present day cosmologies mean that religions with their holistic orientations are integral to human existence? What happens when political ideologies and projects are framed as transcendental truths and justified by Divine authority? How are individual and collective identities shaped by religious rhetoric, and what are the consequences? Can mass murder, deemed terrorism, be understood as a form of ritual sacrifice, and if so, what are the implications for our sensibilities and practices as scholars and citizens? Using empirical material, from historical analyses of established religions to the everyday strife of marginalized groups such as migrants and dissident movements, this volume deepens the understanding of processes that shape the contemporary world.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Remembering Karelia
    February 2004

    Remembering Karelia

    A Family’s Story of Displacement during and after the Finnish Wars

    Armstrong†, K.

    In June 1944, after two wars with the Soviet Union, the Finnish region of Karelia was ceded to the Soviet Union. As a result, the Finnish population of Karelia, nearly 11% of the Finnish population, was moved across the new border. The war years, the loss of territory, the resettlement of the Karelian population, and the reparations that had to be paid to the Allied Forces, were experiences shared by most people living in Finland between 1939 and the late 1950s. Using a family’s memoirs, the author shows how these traumatic events affected people in all spheres of their lives and also how they coped physically and emotionally.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History: 20th Century to Present
  • eBook available
    Remembering Violence
    December 2009

    Remembering Violence

    Anthropological Perspectives on Intergenerational Transmission

    Argenti, N. & Schramm, K. (Eds.)

    Psychologists have done a great deal of research on the effects of trauma on the individual, revealing the paradox that violent experiences are often secreted away beyond easy accessibility, becoming impossible to verbalize explicitly. However, comparatively little research has been done on the transgenerational effects of trauma and the means by which experiences are transmitted from person to person across time to become intrinsic parts of the social fabric. With eight contributions covering Africa, Central and South America, China, Europe, and the Middle East, this volume sheds new light on the role of memory in constructing popular histories – or historiographies – of violence in the absence of, or in contradistinction to, authoritative written histories. It brings new ethnographic data to light and presents a truly cross-cultural range of case studies that will greatly enhance the discussion of memory and violence across disciplines.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General) History (General)
  • eBook available
    Repair, Brokenness, Breakthrough
    September 2019

    Repair, Brokenness, Breakthrough

    Ethnographic Responses

    Martínez, F. & Laviolette, P. (eds)

    Exploring some of the ways in which repair practices and perceptions of brokenness vary culturally, Repair, Brokenness, Breakthrough argues that repair is both a process and also a consequence which is sought out—an attempt to extend the life of things as well as an answer to failures, gaps, wrongdoings, and leftovers. This volume develops an open-ended combination of empirical and theoretical questions including: What does it mean to claim that something is broken? At what point is something broken repairable? What are the social relationships that take place around repair? And how much tolerance for failure do our societies have?

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Heritage Studies
  • eBook available
    Reproducing Class
    February 2009

    Reproducing Class

    Education, Neoliberalism, and the Rise of the New Middle Class in Istanbul

    Rutz, H. J. & Balkan, E. M.

    Middle classes are by definition ambiguous, raising all sorts of paradoxical questions, perceived and real, about their power and place relative to those above and below them in a class-structured society. Focusing on families of the new middle class in Istanbul, the authors of this study address questions about the social construction of middle-class reality in the context of the rapid changes that have come about through recent economic growth in global markets and the global diffusion of information technology. After 1980, Turkey saw a structural transformation from state-owned and managed industry, banking, and media and communications to privatization and open markets. The idea of being middle class and the reality of middle-class practices became open for negotiation and interpretation. This study therefore offers a particularly interesting case study of an emergent global phenomenon known as the transnational middle class, characterized by their location of work in globalizing cities, development of transnational social networks, sumptuary consumption habits, and residences in gated communities. As the authors show, this new middle class associates quality education, followed by property and lifestyle issues, with the concept of a comfortable life.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • Research Methods for Anthropological Studies of Food and Nutrition
    February 2017

    Research Methods for Anthropological Studies of Food and Nutrition

    Volumes I-III

    Chrzan, J. & Brett, J. (eds)

    The dramatic increase in all things food in popular and academic fields during the last two decades has generated a diverse and dynamic set of approaches for understanding the complex relationships and interactions that determine how people eat and how diet affects culture.  These volumes offer a comprehensive reference for students and established scholars interested in food and nutrition research in Nutritional and Biological Anthropology, Archaeology, Socio-Cultural and Linguistic Anthropology, Food Studies and Applied Public Health.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Food & Nutrition Archaeology
  • Resistance & the State
    April 2007

    Resistance and the State

    Nepalese Experiences

    Gellner, D.

    There has been growing concern about “failed states” around the world, and since the massacre of the Royal family in Nepal in 2001 increasing media attention has focused on the decline of the state and the rise of the Maoist rebels in this Himalayan kingdom where so many Westerners have taken trekking vacations. Development was always going to be a problem in Nepal, but few predicted the precipitous collapse of the state in rural areas in the face of the Maoist insurgency beginning in 1996 due, to a large extent, to the failure of the state to deliver promised development and benefits; instead, it became more and more authoritarian, even oppressive. Exploring the complex relationship between a modernizing, developmentalist state and the people it professes to represent, these fascinating and readable accounts of ordinary people’s lives depict the various contexts out of which the Maoist insurgency grew.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Returning Life
    December 2017

    Returning Life

    Language, Life Force and History in Kilimanjaro

    Myhre, K. C.

    A group of Chagga-speaking men descend the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro to butcher animals and pour milk, beer, and blood on the ground, requesting rain for their continued existence. Returning Life explores how this event engages activities where life force is transferred and transformed to afford and affect beings of different kinds. Historical sources demonstrate how the phenomenon of life force encompasses coffee cash-cropping, Catholic Christianity, and colonial and post-colonial rule, and features in cognate languages from throughout the area. As this vivid ethnography explores how life projects through beings of different kinds, it brings to life concepts and practices that extend through time and space, transcending established analytics.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Revealing the Invisible Mine
    October 2020

    Revealing the Invisible Mine

    Social Complexities of an Undeveloped Mining Project

    Skrzypek, E. E.

    Exploring the social complexities of the Frieda River Project in Papua New Guinea, this book tells the story of local stakeholder strategies on the eve of industrial development, largely from the perspective of the Paiyamo – one of the project’s so-called ‘impact communities’. Engaging ideas of knowledge, belief and personhood, it explains how fifty years of encounters with exploration companies shaped the Paiyamo’s aspirations, made them revisit and re-examine their past, and develop new strategies to move towards a better, more prosperous future.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Rhetoric and Social Relations
    February 2021

    Rhetoric and Social Relations

    Dialectics of Bonding and Contestation

    Abbink, J. & LaTosky, S. (eds)

    This volume explores the constitutive role of rhetoric in socio-cultural relations, where discursive persuasion is so important, and contains both theoretical chapters as well as fascinating examples of the ambiguities and effects of rhetoric used (un)consciously in social praxis. The elements of power, competition and political persuasion figure prominently. It is an accessible collection of studies, speaking to common issues and problems in social life, and shows the heuristic and often explanatory value of the rhetorical perspective.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Rhetorical Minds
    April 2020

    Rhetorical Minds

    Meditations on the Cognitive Science of Persuasion

    Oakley, T.

    Minds are rhetorical. From the moment we are born others are shaping our capacity for mental agency. As a meditation on the nature of human thought and action, this book starts with the proposition that human thinking is inherently and irreducibly social, and that the long rhetorical tradition in the West has been a neglected source for thinking about cognition. Each chapter reflects on a different dimension of human thought based on the fundamental proposition that our rhetoric thinks and acts with and through others.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Rights in Exile
    April 2005

    Rights in Exile

    Janus-Faced Humanitarianism

    Verdirame, G. & Harrell-Bond†, B.

    Of the estimated 12 million refugees in the world, more than 7 million have been confined to camps, effectively “warehoused,” in some cases, for 10 years or more. Holding refugees in camps was anathema to the founders of the refugee protection regime. Today, with most refugees encamped in the less developed parts of the world, the humanitarian apparatus has been transformed into a custodial regime for innocent people. Based on rich ethnographic data, Rights in Exile exposes the gap between human rights norms and the mandates of international organisations, on the one hand, and the reality on the ground, on the other. It will be of wide interest to social scientists, and to human rights and international law scholars. Policy makers, donor governments and humanitarian organizations, especially those adopting a “rights-based” approach, will also find it an invaluable resource. But it is the refugees themselves who could benefit the most if these actors absorb its lessons and apply them.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Risky Transactions
    July 2002

    Risky Transactions

    Trust, Kinship and Ethnicity

    Salter, F. K. (ed)

    Trust is a central feature of relationships within the Mafia, oppressed minorities, kin groups everywhere, among dissidents, nationalist freedom fighters, ethnic tourists, ethnic middlemen, exchange networks of Kalahari Bushmen, and families subjected to Stalinist social control. Each of these types of trust is examined by a leading scholar and compared with the expectations of neo-Darwinian theory, in particular the theories of kin selection and ethnic nepotism. The result is a fascinating, theoretically focused yet empirically eclectic contribution to the overlapping fields of human ethnology, evolutionary psychology, and bio-politics. The common thread uniting these diverse phenomena is a trusting relationship predicated on altruism. Chapters examine the strengths and limits of human trust under various stressers and temptations to defect.

    By exploring the relationship between kin and ethnic altruism and showing its sensitivity to culture, Risky Transactions recasts the evolutionary approach to ethnicity as a blend of primordial and instrumental factors.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Rite of Urban Passage, The
    August 2018

    The Rite of Urban Passage

    The Spatial Ritualization of Iranian Urban Transformation

    Masoudi, R.

    The Iranian city experienced a major transformation when the Pahlavi Dynasty initiated a project of modernization in the 1920s. The Rite of Urban Passage investigates this process by focusing on the spatial dynamics of Muharram processions, a ritual that commemorates the tragic massacre of Hussein and his companions in 680 CE. In doing so, this volume offers not only an alternative approach to understanding the process of urban transformation, but also a spatial genealogy of Muharram rituals that provides a platform for developing a fresh spatial approach to ritual studies.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Urban Studies Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Roma Activism
    August 2018

    Roma Activism

    Reimagining Power and Knowledge

    Beck, S. & Ivasiuc, A. (eds)

    Exploring contemporary debates and developments in Roma-related research and forms of activism, this volume argues for taking up reflexivity as practice in these fields, and advocates a necessary renewal of research sites, methods, and epistemologies. The contributors gathered here – whose professional trajectories often lie at the confluence between activism, academia, and policy or development interventions – are exceptionally well placed to reflect on mainstream practices in all these fields, and, from their particular positions, envision a reimagining of these practices.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Roma and Their Struggle for Identity in Contemporary Europe, The
    February 2020

    The Roma and Their Struggle for Identity in Contemporary Europe

    Baar, H. van & Kóczé, A. (eds)

    Thirty years after the collapse of Communism, and at a time of increasing anti-migrant and anti-Roma sentiment, this book analyses how Roma identity is expressed in contemporary Europe. From backgrounds ranging from political theory, postcolonial, cultural and gender studies to art history, feminist critique and anthropology, the contributors reflect on the extent to which a politics of identity regarding historically disadvantaged, racialized minorities such as the Roma can still be legitimately articulated.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Romance of Crossing Borders, The
    January 2017

    The Romance of Crossing Borders

    Studying and Volunteering Abroad

    Doerr, N. M. & Davis Taïeb, H. (eds)

    What draws people to study abroad or volunteer in far-off communities? Often the answer is romance – the romance of landscapes, people, languages, the very sense of border-crossing – and longing for liberation, attraction to the unknown, yearning to make a difference. This volume explores the complicated and often fraught desires to study and volunteer abroad. In doing so, the book sheds light on how affect is managed by educators and mobilized by students and volunteers themselves, and how these structures of feeling relate to broader social and economic forces.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Travel and Tourism Educational Studies
  • eBook available
    Sacred Places, Emerging Spaces
    February 2018

    Sacred Places, Emerging Spaces

    Religious Pluralism in the Post-Soviet Caucasus

    Darieva, T., Mühlfried, F., & Tuite, K. (eds)

    Though long-associated with violence, the Caucasus is a region rich with religious conviviality. Based on fresh ethnographies in Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Russian Federation, Sacred Places, Emerging Spaces discusses vanishing and emerging sacred places in the multi-ethnic and multi-religious post-Soviet Caucasus. In exploring the effects of de-secularization, growing institutional control over hybrid sacred sites, and attempts to review social boundaries between the religious and the secular, these essays give way to an emergent Caucasus viewed from the ground up: dynamic, continually remaking itself, within shifting and indefinite frontiers.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Sociology
  • eBook available
    Saltwater Sociality
    February 2012

    Saltwater Sociality

    A Melanesian Island Ethnography

    Schneider, K.

    The inhabitants of Pororan Island, a small group of ‘saltwater people’ in Papua New Guinea, are intensely interested in the movements of persons across the island and across the sea, both in their everyday lives as fishing people and on ritual occasions. From their observations of human movements, they take their cues about the current state of social relations. Based on detailed ethnography, this study engages current Melanesian anthropological theory and argues that movements are the Pororans’ predominant mode of objectifying relations. Movements on Pororan Island are to its inhabitants what roads are to ‘mainlanders’ on the nearby larger island, and what material objects and images are to others elsewhere in Melanesia.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Science, Magic & Religion
    December 2004

    Science, Magic and Religion

    The Ritual Processes of Museum Magic

    Bouquet, M. & Porto, N. (eds)

    For some time now, museums have been recognized as important institutions of western cultural and social life. The idea of the museum as a ritual site is fairly new and has been applied to the art museums in Europe and the United States so far. This volume expands it by exploring a range of contemporary museums in Europe and Africa. The case studies examine the different ways in which various actors involved in cultural production dramatize and ritualize such sites. It turns out that not only museum specialists, but visitors themselves are engaged in complex performances and experiences that make use of museums in often unexpected ways.

    Subjects: Museum Studies Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Sea Commands, The
    December 2020

    The Sea Commands

    Community and Perception of the Environment in a Portuguese Fishing Village

    Mendes, P.

    Azenha do Mar is a fishing community on the southwest coast of Portugal. It came into existence around forty years ago, as an outcome of the abandonment of work in the fields and of propitious ecological conditions. This book looks at the migration processes since the founding of the community and how they relate to the social inequalities for property and labour which prevail today. The book also reflects upon the personal experience of the ethnographer in the field balancing the importance of methodology on the one hand and fieldwork as a research process on the other.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Searching for a Better Life
    May 2018

    Searching for a Better Life

    Growing Up in the Slums of Bangkok

    Mahony, S.

    Life in Bangkok for young people is marked by profound, interlocking changes and transitions. This book offers an ethnographic account of growing up in the city’s slums, struggling to get by in a rapidly developing and globalizing economy and trying to fulfil one’s dreams. At the same time, it reflects on the issue of agency, exploring its negative potential when exercised by young people living under severe structural constraint. It offers an antidote to neoliberal ideas around personal responsibility, and the assumed potential for individuals to break through structures of constraint in any sustained way.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies Urban Studies
  • Seekers and Things
    December 2017

    Seekers and Things

    Spiritual Movements and Aesthetic Difference in Kinshasa

    Lambertz, P.

    Focusing on the intricate presence of a Japanese new religion (Sekai Kyûseikyô) in the densely populated and primarily Christian environment of Kinshasa (DR Congo), this ethnographic study offers a practitioner-orientated perspective to create a localized picture of religious globalization. Guided by an aesthetic approach to religion, the study moves beyond a focus limited to text and offers insights into the role of religious objects, spiritual technologies and aesthetic repertoires in the production and politics of difference. The boundaries between non-Christian religious minorities and the largely Christian public sphere involve fears and suspicion of “magic” and “occult sciences”.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Selfhood and Recognition
    November 2017

    Selfhood and Recognition

    Melanesian and Western Accounts of Relationality

    Galuschek, A. C.

    The disciplines of philosophy and cultural anthropology have one thing in common: human behavior. Yet surprisingly, dialogue between the two fields has remained largely silent until now. Selfhood and Recognition combines philosophical and cultural anthropological accounts of the perception of individual action, exploring the processes through which a person recognizes the self and the other. Touching on humanity as porous, fractal, dividual, and relational, the author sheds new light on the nature of selfhood, recognition, relationality, and human life.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Selfishness and Selflessness
    April 2020

    Selfishness and Selflessness

    New Approaches to Understanding Morality

    Layne, L. L. (ed)

    We are said to be suffering a narcissism epidemic when the need for collective action seems more pressing than ever. The traits of Selfishness and selflessness address the ‘proper’ and ‘improper’ relationship between one’s self and others. The work they do during periods of social instability and cultural change is probed in this original, interdisciplinary collection. Contributions range from an examination of how these concepts animated the eighteenth-century anti-slavery campaigners to a dissection of the way middle-class mothers’ experiences illustrate gendered struggles over how much and to whom one is morally obliged to give.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality Sociology
  • eBook available
    Sense and Essence
    July 2018

    Sense and Essence

    Heritage and the Cultural Production of the Real

    Meyer, B. & van de Port, M. (eds)

    Contrary to popular perceptions, cultural heritage is not given, but constantly in the making: a construction subject to dynamic processes of (re)inventing culture within particular social formations and bound to particular forms of mediation. Yet the appeal of cultural heritage often rests on its denial of being a fabrication, its promise to provide an essential ground to social-cultural identities. Taking this paradoxical feature as a point of departure, and anchoring the discussion to two heuristic concepts—the “politics of authentication” and “aesthetics of persuasion”—the chapters herein explore how this tension is central to the dynamics of heritage formation worldwide.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies Museum Studies
  • Sentimental Economy, A
    July 1996

    A Sentimental Economy

    Commodity and Community in Rural Ireland

    Salazar, C.

    On the fringe of western Europe, yet fully integrated into the capitalist market, the rural economy of the west of Ireland seems to provide a fascinating object of analysis to the student of European folk cultures. This book concentrates on a particular aspect of that rural economy: the social organization and cultural construction of work in a community of family farms. The concept of work, which is primarily farm work, is taken here as a very elementary set of ideas, images and experiences that enable us to penetrate in the different cultural spheres that intersect life on an Irish family farm. Work, the author concludes, is to this farming community what the Kula ring is to the Trobriand islanders – a kind of Maussian “total social fact” the analysis of which incorporates a comprehensive description of a particular social system.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Settling for Less
    November 2010

    Settling for Less

    The Planned Resettlement of Israel’s Negev Bedouin

    Dinero, S. C.

    The resettlement of the Negev Bedouin (Israel) has been wrought with controversy since its inception in the 1960s. Presenting evidence from a two-decade period, the author addresses how the changes that took place over the past sixty to seventy years have served the needs and interests of the State rather than those of Bedouin community at large. While town living fostered improvements in social and economic development, numerous unintended consequences jeopardized the success of this planning initiative. As a result, the Bedouin community endured excessive hardship and rapid change, abandoning its nomadic lifestyle and traditions in response to the economic, political, and social pressure from the State—and received very little in return.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General)
  • Sex & the Empire that is No More
    May 2005

    Sex and the Empire That Is No More

    Gender and the Politics of Metaphor in Oyo Yoruba Religion

    Matory, J. L.

    J. Lorand Matory researches the trans-Atlantic comings and goings of Yoruba religion, as well as ethnic diversity in Black North America. With the support of the National Science Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Spencer Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Education’s Fulbright-Hays Fellowship, he has conducted extensive field research in Brazil, Nigeria, and the United States. Dr. Matory is also the author of Black Atlantic Religion: Tradition, Transnationalism and Matriarchy in the Afro-Brazilian Candomblé (Princeton University Press). He is currently researching a book on the history and experience of Nigerians, Trinidadians, Ethiopians, black Indians, Louisiana Creoles and other ethnic groups that make up black North American society. It focuses on the creative coexistence of these groups at the United States’ leading “historically Black university”—Howard University

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • Shamanism
    March 1999

    Shamanism

    Traditional and Contemporary Approaches to the Mastery of Spirits and Healing

    Jakobsen†, M.

    Shamanism has always been of great interest to anthropologists. More recently it has been “discovered” by westerners, especially New Age followers. This book breaks new ground byexamining pristine shamanism in Greenland, among people contacted late by Western missionaries and settlers. On the basis of material only available in Danish, and presented herein English for the first time, the author questions Mircea Eliade’s well-known definition of the shaman as the master of ecstasy and suggests that his role has to be seen as that of a master of spirits.

    The ambivalent nature of the shaman and the spirit world in the tough Arctic environment is then contrasted with the more benign attitude to shamanism in the New Age movement. After presenting descriptions of their organizations and accounts by participants, the author critically analyses the role of neo-shamanic courses and concludes that it is doubtful to consider what isoffered as shamanism.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Shaping Taxpayers
    February 2017

    Shaping Taxpayers

    Values in Action at the Swedish Tax Agency

    Björklund Larsen, L.

    How do you make taxpayers comply? This ethnography offers a vivid, yet nuanced account of knowledge making at one of Sweden’s most esteemed bureaucracies – the Swedish Tax Agency. In its aim to collect taxes and minimize tax faults, the Agency mediates the application of tax law to ensure compliance and maintain legitimacy in society. This volume follows one risk assessment project’s passage through the Agency, from its inception, through the research phase, in discussions with management to its final abandonment. With its fiscal anthropological approach, Shaping Taxpayers reveals how diverse knowledge claims – legal, economic, cultural – compete to shape taxpayer behaviour.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Sacra The Politics and Pragmatics of Intercommunal Relations around Holy Places”>Sharing the <I>Sacra</I>” onerror=”this.src=” https:=””/><br />
							July 2012							</p>
<h2>Sharing the <i>Sacra</i></h2>
<h3>The Politics and Pragmatics of Intercommunal Relations around Holy Places</h3>
<h4>Bowman, G. (ed)</h4>
<p>
	“Shared” sites, where members of distinct, or factionally opposed, religious communities interact—or fail to interact—is the focus of this volume. Chapters based on fieldwork from such diverse sites as India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Turkey, Morocco, Tunisia, and Vietnam demonstrate how sharing and tolerance are both more complex and multifaceted than they are often recognized to be. By including both historical processes (the development of Chinese funerals in late imperial Beijing or the refashioning of memorial commemoration in the wake of the Vietnam war) and particular events (the visit of Pope John Paul II to shared shrines in Sri Lanka or the Al-Qaeda bombing of an ancient Jewish synagogue on the Island of Djerba in Tunisia), the volume demonstrates the importance of understanding the wider contexts within which social interactions take place and shows that tolerance and intercommunalism are simultaneously possible and perpetually under threat.</p>
<h5 class= Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Sociology Heritage Studies
  • Silence
    December 2005

    Silence

    The Currency Of Power

    Achino-Loeb, M.-L. (ed)

    This book is about silence and power and how they interact. It argues that only by studying how silence works—how it is implicated in the construction of meaning—can we arrive at the elusive roots of power in all its dimensions. Silence becomes the currency of power by delineating the margins or what we perceive and through a sleight of hand wherein behaviors undertaken in the service of self-interest appear instead as inevitable and devoid of human agency. The theoretical load of this argument is carried by vivid ethnographic material dealing with music, linguistic behavior, racial conflicts, work dislocations, and the construction of anthropological subjects and texts.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Sociology
  • Simulated Dreams
    December 2001

    Simulated Dreams

    Zionist Dreams for Israeli Youth

    Hazan, H.

    At the core of the author’s concern stands the question of cultural transmutation in an era riddled with media channels and all-embracing messages. Fragments of the Israeli experience are pieced together in this provocative essay to provide a socio-anthropological agenda for some of the issues involved in the manufacturing of items of symbolic solidarity and common national imagery in an epoch of social disunification and cultural pastiche. The author argues that even though the aesthetic forms of major cultural idioms have unrecognizably altered and are accommodated to befit the shape and style of post-modern living, the basic programs underlying them have remained immutable. Furthermore, it is the quality of adaptability to changing aesthetic conventions that allow such symbolic corner-stones to be left unturned. The case of the youth culture is chose here as a yardstick for examining the double voice of such process – the global versus the tribal.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Singing Ideas
    December 2017

    Singing Ideas

    Performance, Politics and Oral Poetry

    Ní Shíocháin, T.

    Considered by many to be the greatest Irish song poet of her generation, Máire Bhuí Ní Laeire (Yellow Mary O’Leary; 1774–1848) was an illiterate woman unconnected to elite literary and philosophical circles who powerfully engaged the politics of her own society through song.  As an oral arts practitioner, Máire Bhuí composed songs whose ecstatic, radical vision stirred her community to revolt and helped to shape nineteenth-century Irish anti-colonial thought. This provocative and richly theorized study explores the re-creative, liminal aspect of song, treating it as a performative social process that cuts to the very root of identity and thought formation, thus re-imagining the history of ideas in society.

    Subjects: Performance Studies History: 18th/19th Century Anthropology (General) Literary Studies
  • Social Construction of Diversity, The
    November 2003

    The Social Construction of Diversity

    Recasting the Master Narrative of Industrial Nations

    Harzig†, C. & Juteau, D. (eds)

    Though the composition of the populace of industrial nations has changed dramatically since the 1950s, public discourse and scholarship, however, often remain welded to traditional concepts of national cultures, ignoring the multicultural realities of most of today’s western societies. Through detailed studies, this volume shows how the diversity affects the personal lives of individuals, how it shapes and changes private, national and international relations and to what extent institutions and legal systems are confronted with changing demands from a more culturally diverse clientele. Far from being an external factor of society, this volume shows, diversity has become an integral part of people’s lives, affecting their personal, institutional, and economic interaction.

    Subjects: History: 20th Century to Present Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Social DNA
    October 2018

    Social DNA

    Rethinking Our Evolutionary Past

    Martin, M. K.

    What set our ancestors off on a separate evolutionary trajectory was the ability to flex their reproductive and social strategies in response to changing environmental conditions. Exploring new cross-disciplinary research that links this capacity to critical changes in the organization of the primate brain, Social DNA presents a new synthesis of ideas on human social origins – challenging models that trace our beginnings to traits shaped by ancient hunting economies, or to genetic platforms shared with contemporary apes.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Archaeology
  • eBook available
    Social Im/mobilities in Africa
    November 2019

    Social Im/mobilities in Africa

    Ethnographic Approaches

    Noret, J. (ed)

    Grounded in both theory and ethnography, this volume insists on taking social positionality seriously when accounting for Africa’s current age of polarizing wealth. To this end, the book advocates a multidimensional view of African societies, in which social positions consist of a variety of intersecting social powers – or ‘capitals’ – including wealth, education, social relationships, religion, ethnicity, and others. Accordingly, the notion of social im/mobilities emphasizes the complexities of current changes, taking us beyond the prism of a one-dimensional social ladder, for social moves cannot always be apprehended through the binaries of ‘gains’ and ‘losses’.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Social Life of Achievement, The
    November 2013

    The Social Life of Achievement

    Long, N. J. & Moore, H. L. (eds)

    What happens when people “achieve”? Why do reactions to “achievement” vary so profoundly? And how might an anthropological study of achievement and its consequences allow us to develop a more nuanced model of the motivated agency that operates in the social world? These questions lie at the heart of this volume. Drawing on research from Southeast Asia, Europe, the United States, and Latin America, this collection develops an innovative framework for explaining achievement’s multiple effects—one which brings together cutting-edge theoretical insights into politics, psychology, ethics, materiality, aurality, embodiment, affect and narrative. In doing so, the volume advances a new agenda for the study of achievement within anthropology, emphasizing the significance of achievement as a moment of cultural invention, and the complexity of “the achiever” as a subject position.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Social Life of Water, The
    August 2013

    The Social Life of Water

    Wagner J. R. (ed)

    Everywhere in the world communities and nations organize themselves in relation to water. We divert water from rivers, lakes, and aquifers to our homes, workplaces, irrigation canals, and hydro-generating stations. We use it for bathing, swimming, recreation, and it functions as a symbol of purity in ritual performances. In order to facilitate and manage our relationship with water, we develop institutions, technologies, and cultural practices entirely devoted to its appropriation and distribution, and through these institutions we construct relations of class, gender, ethnicity, and nationality. Relying on first-hand ethnographic research, the contributors to this volume examine the social life of water in diverse settings and explore the impacts of commodification, urbanization, and technology on the availability and quality of water supplies. Each case study speaks to a local set of issues, but the overall perspective is global, with representation from all continents.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Social Torture
    April 2009

    Social Torture

    The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986-2006

    Dolan, C.

    As Director of the Refugee Law Project at the University of Makerere, Kampala, Uganda, Dolan offers a behind-the-scenes, cross-disciplinary study of one of Africa’s longest running and most intractable conflicts. This book shows how, alongside the activities of the Lord’s Resistance Army, government decisions and actions on the ground, consolidated by humanitarian interventions and silences, played a central role in creating a massive yet only very belatedly recognized humanitarian crisis. Not only individuals, but society as a whole, came to exhibit symptoms typical of torture, and the perpetrator-victim dichotomy became blurred. It is such phenomena, and the complex of social, political, economic and cultural dynamics which underpin them, which the author describes as social torture. Building on political economy, social anthropology, discourse analysis, international relations and psychoanalytic approaches to violence, this book offers an important analytical instrument for all those seeking entry points through which to address entrenched conflicts, whether from a conflict resolution, post-conflict recovery or transitional justice perspective.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Soldiering under Occupation
    July 2013

    Soldiering Under Occupation

    Processes of Numbing among Israeli Soldiers in the Al-Aqsa Intifada

    Grassiani, E.

    Often, violent behavior or harassment from a soldier is dismissed by the military as unacceptable acts by individuals termed, “rotten apples.” In this study, the author argues that this dismissal is unsatisfactory and that there is an urgent need to look at the (mis)behavior of soldiers from a structural point of view. When soldiers serve as an occupational force, they find themselves in a particular situation influenced by structural circumstances that heavily influence their behavior and moral decision-making. This study focuses on young Israeli men and their experiences as combat soldiers in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), particularly those who served in the “Occupied Palestinian Territories” (OPT) during the “Al Aqsa Intifada,” which broke out in 2000. In describing the soldiers’ circumstances, especially focusing on space, the study shows how processes of numbing on different levels influence the (moral) behavior of these soldiers.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Sound of Silence, The
    September 2019

    The Sound of Silence

    Indigenous Perspectives on the Historical Archaeology of Colonialism

    Äikäs, T. & Salmi, A.-K. (eds)

    Colonial encounters between indigenous peoples and European state powers are overarching themes in the historical archaeology of the modern era, and postcolonial historical archaeology has repeatedly emphasized the complex two-way nature of colonial encounters. This volume examines common trajectories in indigenous colonial histories, and explores new ways to understand cultural contact, hybridization and power relations between indigenous peoples and colonial powers from the indigenous point of view. By bringing together a wide geographical range and combining multiple sources such as oral histories, historical records, and contemporary discourses with archaeological data, the volume finds new multivocal interpretations of colonial histories.

    Subjects: Archaeology Colonial History Memory Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Soup, Love, and a Helping Hand
    February 2018

    Soup, Love, and a Helping Hand

    Social Relations and Support in Guangzhou, China

    Fleischer, F.

    Despite growing affluence, a large number of urban Chinese have problems making ends meet. Based on ethnographic research among several different types of communities in Guangzhou, China, Soup, Love and a Helping Hand examines different modes and ideologies of help/support, as well as the related issues of reciprocity, relatedness (kinship), and changing state-society relations in contemporary China. With an emphasis on the subjective experience, Fleischer’s research carefully explores people’s ideas about moral obligations, social expectations, and visions of urban Chinese society.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • South Africa's Dreams
    February 2021

    South Africa’s Dreams

    Ethnologists and Apartheid in Namibia

    Gordon, R. J.

    In the early sixties, South Africa’s colonial policies in Namibia served as a testing ground for many key features of its repressive ‘Grand Apartheid’ infrastructure, including strategies for countering anti-apartheid resistance. Exposing the role that anthropologists played, this book analyses how the knowledge used to justify and implement apartheid was created. Understanding these practices and the ways in which South Africa’s experiences in Namibia influenced later policy at home is also critically evaluated, as is the matter of adjudicating the many South African anthropologists who supported the regime.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Space, Place and Identity
    March 2020

    Space, Place and Identity

    Wodaabe of Niger in the 21st Century

    Köhler, F.

    Known as highly mobile cattle nomads, the Wodaabe in Niger are today increasingly engaged in a transformation process towards a more diversified livelihood based primarily on agro-pastoralism and urban work migration. This book examines recent transformations in spatial patterns, notably in the context of urban migration and in processes of sedentarization in rural proto-villages. The book analyses the consequences that the recent change entails for social group formation and collective identification, and how this impacts integration into wider society amid the structures of the modern nation state.

    Subjects: Mobility Studies Urban Studies Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies
  • eBook available
    Spaces of Solidarity
    May 2020

    Spaces of Solidarity

    Karen Activism in the Thailand-Burma Borderlands

    Sharples, R.

    Exploring notions of activism and space as narrated by Karen displaced persons and refugees in the Thai-Burma borderlands, this book looks beyond refugees as passive victims or a ‘humanitarian case’. Instead, the book examines the active engagement the Karen have with their persecution and displacement and their subsequent emplacement in the borderlands. A key focus of the book is to look at this engagement in terms of spaces of solidarity – constructed through patterns of activism, paths of connectivity and processes of cultural recovery. The book also studies the spatial configuration of borderlands, examining the impact of cross-border activities and their inter-related nature.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Cultural Studies (General)
  • Spatial Boundaries and Social Dynamics
    March 1993

    Spatial Boundaries and Social Dynamics

    Case Studies from Food-Producing Societies

    Holl, A. & Levey, T. E. (eds)

    The papers in this volume examine the sociocultural, socioeconomic and environmental factors that condition spatial patterning of human behavior in food-producing (both agricultural and pastoral) societies. The spatially patterned material manifestations of that behavior are considered in the light of archaeological and ethnographical examples. Archaeological and ethnographic data sources are drawn primarily from Africa, as well as the ancient Near East.

    Subjects: Archaeology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Spirits & Letters
    May 2008

    Spirits and Letters

    Reading, Writing and Charisma in African Christianity

    Kirsch, T. G.

    Studies of religion have a tendency to conceptualise ‘the Spirit’ and ‘the Letter’ as mutually exclusive and intrinsically antagonistic. However, the history of religions abounds in cases where charismatic leaders deliberately refer to and make use of writings. This book challenges prevailing scholarly notions of the relationship between ‘charisma’ and ‘institution’ by analysing reading and writing practices in contemporary Christianity. Taking up the continuing anthropological interest in Pentecostal-charismatic Christianity, and representing the first book-length treatment of literacy practices among African Christians, this volume explores how church leaders in Zambia refer to the Bible and other religious literature, and how they organise a church bureaucracy in the Pentecostal-charismatic mode. Thus, by examining social processes and conflicts that revolve around the conjunction of Pentecostal-charismatic and literacy practices in Africa, Spirits and Letters reconsiders influential conceptual dichotomies in the social sciences and the humanities and is therefore of interest not only to anthropologists but also to scholars working in the fields of African studies, religious studies, and the sociology of religion.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Colonial History Educational Studies
  • eBook available
    Staging Citizenship
    December 2017

    Staging Citizenship

    Roma, Performance and Belonging in EU Romania

    Szeman, I.

    Based on over a decade of fieldwork conducted with urban Roma, Staging Citizenship offers a powerful new perspective on one of the European Union’s most marginal and disenfranchised communities. Focusing on “performance” broadly conceived, it follows members of a squatter’s settlement in Transylvania as they navigate precarious circumstances in a postsocialist state. Through accounts of music and dance performances, media representations, activism, and interactions with both non-governmental organizations and state agencies, author Ioana Szeman grounds broad themes of political economy, citizenship, resistance, and neoliberalism in her subjects’ remarkably varied lives and experiences.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Performance Studies
  • Starstruck
    April 2007

    Starstruck

    Cosmic Visions in Science, Religion, and Folklore

    Harrison†, A. A.

    We live in an era of exploding scientific knowledge about the universe, and our place and future within it. Much of this new knowledge conflicts with earlier wisdom, and some has frightening implications. Cosmic evolution, space exploration, the search for extraterrestrial life, and concerns about humanity’s future prompt us to seek new answers to old existential questions. Where did we come from? Why are we here? Are we alone? What will become of us? In our search for answers, we turn to science, religion, myth, and varying combinations thereof. Exploring an ambiguous region between recognized findings and unfettered imagination, Starstruck explores the multifaceted, far-reaching, and often contentious attempts of people with contrasting worldviews to develop convincing and satisfying interpretations of rapidly accumulating discoveries in physics, astronomy, and biology.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    State & the Social, The
    March 2012

    The State and the Social

    State Formation in Botswana and its Precolonial and Colonial Genealogies

    Gulbrandsen, Ø

    Botswana has been portrayed as a major case of exception in Africa—as an oasis of peace and harmony with an enduring parliamentary democracy, blessed with remarkable diamond-driven economic growth. Whereas the “failure” of other states on the continent is often attributed to the prevalence of indigenous political ideas and structures, the author argues that Botswana’s apparent success is not the result of Western ideas and practices of government having replaced indigenous ideas and structures. Rather, the postcolonial state of Botswana is best understood as a unique, complex formation, one that arose dialectically through the meeting of European ideas and practices with the symbolism and hierarchies of authority, rooted in the cosmologies of indigenous polities, and both have become integral to the formation of a strong state with a stable government. Yet there are destabilizing potentialities in progress due to emerging class conflict between all the poor sections of the population and the privileged modern elites born of the expansion of a beef and diamond-driven political economy, in addition to conflicts between dominant Tswana and vast other ethnic groups. These transformations of the modern state are viewed from the long-term perspectives of precolonial and colonial genealogies and the rise of structures of domination, propelled by changing global forces.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • State Practices and Zionist Images
    January 2013

    State Practices and Zionist Images

    Shaping Economic Development in Arab Towns in Israel

    Wesley, D.A.

    Although the Israeli state subscribes to the principles of administrative fairness and equality for Jews and Arabs before the law, the reality looks very different. Focusing on Arab land loss inside Israel proper and the struggle over development resources, this study explores the interaction between Arab local authorities, their Jewish neighbors, and the agencies of the national government in regard to developing local and regional industrial areas. The author avoids reduction to simple models of binary domination, revealing instead a complex, multi-dimensional field of relations and ever-shifting lines of political maneuver and confrontation. He examines the prevailing concept of ethnic traditionalism and argues that the image of Arab traditionalism erects imaginary boundaries around the Arab localities, making government incursion disappear from view, while underpinning and rationalizing the exclusion of the Arab towns from development planning. Moreover, he shows how images of environmental protection mesh with and support such exclusion. The study includes a chronology of events, tables, maps, and photographs.

    This revised paperback edition with a new epilogue brings accounts of Arab land loss and struggles for economic development up to date. The author also deals with the challenges of life and research in Israel and examines the possibilities of sharing the land as the homeland of both Jews and Palestinians.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    State We're In, The
    July 2016

    The State We’re In

    Reflecting on Democracy’s Troubles

    Cook, J., Long, N. J., & Moore, H. L. (eds)

    What makes people lose faith in democratic statecraft? The question seems an urgent one. In the first decades of the twenty-first century, citizens across the world have grown increasingly disillusioned with what was once a cherished ideal. Setting out an original theoretical model that explores the relations between democracy, subjectivity and sociality, and exploring its relevance to countries ranging from Kenya to Peru, The State We’re In is a must-read for all political theorists, scholars of democracy, and readers concerned for the future of the democratic ideal.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Stategraphy
    November 2017

    Stategraphy

    Toward a Relational Anthropology of the State

    Thelen, T., Vetters, L., & Benda-Beckmann, K. von (eds)

    Stategraphy—the ethnographic exploration of relational modes, boundary work, and forms of embeddedness of actors—offers crucial analytical avenues for researching the state. By exploring interactions and negotiations of local actors in different institutional settings, the contributors explore state transformations in relation to social security in a variety of locations spanning from Russia, Eastern Europe, and the Balkans to the United Kingdom and France. Fusing grounded empirical studies with rigorous theorizing, the volume provides new perspectives to broader related debates in social research and political analysis.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Staying at Home
    August 2016

    Staying at Home

    Identities, Memories and Social Networks of Kazakhstani Germans

    Sanders, R.

    Despite economic growth in Kazakhstan, more than 80 per cent of Kazakhstan’s ethnic Germans have emigrated to Germany to date. Disappointing experiences of the migrants, along with other aspects of life in Germany, have been transmitted through transnational networks to ethnic Germans still living in Kazakhstan. Consequently, Germans in Kazakhstan today feel more alienated than ever from their ‘historic homeland’. This book explores the interplay of those memories, social networks and state policies, which play a role in the ‘construction’ of a Kazakhstani German identity.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Strangers Either Way
    August 2007

    Strangers Either Way

    The Lives of Croatian Refugees in their New Home

    Capo Žmegač, J.

    Croatia gained the world’s attention during the break-up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. In this context its image has been overshadowed by visions of ethnic conflict and cleansing, war crimes, virulent nationalism, and occasionally even emergent regionalism. Instead of the norm, this book offers a diverse insight into Croatia in the 1990s by dealing with one of the consequences of the war: the more or less forcible migration of Croats from Serbia and their settlement in Croatia, their “ethnic homeland.” This important study shows that at a time in which Croatia was perceived as a homogenized nation-in-the-making, there were tensions and ruptures within Croatian society caused by newly arrived refugees and displaced persons from Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Refugees who, in spite of their common ethnicity with the homeland population, were treated as foreigners; indeed, as unwanted aliens.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Straying from the Straight Path
    October 2017

    Straying from the Straight Path

    How Senses of Failure Invigorate Lived Religion

    Beekers, D. & Kloos, D. (eds)

    If piety, faith, and conviction constitute one side of the religious coin, then imperfection, uncertainty, and ambivalence constitute the other. Yet, scholars tend to separate these two domains and place experiences of inadequacy in everyday religious life – such as a wavering commitment, religious negligence or weakness in faith – outside the domain of religion ‘proper.’

    Straying from the Straight Path breaks with this tendency by examining how self-perceived failure is, in many cases, part and parcel of religious practice and experience. Responding to the need for comparative approaches in the face of the largely separated fields of the anthropology of Islam and Christianity, this volume gives full attention to moral failure as a constitutive and potentially energizing force in the religious lives of both Muslims and Christians in different parts of the world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Street Vending in the Neoliberal City
    October 2015

    Street Vending in the Neoliberal City

    A Global Perspective on the Practices and Policies of a Marginalized Economy

    Graaff, K. & Ha, N. (eds)

    Examining street vending as a global, urban, and informalized practice found both in the Global North and Global South, this volume presents contributions from international scholars working in cities as diverse as Berlin, Dhaka, New York City, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Rio de Janeiro, and Mexico City. The aim of this global approach is to repudiate the assumption that street vending is usually carried out in the Southern hemisphere and to reveal how it also represents an essential—and constantly growing—economic practice in urban centers of the Global North. Although street vending activities vary due to local specificities, this anthology illustrates how these urban practices can also reveal global ties and developments.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Urban Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Structures of Protection?
    May 2020

    Structures of Protection?

    Rethinking Refugee Shelter

    Scott-Smith, T. & Breeze, M. E. (eds)

    Questioning what shelter is and how we can define it, this volume brings together essays on different forms of refugee shelter, with a view to widening public understanding about the lives of forced migrants and developing theoretical understanding of this oft-neglected facet of the refugee experience. Drawing on a range of disciplines, including sociology, anthropology, law, architecture, and history, each of the chapters describes a particular shelter and uses this to open up theoretical reflections on the relationship between architecture, place, politics, design and displacement.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Struggles for Home
    October 2008

    Struggles for Home

    Violence, Hope and the Movement of People

    Jansen, S. & Löfving, S. (eds)

    Based on anthropological studies across the globe, this book explores the social practice of home-making amongst people whose lives are characterized by movement and violence. Social scientific and policy understandings of home and migration tend to focus on territory, culture and nation, often carrying implicit ‘sedentarist’ assumptions of a naturalised link between people and particular places. This book challenges such views, drawing attention instead to unpredictable forms of dwelling in the often violent processes that connect yet differently affect the movement of people and capital. Taking seriously the political implications of this challenge, the authors do not resort to a free floating, placeless approach. Instead, through the detailed ethnography of lived experiences of displacement and emplacement, *Struggles for Home* investigates the power sedentarism may have to provide or prohibit hope. Research conducted in Sri Lanka, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Zambia, Cyprus, the Palestinian West Bank, Guatemala, and amongst Romanians and Moroccans in Spain articulates a novel theoretical framework for the development of a critical political anthropology of one of the most controversial and fascinating issues of our time – the remaking of home in migration.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Struggling for Recognition
    May 2008

    Struggling for Recognition

    The Alevi Movement in Germany and in Transnational Space

    Sökefeld, M.

    As a religious and cultural minority in Turkey, the Alevis have suffered a long history of persecution and discrimination. In the late 1980s they started a movement for the recognition of Alevi identity in both Germany and Turkey. Today, they constitute a significant segment of Germany’s Turkish immigrant population. In a departure from the current debate on identity and diaspora, Sökefeld offers a rich account of the emergence and institutionalization of the Alevi movement in Germany, giving particular attention to its politics of recognition within Germany and in a transnational context. The book deftly combines empirical findings with innovative theoretical arguments and addresses current questions of migration, diaspora, transnationalism, and identity.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Substantial Justice
    July 2009

    Substantial Justice

    An Anthropology of Village Courts in Papua New Guinea

    Goddard, M.

    Papua New Guinea’s village court system was introduced in 1974, partly in an effort to overcome the legal, geographical, and social distance between village societies and the country’s formal courts. There are now more than 1100 village courts all over PNG, hearing thousands of cases each week. This anthropological study is grounded in ethnographic research on three different village courts and the communities they serve. It also explores the colonial historical background to the establishment of the village court system, and the local and global processes influencing the efforts of village courts to deal with everyday disputes among grassroots Melanesians.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Substitute Parents
    September 2009

    Substitute Parents

    Biological and Social Perspectives on Alloparenting in Human Societies

    Bentley, G. & Mace, R. (eds)

    From a comparative perspective, human life histories are unique and raising offspring is unusually costly: humans have relatively short birth intervals compared to other apes, childhood is long, mothers care simultaneously for many dependent children (other apes raise one offspring at a time), infant mortality is high in natural fertility/mortality populations, and human females have a long post-reproductive lifespan. These features conspire to make child raising very burdensome. Mothers frequently defray these costs with paternal help (not usual in other ape species), although this contribution is not always enough. Grandmothers, elder siblings, paid allocarers, or society as a whole, help to defray the costs of childcare, both in our evolutionary past and now. Studying offspring care in a various human societies, and other mammalian species, a wide range of specialists such as anthropologists, psychologists, animal behaviorists, evolutionary ecologists, economists and sociologists, have contributed to this volume, offering new insights into and a better understanding of one of the key areas of human society.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • Sustainability & Communities of Place
    April 2007

    Sustainability and Communities of Place

    Maida, C. (ed)

    The concept of sustainability holds that the social, economic, and environmental factors within human communities must be viewed interactively and systematically. Sustainable development cannot be understood apart from a community, its ethos, and ways of life. Although broadly conceived, the pursuit of sustainable development is a local practice because every community has different needs and quality of life concerns. Within this framework, contributors representing the disciplines of anthropology, sociology, geography, economics, law, public policy, architecture, and urban studies explore sustainability in communities in the Pacific, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, and North America.

    Contributors: Janet E. Benson, Karla Caser, Snjezana Colic, Angela Ferreira, Johanna Gibson, Krista Harper, Paulo Lana, Barbara Yablon Maida, Carl A. Maida, Kenneth A. Meter, Dario Novellino, Deborah Pellow, Claude Raynaut, Thomas F. Thornton, Richard Westra, Magda Zanoni

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Sustaining Indigenous Songs
    January 2020

    Sustaining Indigenous Songs

    Contemporary Warlpiri Ceremonial Life in Central Australia

    Curran, G.

    As an ethnography of Central Australian singing traditions and ceremonial contexts, this book asks questions about the vitality of the cultural knowledge and practices highly valued by Warlpiri people and fundamental to their cultural heritage. Set against a discussion of the contemporary vitality of Aboriginal musical traditions in Australia and embedded in the historical background of this region, the book lays out the features of Warlpiri songs and ceremonies, and centers on a focal case study of the Warlpiri Kurdiji ceremony to illustrate the modes in which core cultural themes are being passed on through song to future generations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Swedish Ventures in Cameroon, 1883-1923
    August 2002

    Swedish Ventures in Cameroon, 1883-1923

    Trade and Travel, People and Politics

    Ardener, S. (ed)

    The 1880s were a critical time in Cameroon. A German warship arrived in the Douala estuary and proclaimed Cameroon a protectorate. At that time, two Swedes, Knutson and Waldau, were living on the upper slopes of the Cameroon Mountain. Very little is known about their activities. One, Knutson, wrote a long memoir of his time in Cameroon (1883-1895) which is published here for the first time. It gives fascinating insights into everyday life in Cameroon and into the multifaceted relationships among the various Europeans, and between them and the Africans, at the end of the 19th century; we learn about the Swedes’ quarrels first with the Germans and later with the British, over land purchases, thus revealing the origins of long on-going disputes over Bakweri lands. We are given vivid descriptions of Bakweri notables and their, and the Europeans’, cultural practices, a rare eye-witness account of the sasswood witchcraft ordeal, and learn about Knutson’s friendships with slaves. Together with appended contemporary correspondence, legal opinions, and early (translated) texts, this memoir must be considered as a unique and invaluable primary source for the pre-colonial history of Cameroon.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Colonial History Travel and Tourism
  • eBook available
    Talking Stones
    August 2014

    Talking Stones

    The Politics of Memorialization in Post-Conflict Northern Ireland

    Viggiani, E.

    If memory was simply about past events, public authorities would never put their ever-shrinking budgets at its service. Rather, memory is actually about the present moment, as Pierre Nora puts it: “Through the past, we venerate above all ourselves.” This book examines how collective memory and material culture are used to support present political and ideological needs in contemporary society. Using the memorialization of the Troubles in contemporary Northern Ireland as a case study, this book investigates how non-state, often proscribed, organizations have filled a societal vacuum in the creation of public memorials. In particular, these groups have sifted through the past to propose “official” collective narratives of national identification, historical legitimation, and moral justifications for violence.

    Subjects: Memory Studies Heritage Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Tamil Asylum Diaspora, A
    August 1996

    A Tamil Asylum Diaspora

    Sri Lankan Migration, Settlement and Politics in Switzerland

    McDowell, C.

    During twelve years of ethno-nationalist secessionist violence in the north and east of Sri Lanka, insurrection in the south, and island-wide state repression, many Tamils were forced to seek political asylum overseas. At least 200,000 Tamils, primarily from the Jaffna Peninsula, have escaped to Europe of whom ca. 25,000 (the largest group relative to the population) have settled in Switzerland, the focus of this study. The author examines the conditions in Sri Lanka that led to the flight, the phases and technicalities of the emigration and resettlement in Switzerland. Based on anthropological fieldwork and on completely new archival material, the author not only looks at the development of the Tamil community in all its diversity but also at the impact of federal and cantonal policy and practice, at the economic situation and broader changes in Switzerland which led to demands for reforms to the country’s asylum and immigration rules. In this respect, Switzerland set an example that other governments were soon to follow.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Peace and Conflict Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Tarzan was an Eco-Tourist
    August 2006

    Tarzan Was an Eco-tourist

    …and Other Tales in the Anthropology of Adventure

    Vivanco, L. & Gordon, R. (eds)

    Adventure is currently enjoying enormous interest in public culture. The image of Tarzan provides a rewarding lens through which to explore this phenomenon. In their day, Edgar Rice Burrough’s novels enjoyed great popularity because Tarzan represented the consummate colonial-era adventurer: a white man whose noble civility enabled him to communicate with and control savage peoples and animals. The contemporary Tarzan of movies and cartoons is in many ways just as popular, but carries different connotations. Tarzan is now the consummate “eco-tourist:” a cosmopolitan striving to live in harmony with nature, using appropriate technology, and helpful to the natives who cannot seem to solve their own problems. Tarzan is still an icon of adventure, because like all adventurers, his actions have universal qualities: doing something previously untried, revealing the previously undiscovered, and experiencing the unadulterated. Prominent anthropologists have come together in this volume to reflect on various aspects of this phenomenon and to discuss contemporary forms of adventure.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General) Literary Studies
  • Taste for Oppression, A
    March 2021

    A Taste for Oppression

    A Political Ethnography of Everyday Life in Belarus

    Hervouet, R.

    Belarus has emerged from communism in a unique manner as a Presidential Republic with a bicameral parliament. The author, who has lived in Belarus for several years, highlights several mechanisms of tyranny, beyond the regime’s ability to control and repress, which should not be underestimated. The book immerses the reader in the depths of the Belarusian countryside, among the kolhozes and rural communities at the heart of this authoritarian regime under Alexander Lukashenko, and offers vivid descriptions of the everyday life of Belarusians. It sheds light on the reasons why part of the population supports Lukashenko and takes a fresh look at the functioning of what has been called ‘the last dictatorship in Europe’.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • Theater & Political Process
    October 2004

    Theater and Political Process

    Staging Identities in Tokelau and New Zealand

    Hoëm, I.

    The Argonauts in the Pacific, famous through Malinowski’s work, have not been exempt from general historical developments in the world around them. By focusing on two plays performed by the Tokelau Te Ata, a theater group, the author reveals the self-perceptions of the Tokelau and highlights the dynamic relationship between issues of representation and political processes such as nation building, infrastructural changes and increased regional migration. It is through an analysis of communicative practices, which the author carried out in the home atolls and in the diasporic communities in New Zealand, that we arrive at a proper understanding of how global processes affect local institutions and everyday interaction.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Theorising Media and Conflict
    April 2020

    Theorising Media and Conflict

    Budka, P. & Bräuchler, B. (eds)

    Theorising Media and Conflict brings together anthropologists as well as media and communication scholars to collectively address the elusive and complex relationship between media and conflict. Through epistemological and methodological reflections and the analyses of various case studies from around the globe, this volume provides evidence for the co-constitutiveness of media and conflict and contributes to their consolidation as a distinct area of scholarship. Practitioners, policymakers, students and scholars who wish to understand the lived realities and dynamics of contemporary conflicts will find this book invaluable.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Things Fall Apart?
    September 2013

    Things Fall Apart?

    The Political Ecology of Forest Governance in Southern Nigeria

    Hellermann, P. von

    Governance failure and corruption are increasingly identified as key causes of tropical deforestation. In Nigeria’s Edo State, once the showcase of scientific forestry in West Africa,  large-scale forest conversion and the virtual depletion of  timber stocks are invariably attributed to recent failures in forest management, and are seen as yet another instance of how “things fall apart” in Nigeria. Through an in-depth historical and ethnographic study of forestry in Edo State, this book challenges this routine linking of political and ecological crisis narratives. It shows that the roots of many of today’s problems lie in scientific forest management itself, rather than its recent abandonment, and moreover that many “illegal” local practices improve rather than reduce biodiversity and forest cover. The book therefore challenges preconceptions about contemporary Nigeria and highlights the need to reevaluate current understandings of what constitutes “good governance” in tropical forestry.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Tides of Empire
    July 2020

    Tides of Empire

    Religion, Development, and Environment in Cambodia

    Work, C.

    At the forested edge of Cambodia’s development frontier, the infrastructures of global development engulf the land and existing social practices like an incoming tide. Cambodia’s distinctive history of imperial surge and rupture makes it easier to see the remains of earlier tides, which are embedded in the physical landscape, and also floating about in the solidifying boundaries of religious, economic, and political classifications. Using stories from the hybrid population of settler-farmers, loggers, and soldiers, all cutting new social realities from the water and the land, this book illuminates the contradictions and continuities in what the author suggests is the final tide of empire.

    Subject: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Time Work
    June 2020

    Time Work

    Studies of Temporal Agency

    Flaherty, M. G., Meinert, L., & Dalsgård, A. L. (eds)

    Examining how people alter or customize various dimensions of their temporal experience, this volume discovers how we resist external sources of temporal constraint or structure. These ethnographic studies are international in scope and look at many different countries and continents. They come to the overall conclusion that people construct their own circumstances with the intention to modify their experience of time.

    Subjects: Applied Anthropology Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • To See a Moose
    May 2021

    To See a Moose

    The History of Polish Sex Education

    Kościańska, A.

    Guiding the reader through the development of sex education in Poland, Agnieszka Kościańska looks at how it has changed from the 19th century to the present day. The book compares how sex was described in school textbooks, including those scrapped by the communists for fear of offending religious sentiments, and explores how the Catholic church retained its power in Poland under various regimes. The book also identifies the women and men who changed the way sex was written about in the country, and how they established the field of Polish sex education.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality History (General)
  • eBook available
    Total Atheism
    April 2020

    Total Atheism

    Secular Activism and the Politics of Difference in South India

    Binder, S.

    Exploring lived atheism in the South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, this book offers a unique insight into India’s rapidly transforming multi-religious society. It explores the social, cultural, and aesthetic challenges faced by a movement of secular activists in their endeavors to establish atheism as a practical and comprehensive way of life. On the basis of original ethnographic material and engaged conceptual analysis, Total Atheism develops an alternative to Eurocentric accounts of secularity and critically revisits central themes of South Asian scholarship from the hitherto marginalized vantage point of radically secular and explicitly irreligious atheists in India.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General)
  • Tourism & Informal Encounters in Cuba
    January 2016

    Tourism and Informal Encounters in Cuba

    Simoni, V.

    Based on a detailed ethnography, this book explores the promises and expectations of tourism in Cuba, drawing attention to the challenges that tourists and local people face in establishing meaningful connections with each other. Notions of informal encounter and relational idiom illuminate ambiguous experiences of tourism harassment, economic transactions, hospitality, friendship, and festive and sexual relationships. Comparing these various connections, the author shows the potential of touristic encounters to redefine their moral foundations, power dynamics, and implications, offering new insights into how contemporary relationships across difference and inequality are imagined and understood.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Travel and Tourism
  • eBook available
    Tourism Imaginaries
    June 2014

    Tourism Imaginaries

    Anthropological Approaches

    Salazar, N. B. & Graburn, N. H. H. (eds)

    It is hard to imagine tourism without the creative use of seductive, as well as restrictive, imaginaries about peoples and places. These socially shared assemblages are collaboratively produced and consumed by a diverse range of actors around the globe. As a nexus of social practices through which individuals and groups establish places and peoples as credible objects of tourism, “tourism imaginaries” have yet to be fully explored. Presenting innovative conceptual approaches, this volume advances ethnographic research methods and critical scholarship regarding tourism and the imaginaries that drive it. The various authors contribute methodologically as well as conceptually to anthropology’s grasp of the images, forces, and encounters of the contemporary world.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Tourism, Magic & Modernity
    September 2011

    Tourism, Magic and Modernity

    Cultivating the Human Garden

    Picard, D.

    Drawing from extended fieldwork in La Réunion, in the Indian Ocean, the author suggests an innovative re-reading of different concepts of magic that emerge in the global cultural economics of tourism. Following the making and unmaking of the tropical island tourism destination of La Réunion, he demonstrates how destinations are transformed into magical pleasure gardens in which human life is cultivated for tourist consumption. Like a gardener would cultivate flowers, local development policy, nature conservation, and museum initiatives dramatise local social life so as to evoke modernist paradigms of time, beauty and nature. Islanders who live in this ‘human garden’ are thus placed in the ambivalent role of ‘human flowers’, embodying ideas of authenticity and biblical innocence, but also of history and social life in perpetual creolisation.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • Traditions of East Asian Travel
    December 2005

    Traditions of East Asian Travel

    Fogel, J.

    Although the topic of travel and travel writing by Chinese and Japanese writers has recently begun to attract more interest among scholars in the West, it remains largely virgin terrain with vast tracts awaiting scholarly examination. This book offers insights into how East Asians traveled in the early modern and modern periods, what they looked for, what they felt comfortable finding, and the ways in which they wrote up their impressions of these experiences.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • Transactions & Creations
    November 2004

    Transactions and Creations

    Property Debates and The Stimulus of Melanesia

    Hirsch, E. & Strathern, M. (eds)

    In the early 21st century, intellectual and cultural resources emerge on all sides as candidates for ownership claims. Members of an anthropological research team investigating emergent conomic relations in a part of the world renowned for its innovative approach to resources and transactions, wish to open up the vocabulary. In this unique volume, they bring an unexpected comparative perspective to global debates on intellectual and cultural property rights (IPR and CPR). The contributors bring from Melanesia their collective experience of people initiating, limiting and rationalizing claims through transactions in ways that challenge many of the assumptions behind the international language.

    In a bold theoretical move, “property” is put alongside two other terms: “transactions” and “creations.” The former have a place in the anthropological tradition that now needs to be brought into the foreground. In turn, increasing interest in protecting intellectual and cultural resources means that questions about creativity have suddenly become pertinent to what is or is not being transacted. Yet is creativity a special preoccupation of modernity? How are we to talk about people’s creative practices, when innovation becomes the basis for ownership claims? This book is full of surprises!

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Transatlantic Parallaxes
    October 2015

    Transatlantic Parallaxes

    Toward Reciprocal Anthropology

    Raulin, A. & Rogers, S. C. (eds)

    Anthropological inquiry developed around the study of the exotic. Now that we live in a world that seems increasingly familiar, putatively marked by a spreading sameness, anthropology must re-envision itself. The emergence of diverse national traditions in the discipline offers one intriguing path. This volume, the product of a novel encounter of American anthropologists of France and French anthropologists of the United States, explores the possibilities of that path through an experiment in the reciprocal production of knowledge. Simultaneously native subjects, foreign experts, and colleagues, these scholars offer novel insights into each other’s societies, juxtaposing glimpses of ourselves and a familiar “others” to productively unsettle and enrich our understanding of both.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Transborder Media Spaces
    July 2017

    Transborder Media Spaces

    Ayuujk Videomaking between Mexico and the US

    Kummels, I.

    Transborder Media Spaces offers a new perspective on how media forms like photography, video, radio, television, and the Internet have been appropriated by Mexican indigenous people in the light of transnational migration and ethnopolitical movements. In producing and consuming self-determined media genres, actors in Tamazulapam Mixe and its diaspora community in Los Angeles open up media spaces and seek to forge more equal relations both within Mexico and beyond its borders. It is within these spaces that Ayuujk people carve out their own, at times conflicting, visions of development, modernity, gender, and what it means to be indigenous in the twenty-first century.

    Subjects: Media Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Transcultural Montage
    October 2013

    Transcultural Montage

    Suhr, C. & Willerslev, R. (eds)

    The disruptive power of montage has often been regarded as a threat to scholarly representations of the social world. This volume asserts the opposite: that the destabilization of commonsense perception is the very precondition for transcending social and cultural categories. The contributors—anthropologists, filmmakers, photographers, and curators—explore the use of montage as a heuristic tool for comparative analysis in anthropological writing, film, and exhibition making. Exploring phenomena such as human perception, memory, visuality, ritual, time, and globalization, they apply montage to restructure our basic understanding of social reality. Furthermore, as George E. Marcus suggests in the afterword, the power of montage that this volume exposes lies in its ability to open the very “combustion chamber” of social theory by juxtaposing one’s claims to knowledge with the path undertaken to arrive at those claims.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Film and Television Studies Museum Studies
  • Transnational Families, Migration & Gender
    February 2010

    Transnational Families, Migration and Gender

    Moroccan and Filipino Women in Bologna and Barcelona

    Zontini, E.

    By linking the experiences of immigrant families with the increased reliance on cheap and flexible workers for care and domestic work in Southern Europe, this study documents the lived experiences of neglected actors of globalization — migrant women — as well as the transformations of Western families more generally. However, while describing in detail the structural and cultural contexts within which these women have to operate, the book questions dominant paradigms about women as passive victims of patriarchal structures and brings out instead their agency and the creative ways in which they take control of their lives in often difficult circumstances. Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork and interviews, the author offers a valuable dual comparison between two Southern European countries on the one hand and between two migrant groups, one Christian and one Muslim, on the other, thus bringing to light unique detailed data on migration decision-making, settlement and on the multiple ways in which different women cope with the consequences of their transnational lives.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • Transnational Nomads
    May 2006

    Transnational Nomads

    How Somalis Cope with Refugee Life in the Dadaab Camps of Kenya

    Horst, C.

    There is a tendency to consider all refugees as ‘vulnerable victims’: an attitude reinforced by the stream of images depicting refugees living in abject conditions.

    This groundbreaking study of Somalis in a Kenyan refugee camp reveals the inadequacy of such assumptions by describing the rich personal and social histories that refugees bring with them to the camps. The author focuses on the ways in which Somalis are able to adapt their ‘nomadic’ heritage in order to cope with camp life; a heritage that includes a high degree of mobility and strong social networks that reach beyond the confines of the camp as far as the U.S. and Europe.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Trapped in the Gap
    February 2015

    Trapped in the Gap

    Doing Good in Indigenous Australia

    Kowal, E.

    In Australia, a ‘tribe’ of white, middle-class, progressive professionals is actively working to improve the lives of Indigenous people. This book explores what happens when well-meaning people, supported by the state, attempt to help without harming. ‘White anti-racists’ find themselves trapped by endless ambiguities, contradictions, and double binds — a microcosm of the broader dilemmas of postcolonial societies. These dilemmas are fueled by tension between the twin desires of equality and difference: to make Indigenous people statistically the same as non-Indigenous people (to ‘close the gap’) while simultaneously maintaining their ‘cultural’ distinctiveness. This tension lies at the heart of failed development efforts in Indigenous communities, ethnic minority populations and the global South. This book explains why doing good is so hard, and how it could be done differently. 

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • eBook available
    Traveling Cultures & Plants
    December 2007

    Traveling Cultures and Plants

    The Ethnobiology and Ethnopharmacy of Human Migrations

    Pieroni, A. & Vandebroek, I. (eds)

    The tremendous increase in migrations and diasporas of human groups in the last decades are not only bringing along challenging issues for society, especially related to the economic and political management of multiculturalism and culturally effective health care, but they are also creating dramatic changes in traditional knowledge, believes and practices (KBP) related to (medicinal) plant use. The contributors to this volume – all internationally recognized scholars in the field of ethnobiology, transcultural pharmacy, and medical anthropology – analyze these dynamics of traditional knowledge in especially 12 selected case studies.

    Ina Vandebroek, features in Nova’s “Secret Life of Scientists”, answering the question: just what is ethnobotany?

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Refugee and Migration Studies Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Travelling towards Home
    September 2018

    Travelling towards Home

    Mobilities and Homemaking

    Frost, N. & Selwyn, T. (eds)

    As we grapple with a growing refugee crisis, a hardening of anti-immigration sentiment, and deepening communal segregation in many parts of the developed world, questions of the nature of home and homemaking are increasingly critical. This collection brings ethnographic insight into the practices of homemaking, exploring a diverse range of contexts ranging from economic migrants to new Chinese industrial cities, Jewish returnees from Israel to Ukraine, and young gay South Asians in London. While negotiating widely varying social-political contexts, these studies suggest an unavoidably multiple understanding of home, while provoking new understandings of the material and symbolic process of making oneself “at home.”

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Mobility Studies
  • eBook available
    Travelling with the Argonauts
    June 2018

    Travelling with the Argonauts

    Informal Networks Seen without a Vertical Lens

    Irek, M.

    Drawing on rich ethnographic materials from longitudinal fieldwork on informal trading routes across Europe, Travelling with the Argonauts offers a new perspective in the research of the social space, reflecting on how best to investigate amorphous social phenomena, such as informal networks. Breaking with much current theory, the approach detailed here – the ‘Restricted Verticality Perspective’ – examines the horizontal dimension of social relations, and understands informality not as marginal or substandard, but as life itself, as the real experience of ordinary people.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology Mobility Studies
  • Trees, Knots, and Outriggers
    October 2016

    Trees, Knots, and Outriggers

    Environmental Knowledge in the Northeast Kula Ring

    Damon, F. H.

    Trees, Knots and Outriggers (Kaynen Muyuw) is the culmination of twenty-five years of work by Frederick H. Damon and his attention to cultural adaptations to the environment in Melanesia. Damon details the intricacies of indigenous knowledge and practice in his sweeping synthesis of symbolic and structuralist anthropology with recent developments in historical ecology. This book is a long conversation between the author’s many Papua New Guinea informants, teachers and friends, and scientists in Australia, Europe and the United States, in which a spirit of adventure and discovery is palpable.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • Troubles with Turtles
    March 2003

    Troubles with Turtles

    Cultural Understandings of the Environment on a Greek Island

    Theodossopoulos, D.

    The people of Vassilikos, farmers and tourist entrepreneurs on the Greek island of Zakynthos, are involved in a bitter environmental dispute concerning the conservation of sea turtles. Against the environmentalists’ practices and ideals they set their own culture of relating to the land, cultivation, wild and domestic animals.

    Written from an anthropological perspective, this book puts forward the idea that a thorough study of indigenous cultures is a fundamental step to understanding conflicts over the environment. For this purpose, the book offers a detailed account of the cultural depth and richness of the human environmental relationship in Vassilikos, focusing on the engagement of its inhabitants with diverse aspects of the local environment, such as animal care, agriculture, tourism and hunting.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Trusting and its Tribulations
    April 2016

    Trusting and its Tribulations

    Interdisciplinary Engagements with Intimacy, Sociality and Trust

    Broch-Due, V. & Ystanes, M. (eds)

    Despite its immense significance and ubiquity in our everyday lives, the complex workings of trust are poorly understood and theorized. This volume explores trust and mistrust amidst locally situated scenes of sociality and intimacy. Because intimacy has often been taken for granted as the foundation of trust relations, the ethnographies presented here challenge us to think about dangerous intimacies, marked by mistrust, as well as forms of trust that cohere through non-intimate forms of sociality.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Tuff City
    February 2012

    Tuff City

    Urban Change and Contested Space in Central Naples

    Dines, N.

    During the 1990s, Naples’ left-wing administration sought to tackle the city’s infamous reputation of being poor, crime-ridden, chaotic and dirty by reclaiming the city’s cultural and architectural heritage. This book examines the conflicts surrounding the reimaging and reordering of the city’s historic centre through detailed case studies of two piazzas and a centro sociale, focusing on a series of issues that include heritage, decorum, security, pedestrianization, tourism, immigration and new forms of urban protest. This monograph is the first in-depth study of the complex transformations of one of Europe’s most fascinating and misunderstood cities. It represents a new critical approach to the questions of public space, citizenship and urban regeneration as well as a broader methodological critique of how we write about contemporary cities.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Turning the Tune
    November 2009

    Turning the Tune

    Traditional Music, Tourism, and Social Change in an Irish Village

    Kaul, A.

    The last century has seen radical social changes in Ireland, which have impacted all aspects of local life but none more so than traditional Irish music, an increasingly important identity marker both in Ireland and abroad. The author focuses on a small village in County Clare, which became a kind of pilgrimage site for those interested in experiencing traditional music. He begins by tracing its historical development from the days prior to the influx of visitors, through a period called “the Revival,” in which traditional Irish music was revitalized and transformed, to the modern period, which is dominated by tourism. A large number of incomers, locally known as “blow-ins,” have moved to the area, and the traditional Irish music is now largely performed and passed on by them. This fine-grained ethnographic study explores the commercialization of music and culture, the touristic consolidation and consumption of “place,” and offers a critique of the trope of “authenticity,” all in a setting of dramatic social change in which the movement of people is constant.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General)
  • Twisted Style, A
    May 2021

    A Twisted Style

    The Culture of Dreadlocks in “Western” Societies

    Jerrentrup, M. T.

    In “western” cultures, some people have chosen a dreadlock hairstyle, despite many in mainstream society looking at it in a negative light. This book deals with contradictions surrounding the hairstyle such as often representing a protest against the prevailing right-wing political systems, yet also emphasizing the white person’s power to appropriate any style. Based on interviews and close observations in social media, the book offers insights into the culture(s) surrounding dreadlocks and ultimately interprets the phenomenon as a postmodern form of individuality.

    Subjects: Cultural Studies (General) Anthropology (General)
  • Two Sides of One River
    January 2013

    Two Sides of One River

    Nationalism and Ethnography in Galicia and Portugal

    Medeiros, A.

    Galicia, the region in the northwest corner of Spain contiguous with Portugal, is officially known as the Autonomous Community of Galicia. It is recognized as one of the historical nationalities making up the Spanish state, as legitimized by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Although Galicia and Portugal belong to different states, there are frequent allusions to their similarities. This study compares topographic and ethnographic descriptions of Galicia and Portugal from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to understand how the integration into different states and the existence of nationalist discourses resulted in marked differences in the historical representations of these two bordering regions of the Iberian Peninsula. The author explores the role of the imagination in creating a sense, over the last century and a half, of the national being and becoming of these two related peoples.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Ultimate Ambiguities
    November 2015

    Ultimate Ambiguities

    Investigating Death and Liminality

    Berger, P. & Kroesen, J. (eds)

    Periods of transition are often symbolically associated with death, making the latter the paradigm of liminality. Yet, many volumes on death in the social sciences and humanities do not specifically address liminality. This book investigates these “ultimate ambiguities,” assuming they can pose a threat to social relationships because of the disintegrating forces of death, but they are also crucial periods of creativity, change, and emergent aspects of social and religious life. Contributors explore death and liminality from an interdisciplinary perspective and present a global range of historical and contemporary case studies outlining emotional, cognitive, artistic, social, and political implications.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • Un-Settling Middle Eastern Refugees
    May 2021

    Un-Settling Middle Eastern Refugees

    Regimes of Exclusion and Inclusion in the Middle East, Europe, and North America

    Inhorn, M. C. & Volk, L. (eds)

    Since the Iraq war, the Middle East has been in continuous upheaval, resulting in the displacement of millions of people. Arriving from Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine, and Syria in other parts of the world, the refugees show remarkable resilience and creativity amidst profound adversity. Through careful ethnography, this book vividly illustrates how refugees navigate regimes of exclusion, including cumbersome bureaucracies, financial insecurities, medical challenges, vilifying stereotypes, and threats of violence. The collection bears witness to their struggles, while also highlighting their  aspirations for safety, settlement, and social inclusion in their host societies and new homes.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Under the Sign of the Cross
    August 2020

    Under the Sign of the Cross

    The People’s Salvation Cathedral and the Church-Building Industry in Postsocialist Romania

    Tateo, G.

    Based on extensive ethnographic research, this book delves into the thriving industry of religious infrastructure in Romania, where 4,000 Orthodox churches and cathedrals have been built in three decades. Following the construction of the world’s highest Orthodox cathedral in Bucharest, the book brings together sociological and anthropological scholarship on eastern Christianity, secularization, urban change and nationalism. Reading postsocialism through the prism of religious change, the author argues that the emergence of political, entrepreneurial and intellectual figures after 1990 has happened ‘under the sign of the cross’.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Urban Studies
  • eBook available
    Understanding Conflicts about Wildlife
    May 2017

    Understanding Conflicts about Wildlife

    A Biosocial Approach

    Hill, C. M., Webber, A. D. & Priston, N. E. C. (eds)

    Conflicts about wildlife are usually portrayed and understood as resulting from the negative impacts of wildlife on human livelihoods or property. However, a greater depth of analysis reveals that many instances of human-wildlife conflict are often better understood as people-people conflict, wherein there is a clash of values between different human groups. Understanding Conflicts About Wildlife unites academics and practitioners from across the globe to develop a holistic view of these interactions. It considers the political and social dimensions of ‘human-wildlife conflicts’ alongside effective methodological approaches, and will be of value to academics, conservationists and policy makers.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    United in Discontent
    November 2009

    United in Discontent

    Local Responses to Cosmopolitanism and Globalization

    Theodossopoulos, D. & Kirtsoglou, E. (eds)

    Cosmopolitanism is often discussed in a critical and disapproving manner: as a concept complicit with the interests of the powerful, or as a notion related to Western political supremacy, the ills of globalization, inequality, and capitalist economic penetration. Seen as the moral justification for embracing or tolerating cultural difference, ethnically and socially diverse communities unenthusiastic with change, develop an acknowledgement of their common position vis-à-vis a western, “universal” political point of view. By means of exploring the idiosyncratic form of political intimacy generated by anti-cosmopolitanism, and assuming an analytical and critical stance towards the concepts of parochialism and localism, this volume examines the political consciousness of such negatively predisposed actors, and it attempts to explain their reservation towards the sincerity of international politics, their reliance on conspiracy theories or nationalist narratives, their introversion.

    Subjects: Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Unruly Hills
    May 2011

    Unruly Hills

    A Political Ecology of India’s Northeast

    Karlsson, B. G.

    The questions that inspired this study are central to contemporary research within environmental anthropology, political ecology, and environmental history: How does the introduction of a modern, capitalist, resource regime affect the livelihood of indigenous peoples? Can sustainable resource management be achieved in a situation of radical commodification> of land and other aspects of nature? Focusing on conflicts relating to forest management, mining, and land rights, the author offers an insightful account of present-day challenges for indigenous people to accommodate aspirations for ethnic sovereignty and development.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Unsafe Motherhood
    October 2010

    Unsafe Motherhood

    Mayan Maternal Mortality and Subjectivity in Post-War Guatemala

    Berry, N.

    Since 1987, when the global community first recognized the high frequency of women in developing countries dying from pregnancy-related causes, little progress has been made to combat this problem. This study follows the global policies that have been implemented in Sololá, Guatemala in order to decrease high rates of maternal mortality among indigenous Mayan women. The author examines the diverse meanings and understandings of motherhood, pregnancy, birth and birth-related death among the biomedical personnel, village women, their families, and midwives. These incongruous perspectives, in conjunction with the implementation of such policies, threaten to disenfranchise clients from their own cultural understandings of self. The author investigates how these policies need to meld with the everyday lives of these women, and how the failure to do so will lead to a failure to decrease maternal deaths globally.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Medical Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Unveiling the Whale
    October 2009

    Unveiling the Whale

    Discourses on Whales and Whaling

    Kalland†, A.

    Whaling has become one of the most controversial environmental issues. It is not that all whale species are at the brink of extinction, but that whales have become important symbols to both pro- and anti-whaling factions and can easily be appropriated as the common heritage of humankind. This book, the first of its kind, is therefore not about whales and whaling per se but about how people communicate about whales and whaling. It contributes to a better understanding and discussion of controversial environmental issues: Why and how are issues selected? How is knowledge on these issues produced and distributed by organizations and activists? And why do affluent countries like Japan and Norway still support whaling, which is of insignificant economic importance? Basing his analysis on fieldwork in Japan and Norway and at the International Whaling Commission, the author argues how an image of a “superwhale” has been constructed and how this image has replaced meat and oil as the important whale commodity. He concludes that the whaling issue provides an arena where NGOs and authorities on each side can unite, swapping political legitimacy and building personal relations that can be useful on issues where relations are less harmonious.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Up, Down, and Sideways
    August 2014

    Up, Down, and Sideways

    Anthropologists Trace the Pathways of Power

    Stryker, R. & González, R. (eds)

    Using a “vertical slice” approach, anthropologists critically analyze the relationship between undemocratic uses and abuses of power and the survival of the human species. The contributors scrutinize modern institutions in a variety of regions—from Russia and Mexico to South Korea and the U.S. Up, Down, and Sideways is an ethnographic examination of such phenomena as debtculture, global financial crises, food insecurity, indigenous land and resource appropriation, the mismanagement of health care, andcorporate surrogacy within family life. With a preface by Laura Nader, this isessential reading for anyone seeking solid theories and concrete methods to inform activist scholarship.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Applied Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Upper Guinea Coast in Global Perspective, The
    February 2016

    The Upper Guinea Coast in Global Perspective

    Knörr, J. & Kohl, C. (eds)

    For centuries, Africa’s Upper Guinea Coast region has been the site of regional and global interactions, with societies from different parts of the African continent and beyond engaging in economic trade, cultural exchange, and various forms of conflict. This book provides a wide-ranging look at how such encounters have continued into the present day, identifying the disruptions and continuities in religion, language, economics, and various other social phenomena that have resulted. These accounts show a region that, while still grappling with the legacies of colonialism and the slave trade, is both shaped by and an important actor within ever-denser global networks, exhibiting consistent transformation and creative adaptation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) History (General) Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Urban Dreams
    March 2018

    Urban Dreams

    Transformations of Family Life in Burkina Faso

    Roth†, C.
    de Jong, W., Perlik, M., Steuer, N., & Znoj, H. (eds)

    Claudia Roth’s work on Bobo-Dioulasso, a city of half a million residents in Burkina Faso, provides uniquely detailed insight into the evolving life-world of a West African urban population in one of the poorest countries in the world. Closely documenting the livelihood strategies of members of various neighbourhoods, Roth’s work calls into question established notions of “the African family” as a solidary network, documents changing marriage and kinship relations under the impact of a persistent economic crisis, and explores the increasingly precarious social status of young women and men.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Urban Studies
  • eBook available
    Urban Pollution
    August 2010

    Urban Pollution

    Cultural Meanings, Social Practices

    Dürr, E. & Jaffe, R. (eds)

    Re-examining Mary Douglas’ work on pollution and concepts of purity, this volume explores modern expressions of these themes in urban areas, examining the intersections of material and cultural pollution. It presents ethnographic case studies from a range of cities affected by globalization processes such as neoliberal urban policies, privatization of urban space, continued migration and spatialized ethnic tension. What has changed since the appearance of Purity and Danger? How have anthropological views on pollution changed accordingly? This volume focuses on cultural meanings and values that are attached to conceptions of ‘clean’ and ‘dirty’, purity and impurity, healthy and unhealthy environments, and addresses the implications of pollution with regard to discrimination, class, urban poverty, social hierarchies and ethnic segregation in cities.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Urban Studies Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Variations on Uzbek Identity
    February 2014

    Variations on Uzbek Identity

    Strategic Choices, Cognitive Schemas and Political Constraints in Identification Processes

    Finke, P.

    Throughout its history the concept of “Uzbekness,” or more generally of a Turkic-speaking sedentary population, has continuously attracted members of other groups to join, as being Uzbek promises opportunities to enlarge ones social network. Accession is comparatively easy, as Uzbekness is grounded in a cultural model of territoriality, rather than genealogy, as the basis for social attachments. It acknowledges regional variation and the possibility of membership by voluntary decision. Therefore, the boundaries of being Uzbek vary almost by definition, incorporating elements of local languages, cultural patterns and social organization. This book combines an historical analysis with thorough ethnographic field research, looking at differences in the conceptualization of group boundaries and the social practices they entail. It does so by analysing decision-making processes by Uzbeks on the individual as well as cognitive level and the political configurations that surround them.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    Vehicles
    August 2014

    Vehicles

    Cars, Canoes, and Other Metaphors of Moral Imagination

    Lipset, D. & Handler, R. (eds)

    Metaphor, as an act of human fancy, combines ideas in improbable ways to sharpen meanings of life and experience. Theoretically, this arises from an association between a sign—for example, a cattle car—and its referent, the Holocaust. These “sign-vehicles” serve as modes of semiotic transportation through conceptual space. Likewise, on-the-ground vehicles can be rich metaphors for the moral imagination. Following on this insight, Vehicles presents a collection of ethnographic essays on the metaphoric significance of vehicles in different cultures. Analyses include canoes in Papua New Guinea, pedestrians and airplanes in North America, lowriders among Mexican-Americans, and cars in contemporary China, Japan, and Eastern Europe, as well as among African-Americans in the South. Vehicles not only “carry people around,” but also “carry” how they are understood in relation to the dynamics of culture, politics and history.

    Subjects: Transport Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Venetian Island, A
    June 2003

    A Venetian Island

    Environment, History and Change in Burano

    Sciama, L.

    Since the extensive floods of 1966, inhabitants of Venice’s laguna areas have come to share in, and reflect upon, concerns over pressing environmental problems. Evidence of damage caused by industrial pollution has contributed to the need to recover a common culture and establish a sense of continuity with “truly Venetian traditions.”

    Based on ethnographic and archival data, this in-depth study of the Venetian island of Burano shows how its inhabitants develop their sense of a distinct identity on the basis of their notions of gender, honor and kinship relations, their common memories, their knowledge and love of their environment and their special skills in fishing and lace making.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Victor Turner & Contemporary Cultural Performance
    April 2008

    Victor Turner and Contemporary Cultural Performance

    St John, G. (ed)

    Upon the 25th anniversary of his passing, this collection addresses the wide application of Victor Turner’s thought to cultural performance in the early 21st century. From anthropology, sociology, and religious studies to performance, cultural, and media studies, Turner’s ideas have had a prodigious interdisciplinary impact. Examining his relevance in studies of performance and popular culture, media, and religion, along with the role of Edith Turner in the Turnerian project, contributors explore how these ideas have been re-engaged, renovated, and repurposed in studies of contemporary cultural performance.

    Subjects: Performance Studies Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • Violent Becomings
    August 2016

    Violent Becomings

    State Formation, Sociality, and Power in Mozambique

    Bertelsen, B. E.

    Violent Becomings conceptualizes the Mozambican state not as the bureaucratically ordered polity of the nation-state, but as a continuously emergent and violently challenged mode of ordering. In doing so, this book addresses the question of why colonial and postcolonial state formation has involved violent articulations with so-called ‘traditional’ forms of sociality. The scope and dynamic nature of such violent becomings is explored through an array of contexts that include colonial regimes of forced labor and pacification, liberation war struggles and civil war, the social engineering of the post-independence state, and the popular appropriation of sovereign violence in riots and lynchings.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Peace and Conflict Studies Colonial History
  • eBook available
    Virtualism, Governance & Practice
    November 2009

    Virtualism, Governance and Practice

    Vision and Execution in Environmental Conservation

    Carrier, J. C. & West, P. (eds)

    Many people investigating the operation of large-scale environmentalist organizations see signs of power, knowledge and governance in their policies and projects. This collection indicates that such an analysis appears to be justified from one perspective, but not from another. The chapters in this collection show that the critics, concerned with the power of these organizations to impose their policies in different parts of the world, appear justified when we look at environmentalist visions and at organizational policies and programs. However, they are much less justified when we look at the practical operation of such organizations and their ability to generate and carry out projects intended to reshape the world.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General) Applied Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Vital Diplomacy
    November 2017

    Vital Diplomacy

    The Ritual Everyday on a Dammed River in Amazonia

    Nahum-Claudel. C.

    In Brazil, where forest meets savanna, new towns, agribusiness and hydroelectricity plants form a patchwork with the indigenous territories. Here, agricultural work, fishing, songs, feasts and exchanges occupy the Enawenê-nawê  for eight months of each year, during a season called Yankwa. Vital Diplomacy focuses on this major ceremonial cycle to shed new light on classic Amazonian themes such as kinship, gender, manioc cultivation and cuisine, relations with non-humans and foreigners, and the interplay of myth and practice, exploring how ritual contains and diverts the threat of violence by reconciling antagonistic spirits, coordinating social and gender divides, and channelling foreign relations and resources.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Voice of Prophecy, The
    October 2017

    The Voice of Prophecy

    And Other Essays

    Ardener†, E.

    Edwin Ardener – a new expanded edition of the collected works of one of the most important social anthroplogists in Britian of his time. Ardener worked on social, economic, demographic and political problems, and was particularly influential in his sustained effort to bring together social anthropology and linguistics in a highly original attempt to reconcile scientific and humanistic approaches to the study of society. This volume offers a theoretically and conceptually coherent body of work by this innovative and profound thinker, which will continue to excite and stimulate new generations of students and researchers as it has in the past.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • Waithood
    December 2020

    Waithood

    Gender, Education, and Global Delays in Marriage and Childbearing

    Inhorn, M. C. & SMith-Hefner, N. J. (eds)

    The concept of “Waithood” was developed by political scientist Diane Singerman to describe the expanding period of time between adolescence and full adulthood as young people wait to secure steady employment and marry. The contributors to this volume employ the waithood concept as a frame for richly detailed ethnographic studies of “youth in waiting” from a variety of world areas, including the Middle East Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the U.S, revealing that whether voluntary or involuntary, the phenomenon of youth waithood necessitates a recognition of new gender and family roles.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Gender Studies and Sexuality Sociology
  • eBook available
    Waiting for Elijah
    April 2018

    Waiting for Elijah

    Time and Encounter in a Bosnian Landscape

    HadžiMuhamedović, S.

    Waiting for Elijah is an intimate portrait of time-reckoning, syncretism, and proximity in one of the world’s most polarized landscapes, the Bosnian Field of Gacko. Centered on the shared harvest feast of Elijah’s Day, the once eagerly awaited pinnacle of the annual cycle, the book shows how the fractured postwar landscape beckoned the return of communal life that entails such waiting. This seemingly paradoxical situation—waiting to wait—becomes a starting point for a broader discussion on the complexity of time set between cosmology, nationalism, and embodied memories of proximity.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Refugee and Migration Studies
  • eBook available
    Walk To The River in Amazonia, A
    July 2009

    A Walk to the River in Amazonia

    Ordinary Reality for the Mehinaku Indians

    Stang, C. D.

    Our lives are mostly composed of ordinary reality — the flow of moment-to-moment existence — and yet it has been largely overlooked as a subject in itself for anthropological study. In this work, the author achieves an understanding of this part of reality for the Mehinaku Indians, an Amazonian people, in two stages: first by observing various aspects of their experience and second by relating how these different facets come to play in a stream of ordinary consciousness, a walk to the river. In this way, abstract schemata such as ‘cosmology,’ ‘sociality,’ ‘gender,’ and the ‘everyday’ are understood as they are actually lived. This book contributes to the ethnography of the Amazon, specifically the Upper Xingu, with an approach that crosses disciplinary boundaries between anthropology, philosophy, and psychology. In doing so it attempts to comprehend what Malinowski called the ‘imponderabilia of actual life.’

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    War Magic
    September 2016

    War Magic

    Religion, Sorcery, and Performance

    Farrer, D. S. (ed)

    This compelling volume explores how war magic and warrior religion unleash the power of the gods, demons, ghosts, and the dead. Documenting war magic and warrior religion as they are performed in diverse cultures and across historical time periods, this volume foregrounds embodiment, practice, and performance in anthropological approaches to magic, sorcery, shamanism, and religion. The authors go beyond what magic ‘represents’ to consider what magic does. From Chinese exorcists, Javanese spirit siblings, and black magic in Sumatra to Tamil Tiger suicide bombers, Chamorro spiritual re-enchantment, tantric Buddhist war magic, and Yanomami dark shamans, religion and magic are re-evaluated not just from the practitioner’s perspective but through the victim’s lived experience. These original investigations reveal a nuanced approach to understanding social action, innovation, and the revitalization of tradition in colonial and post-colonial societies undergoing rapid social transformation.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Performance Studies
  • Warrior Gentlemen
    February 1995

    Warrior Gentlemen

    ‘Gurkhas’ in the Western Imagination

    Caplan, L.

    Of late, there has been a growing interest in how non-Western peoples have been and continue to be depicted in the literatures of the West. In anthropology, attention has focused on the range of literary devices employed in ethnographic texts to distance and exoticize the subjects of discourse, and ultimately contribute to their subordination. This study eschews the tendency to regard virtually all depictions of non-Western “others” as amenable to the same kinds of “orientalist” analysis, and argues that the portrayals found in such writings must be examined in their particular historical and political settings.

    These themes are explored by analyzing the voluminous literature by military authors who have written and continue to write about the “Gurkhas”, those legendary soldiers from Nepal who have served in Britain’s Imperial and post-Imperial armies for more than two centuries. The author discovers that, instead of exoticizing them, the military writers find in their subjects the quintessential virtues of the European officers themselves: the Gurkhas appear as warriors and gentlemen. However, the author does not rest here: utilizing a wealth of literary, historical, ethnographic sources and the results of his own fieldwork, he investigates the wider social and cultural contexts in which the European chroniclers of the Gurkhas have been nurtured.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Water, Life, and Profit
    September 2019

    Water, Life, and Profit

    Fluid Economies and Cultures of Niamey, Niger

    Keough, S. B. & Youngstedt, S. M

    Water, Life, and Profit offers a holistic analysis of the people, economies, cultural symbolism, and material culture involved in the management, production, distribution, and consumption of drinking water in the urban context of Niamey, Niger. Paying particular attention to two key groups of people who provide water to most of Niamey’s residents – door-to-door water vendors, and those who sell water in one-half-liter plastic bags (sachets) on the street or in small shops – the authors offer new insights into how Niamey’s water economies  affect gender, ethnicity, class, and spatial structure today.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Waterworlds
    November 2015

    Waterworlds

    Anthropology in Fluid Environments

    Hastrup, K. & Hastrup. F. (eds)

    In one form or another, water participates in the making and unmaking of people’s lives, practices, and stories. Contributors’ detailed ethnographic work analyzes the union and mutual shaping of water and social lives. This volume discusses current ecological disturbances and engages in a world where unbounded relationalities and unsettled frames of orientation mark the lives of all, anthropologists included. Water emerges as a fluid object in more senses than one, challenging anthropologists to foreground the mutable character of their objects of study and to responsibly engage with the generative role of cultural analysis.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Environmental Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    Ways of Friendship, The
    August 2010

    The Ways of Friendship

    Anthropological Perspectives

    Desai, A. & Killick, E. (eds)

    Friendship is an essential part of human experience, involving ideas of love and morality as well as material and pragmatic concerns. Making and having friends is a central aspect of everyday life in all human societies. Yet friendship is often considered of secondary significance in comparison to domains such as kinship, economics and politics. How important are friends in different cultural contexts? What would a study of society viewed through the lens of friendship look like? Does friendship affect the shape of society as much as society moulds friendship? Drawing on long-term ethnographic fieldwork in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and Europe, this volume offers answers to these questions and examines the ideology and practice of friendship as it is embedded in wider social contexts and transformations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Cultural Studies (General)
  • We the Cosmopolitans
    March 2014

    We the Cosmopolitans

    Moral and Existential Conditions of Being Human

    Josephides, L. & Hall, A. (eds)

    The provocative title of this book is deliberately and challengingly universalist, matching the theoretically experimental essays, where contributors try different ideas to answer distinct concerns regarding cosmopolitanism. Leading anthropologists explore what cosmopolitanism means in the context of everyday life, variously viewing it as an aspect of kindness and empathy, as tolerance, hospitality and openness, and as a defining feature of pan-human individuality. The chapters thus advance an existential critique of abstract globalization discourse. The book enriches interdisciplinary debates about hitherto neglected aspects of contemporary cosmopolitanism as a political and moral project, examining the form of its lived effects and offering new ideas and case studies to work with.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • Weathering the World
    August 2011

    Weathering the World

    Recovery in the Wake of the Tsunami in a Tamil Fishing Village

    Hastrup, F.

    The Asian tsunami in December 2004 severely affected people in coastal regions all around the Indian Ocean. This book provides the first in-depth ethnography of the disaster and its effects on a fishing village in Tamil Nadu, India. The author explores how the villagers have lived with the tsunami in the years succeeding it and actively worked to gradually regain a sense of certainty and confidence in their environment in the face of disempowering disaster. What appears is a remarkable local recovery process in which the survivors have interwoven the tsunami and the everyday in a series of subtle practices and theorisations, resulting in a complex and continuous recreation of village life. By showing the composite nature of the tsunami as an event, the book adds new theoretical insight into the anthropology of natural disaster and recovery.

    Subjects: Environmental Studies (General) Development Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    What Now
    October 2020

    What Now

    Everyday Endurance and Social Intensity in an Australian Aboriginal Community

    Dalley, C.

    Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork undertaken since 2006, the book addresses some of the most topical aspects of remote Aboriginal life in Australia. This includes the role of kinship and family, relationships to land and sea, and cross-cultural relations with non-Aboriginal residents. There is also extensive treatment of contemporary issues relating to alcohol consumption, violence and the impact of systemic ill health. This richly detailed portrayal provides a nuanced account of everyday endurance and social intensity on Mornington Island.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • What We Now Know About Race and Ethnicity
    October 2015

    What We Now Know About Race and Ethnicity

    Banton†, M.

    Attempts of nineteenth-century writers to establish “race” as a biological concept failed after Charles Darwin opened the door to a new world of knowledge. Yet this word already had a place in the organization of everyday life and in ordinary English language usage. This book explains how the idea of race became so important in the USA, generating conceptual confusion that can now be clarified. Developing an international approach, it reviews references to “race,” “racism,” and “ethnicity” in sociology, anthropology, philosophy, and comparative politics and identifies promising lines of research that may make it possible to supersede misleading notions of race in the social sciences.

    Subjects: Sociology Anthropology (General)
  • Whatever Happened to Asylum in Britain?
    July 2001

    Whatever Happened to Asylum in Britain?

    A Tale of Two Walls

    Pirouet†, L.

    Refugees and asylum-seekers are high up on many people’s political agenda. Even so, there is a remarkable lack of information. Who are these asylum-seekers? Aren’t they almost all “bogus”? How do western immigration authorities decide whether or not they are genuine? Is the UN convention on Refugees out of date and in need of renegotiation?

    This book brings insider knowledge to the study of asylum in Britain today. It is based on visits to places where asylum seekers are detained, on working with lawyers representing asylum-seekers and on a close knowledge of many of the refugee organisations. It argues passionately that Britain shall not throw away, through ignorance and misunderstanding, a reputation for providing a place of safety for the persecuted, and the chance of welcoming people who have much to contribute to national life and culture.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Wheel of Autonomy, The
    August 2018

    The Wheel of Autonomy

    Rhetoric and Ethnicity in the Omo Valley

    Girke, F.

    How do the Kara, a small population residing on the eastern bank of the Omo River in southern Ethiopia, manage to be neither annexed nor exterminated by any of the larger groups that surround them? Through the theoretical lens of rhetoric, this book offers an interactionalist analysis of how the Kara negotiate ethnic and non-ethnic differences among themselves, the relations with their various neighbors, and eventually their integration in the Ethiopian state. The model of the “Wheel of Autonomy” captures the interplay of distinction, agency and autonomy that drives these dynamics and offers an innovative perspective on social relations.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General)
  • eBook available
    When God Comes to Town
    May 2009

    When God Comes to Town

    Religious Traditions in Urban Contexts

    Pinxten, R. & Dikomitis, L. (eds)

    Around 1800 roughly three per cent of the human population lived in urban areas; by 2030 this number is expected to have gone up to some seventy per cent. This poses problems for traditional religions that are all rooted in rural, small-scale societies. The authors in this volume question what the possible appeal of these old religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, or Islam could be in the new urban environment and, conversely, what impact global urbanization will have on learning and on the performance and nature of ritual. Anthropologists, historians and political scientists have come together in this volume to analyse attempts made by churches and informal groups to adapt to these changes and, at the same time, to explore new ways to study religions in a largely urbanized environment.

    Subjects: Urban Studies Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Sociology
  • eBook available
    When Things Become Property
    April 2017

    When Things Become Property

    Land Reform, Authority and Value in Postsocialist Europe and Asia

    Sikor, T., Dorondel, S., Stahl, J. & Xuan To, P.

    Governments have conferred ownership titles to many citizens throughout the world in an effort to turn things into property. Almost all elements of nature have become the target of property laws, from the classic preoccupation with land to more ephemeral material, such as air and genetic resources. When Things Become Property interrogates the mixed outcomes of conferring ownership by examining postsocialist land and forest reforms in Albania, Romania and Vietnam, and finds that property reforms are no longer, if they ever were, miracle tools available to governments for refashioning economies, politics or environments.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    When Will We Talk About Hitler?
    August 2019

    When Will We Talk About Hitler?

    German Students and the Nazi Past

    Oeser, A.

    For more than half a century, discourses on the Nazi past have powerfully shaped German social and cultural policy. Specifically, an institutional determination not to forget has expressed a “duty of remembrance” through commemorative activities and educational curricula. But as the horrors of the Third Reich retreat ever further from living memory, what do new generations of Germans actually think about this past? Combining observation, interviews, and archival research, this book provides a rich survey of the perspectives and experiences of German adolescents from diverse backgrounds, revealing the extent to which social, economic, and cultural factors have conditioned how they view representations of Germany’s complex history.

    Subjects: History (General) Educational Studies Anthropology (General) Memory Studies
  • eBook available
    When Women Held the Dragon's Tongue
    February 2010

    When Women Held the Dragon’s Tongue

    and Other Essays in Historical Anthropology

    Rebel, H.

    “Peasants tell tales,” one prominent cultural historian tells us (Robert Darnton). Scholars must then determine and analyze what it is they are saying and whether or not to incorporate such tellings into their histories and ethnographies. Challenging the dominant culturalist approach associated with Clifford Geertz and Marshall Sahlins among others, this book presents a critical rethinking of the philosophical anthropologies found in specific histories and ethnographies and thereby bridges the current gap between approaches to studies of peasant society and popular culture. In challenging the methodology and theoretical frameworks currently used by social scientists interested in aspects of popular culture, the author suggests a common discursive ground can be found in an historical anthropology that recognizes how myths, fairytales and histories speak to a universal need for imagining oneself in different timescapes and for linking one’s local world with a “known” larger world.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) History (General) Literary Studies Cultural Studies (General)
  • Where Are All Our Sheep?
    September 2015

    Where Are All Our Sheep?

    Kyrgyzstan, A Global Political Arena

    Petric, B.

    After the collapse of the USSR, Kyrgyzstan chose a path of economic and political liberalization. Only a few years later, however, the country ceased producing anything of worth and developed a dependence on the outside world, particularly on international aid. Its principal industry, sheep breeding, was decimated by reforms suggested by international institutions providing assistance. Virtually annihilated by privatization of the economy and deserted by Moscow, the Kyrgyz have turned this economic “opening up” into a subtle strategy to capture all manner of resources from abroad. In this study, the author describes the encounters, sometimes comical and tinged with incomprehension, between the local population and the well-meaning foreigners who came to reform them.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • Where Humans & Spirits Meet
    June 2008

    Where Humans and Spirits Meet

    The Politics of Rituals and Identified Spirits in Zanzibar

    Larsen, K.

    Zanzibar, an island off the East African coast, with its Muslim and Swahili population, offers rich material for this study of identity, religion, and multiculturalism. This book focuses on the phenomenon of spirit possession in Zanzibar Town and the relationships created between humans and spirits; it provides a way to apprehend how society is constituted and conceived and, thus, discusses Zanzibari understandings of what it means to be human.

    Subjects: Anthropology of Religion Anthropology (General) Performance Studies
  • eBook available
    Who are 'We'?
    June 2018

    Who are ‘We’?

    Reimagining Alterity and Affinity in Anthropology

    Chua, L. & Mathur, N. (eds)

    Who do “we” anthropologists think “we” are? And how do forms and notions of collective disciplinary identity shape the way we think, write, and do anthropology? This volume explores how the anthropological “we” has been construed, transformed, and deployed across history and the global anthropological landscape. Drawing together both reflections and ethnographic case studies, it interrogates the critical—yet poorly studied—roles played by myriad anthropological “we” ss in generating and influencing anthropological theory, method, and analysis. In the process, new spaces are opened for reimagining who “we” are – and what “we,” and indeed anthropology, could become.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Theory and Methodology
  • eBook available
    Who Knows Tomorrow?
    February 2016

    Who Knows Tomorrow?

    Uncertainty in North-Eastern Sudan

    Calkins, S.

    Although uncertainty is intertwined with all human activity, plans, and aspirations, it is experienced differently: at times it is obsessed over and at times it is ignored. This ethnography shows how Rashaida in north-eastern Sudan deal with unknowns from day-to-day unpredictability to life-threatening dangers. It argues that the amplification of uncertainty in some cases and its extenuation in others can be better understood by focusing on forms that can either hold the world together or invite doubt. Uncertainty, then, need not be seen solely as a debilitating problem, but also as an opportunity to create other futures.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Development Studies
  • Who Owns The Past?
    January 2004

    Who Owns the Past?

    The Politics of Time in a ‘Model’ Bulgarian Village

    Kaneff, D.

    In the decades since the collapse of socialism in eastern Europe, time has been a central resource under negotiation. Focusing on a local community that was considered a “model” in the socialist period, the author explores a variety of state-sponsored and unofficial pasts – history, folklore, and tradition – and shows how they “fit” together in everyday life. During the socialist period, the past was a central dimension of local politics and village identity. Post-socialist development has demanded a revaluation of temporality – as well as public and private space. This has led to fundamental changes in social life and political relations, reduced local resources, threatened village identity and transformed political activity through the emergence of new political elites.

    While the full implications of this process are still being played out, this study underlines some of the fundamental processes prevalent across eastern Europe that help explain widespread ambiguity vis-B-vis post-socialist reform.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Sociology Political and Economic Anthropology
  • Who Owns the Stock?
    August 2012

    Who Owns the Stock?

    Collective and Multiple Property Rights in Animals

    Khazanov, A. M. & Schlee, G. (eds)

    The issue of collective and multiple property rights in animals, such as cattle, camels or reindeers, among pastoralists has never been a subject of special cross-cultural and comparative study. Focusing on pastoralist societies in East and West Africa, the Far North and Siberia, and the Eurasian steppes, this volume addresses the issue of property rights and the changes these societies have undergone due to the direct or indirect influence of modernization and globalization processes. The contributors also investigate the interplay of older sets of rights and modern marketing policies; political, ecological and economic effects of collectivization and de-collectivization; the existence of collective and private property in the Soviet Union and its successor states; state taxation and destocking measures in African dry lands; and the effects of quarantine, as well as import and export regulations. The rich and well-researched ethnographic, historical, and economic data in these chapters provides new theoretical insights into the matter of property rights in animals.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Who's Cashing In?
    August 2020

    Who’s Cashing In?

    Contemporary Perspectives on New Monies and Global Cashlessness

    Sen, A., Lindquist, J., & Kolling, M. (eds)

    Cashless infrastructures are rapidly increasing, as credit cards, cryptocurrencies, online and mobile money, remittances, demonetization, and digitalization process replace coins and currencies around the world. Who’s Cashing In? explores how different modes of cashlessness impact, transform and challenge the everyday lives and livelihoods of local communities. Drawing from a wide range of ethnographic studies, this volume offers a concise look at how social actors and intermediaries respond to this change in the materiality of money throughout multiple regional contexts.

    Subjects: Political and Economic Anthropology Anthropology (General)
  • Whose Cosmopolitanism?
    October 2014

    Whose Cosmopolitanism?

    Critical Perspectives, Relationalities and Discontents

    Glick Schiller, N. & Irving, A. (eds)

    The term cosmopolitan is increasingly used within different social, cultural and political settings, including academia, popular media and national politics. However those who invoke the cosmopolitan project rarely ask whose experience, understanding, or vision of cosmopolitanism is being described and for whose purposes? In response, this volume assembles contributors from different disciplines and theoretical backgrounds to examine cosmopolitanism’s possibilities, aspirations and applications—as well as its tensions, contradictions, and discontents—so as to offer a critical commentary on the vital but often neglected question: whose cosmopolitanism? The book investigates when, where, and how cosmopolitanism emerges as a contemporary social process, global aspiration or emancipatory political project and asks whether it can serve as a political or methodological framework for action in a world of conflict and difference.

    Subject: Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Wind Over Water
    October 2012

    Wind Over Water

    Migration in an East Asian Context

    Haines, D. W., Yamanaka, K. & Yamashita, S. (eds)

    Providing a comprehensive treatment of a full range of migrant destinies in East Asia by scholars from both Asia and North America, this volume captures the way migrants are changing the face of Asia, especially in cities, such as Beijing, Hong Kong, Hamamatsu, Osaka, Tokyo, and Singapore. It investigates how the crossing of geographical boundaries should also be recognized as a crossing of cultural and social categories that reveals the extraordinary variation in the migrants’ origins and trajectories. These migrants span the spectrum: from Korean bar hostesses in Osaka to African entrepreneurs in Hong Kong, from Vietnamese women seeking husbands across the Chinese border to Pakistani Muslim men marrying women in Japan, from short-term business travelers in China to long-term tourists from Japan who ultimately decide to retire overseas. Illuminating the ways in which an Asian-based analysis of migration can yield new data on global migration patterns, the contributors provide important new theoretical insights for a broader understanding of global migration, and innovative methodological approaches to the spatial and temporal complexity of human migration.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
  • Witchcraft, Witches, & Violence in Ghana
    August 2015

    Witchcraft, Witches, and Violence in Ghana

    Adinkrah, M.

    Witchcraft violence is a feature of many contemporary African societies. In Ghana, belief in witchcraft and the malignant activities of putative witches is prevalent. Purported witches are blamed for all manner of adversities including inexplicable illnesses and untimely deaths. As in other historical periods and other societies, in contemporary Ghana, alleged witches are typically female, elderly, poor, and marginalized. Childhood socialization in homes and schools, exposure to mass media, and other institutional mechanisms ensure that witchcraft beliefs are transmitted across generations and entrenched over time. This book provides a detailed account of Ghanaian witchcraft beliefs and practices and their role in fueling violent attacks on alleged witches by aggrieved individuals and vigilante groups.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion Gender Studies and Sexuality
  • eBook available
    Witches & Demons
    April 2016

    Witches and Demons

    A Comparative Perspective on Witchcraft and Satanism

    La Fontaine, J.

    Devil worship, black magic, and witchcraft have long captivated anthropologists as well as the general public. In this volume, Jean La Fontaine explores the intersection of expert and lay understandings of evil and the cultural forms that evil assumes. The chapters touch on public scares about devil-worship, misconceptions about human sacrifice and the use of body parts in healing practices, and mistaken accusations of children practicing witchcraft. Together, these cases demonstrate that comparison is a powerful method of cultural understanding, but warns of the dangers and mistaken conclusions that untrained ideas about other ways of life can lead to.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    Women & the Politics of Military Confrontation
    June 2002

    Women and the Politics of Military Confrontation

    Palestinian and Israeli Gendered Narratives of Dislocation

    Abdo, N. & Lentin, R. (eds)

    As the crisis in Israel does not show any signs of abating, this remarkable collection, edited by an Israeli and a Palestinian scholar and with contributions by Palestinian and Israeli women, offers a vivid and harrowing picture of the conflict and of its impact on daily life, especially as it affects women’s experiences that differ significantly from those of men.

    The (auto)biographical narratives in this volume focus on some of the most disturbing effects of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: a sense of dislocation that goes well beyond the geographical meaning of the word; it involves social, cultural, national and gender dislocation, including alienation from one’s own home, family, community, and society. The accounts become even more poignant if seen against the backdrop of the roots of the conflict, the real or imaginary construct of a state to save and shelter particularly European Jews from the horrors of Nazism in parallel to the other side of the coin: Israel as a settler-colonial state responsible for the displacement of the Palestinian nation.

    Subjects: Peace and Conflict Studies Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • Women as Sacred Custodians of the Earth?
    December 2001

    Women as Sacred Custodians of the Earth?

    Women, Spirituality and the Environment

    Low, A. & Tremayne, S. (eds)

    Literature on women, development and environment is abundant. The relationship between women and ecology has been analyzed by various disciplines, by specialists from the North as well as the South. This book offers a new perspective, specifically to challenge the assumption that women have a special affinity with the Earth and therefore a historic mission for the care of the environment. The book explores spiritual, religious and philosophical beliefs concerning women and ecology, and whether women are truly “sacred custodians” of the Earth. This concept has evolved from ideas developed by eco-feminists. Whether and how different belief systems can be put to use to create an awareness to protect, preserve and improve ecological conditions is discussed. The collection of papers demonstrates the complexity of the issues and the variations and vulnerability of the assumed relationship between women and the environment in different cultural and political contexts. The book challenges policy solutions which are devised to be on a global scale and to create unrealistic global aspirations, and the value of targeting women in a particular attempt to achieve environmentally sustainable development.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Environmental Studies (General) Anthropology (General) Anthropology of Religion
  • eBook available
    World Heritage on the Ground
    April 2016

    World Heritage on the Ground

    Ethnographic Perspectives

    Brumann, C. & Berliner, D. (eds)

    The UNESCO World Heritage Convention of 1972 set the contemporary standard for cultural and natural conservation. Today, a place on the World Heritage List is much sought after for tourism promotion, development funding, and national prestige. Presenting case studies from across the globe, particularly from Africa and Asia, anthropologists with situated expertise in specific World Heritage sites explore the consequences of the World Heritage framework and the global spread of the UNESCO heritage regime. This book shows how local and national circumstances interact with the global institutional framework in complex and unexpected ways. Often, the communities around World Heritage sites are constrained by these heritage regimes rather than empowered by them.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Heritage Studies Archaeology Museum Studies
  • eBook available
    Worldwide Mobilizations
    June 2018

    Worldwide Mobilizations

    Class Struggles and Urban Commoning

    Kalb, D. & Mollona, M. (eds)

    The past decades have seen significant urban insurrections worldwide, and this volume analyzes some of them from an anthropological perspective; it argues that transformations of urban class relationships must be approached in a way that is both globally informed and deeply embedded in local and popular histories, and contends that every case of urban mobilization should be understood against its precise context in the global capitalist transformation. The book examines cases of mobilization across the globe, and employs a Marxian class framework, open to the diverse and multi-scalar dynamics of urban politics, especially struggles for spatial justice.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Political and Economic Anthropology Urban Studies
  • Writing the Dark Side of Travel
    March 2012

    Writing the Dark Side of Travel

    Skinner, J. (ed)

    The travel experience filled with personal trauma; the pilgrimage through a war-torn place; the journey with those suffering: these represent the darker sides of travel. What is their allure and how are they represented? This volume takes an ethnographic and interdisciplinary approach to explore the writings and texts of dark journeys and travels. In traveling over the dead, amongst the dying, and alongside the suffering, the authors give us a tour of humanity’s violence and misery. And yet, from this dark side, there comes great beauty and poignancy in the characterization of plight; creativity in the comic, graphic, and graffiti sketches and comments on life; and the sense of profound and spiritual journeys being undertaken, recorded, and memorialized.

    Subjects: Travel and Tourism Anthropology (General) Cultural Studies (General) Memory Studies
  • Yearnings in the Meantime
    June 2015

    Yearnings in the Meantime

    ‘Normal Lives’ and the State in a Sarajevo Apartment Complex

    Jansen, S.

    Shortly after the book’s protagonists moved into their apartment complex in Sarajevo, they, like many others, were overcome by the 1992-1995 war and the disintegration of socialist Yugoslavia More than a decade later, in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina, they felt they were collectively stuck in a time warp where nothing seemed to be as it should be. Starting from everyday concerns, this book paints a compassionate yet critical portrait of people’s sense that they were in limbo, trapped in a seemingly endless “Meantime.” Ethnographically investigating yearnings for “normal lives” in the European semi-periphery, it proposes fresh analytical tools to explore how the time and place in which we are caught shape our hopes and fears.

    Subjects: Anthropology (General) Urban Studies Political and Economic Anthropology
  • eBook available
    Young Men in Uncertain Times
    November 2011

    Young Men in Uncertain Times

    Amit, V. & Dyck, N. (eds)

    Anthropology is particularly well suited to explore the contemporary predicament in the coming of age of young men. Its grounded and comparative empiricism provides the opportunity to move beyond statistics, moral panics, or gender stereotypes in order to explore specific aspects of life course transitions, as well as the similar or divergent barriers or opportunities that young men in different parts of the world face. Yet, effective contextualization and comparison cannot be achieved by looking at male youths in isolation. This volume undertakes to contextualize male youths’ circumstances and to learn about their lives, perspectives, and actions, and in turn illuminates the larger structures and processes that mediate the experiences entailed in becoming young men. The situation of male youths provides an important vantage point from which to consider broader social transformations and continuities. By paying careful attention to these contexts, we achieve a better understanding of the current influences encountered and acted upon by young people.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • eBook available
    Youth Gangs & Street Children
    July 2011

    Youth Gangs and Street Children

    Culture, Nurture and Masculinity in Ethiopia

    Heinonen, P.

    The rapidly expanding population of youth gangs and street children is one of the most disturbing issues in many cities around the world. These children are perceived to be in a constant state of destitution, violence and vagrancy, and therefore must be a serious threat to society, needing heavy-handed intervention and ‘tough love’ from concerned adults to impose societal norms on them and turn them into responsible citizens. However, such norms are far from the lived reality of these children. The situation is further complicated by gender-based violence and masculinist ideologies found in the wider Ethiopian culture, which influence the proliferation of youth gangs. By focusing on gender as the defining element of these children’s lives — as they describe it in their own words — this book offers a clear analysis of how the unequal and antagonistic gender relations that are tolerated and normalized by everyday school and family structures shape their lives at home and on the street.

    Subjects: Gender Studies and Sexuality Anthropology (General)
  • Zimbabwe's New Diaspora
    June 2010

    Zimbabwe’s New Diaspora

    Displacement and the Cultural Politics of Survival

    McGregor, J. & Primorac, R. (eds)

    Zimbabwe’s crisis since 2000 has produced a dramatic global scattering of people. This volume investigates this enforced dispersal, and the processes shaping the emergence of a new “diaspora” of Zimbabweans abroad, focusing on the most important concentrations in South Africa and in Britain. Not only is this the first book on the diasporic connections created through Zimbabwe’s multifaceted crisis, but it also offers an innovative combination of research on the political, economic, cultural and legal dimensions of movement across borders and survival thereafter with a discussion of shifting identities and cultural change. It highlights the ways in which new movements are connected to older flows, and how displacements across physical borders are intimately linked to the reworking of conceptual borders in both sending and receiving states. The book is essential reading for researchers/students in migration, diaspora and postcolonial literary studies.

    Subjects: Refugee and Migration Studies Anthropology (General)
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