English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English nature, natur, borrowed from Old French nature, from Latin nātūra (birth, origin, natural constitution or quality), future participle from perfect passive participle (g)natus (born), from deponent verb (g)nasci (to be born, originate) + future participle suffix -urus. Displaced native Middle English cunde, icunde (nature, property, type, genus, character) (from Old English ġecynd), Middle English lund (nature, disposition) (from Old Norse lund), Middle English burthe (nature, birth, nation) (from Old English ġebyrd and Old Norse *byrðr). More at kind.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature (countable and uncountable, plural natures)

  1. (uncountable) The natural world; that which consists of all things unaffected by or predating human technology, production, and design. (Compare ecosystem.)

    Nature never lies (i.e. tells untruths).

    Tectonic activity is part of nature, so there’s no way to stop earthquakes.

    • 1891, Oscar Wilde, The Decay of Lying
      Nature has good intentions, of course, but, as Aristotle once said, she cannot carry them out. When I look at a landscape I cannot help seeing all its defects.
  2. The innate characteristics of a thing. What something will tend by its own constitution, to be or do. Distinct from what might be expected or intended.
    • 1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond, Ch.1:
      Being by nature of a cheerful disposition, the symptom did not surprise his servant, late private of the same famous regiment, who was laying breakfast in an adjoining room.
    • 1869, Horatio Alger, Jr., Mark the Match Boy, chapter 16:
      Mark hardly knew whether to believe this or not. He already began to suspect that Roswell was something of a humbug, and though it was not in his nature to form a causeless dislike, he certainly did not feel disposed to like Roswell.
  3. The summary of everything that has to do with biological, chemical and physical states and events in the physical universe.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 8”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:

      I oft admire
      How Nature, wise and frugal, could commit
      Such disproportions.

    • 2012 January 1, Robert M. Pringle, “How to Be Manipulative”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 31:

      As in much of biology, the most satisfying truths in ecology derive from manipulative experimentation. Tinker with nature and quantify how it responds.

  4. Conformity to that which is natural, as distinguished from that which is artificial, or forced, or remote from actual experience.
    • c. 1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Troylus and Cressida”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iii]:

      One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.

  5. Kind, sort; character; quality.

    It’s not in my nature to steal.

    • A dispute of this nature caused mischief.
    • Carried somehow, somewhither, for some reason, on these surging floods, were these travelers, of errand not wholly obvious to their fellows, yet of such sort as to call into query alike the nature of their errand and their own relations.
  6. (obsolete) Physical constitution or existence; the vital powers; the natural life.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene v]:

      my days of nature

    • c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:

      Oppressed nature sleeps.

  7. (obsolete) Natural affection or reverence.
    • 1703, Alexander Pope, transl., “The Thebais of Statius”, in The Works of Alexander Pope, London: H. Lintont et al., published 1751:

      Have we not seen
      The murdering son ascend his parent’s bed,
      Through violated nature force his way?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pages starting with “nature”.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

nature (third-person singular simple present natures, present participle naturing, simple past and past participle natured)

  1. (obsolete) To endow with natural qualities.

References[edit]

  • nature at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • nature in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • “nature” in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 219.
  • nature in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • nature in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nature

  1. naturally

Etymology[edit]

From Old French nature, borrowed from Latin nātūra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature f (plural natures)

  1. nature
  2. (grammar) lexical category

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

nature (plural natures)

  1. plain, unseasoned
    Une brioche nature ou sucrée ?
    File-moi un yaourt nature s’il te plait.
  2. bareback, raw dog
    Une fellation nature.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature f

  1. plural of natura

Adjective[edit]

nature (invariable)

  1. natural

Anagrams[edit]


Participle[edit]

nātūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of nātūrus

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French nature, from Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature f

  1. nature, force of nature
  2. laws of nature, natural order
  3. nature, innate characteristics
  4. kind, sort
  5. origin
  6. sexual fertility, sex drive

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French nature, from Latin nātūra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nature (plural natures)

  1. The Universe, existence, creation
  2. nature, the natural world
  3. natural abilities
  4. natural inevitability, nature (as opposed to nurture)
  5. natural morals, natural law
  6. natural needs or requirements
  7. nature, state, condition
  8. species, kind, type
  9. Nature (allegory)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French nature, borrowed from Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature f (plural natures)

  1. nature

Descendants[edit]


Etymology[edit]

Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature (plural natures)

  1. nature

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin nātūra.

Noun[edit]

nature f (oblique plural natures, nominative singular nature, nominative plural natures)

  1. nature (natural world; nonhuman world)
    • circa 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, ‘Érec et Énide’:

      De cesti tesmoingne Nature,
      Qu’onques si bele creature
      Ne fu veüe an tot le monde.

      Nature can testify
      That never such a beautiful creature
      Was seen in the whole world
  2. nature (character; qualities)

Descendants[edit]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *