Seven Wonders of the World: What are they and are they still around?
the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were stated to be the most stunning architecture
The Seven Wonders of the World vary depending on their different definitions.
Different categories include the Underwater World, the Industrial World or even the Seven Wonders of the Modern World
However, the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were stated to be the most stunning architecture created by the Greeks.
What are they and are they still around now?
Seven Wonders of the World: The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only surviving wonder
The Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt
Believed to have been built between 2584 BC and 2561 BC, it is the only Ancient Wonder that is still around and able to be visited.
It was created for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and was the tallest man-made structure in the world until the Lincoln Cathedral was built around 1300.
The pyramid is also the oldest of the wonders and is the oldest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The only wonder to have never been located, many believe this wonder was one of myth and never truly existed having been eluded in many ancient texts.
Those who do believe it existed, state it was built around 600 BC by King Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife and consisted of beautiful tiered gardens, looking like a large green mountain.
It was then destroyed sometime after the first century AD.
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Seven Wonders of the World: The Hanging Garden of Babylon are the biggest myth of the wonders
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece
Built around 435 BC by sculptor Phidias, the large seated statue was believed to be 43 feet tall, sculpted with ivory and gold panels.
It was then destroyed during the 5th century AD, with claims it was due to a fire within the temple, or taken to Istanbul at the Palace of Lausus and burnt in the great fire of 475 BC.
Coins from the surrounding area of Elis have been discovered since which show the Zeus statue on them.
The Colossus of Rhodes
The Greek god of the sun Helios was the statue that was built at Rhodes in 280 BC.
It was created to celebrate the victory over Cyprus, being built 108 feet high, the same as the Statue of Liberty and making it the tallest of the wonders.
In 226BC, it was destroyed by an earthquake and never rebuilt.
Seven Wonders of the World: The Statue of Zeus was destroyed in an earthquake
Seven Wonders of the World: The statue was built to celebrate victory over Cyprus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Located near modern-day Bodrum, the wonder was built between 353 BC and 350 BC.
Mausolus and Artemisia ruled over the territory for 24 years, until his death in 353BC during the construction of the tomb.
His wife Artemisia died two years later, and both of their ashes were placed in the tomb.
It was destroyed by a number of earthquakes between the 12th and 15th century, and the word ‘mausoleum’ has since been used for tombs that are above ground.
Seven Wonders of the World: The Temple of Artemis was destroyed three times
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The wonder found in Ephesus, near the modern town of Selcuk in Turkey, was destroyed twice before being built for a third time in 323BC.
Sadly, it was then destroyed in 268AD after being damaged by Goths, who attacked many cities.
Greek poet Antipater of Sidon, who collated the wonder, spoke in 140 BC of how the temples were the most beautiful of the wonders: “When I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy.”
Fragments of the temple were found in 1869 which can now be seen at the British Museum.
Seven Wonders of the World: The Temple of Artemis was the most beautiful wonder
Seven Wonders of the World: The Lighthouse of Alexandria was in Egpyt
The Lighthouse at Alexandria, Egypt
Built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 280 BC and 247 BC, Alexander the Great started the construction, before it was taken over by Ptolemy I Soter, who was King in 305 BC, then his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
It was then destroyed by three earthquakes between 956 AD and 1323 AD, and fell into ruins.
In 1994, French archaeologists discovered some of the remaining structure on the floor of the sea, with plans to turn it into an underwater museum in the future.